Suspended Ceiling (175 Photos): Types Of Suspended Wooden And Metal Ceilings, Design Of Structures From Plastic Panels

Repairs 2023

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Suspended Ceiling (175 Photos): Types Of Suspended Wooden And Metal Ceilings, Design Of Structures From Plastic Panels
Suspended Ceiling (175 Photos): Types Of Suspended Wooden And Metal Ceilings, Design Of Structures From Plastic Panels

Video: Suspended Ceiling (175 Photos): Types Of Suspended Wooden And Metal Ceilings, Design Of Structures From Plastic Panels

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Ceiling panel installation video 2023, January
Anonim

More and more often today, ceiling decoration is done using suspended structures. This is due to various factors. They stand out noticeably against the background of other analogs, have a number of advantages, although they are not without disadvantages. Consider suspended structures from A to Z: we study what it is, what are the features of such ceilings, their types, characteristics, materials, shapes and designs.

Features of the

The name "suspended" ceiling was given for a special technology. It should not be confused with classical structures on a plasterboard basis, which are fixed to the crate with special fasteners. On the technical side, this is a frame system that is suspended from the main floor. Fastening is carried out by means of suspensions.

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The technology cannot be called easy: it will not work to make it in a day. However, subject to the detailed instructions, the presence of a project with calculations, dimensions can be made no worse than professional craftsmen. The main components are profiles, hangers, ceiling material and decorative elements. After the suspension system is assembled, it is attached to the main ceiling.

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Then the coating material is installed on it. Usually drywall is used for these purposes. It is distinguished by high operational and practical properties, and allows to bring to life any design ideas. It is the suspensions that distinguish suspended ceilings from hemmed counterparts, which are attached directly to the base.

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To put it simply, the frame is supported by metal suspensions, which are mounted in the ceiling itself at a certain distance from each other. The length of the hangers is identical, which determines the evenness of the ceiling relative to the floor. The hangers are supported by carriers to which metal profiles are attached. The finishing material is screwed into the profiles themselves, trying to join the sheets as accurately as possible.

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The suspended structure of such a ceiling has a decorative function. At the same time, it is she who makes the design of the ceiling special, changes the aesthetic perception depending on the desired design. A distinctive feature of such ceilings is their uniqueness in decorative possibilities.… Such a system allows you to design the ceiling in any style, regardless of its direction.

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Such designs allow you to visually beat the flaws of the ceiling. With the help of them, you can designate protrusions, arrange openings for columns, hoods, chimneys, communication systems. In most cases, lightweight types of material are used for such systems. For this reason, there is no large load on the base, and the systems themselves are securely attached to the base. They will not fall over time, practically do not need to be adjusted during operation.

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Pros and cons of designs

Suspended ceilings today occupy the first place in the choice of design for ceiling structures. A number of advantages contribute to this. Let's note the main ones:

  • They have a lot of varieties. A rich list of designs for every taste will open to your attention. You can decorate the ceiling of rooms using laconic or pompous solutions.
  • Such systems look good in residential and non-residential premises. They are equally appropriate in city apartments, private and country houses, offices, studios, salons.
  • In most cases, coating materials have additional impregnations. This eliminates condensation.You can decorate with such structures the ceilings of bathrooms, bedrooms, living rooms, kitchens, offices, home libraries, hallways, corridors.
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  • These systems allow you to independently choose the height of the ceiling. This allows you to hide the difference in height between different walls. If the room has a bay window with a domed ceiling, you can use a separate decoration for each part of the room.
  • The texture of the ceiling materials allows you to visually change the area of ​​the space. You can make the walls taller and wider to fill the room with light.
  • Suspended structures allow you to hide communication systems. When installing, you can hide the wiring, this will not affect the general appearance of the design.
  • These designs allow for insulation. This is especially true when installing such systems in private houses, in summer cottages. There is a sufficient gap between the base of the slab and the decoration material. Warming will reduce heat loss.
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  • They are compatible with luminaires of any type and type. Classic and modern lighting fixtures are suitable for decoration. In most cases, they are harmoniously combined with each other, making up a composite backlight.
  • The colors of the suspended ceilings are varied. You can not limit yourself in choosing a shade, choosing a shade to decorate any room in your home, taking into account your own preferences.
  • The materials used for suspended ceilings are durable. If you carry out the installation correctly with high-quality raw materials and components, the suspended ceiling will decorate the interior of the room for at least 10-15 years.
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Suspended ceiling systems can be used for the zoning reception that designers use. They allow you to unobtrusively highlight one or two sections of the room that are different in functionality. This way you can create a clear organization of the space without overloading the interior with different partitions or screens. At the same time, the harmony of the interior composition is not disturbed.

