The bathhouse is a traditional resting place for the Russian people. In the steam room you can relax and spend time in good company. At the same time, the healing effect of the bath is indisputable. The main and main criterion for arranging a comfortable steam room is a stove. Today there is a huge variety of different sauna stoves. They may differ in material, installation method, thermal conductivity, and vary in price range.
Features of the
In order to correctly choose the stove for the steam room, it is very important to take into account some of their characteristic features and a number of specific criteria that will make the rest in the bath pleasant and comfortable. When choosing a heater for a bath, it is worth considering the sufficient level of heat output of the stove. It must be correlated with the size and area of the room. The stove should warm up the steam room itself and the rooms adjacent to it for a fairly short time interval. In the summer season, the entire area of the steam room should be heated in about 30-40 minutes, and in winter it usually takes about 2 hours.
The next important criterion when choosing a traditional stove is stones. Their mass and quantity should also be sufficient to quickly warm up the steam room. Usually in the baths, 100 grams of water is enough to warm up one cubic meter of the steam room. An indicator of the quality of stones is also the color of the steam that comes from them when splashing water. The vapor should not be very thick, but should have some degree of transparency.
It is not recommended to lower the temperature of the stones below one hundred degrees. One cubic meter of a steam room requires about 5-8 kg of stones. In the standard mode of heating the room, the temperature of the stones is about 200-250 degrees.
Also, to set the desired mode, you need a steam generator in the oven. Some heaters are equipped with a steam generator, which provides an automatic flow of water into the stove, where it evaporates and the steam is evenly distributed in the steam room. This is a very convenient function, but not all sauna stoves have it.
You should pay special attention to the material from which the oven is made. This is one of the most important and fundamental criteria when buying a heater. Many low cost furnaces are manufactured using structural steel. High temperatures do not have the best effect on such a material, since its strength decreases quite significantly when heated. In this regard, even ordinary stainless steel furnaces are more durable, have a low cost and are easy to operate.
The so-called "hot" ovens for baths and "cold" ones stand out. These two options have their own specific characteristics. In particular, the "hot" stove in the steam room is heated to a temperature exceeding 100 degrees. It is advisable to use such ovens when it is required to warm up a room with a large area. But it is necessary to use such ovens with extreme caution, being careful to avoid accidentally touching the surface, otherwise it will lead to very serious burns.
Also, due to the rapid heating of such a stove, it is necessary to constantly monitor the air temperature in order to prevent it from overheating, in which it will be harmful for a person in the steam room.
For "cold" ovens, such strict operating rules are not required. Their walls usually do not warm up above a temperature of 50-60 degrees.This reduces the risk of burns if accidentally touching such a stove. It is much easier to maintain the air heating in the room when using a "cold" oven at the required level for a long time.
Also, the ovens are characterized by their location. Most often they are located in the steam room itself, but there are models that can be placed in the dressing room. Stoves located in the steam room do not require such a delicate approach during installation, and they are much cheaper than the models located in the dressing room. In this case, there are also some disadvantages. In particular, it will not be possible to store firewood near the stove itself due to the high humidity and you will have to constantly go out for them to another room. Also, in the steam room, the free space will decrease due to the stove.
Therefore, if the total area of the sauna room is sufficient, then it is more advisable to place a remote stove in the dressing room, and leave only the heater in the steam room itself.
It is also possible to classify stoves according to the way the stove is heated. Today, stoves in which stones do not come into direct contact with fire have become especially popular. In such stoves, they are in special containers. At the same time, they heat up to 400 degrees. In other ovens, stones can come into direct contact with fire. The temperature of their heating in this case is very high and can rise up to 1000 degrees.
You can also highlight stoves with and without a water tank. The presence of a tank in them is quite convenient, because the water will be heated by the high temperature of the stove and it can be used for water procedures.
