When building a private house, it is necessary to think over all the details: the layout, the interior, and the design. That is why it is necessary to plan in advance the number of rooms, their purpose and arrangement in the house. It is important to take into account the principles of planning, design advice and fashion trends.
Features of the
When building modern wooden or brick cottages, planning is required especially carefully and correctly. This is necessary so that you can use the entire space of the room in the most functional way and at the same time feel freedom.
Before you start planning, you need to decide what the area of the house will be and how many floors it will have. A feature of the correct planning and construction is that it should take up little space on the site, but at the same time provide a comfortable stay, taking into account the wishes of all family members.
Now, when planning, only new technologies are used to save space and other indicators, for example, energy consumption. When planning a modern house, preference is most often given to rectangular houses with several floors. Thus, you can expand the living area, taking up less space on the site.
When planning, it should be borne in mind that the most practical option would be with walls of the usual type without protrusions. In addition, an attic is perfect, which will save money on installing a roof. Now a feature of the layout of modern cottages is that they are more and more often combined with garages. This will make you more comfortable, as it will be easier for you to monitor the machine. In addition, by combining buildings, you can save the area of the site.
At the same time, the garage can directly adjoin the residential area, and if the area of the site allows, then you can make a small walk-through area for industrial purposes between them, equipping an assembly room or something else there. In addition, a living room can be placed above the garage on top, but it must be borne in mind that the garage must have separate ventilation. It should be placed so that it does not interfere with the living space from above. But it is best to allocate a terrace or other industrial premises when planning above the garage.
The location of all functional areas and rooms is calculated taking into account the cardinal points. This way you can make the room brighter and warmer, where needed. When planning a house, they think in advance about the possibility of expanding the area of / u200b / u200bthe living space so that you can finish building the house up or to the sides.
The most undesirable, but acceptable option is the arrangement of the basement floor, where you can make your own gym or utility workshop.
Create a house plan so that you do not have to do any redevelopment in the future. The layout will depend on the number of floors in the house, as well as on its area.
The arrangement of a small house and the layout of the zones inside it will resemble a studio apartment, and the arrangement of the cottage can be more spacious and functional. Single-storey structures are cheaper than two-storey ones, but at the same time they take up a lot of space on the site. But the two-story ones, although they save space, require that you think over your budget and the furnishings of all rooms in advance.
Any project of a house where a family will live must include a kitchen, living room, hallway, children's room, bedroom, as well as a bathroom, and more than one if the room has several floors. You also need to provide a place for industrial premises, as well as for a guest room. But the exact breading will depend on the composition of the family and how often you host.
The named zones can be divided or combined depending on how large your home is. When planning private houses, many abandon hallways, making a closed porch outside instead. Thus, you can make a more interesting layout and interior design.
A feature of the layout of a private house is that you can independently place boundaries between rooms or even abandon them in some areas. But for this it is important to study the capabilities and functionality of some rooms, the rules for their location relative to each other.
A one-story house is much easier and faster to build than a building with several floors. In addition, you can choose absolutely any interior and layout, without adjusting to the number of storeys of the building and without excluding a separate space for the passage upstairs. This is a great option for owners of large suburban areas, which is suitable even for a large family.
The most important part of such a house is the foundation, but it can have a lightweight structure, since there will be no floors other than the first one. In addition, you do not have to reinforce the walls when planning, as is always necessary when planning multi-storey structures. The choice of building materials will be limitless. The one-storey house can be easily extended to the sides if expansion is required. Therefore, it is considered the most versatile design.
You only need a ladder if you want to make a house with an attic, but at the same time it will be more compact and simple. Often the owners of such houses need to increase the area, but since not everyone has a lot of free space on the site, an attic is perfect. On it you can equip a nursery, a bedroom or a dressing room with a pantry.
In addition, while planning, some are considering the option of arranging a basement floor, where billiard rooms, storage rooms, a gymnasium, and a recreation area are located.
You can even build a small house 7 by 8 m, making an additional area in the form of a basement floor. There may also be a living area, but certain difficulties with lighting may arise. Therefore, it is better to place a bedroom or even a kitchen there.
Some, when planning such a small house, prefer the transfer of all household premises to the lower floor. This type of breading is suitable even for a small house measuring 4 by 6 m. For more spacious houses of 10 by 12 m, you can provide both an attic and a basement at the same time. But for this, it is necessary to install a heating system in the premises and insulate them.
The attic does not allow using the area as functional as possible, but you can place a living room, a library and even a bathroom there. Separately in such a house, you can build a small garage. It is used to equip a pantry or laundry room.
In a one-story house, it is better to place all the premises sequentially in accordance with the purpose. In addition, you need to competently conduct communication systems. In this case, it is better to place the kitchen next to the bathroom. Wider space for imagination is the layout and design of a large one-story house with an area of 100 sq. m. Absolutely all functional areas can be provided in it.
An excellent solution for such a house would be to insert panoramic windows, since they will fill the house with light and make its interior more elegant. Therefore, it is important to provide for their placement on the front of the house when planning.
In such a house, even a guest area and a study will fit, and all the rooms should be of impressive size. It can provide a closed veranda or a terrace for relaxation. Such a layout of a one-story house will allow you to be creative and make living in it more comfortable.
A two-story private house must have some layout features that distinguish it from a one-story structure. So, an important difference and feature of such a layout is that in it, it is necessary to find a place for the stairs, which will be located between the two floors.
For large country houses, a spacious straight staircase of the classic type, made of natural wood, is suitable. But for a small country house, it is better to use compact screw structures made of metal.