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Installation of suspended structures allows you to save on the preparation of the base. In this case, you do not need to buy building materials for leveling the ceiling.

No need to waste time on filling and sanding. The construction will cover greasy stains, old paint, small chips and pits.

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Some types of material used require surface finishing. You can paint the surface with water-based paint, paste over with wallpaper if desired, decorate with art painting. At the same time, repeated staining is sometimes allowed, masking contamination by means of special felt-tip pens sold in hardware stores.

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Minuses

Having a wide range of advantages, suspended structures also have disadvantages. Even with a small length of suspensions, the height of the walls is concealed. The minimum indicator is 10 cm. This is not scary in spacious rooms with high ceilings, but it is noticeable in rooms with a lack of footage and wall heights (for example, "Brezhnevkas", "Khrushchevkas"). It is undesirable to install such systems if the initial height of the walls does not exceed 2.5 m.

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Regardless of the type of material used for the ceiling, they are not designed for significant mechanical damage. Otherwise, there will be scratches and punctures on the coating, which may cause dismantling. The same goes for moisture.

Whatever type of material you choose for a suspended structure, in the event of a significant leak from a neighbor's apartment from above, you will have to change the coating or part of it.

Complex structures require precise calculations. A rough sketch is not enough here. We'll have to accurately transfer the scheme to the ceiling, observing every bend and fixation point of the frame elements. Considering that they are often large in size, it will be difficult to cope with the installation alone.

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When performing a design with masking communication systems, you should take care of creating a special hatch.It is necessary so that, if necessary, you can get to communications. It is necessary to carefully consider the location of the backlight. This is especially true for built-in varieties hidden behind the coating material.

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Installation requires care. Any discrepancy in technology can cause sagging of the coating material and deformation of the overall structure. Cutting out the necessary shapes will have to be especially careful and careful, which is often difficult to do due to the fragility of the coating material. Some elements have to be adjusted by weight, which is inconvenient. Sometimes a heat gun is needed to create a structure, which is used by professional craftsmen.

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Some types of materials used have complex perceptions. It is necessary to combine them with each other especially carefully. Otherwise, you can create emotional stress, which eliminates the atmosphere of relaxation. For this reason, you need to choose materials carefully for the purpose of the room.

Types and characteristics

The classification of suspended ceilings includes many design options for the ceiling. They can be conditionally divided into several types. By the type of structure, they are:

  • single-level;
  • two-level;
  • three-level;
  • multilevel.
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Each type of false ceiling is different. Conventionally, they are expressed in the number of so-called levels (protrusions or steps, towering one above the other over the entire area of ​​the ceiling). The simplest varieties are siblings. Usually, their main decor is a central lamp or lighting around the entire perimeter of the structure, hidden behind a ceiling plinth.

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In order to prevent its light from being blocked by the cornice, a gap of about 10 cm is left between it and the wall. In addition to lighting, such ceilings are decorated with imitation plaster moldings. This decor looks beautiful. For example, if you decorate the area around the chandelier with it, you can add elegance to even the most boring design. The uniqueness of this decor is the ability to paint with a regular sponge and paint (for example, with gilding).

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Two-level hinged options are more interesting, however, their load on the frame is greater. Complex options are designed primarily for spacious rooms with high ceilings. In total, they can reduce the height by 20-30 cm or more. This is not so evident in large spaces and open-plan apartments.