For any experienced bathhouse attendant and even for an amateur, an important factor is not only the technical arrangement of the bathhouse, but also its appearance. In the bath, you can create a truly atmospheric room, where relaxation will be pleasant and unforgettable. But it is important to know some of the main features for the correct decoration of the bath room. Traditionally, decoration in Russian baths was carried out exclusively from wood. And this is not only a tribute to the primordial Russian traditions, but also scientifically substantiated facts:
- Wood is one of the most environmentally friendly materials, which at high temperatures will not emit various harmful substances, which, of course, will only benefit a person.
- The thermal conductivity of wood is extremely low, due to which its surface does not heat up much, which allows avoiding burns in case of accidental touches.
- The heat is evenly distributed over the wood flooring, and this directly affects the heating rate of the steam room.
- Also, a huge advantage of wood is a high level of air exchange. If the bath is built exclusively using wood materials, then the bath may not even require additional ventilation.
- When heated, a tree can emit a very pleasant smell and substances useful for a person - phytoncides, which have a beneficial effect on the work of the nervous, cardiovascular systems of a person and are able to have a positive effect on the psycho-emotional background.
- And one of the main advantages of wood is simply an attractive appearance that is unlikely to ever go out of fashion. For many types of wood, additional processing and even more painting are not required.
The main thing at the initial stage of designing a bath is to choose the right material for its decoration. It is worth choosing a finishing coating, guided by certain factors:
- the coating must be resistant to high temperatures, high air humidity and direct contact with water;
- do not emit any harmful substances when temperatures rise;
- should not cause any allergic reactions in a person;
- have high strength and long service life;
- have an attractive appearance.
One of the main rules when decorating a bath is that you should not use a coniferous wood covering in the steam room. Such wood has a large amount of resins, which will begin to be released at high temperatures. And this coating heats up much stronger than other rocks. But it is advisable to use conifers in rooms adjacent to the steam room. They are perfect for dressing rooms and washing rooms, which do not get as hot as a steam room. In the adjacent rooms, conifers will give off a very pleasant aroma and will have a healing effect on the body. Also, materials such as drywall, PVC or moisture-resistant fiberboard are well suited for the adjacent rooms of the steam room.
Experienced professional bath attendants recommend using deciduous wood when decorating a steam room. These include birch, aspen, poplar, ash or linden wood. In particular, ash tree, according to many, looks the most attractive and has high strength and long service life. Quite often, linden wood is used when decorating a steam room. It creates a very pleasant aroma in the room. Aspen is one of the most durable, heat-resistant materials and does not rot.
In general, hardwoods are very well suited for use in high temperature environments.
Much attention should be paid to the design of the stove in the bath. After all, this is the main component of any steam room. Various materials can be used for the design of sauna stoves, among which brick, tiles, natural or artificial stones, plaster, tiles and steel cases are often used. In the process of lining the stove with tiles, some of its varieties can be distinguished:
- Clinker tiles. In the production of this type of tile, clay is used with an admixture of various melters and dyes.
- Majolica. During the production of these ceramic tiles, the clay is fired and covered with a special glaze. Also, if necessary, various ornaments and paintings can be applied to such a surface. This tile has very rich and vibrant colors.
- Terracotta. Such a tile is similar to the previous type of tile, but this instance has a very high strength.
- Marble tiles. This look gives the bath room a rather cozy atmosphere. The marble-faced stove looks quite presentable. Also, marble is characterized by high strength and durability.
When decorating the stove with bricks, some of the advantages of this type of cladding can be distinguished. So, a brick covering heats up well and quickly to the required temperature and is able to retain heat for a long time. Also, the advantages of this type of cladding include its durability, because the brick does not collapse from high humidity and temperature. The facing of the stove with stone gives the room a very aesthetic look. When finishing with a stone, the following can be used:
- porcelain stoneware;
You can also decorate the oven using a steel case. Such an unusual type of finish is as follows - the surface of the furnace is surrounded by a special metal frame, on which steel shields are installed.