Such structures look interesting in rooms with a bay window, the ceiling of which is made in the form of a dome.

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In the face of fierce competition, brands are trying to supply ceiling materials with additional impregnations. This allows you to significantly improve the quality and practical characteristics. For example, due to one of them, ceilings acquire moisture resistance. This allows them to be used in apartment buildings with a high humidity coefficient. The appearance of fungus and mold is excluded.

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One of the best qualities of coatings is resistance to sunlight.… This allows you to choose the finish in any color you like without fear that it will fade over time. The coatings are always neat, the color practically does not change. The possibilities of new technologies allow you to choose a mass of shades for transferring on certain types of material, for example, an image or a photo on an individual order.

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It is good when the same material has several additional qualities, in addition to the decorative function. This allows you to use it for as long as possible without correcting the surface. For example, some coverings can be installed in unheated rooms (in the country). Fire resistant coatings can be used in rooms with a fireplace or stove. Moisture-resistant material is a good solution for bathrooms, toilets, attics and even closed verandas.

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Materials (edit)

Different raw materials are used in the production of suspended ceilings. Its variety depends on the type of the structure itself. Depending on this, suspended structures are divided into several varieties.

Panel

Panel ceiling coverings are made primarily of plasterboard and plastic. Drywall is one of the best types of flooring. This material is a layer of lightweight gypsum with plasticizers, packed on both sides in special construction paper or cardboard with a matte surface. Its dimensions range from 1 to 6 in length and 1.2 m in width.

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The thickness of the sheets used for suspended ceilings does not exceed 8 mm. This allows the drywall to bend into the desired shape. The convenience of the material is the possibility of staining. In addition, it is often the basis for the design of the ceiling with combined materials. In addition, it allows any type of luminaire to be built in.

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Ceiling plastic panels differ from wall counterparts. They are thinner, thus creating a lower weight load on the frame. They can be up to 2.5 m in width, due to which they can be used without docking. The installation technology is based on lock joints, it can be seam and seamless. The material is characterized by a matte and glossy surface texture, moisture resistance.

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Cassette

Cassette (tiled) types of suspended ceilings got their name from cassettes - square suspended slabs that the French introduced into fashion. Usually a cassette is a plate from 30x30 to 90x90 cm, made of plastic or metal (galvanized steel, aluminum). Galvanized varieties are coated with a special powder paint. Aluminum cassettes are treated with a bimetallic coating or polished: this way they acquire a mirror reflection.

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Tiled varieties are made from perforated drywall, wood (oak, bamboo, ash), acrylic glass, mineral and silicate fibers. Mineral slabs create an acoustic look for suspended ceilings. Color cassettes are dyed at high temperatures. Therefore, they are resistant to sunlight. When installing, the cassettes are placed on special rails. It is kept due to its low weight. The tiles can be polished or painted in any color without limitation.

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Lattice

These ceilings look like a lattice attached to a suspended frame. These are more often single-level ceilings in the form of identical honeycombs, for which they are often called cellular. The only decoration of such structures is the backlight. It can be built-in or separate, located on the beams in the form of spots. The shape of the cells can be oval, square, hexagonal, triangular and curly.

The perception of such ceilings is rather complicated, so they are rarely used for home improvement.

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Such schemes allow you to place ventilation and air conditioning systems. The main types of cellular suspended structures are standard, pyramidal, blinds. To become multi-level, they are combined with other ceiling material. In the production of such products, aluminum with a thickness of 0.3 - 0.4 mm is used. The sizes of the cells can be 40x40, 50x50, 60x60, 75x75, 85x85, 100x100, 120x120, 150x150, 200x200 cm. Such ceilings are characterized by durability, they are environmentally safe and reliable.

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Rack

Rack ceilings are one of the most complex structures in terms of perception. In fact, these are systems of a frame and narrow slats, interconnected. For its design, slats made of aluminum alloy, steel and plastic are used. They have a high level of resistance to corrosion, due to which such ceilings can be installed in bathrooms, toilets and kitchens.

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The slats used in these structures are resistant to temperature changes.More often, steel slats are used to design these systems. They are more durable and reliable, have a high level of sound insulation. The main advantage of slatted ceilings is the ability to level even the most curved floors.

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It is generally accepted that the slatted structure creates the effect of the illusion of space. This is partly true: the reflectivity of some materials makes the space larger. However, the slats in a row can create some tension. If they are painted in bright light, it can shatter the ceiling decoration. They do not provide for partial installation. Reiki are open, closed, plate-like.

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Stretch

The use of tension canvases in the design of suspended structures is explained by their high elasticity, resistance to deformation and exposure to sunlight. The stretch canvas is more often attached to the plasterboard box, although it is often fixed to the frame of the suspended structure. The material for such panels is PVC film and textiles. The film has greater elasticity, it can have a glossy, matte and satin (coated) surface texture.

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Due to the different texture, it is able to change the perception of the room. Its advantage is the ability to combine with each other. The fabric material is characterized by a matte finish. It brings luxury and elegance to the interior.

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These designs can vary in complexity. They can completely cover one level, be part of a two-level, three-level ceiling or an accent insert for a specific functional area. Such canvases add elegance and aesthetic appeal to any design.

Due to the use of photo printing technology, any image can be applied to them. This allows you to radically change any interior, setting it the desired mood.

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Soaring

This category includes ceilings with an optical illusion of a "floating" or so-called floating ceiling. In fact, this effect is achieved due to special illumination around the entire perimeter of the ceiling or certain parts of it. For such structures, drywall, stretch fabric is used. Sometimes fiberglass, polycarbonate, metal are used as separate levels.

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Installation of such ceilings is somewhat different from conventional plasterboard and tension structures. The most concise solution has one level. More often, with this design, a two-level view of the ceilings is performed. For greater elegance, materials are combined with each other. The perception of the floating structure is created by the separate illumination of each fragment. To embed the backlight, a small gap is left that does not block the light.

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Often the raw materials used for suspended structures are capable of imitating different materials. For example, plastic panels or slats perfectly convey not only a glossy texture, but also marble, wood and metal surfaces. Tiled type of raw material well conveys solid wood, stone, mirror-like surfaces. Translucent materials sometimes resemble glass coatings.

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Sizes and shapes

The dimensions of suspended structures depend on the design features, ceiling area and customer preferences. For example, if it is a single-level structure, its dimensions coincide with the length and width of the room (200x200, 200x300, 300x400, 350x600, etc.). To create floating structures, about 8 - 10 cm recede from the walls. This is enough so that the coating material does not obscure the glow of the backlight.

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If a box is conceived in the design, its size may be different. For example, it can be 2x3, 2.5x4, 3x4, 4x6 m. The shape is often made in the form of a geometric figure. It can be a circle, oval, square, or rectangle. Usually, such forms are additionally decorated with moldings, ceiling plinths or a baguette.

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The stretch ceiling inserts around the chandelier look beautiful.Usually, these are round accents with a diameter of 2.5 - 3 m. Due to the framing in the form of a plasterboard element, their size can increase in diameter by 20 - 30 cm. Sometimes (with a beveled perspective of the walls and ceiling), elements in the form of an acute triangle with apex at the entrance door of the hallway.

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The parameters of the forms used in the design are selected in such a way that they do not get lost against the general background of the ceiling and together make up a harmonious composition. To do this, draw a sketch, after which the details are made in full size. These can be figures of large flowers, butterflies, stars, abstract details. For children, they perform elements in the shape of a sun with rays. The sizes of such elements vary from 1.5 to 2 m or more.

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Dimensions may vary depending on ceiling height. The lower it is, the simpler the design, the fewer elements.… For example, if space is limited, perform a small semicircle in one of the corners.

Sometimes the desired functional angle is highlighted with a smooth curly line or wave. There can be two of them, located in parallel.