This type of cladding allows the oven to warm up the room, but it is worth considering the important point that the frame coating itself heats up very much and, if accidentally touched by a person, can cause a serious burn.
Plaster is a type of design that is also quite popular and used frequently. If you choose the most inexpensive and simple option for finishing the stove in the bath, then the use of plaster will be the best solution. The work of plastering the stove must be performed in several stages:
- first, it is worth removing dirt and dust from the surface of the stove and applying the first layer to completely clean the stove;
- then a new layer of plaster is applied in order to level the surface;
- at the final stage, it is best to whiten the surface using lime.
One of the oldest options for covering a stove is laying tiles. Despite the long-standing use of such cladding, the tiles will give the stove a very original appearance, giving the bath room a certain atmosphere.
Drawings and dimensions
Some experienced craftsmen prefer to build a bath stove without drawings and diagrams made in advance, arguing that the construction is simple and undemanding. But, of course, such professionals already have experience in laying stoves, and for self-designing a stove, it is better to prepare drawings in advance and calculate everything correctly. The amount of heat and steam that the furnace will give will depend on the correct construction of the furnace.
It is necessary to calculate all the parameters of the stove based on the area of the steam room. To calculate the volume of the steam room, you need to multiply its indicators, that is, the height, width and length. After that, it is necessary to make calculations based on the fact that 1 kW of energy is required for one square meter of the steam room.
Below are some examples of popular drawings of sauna stoves, among which you can choose the necessary one or come up with your own project.
Types: Which is better?
Sauna stoves can be classified according to the fuel they use. Stoves can be gas-fired, wood-fired, or powered by electricity.
Gas-fired sauna stoves are not very popular and are quite rare, because their installation will require the development of an individual project, and the process of placing the stove will take a lot of time and effort. But on the other hand, the temperature control in such ovens is fully automatic, they do not require a constant load of firewood and they do not have to be cleaned often. The same can be said for electric ovens, although installing them does not require as much effort. These ovens are powered by the mains.
The classic and most sought-after option is wood-burning stoves. They, in turn, can also be systematized by type, depending on the material of manufacture. They can be made from brick, metal, steel, or cast iron. Below we will consider stoves made of various materials and different designs.
The design of such a stove has a long firebox, in which there is a door for storing firewood on one, and the other part is connected to a reservoir in which there are stones. Accordingly, such an elongated design allows you to place the stove's firebox in the dressing room or an adjacent room, and the hot stones themselves will be in the steam room.
The part of the wall through which the firebox is led out is best laid out of stones or refractory materials.
Firebox without outflow
These are standard heaters that are installed directly in the steam room. This model is a one-piece construction in which the fire directly heats the stones. Such ovens are usually equipped with an additional air intake.
Also one of the standard and classic options, in which the stones are located on the upper surface of the stove. They heat up and give off steam when water is poured over them.
Provide for the placement of stones inside the structure of the stove. On the upper part of the stove there is a tank with liquid, which gradually falls on the surface of the stones.
Metal wood burning stoves
Often, furnaces from such a material are made independently using a welding machine and iron sheets. Also, metal furnaces have been produced by famous world brands for a long time. The positive qualities of such designs include:
- low cost of a product or component parts;
- the ability to make a furnace yourself without much effort and large financial and time costs;
- long service life;
- small size and lightness;
- quick warming up of the steam room;
- wide range of design options.
Among the disadvantages is the rapid cooling of the furnace body. Most metal products have this property, since the metal is unable to maintain temperature for a long time. Also, the disadvantage is the high temperature of the housing in the operating state, which can lead to burns if accidentally touched.
Cast iron stoves
These models will be higher in cost and more massive in weight than conventional metal ones. Cast iron is one of the traditional materials used in the manufacture of sauna stoves. In relation to him, a number of positive aspects can be distinguished:
- high resistance of cast iron to corrosion;
- long service life and reliability;
- these stoves can be used even for heating large rooms;
- wide range of designs;
- long-term storage of heat.