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Colors

False ceiling colors are subject to several factors. These include:

  • footage of a particular room;
  • the height of the walls;
  • the degree of illumination of the room;
  • taste preferences;
  • the effect of color on a person;
  • color design of the interior.
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With a small area, they try to make decoration in light colors of the color palette. They visually make the room look larger and lighter, eliminating rigid boundaries. When the style needs bright colors, they give preference to soft saturated tones. Conventionally, all shades used for the design of suspended ceiling structures can be divided into 4 ranges:

  • neutral;
  • pastel;
  • natural;
  • saturated.
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White occupies the leading position in the design of coatings. Today designers pay attention to its relevance in any interior. He brings lightness, light, air into space. Its combination with gray or steel color is popular. However, in order for the design to acquire cheerful notes, it is necessary to complement the interior with live greens and beige furniture.

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Black is difficult to read. Despite this, it is sometimes used to decorate tensile structures. If black is not enough, it gives expressiveness to the design of the false ceiling. In most cases, it overrides the main focus of the design. When dominated, it creates a feeling of heaviness.

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Pastel shades are recognized as one of the best for any design of suspended ceilings. They do not overload the design, so it can vary in complexity. The most popular are light shades of pink, blue, mint, lilac, caramel, peach tones, as well as milky, pearl and ivory.

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However, for greater harmony, they need white contrast. White color makes them softer, allows you to successfully fit into different styles. Multi-colored plates or figures on its background look interesting and multifaceted. At the same time, even a complex configuration of the suspended structure will not visually overload the interior composition.

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The natural range consists of shades of beige and brown. These are a variety of woody and sandy tones. The most interesting and fashionable color today is the shade of light wenge oak. It can be used to decorate different areas of the interior. At the same time, this tone will look modern and soft.

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The rich shades of the color palette help bring vibrant touches to modern furnishings. They allow you to accentuate the functional areas of the room, they are appropriate in combination with soft and light tones. The most interesting combinations today are light gray with wine, sand with lilac, white with purple. In addition, the focus is on the combination of sand and turquoise, as well as mixes of three colors.For example, this can be the use of light pink, fuchsia and white in one design.

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Interesting tones include gold and silver. Metal suspended ceilings are more laconic. Gold in decoration transforms any design. However, its amount should be dosed.

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Design

Design solutions for suspended ceilings are multifaceted. Today it is customary to carry out the design to match the general concept of stylistics. Consider the main branches of interior design.

Classic

Suspended structures in the classic style, which include classics, neoclassics, classicism and Italian style, are made with an emphasis on symmetry and the attributes of palace solemnity. Metal and plastic structures are inappropriate here. They do not at all fit with the idea of ​​ceremonial decoration with an emphasis on luxury. Materials with a matte texture are in priority, although with a skillful approach the contrasts of two textures (matte and glossy) look beautiful here.

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Light colors are preferable, white and light beige shades are especially harmonious. Their combination is allowed, while the connecting component can be a ceiling plinth or molding. A plasterboard ceiling with a satin stretch canvas will also look beautiful. The design obeys geometry: the main accent can be a round, square, rectangular insert.

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The main light is a beautiful chandelier with many bright small lamps. Imitation of plaster stucco molding and the presence of gilding in the decor are required. When composing a composition, you can build on the decor of the furniture, choosing similar carved or twisted elements.

Do not overload the ceiling with a large drawing: it is important to show luxury through the details of the furniture.

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Modern

The main difference in the interior of modern design branches lies in the demonstration of the synthetic base of the material used. Ease of perception and functionality are important. Conventionally, all modern trends can be divided into strictly laconic and elegant. In the first case, this is minimalism, Bauhaus, which is characterized by simplicity and air. therefore the design implies a simple cover sheet without complex elements and massive chandeliers.

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If we consider modern, art nouveau, art deco, it is important to show the use of a synthetic base and its possibilities in decoration. For example, a glossy texture is preferable, sometimes mirrored inserts, bohemian and pretentiousness should be felt. It is imperative to emphasize the pendant structure with beautiful ergonomic lamps. Coating technology can be seamless.

The combination of drywall with ceiling panels or slats looks good. Single-level structures are not suitable here: relief ceilings with large lamp windows or panels illuminating different corners of the room are preferable.

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For loft and grunge styles, deliberately rough designs are preferable. In this case, the tone of the coating should be mainly monochromatic. Ceilings are decorated with beams and communication systems. Unusual lighting devices in the amount of several pieces are used as a backlight. In addition to adjustable spots. these can be rough-shaped chandeliers.

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Ethnic

This branch of stylistics includes English, Chinese, Japanese, Greek, Egyptian, African, Arabic and Scandinavian styles. Each of them has its own characteristics. For example, the English direction welcomes respectable restraint. At the same time, a simple ceiling with molding should be decorated with a large chandelier.

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In the Arab sense, a rich color palette and maximum lighting are important. The luxury of design, the presence of figures in the form of spheres and a semicircle, connected in complex structures, welcomes. In the African theme, dynamics, expression and flashy color should be felt.

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The culture of China, shrouded in mystery, is expressed in simplicity with bright contrasts. Each design element has a specific meaning. This can be a ceiling plinth or molding, geometric shapes are welcome.

Drywall can be covered with wallpaper: the style does not tolerate the demonstration of modern materials. However, hidden lighting will be a good design solution.

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Fancy

In a large list of interior styles, you can find interesting solutions for amateurs. Each is unique in its own way. It can be vintage trends, avant-garde, or even sloppy kitsch, which is the opposite of any organization and order. In this case, they start from the situation: if the furniture resembles a classic one, the ceiling should be rough with beams. However, fixtures can be matched by furniture.

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Biedermeier symbolizes the desire for stability and peace. In the design of the suspended ceiling structure, proportions, geometry, simplicity and naturalness of color solutions should be felt. The boho ceiling is usually simple and is a flat structure. In this case, the variegation and color contrast in the furnishings are enough.

Lighting

Lighting for suspended ceilings deserves special attention. All existing types can be divided into two types:

  • central;
  • auxiliary.
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Central lighting is considered central to the creation of structures. Depending on the height of the walls and the footage of a particular room, this is a chandelier with one, several or many shades. A characteristic feature of such luminaires is the way they are fixed to the ceiling. It can be suspended or near-surface.

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In the first case, the chandeliers are hung mainly on suspensions in the form of a cord. The chains are heavy. Today they are rather rare, as they create visual massiveness and a large weight load on the frame. Near-surface luminaires are attached to a ceiling structure or material by leaving a hole in it. They are more appropriate if the ceiling height is low.

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Depending on the design of the structure, sometimes not one, but two or even three identical chandeliers are used. This is especially true when the room is spacious enough and has a high ceiling. The uniqueness of the center lighting fixtures is the fact that they are perfectly combined with modern auxiliary lighting.

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A distinctive feature of modern central lamps is their lightness and stylish design. Today, they are selected solely based on the chosen interior style of a particular room. The materials for their manufacture are plastic, wood, glass, and also metal. Often, for a more pleasant appearance, materials are colored and combined with each other.

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The line of auxiliary lighting includes several types of devices. The most demanded today are:

  • panels;
  • Spotlights;
  • spots;
  • cord;
  • tape;
  • optical fiber.
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In these types of luminaires, LEDs are used - lamps of a new generation. They differ by an order of magnitude from all known light sources, do not blink during operation, and have an even luminous flux. The power of the diodes is minimal. When they consume a minimum of electricity, they convert most of it into a luminous flux, therefore they practically do not heat up (applies to certified products with appropriate documentation).

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LEDs are harmless to health and the retina of the eyes, they do not contain mercury. Their work is silent, and the shade of light, with a skillful choice, is equated to the natural (daytime) glow. However, they also have a disadvantage: directional light. For this reason, one device cannot fully illuminate the room; shadow spots form in the corners.