The main disadvantage of such furnaces is that low-quality cast iron can burst with a sharp change in temperature in an amplitude of more than 90 degrees. Such a situation is possible when a bucket of cold water is overturned on a hot stove body. Also, cast iron stoves are usually very heavy, which reduces their mobility. In general, cast iron stoves and metal models are similar in many respects. Such furnaces can be made both portable and without taking out the firebox. The stoves of such stoves are both open and closed. Unless for large cast iron stoves, foundation reinforcement may be required due to their large mass. Based on this, we can conclude that cast iron and metal stoves are among the most convenient and generally available options.
Stone and brick stoves
They have a number of positive qualities, for example, brick and stone heat up very well and can heat large rooms or adjacent rooms with a steam room. The stone stove is an excellent design option, giving the room a special aesthetic appearance.
The disadvantage of stone stoves is their high cost, because such stoves are considered exclusive design projects.
With heat exchanger
Separately and in more detail, it is necessary to talk about furnaces with a heat exchanger. The heat exchanger itself is of a serpentine type, often referred to simply as a "coil". They are designed to heat water with a tank near the stove. Such pipes can be of two types: coils of the internal type and, accordingly, external. Internal structures are more often used. In terms of their performance, they are more efficient and reliable.
The principle of operation of such a heat exchanger is as follows: cold water from the tank enters the coil, in which it is heated by the heat of the stove. Then the heated water enters the tank again and can be used for hygiene procedures and washing. The water will circulate in the heat exchanger while the oven is in operation. In addition to the coil, another water circuit can be used.
With built-in boiler
Stoves in a bath with a built-in boiler are no less popular than everyone else. Such models are very easy to install, and their operation does not require time and effort.
Electric boilers for water heating are usually not located in the steam room itself, since exposure to high temperatures is not recommended for them.
Ovens with a protective shield
The protective screen serves as a protection against accidental ignition of flammable materials near the stove. In such ovens, there are usually three main components: floor, side and front. The floor shield is designed to protect wooden floors in the immediate vicinity of the stove. Side screens will reliably protect the walls of the steam room near the stove from high temperatures. And the front screen ensures safety when installed between the steam room and the dressing room. Protective screens can be made of metal. There are also brick thermal shields.
The metal screen is installed on the furnace body, keeping small gaps. Thanks to such screens, the level of infrared radiation is reduced, the room warms up faster, and the air circulation between the oven and the screen does not allow the structure to heat up to high temperatures. Brick screens are ordinary brickwork around the perimeter of the oven.
So, before you start making a sauna stove on your own, you need to take care of preparing the necessary tools and materials. For this you will need:
- red and refractory bricks;
- blower door;
- furnace door;
- grate bars;
- cleaning doors;
- asbestos-cement slab;
Standard-sized bricks or stones are usually used as refractory materials (when laying a stove with a stone, it is important not to use flint, which can crack from high temperatures).
The main criterion before starting work is to calculate at least the approximate weight of the future stove, because depending on this, a solid foundation is being prepared on which the structure can be placed. Therefore, before starting the construction of the stove, the foundation is poured. To fill it, you will also need cement, gravel and metal mesh. When laying a stove, standard fixtures are usually used that are used by stove-makers:
- hammer pickaxe;
- bubble or laser level;
- mooring cord;
- plumb line;
- construction square;
- plastering rule;
- containers for mortar and bulk materials.
In order to trim irregularities on bricks, it is recommended to use a grinder. She should have a special circle designed for working with stone surfaces.
With your own efforts, you can make not only a structure of bricks. Metal is often used for this. In this case, you need:
- sheet steel with a thickness of 1 and 5 mm (it is recommended to use heat-resistant compounds);
- metal corner with shelf approx. 40 or 50 mm.
With regard to metal structures, slightly different devices will be needed, in particular:
- welding transformer or inverter;
- angle grinder;
- cleaning and cutting wheel for metal;
- electric drill with a set of drills;
In those cases when a tank for heating water will also be provided for the future furnace, a large-volume pipe section will be required. Also, for the installation of a water heating system, various taps with the required thread will be needed.
Work on the construction of the furnace should begin with the preparation of its future place. If it is a remote heating system, then a part of the wall is cut out between the steam room and the dressing room. If the stove is planned to be located in the corner of the room, then in this case, mineral thermal insulation is laid on this place, which is then lined with bricks. You should also consider the location of the chimney.
Installation of the foundation
Installation of the foundation is a very important stage of the work, which is worth spending time and effort on. After all, even a stove of standard sizes is an impressive structure in terms of weight, especially if it is made of stone or cast iron. Therefore, you need to make a good foundation for the furnace, observing a certain sequence of work:
- To begin with, it is worth digging a pit at the place where the stove was installed. It should exceed the dimensions of the stove by about 20-25 cm.
- Then the bottom of the excavated pit must be covered with sand with a layer of approximately 10 cm, then fill it with water and tamp it well.
- Then a layer of gravel is covered with a layer of about 15-20 cm.
- When arranging a reinforced concrete slab along the perimeter of the pit, you need to build a plank formwork.
- The concrete for the foundation is prepared in the following proportions - for this, one part of cement is mixed with 4 parts of crushed stone and three parts of sand are added. Water must be added so that the concrete does not spread and can retain its plasticity. After mixing the solution, it must be immediately poured into the pit and compacted. The surface of the foundation is leveled with a rule, and then covered with a polyethylene film. After such procedures, you need to wait until the solution hardens and hardens.
For a metal oven, you should select the necessary blanks in advance. Usually metal sheets with a thickness of about 4-5 mm are used for them. True, it is rather difficult to cut such sheets with an ordinary grinder.
A gas cutter is often used for such purposes, which will significantly save the time and effort spent.
So, the most crucial stage of the work is directly laying the brick walls of the stove. As mentioned above, there are “cold” and “hot” sauna stoves. During their construction, the work will not differ significantly. In both cases, the firebox is first laid out with the use of refractory materials, and then an ash pan is arranged under it. Also, a grate is installed between the working compartment and the blower. It is used to supply air to the oven.
The difference between "hot" and "cold" ovens will only be the arrangement of stones. That is, in one case, the stones are in direct contact with fire and are open and heat up much faster, while in the other the stones are closed. Also in modern baths, a steam generator is often used.
But before installing the oven itself, you need to prepare a place for its installation. Even in the case when there is no need for additional strengthening of the foundation, you still need to take care of the installation site. For this, thermal insulation and thermal insulation are used. You can use metal sheets or clay-brick interlayer as a fence of wooden walls from a working oven. Then you can proceed to the installation of the stove itself.
You can also use materials such as stone wool or fiber cement boards for thermal insulation. The average thickness of such thermal insulation boards should be approximately 20-25 mm, which, in principle, depends on the power of the furnace.
Instructions for the correct laying of the oven walls:
- Roofing material is laid on the completely hardened foundation. Then the so-called "basement" row of bricks is laid out. He should pay special attention and lay it out extremely evenly, constantly checking the level. Actually, this row sets the required shape for the furnace. Some professionals even recommend laying out two "basement" rows of bricks.
- Then, on the laid out rows, it is necessary to install a pre-prepared asbestos-cement sheet, which forms the bottom for the ash pan.
- The same sheet is installed on the third row, but under the firebox compartment.
- The next row of bricks will form a niche under the stove.
- Then the layout of the firebox itself begins. At the same stage, it is worthwhile to overlap the bottom.
- Next, you need to lay out the stones and install the door and portal into the firebox.
A very important point for the correct arrangement of the steam room is the chimney diversion. A metal tube can be used for a stove made of any material. The main thing is that the lower part of the pipe is more heat-resistant.
You can weld a metal oven with your own hands as follows:
- As a basis, you can take a large diameter pipe, which must be cut so that one part is slightly larger than the other.