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To avoid this, the designers came up with built-in illumination in the form of spotlights, as well as spots with the ability to adjust the angle of inclination of the light.Installed at regular intervals around the perimeter, they are able to make up for central lighting in full. Due to this, the design of a false ceiling is often completely complete without chandeliers.

The spots can be installed not only on the main structure. For greater harmony of illumination, they can be used to decorate one of the walls or the front of the cabinet.

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The cord and tape are remarkable in that they can be embedded in suspended structures before and after their basic installation. For example, if interior lighting is planned, the embedding of the LED strip is thought out at the design stage. This will make the ceiling look three-dimensional and realistic. If the installation has already been done, but you want elegance, you can hide the tape behind the cornice or baguette. This will create the illusion of a "floating" ceiling.

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The uniqueness of the tape is the ability to change colors. This type of LEDs allows you to independently choose the desired shade from a rich palette. You can connect the backlight via a special program to your smartphone and enjoy the play of colors to the beat of your favorite music.

If you want to change your mood, just choose a certain tone from white and dark yellow to dark blue and purple.

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Soundproofing

Ceiling soundproofing is a mandatory factor today, especially important for a modern person. The increased noise level from the street or neighboring apartments creates tension and is especially inappropriate when there are small children in the house or apartment. Sound is divided into two types: percussion (steps, impacts of objects) and air (conversations, music). When installing suspended structures, it is important to make sure that no noise is heard outside the room. It is important not to disturb your neighbors yourself.

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Usually, different raw materials are used for sound insulation. Let's consider the most popular:

Drywall… When performing suspended structures based on drywall, it is possible not to additionally insulate the ceiling. The thicker and more complex the structure of the upper floor, the less noise will come from outside. If you use this material as sound insulation, you must combine it with mineral wool

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Mineral wool. This insulation has a high sound absorption coefficient. It has a low weight and reasonable cost, which makes this material in demand not only among the ordinary buyer, but also among specialists. The mass and density of mineral wool depends on its type. It can be compressed, classic and granular

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Polyurethane foam… This insulation in everyday life is called foam rubber. It can be of different thickness. In terms of its properties, it is inferior to other analogues. However, the porous sponge-like structure provides vapor permeability to the insulation. Therefore, you do not have to worry about additional vapor and moisture insulation

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In addition to these materials, soundproof membranes based on flexible polymers are used for noise insulation of suspended structures. They are characterized by a relatively small thickness and high sound absorption. Mineral wool, foam asbestos, acoustic fiberboard, as well as acoustic perforated plates have the highest noise absorption coefficient.

The use of chipboards for sound insulation is rarely performed, due to their high weight.

Glass wool is capable of provoking allergic reactions.

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Manufacturers

Having decided to install a suspended structure at home, the question arises as to which brand should be preferred. To make the task easier, you can turn to manufacturers marked by a lot of positive reviews on the market.

Albes - rack systems made of narrow steel and aluminum panels coated with a polymer layer. Designed for finishing kitchens, corridors and bathrooms, suitable for finishing ceilings in rooms with high humidity. They are distinguished by hygiene, a variety of colors and durability.

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"Baikal" - tiled structures with an acceptable price.They are distinguished by fire safety, environmental friendliness, ease of installation. Provide for additional insulation with the laying of a soundproof layer.

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Knauf - constructions of suspended ceilings made of plasterboard sheets of a well-known manufacturer. They are distinguished by high practical and operational characteristics. The communication systems and nervousness of the ceiling are well hidden. Allowed for installation in residential and non-residential premises.

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"Bard" - slatted ceilings of a domestic manufacturer. They are distinguished by moisture resistance, a variety of varieties and a long service life (up to 20 years). They can be classic, cube-shaped, plate-shaped. The manufacturer delivers products in pre-ordered sizes. They do not contain toxic ingredients.

These brands offer the attention of buyers worthy options for materials for covering suspended structures.