- A hole is cut on a longer section of the pipe, which will serve as a blower.
- A hole for the firebox is cut in the same way.
- Next, you need to weld loops to the pipe. Then the doors of the blower and the fuel chamber are hung on them.
- A hole is also cut in the side of the stove.It will be A platform for the placement of stones is being made. Metal rods are well suited for it.
The result is an efficient and mobile round metal oven. In some cases, it can be additionally lined with bricks. But in this case, it will no longer be mobile.
Today, there are a huge number of manufacturers of sauna stoves on the market. Below is a ranking of the leading brands in Russia, based on an analysis of customer reviews and manufacturers' reputation.
Furnace "Termofor Geyser". Termofor is one of the leading manufacturers of sauna stoves. This model is a classic sauna stove specifically for the Russian steam room. It is made using heat-resistant alloy steel, which makes it very reliable and wear-resistant. A feature of the stove is the presence of a two-stage steam generation system in it, that is, it is both an open and a closed system. The stove has a convenient dosing system for water that flows into the stove. For this, a special valve is installed in it, which supplies water in measured portions. The stove is suitable for both small baths and larger rooms. Main pluses:
- warms up quickly;
- the vaporization system gives the room a light pleasant steam;
- strong walls of the case;
- a large volume of the heater, which allows it to be installed in both large and small steam rooms;
- attractive and stylish appearance of the stove.
"Sahara 24" from "Teplodar" is an excellent oven, which is distinguished by the regulation of modes. The power of this furnace is quite large and is suitable for rooms of any size. The stove quickly warms up the room, for example, it will heat a steam room of an average area to more than 100 degrees in an hour. The stove does not need special care, it is easy to clean it from combustion products. Main pluses:
- fast warming up of even large rooms;
- moderate humidity levels;
- large-volume stove;
- extremely simple oven design;
- ease of care.
The Hephaestus PB-01 stove, manufactured by the Hephaestus company, is deservedly one of the best cast-iron sauna stoves. Its enormous power allows you to warm up large rooms with an area of up to 45 cubic meters. m. The stove has the ability to withstand extreme temperature changes. Fast heating of the room and light steam make the rest in the bath pleasant and comfortable. The only drawback is the rather large weight of the furnace, as well as other cast iron structures. Main pluses:
- quick warming up of the steam room;
- high level of wear resistance;
- the ability to warm up very large rooms;
- the duration of keeping warm in the room.
The Vesuvius Legend Lux ovens are also excellent cast-iron models. This model, unlike the previous one, warms up smaller rooms. But she also has many positive qualities. It is worth noting that this design has a self-cleaning system for the glass surface, which significantly reduces the hassle of caring for the stove. Main pluses:
- high level of efficiency;
- easy care;
- long-term preservation of heat.
In addition to the main sales leaders, other popular brands of sauna stoves can be noted, which are slightly inferior to the main brands.
The Harvia company has long established itself in the market by producing quality products. Basically, this company produces sauna stoves. But in her catalogs you can also pick up stoves for a traditional Russian bath.
The Ermak company is one of the leading domestic manufacturers of sauna stoves. The products of this company are distinguished by their compactness and the ability to complement the furnace with various functional devices. The pleasant design of the Ermak stoves gives the steam room an aesthetic appearance. Most of the products of this manufacturer are made of high quality steel.
The Finnish company Kastor has also been actively involved in the sales of sauna stoves for a long time.The company's products are distinguished by a very original and sophisticated design, which gives the steam room a rather creative appearance.
The stove of the Parovoz brand is very relevant for Russian baths, where intense and high-quality steam is appreciated. The very name of this brand speaks for itself. The stove is capable of producing a large amount of high-quality and useful steam thanks to its powerful steam generator.
Kutkin ovens are of a wide variety. The designs of this company can be both gas and wood-fired, and even diesel-fueled, which not all manufacturers can boast of. The combination of original design and efficiency makes the Kutkin stoves an excellent option for heating a steam room.
The stoves of the domestic firm "Berezka" are distinguished by their democratic prices and high quality workmanship. The company produces a fairly large number of ovens of various models, among which you can choose any one depending on individual preferences.
The domestic company "Svarozhich" supplies the market with exclusive ovens with a wonderful design. The furnaces of this manufacturer differ in that they have the ability to regulate modes. This stove is even capable of operating in sauna mode. It has a large firebox and a wrought-iron door.
And the manufacturer Troika completes our "oven" rating. These are fairly reliable and efficient ovens at reasonable prices. A distinctive feature of the products of this company is their picky care, ease of installation and operation.
Stoves of the EasyStim brand are distinguished by their high prices, but they are not inferior in quality to world brands. These are quite powerful models with an attractive design that will become a real decoration for the steam room, and not just a structure for heating the room. High-quality materials give the furnaces of this company a long service life and high reliability. This is one of the exclusive products that does not enjoy mass popularity.
The smallest number of remarks and complaints from buyers was received by products of the brands "Gefest", "Teplodar" and "Termofor". These companies have long been engaged in the production and supply of sauna stoves to the world market, therefore they have vast experience in the production of stoves and follow their reputation. Furnaces of the Troika and Vesuvius brands were noted for their long service life and efficient performance of their tasks.
Customers noted the Berezka brand for their low cost and good quality, but, in the opinion of many users, such stoves are more suitable for a sauna. The majority of users mark the products of the Ermak company as with a compact, but at the same time capacious heater. Also, many buyers of this model were pleased with the panoramic glass on the firebox door and the self-cooling handle.
To make the rest in the bath not only useful and comfortable, but above all safe, it is imperative to follow some important safety instructions:
- When buying a stove, you need to pay attention to the manufacturer's brand and carefully read all the certificates of compliance with fire safety and quality. When self-manufacturing, you need to familiarize yourself with the requirements of the fire department and carry out the stove in strict accordance with them.
- It is worth purchasing a heater, whose body will not heat up so much as to lead to serious burns if accidental contact of open skin and the surface of the stove suddenly occurs.
- The main component of heating in any heater is the stones themselves. Therefore, their choice should also be given special attention. Stones should not crack from high temperatures. They should be placed in the grooves very securely and stably so that they do not fall out of the melted oven.
- Adding water to hot stones should be dosed as much as possible, because even the release of a large amount of steam can lead to burns.
- In the steam room itself, the ceiling, walls and floor should be protected from excessive overheating. This is especially worth doing in the place where the oven itself is located, because the temperature there will be the highest, which can lead to damage to the walls.
- Increased attention should be paid to the installation of a high-quality chimney. This is one of the main safety rules in the bath. A good chimney must remove smoke from the stove in a timely manner and prevent it from entering the room. Also, do not overload the stove with wood. Firstly, the chimney may not be able to cope and part of the carbon monoxide will start to enter the steam room, and secondly, the stove can heat up to extremely high temperatures, and then it will be simply impossible to be in the steam room.
- It is necessary to ensure safety not only in the bathhouse. Attention should also be paid to the attic, through which the chimney exits. Near the chimney, and even better over the entire steam room, in no case should you store objects that can catch fire from high temperatures. It is also recommended to ventilate the attic to avoid excessive heating.
Attention should be paid to the ventilation system for a constant supply and circulation of fresh air.
- It is highly discouraged to visit the bathhouse while intoxicated, because it puts a strain on the entire body and health procedures will only harm you. Also, pregnant women should not visit the steam room.
- If a person has a tendency to fungal diseases, then a visit to the bath is highly undesirable for them. This can harm them even more and put other people in the steam room at risk of getting sick.
- You should not heat the bath to high temperatures, which will be uncomfortable. Excessive overheating causes dizziness, vomiting, and even loss of consciousness. Therefore, even with a slight suspicion of heatstroke, it is best to leave the steam room. From a lower temperature, you will immediately noticeably feel better.