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Scope of application

Among the abundance of varieties of suspended ceilings, it is easy to get confused and choose not what you need at all. As a result, you can spoil the interior of not only one room, but also the entire home or shopping complex, swimming pool, medical institution, supermarket, club. Since suspended structures are used almost everywhere today, we will outline the main subtleties for residential-type rooms.

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Living room

This room is the main one in the house, so its design should be special and memorable. The priority is given to warm light and rich colors, their combination with white. The design may be different, but single-level designs will look simple. It is important to add satin and glossy texture and stylish fixtures. Stretch ceilings with interior lighting are appropriate.

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Bedroom

Here you need soft tones and a matte or satin texture. Gloss is undesirable: it creates emotional stress. It is not worth building more than two or three levels for the bedroom: visually, this will make the interior heavy. To soften the tones, you can add white to the design. The addition of lighting with gilded or silver decor is harmonious.

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Children

The interior of a child's room depends on the child's age and gender. More often, the ceiling is decorated with a stretch film in the form of a solid coating or a separate insert. The shades are chosen soft: they should not irritate the eyes.

Complex structures are not needed here: there are a lot of objects in the room, the complex appearance of the ceiling will add a cluttered look to the space.

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Kitchen

This is a place where dynamics and a combination of color contrasts are welcome. For example, you can use white with yellow, green. A combination of light gray and wine tones will look beautiful. At the same time, a certain area is allocated for bright contrast (for example, above the bar or sink).

Geometry is encouraged, embedding lamps above the dining area.

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Hallway and corridor

There are often no windows in these places, so it is important to supplement the suspension structure with a mass of small lamps and white material. Complex suspended structures of two or more levels are undesirable. They are only permissible in the case of an open plan. More often, the design is carried out using a stretch film.

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Veranda

When installing a suspended structure on the veranda of a private house, the material and color are selected taking into account a specific style. You can choose wooden cassettes, slats for the array of the desired shade (up to painted in light). If the veranda is closed, you can decorate it with plasterboard. It is worth betting on a woody texture.

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Attic

Here, suspended structures are possible only if the roof allows it. So you can make an accent design in the form of slats, a small lattice, drywall is also appropriate. Plastic is undesirable. It visually simplifies the appearance of the ceiling and does not match the wooden walls formed by the roof.

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Selection Tips

Doubting which false ceiling to give preference to, you should read the opinion of experts. This will help you make the right and harmonious choice. Most valuable tips:

  • Examine the room in which you want to install a false ceiling. Measure the height of the walls. This will help you deal with the number of levels and the complexity of the design.
  • Scroll through the catalog of ideas, taking into account the footage and design features of the upper floor. See what design professionals have to offer.
  • Do not overload the living space with bars and slats. In most cases, only a professional can make a harmonious design with their help.
  • Get a durable and reliable cover. Take a closer look at the drywall and stretch film.

If you live in a private house, you can opt for wood flooring or imitation.

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  • Eliminate metal and mirrored surfaces in your own home decor. They are good in the office, bar, club, but at home you need a relaxed atmosphere. They cannot make her like that.
  • Order structures that can be painted (for example, drywall). This will allow, in case of pollution, to change the shade of the ceiling and refresh the interior.
  • Take a break from dark tones and combinations. Choose materials in light and, if possible, warm colors. Don't overwhelm the ceiling with an abundance of contrast.
  • Start from style and furniture. If there is a lot of it, the design should be easy. Choose a simple one-level design and decorate it with an original lamp.
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  • Try to choose the design so that it matches the lighting fixtures. The chandelier does not always look beautiful against the background of an asymmetrical pattern.
  • Use plastic in modern interior compositions. Choose coatings with low reflectivity or matte textures. Soften it with drywall.

Choose coatings that are easy to maintain. Choose lamps for chandeliers or backlighting so that the surface does not heat up from their use (this makes it yellow).

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Beautiful examples in the interior

We bring to your attention beautiful examples of successful design solutions. They will help you draw inspiration to find the best solution for creating a unique suspended ceiling structure.

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See below for a master class on installing a rack aluminum ceiling in a bathroom.

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