Taking into account these recommendations, the rest in the bathhouse will become pleasant and comfortable, and its result will be healthful and relaxing.
Tips & Tricks
For heating a bath, you must use well-dried firewood. They should be stored in a specially designated area, which will be inaccessible to rain. It is recommended to leave small gaps between the wood, so you should not stack them too tightly to each other.
In no case should you cover firewood with plastic wrap. In this case, a greenhouse effect appears, due to which the firewood not only does not dry out, but also becomes more moist.
Today the bathhouse is not only a place for healing and washing, but also a universal room for spending time in good company. Therefore, a lot of attention is also paid to the interior of the bath. The leading styles today are:
- high tech differs in laconism and strict colors, clear shapes and lines;
- retro perfectly suited for lovers of antiquity;
- country implies the execution of a bath in a certain rustic style.
In the old days, baths were heated only "in black", but even today this method is popular. There are several positive aspects for this method of heating:
- such a bath warms up many times faster;
- damp and heated wood gives off a pleasant characteristic smell;
- the design of the "black" bath is extremely simple and it is easy to make it yourself.
Bath procedures have a good effect on human health. The high temperature cleanses the skin, removing harmful substances from the body along with sweat. A visit to the steam room hardens the human body and increases the level of immunity, and also stimulates the work of almost all internal organs, especially the heart and lungs.
It is very important to heat the sauna correctly. It would seem that there is nothing difficult in just putting firewood in the oven. But here, too, there are some peculiarities. It is worth laying firewood in the oven, observing small gaps between them. As you know, there can be no fire without air, and these gaps will ensure its circulation, due to which the firewood will quickly begin to flare up. To get more heat and quick warm-up, you can slightly open the stove door, but for safety reasons, it is better to use a specially designed blower for this purpose. This will not only be safer, but also much more effective.
In no case should you completely close the damper in the chimney while the stove is running, otherwise the emitted carbon monoxide will begin to fill the room.… The best firewood for heating a bath is traditionally considered to be birch, aspen and alder. They practically do not generate dirt and soot inside the furnace, which will reduce the efforts to clean the chimney and ash pan.
It is advisable to install some instrumentation in the bath that will help regulate the whole process. The most famous and simplest device for a bath is a thermometer. Today it is available in almost every bath, which allows you to monitor the rise or fall of the temperature in the steam room.
It is important to visit the steam room in a metered dose and to note the time you are comfortable in it. Therefore, a time timer can be set in the bath. Often, an hourglass is used for this, which are sold in stores of bath accessories. Time scales are marked on such watches. This is usually 10-15 minutes. This time is quite enough for a single visit to the steam room.
A rather interesting device is a hygrometer. This device monitors the level of humidity in the room, which is quite convenient, because a comfortable stay depends on a favorable balance of humidity and temperature.
Even in the bath, you can install a special barometer that will measure the pressure level in the room. Today they can be both mechanical and electronic.
Materials of manufacture of such devices must be resistant to high temperatures and high levels of humidity. The housing must be completely sealed and must not be heated to high temperatures. You can also find complex measuring instruments in modern stores, which will include various devices.
Electric ovens are much more compact and mobile. Almost all processes in such ovens are automated and have the ability to set individual parameters of temperature, humidity and steam level when visiting a steam room. For such stoves, you do not need to spend a lot of effort on the removal of special ventilation and chimney system. The big plus of the electric heater is the complete absence of combustion products, debris, dust and ash. Also, such ovens are extremely easy to operate and maintain.
So, a comfortable, healthy and safe rest in the bathhouse mostly depends on the correctly chosen stove. Modern manufacturers offer a lot of different models, among which you can choose a stove for any individual requirements, taking into account the appearance of the stove, its material, functionality and price.
If necessary, the oven can be made independently, using the above tips from experienced craftsmen.
You will learn how to choose the best stove for a Russian bath in the following video.