Such a staircase allows you to distinguish between day and night zones. In this case, the day zone is located on the first floor, and the night zone - on the second. In addition, a dressing room and even a storage room can be placed on the second floor. But if the inhabitants of the house are elderly people, then the bedroom in this case is located on the first floor, but the household premises are on the second.
In a 2-storey building, several bathrooms must be provided so that they are within walking distance of the central residential areas. Thus, they should be both on the first and on the second floor, so that it is convenient to use them, including for guests. It is better to place bathrooms so that the entrance to them is not visible from the living room.… In addition, there should be a shower cabin in the bathroom near one floor, and a bathroom in the bathroom on the second floor. This way you can reduce water consumption.
The bathroom on the second floor should be located not far from the bedroom. The bathroom on the ground floor should have a guest character, that is, it is better to place a shower and some bath accessories, a sink, a toilet in it. A similar room on the second floor can be more extensive and spacious. It can be equipped with a large bath and sauna.
In a two-story house, the main communication systems are placed below. The boiler room is always located near the kitchen. But in some cases, the boiler room is transferred to the garage if it is attached to the house.
The kitchen area is best placed at the bottom, as well as the adjacent dining room. There should be a small storage room near the kitchen - a pantry.
In addition, if the house has two floors, then there should be two dressing rooms: one near the bedroom upstairs, and the second downstairs, so that you can quickly get ready for work in the morning. On the second floor, next to the bedroom area, you can make a small laundry, where you will install a washing machine, clothes dryer and ironing board. This way you can separate it and make it more invisible to guests.
Principles of the arrangement of rooms
In order to make the correct layout of a private house, it is necessary to take into account some important principles. So, first of all, you need to divide the entire internal space of the house into two large groups:
- economic, non-residential.
At the same time, the living area is divided into daytime and evening. After that, all these rooms must also be divided into children and adults and separate guest zones. According to this principle, the day zone should consist of:
- living room;
- dining room;
The night area should include:
- dressing room;
- additional bathroom (if the area of the room allows).
As for the non-residential - economic zone, this part of the house includes:
- workshop room;
When choosing the right rooms and dividing them into a day and evening zone, it is necessary to take into account the position of the sun and the placement of windows, as well as the view from the window. The next principle is to reduce the size and number of corridors and wide aisles. This is due to the fact that the presence of large non-residential spaces reduces the cost of a cottage at times.
It is better to get rid of them by creating walk-through zones or using a large room as one common room with different functional zones, bringing in it a not pronounced zoning.
Based on this principle, you can make a study in the bedroom or in the hall, and combine the kitchen with the dining room or living room. If there is not much space in the house, this principle should be fundamental. I.e it is better to abandon the halls and make such rooms as the kitchen, dining room and hall solid … Near them you can equip an entrance hall with a small corridor.
Another principle of good planning is the allocation of separate rooms for couples and children. It is also customary to equip one common room where all family members can get together. If you are planning to host guests, then it is important for you to pre-allocate a guest bedroom, which in your free time can serve as a study or a rest room.
The next principle is to place a family in a house separately if several generations live in it. It is better to provide for this different bathrooms and bedrooms and separate entrances to these zones. So you will competently delineate a private house. In addition, it is important to consider that if elderly parents live with you, then it is better to place them on the ground floor.
The next principle is the arrangement of two entrances to the house. One door should be central at the entrance to the site opposite the gate, and the second should be located on the back of the house, where the terrace is usually located. It should only be used by the owner of the premises. This way you don't have to go around a large house to enter it from the site. If you do not want to follow this principle, then you can make a separate entrance, positioning it from the end in such a way that you can easily enter it from any side.
The next principle is to calculate the space for the stairs. This principle applies to two-story or taller houses. It should be taken into account whether you want to make it a central element or, on the contrary, want to make it more invisible. It is important to correctly calculate the place under the stairs and the room in which it will be placed.
If you want to draw the attention of guests to it, then it is better to place the stairs in the dining room or living room, and if you want to hide it from prying eyes, then you can install this element of the interior in the hallway or in the hallway. Moreover it is important to carry out competent lighting of this area in order to protect household members … This can be done using additional lighting or by placing it opposite the window.
The next principle is to calculate the area of / u200b / u200bthe premises and their number in such a way that it would be possible to accommodate newly appeared family members without any problems. When you have babies, you need to set aside a separate small room for them.
That is why when planning it is important to provide a place where you could make an extension to the house or equip a small room higher in the form of an attic. These options need to be thought out in advance to save space.
But there is an exception to this principle: building too large a house at once is not worth it, since you will not be able to functionally use the premises and complicate your life.
The next principle of breading is choosing the right place for the fireplace. In private houses, real fireplaces are often installed, which must be selected and equipped with a place for them in advance. Most often they are installed in the hall, so you need to place the chimney and pipe there. After the end of the planning, it will be much more difficult to do this. Therefore, try to think over the installation in advance and strictly follow this principle.
Another principle is the planning and construction of a rectangular house in order to be economical. If it has fewer ledges, bay windows, balconies and non-standard roofs, you will spend several times less money and labor costs. In addition, observing this principle, you will be able to get rid of heat loss through the external fences of the house.
An ordinary rectangular house needs to be positioned with its long side to the south in order to save on heating and create a comfortable microclimate inside. But even giving preference to a rectangle, proportions must be observed.
When choosing a rectangular option, it is necessary to take into account the rules for the aspect ratio of structures. So, the long and short sides should be in a ratio of 1: 1.5. This will make the overall design more harmonious. A simple roof will reduce the cost of construction without various decorative finishing techniques and complex shapes.
The next principle is the installation of windows in the house, taking into account the direction of the wind and sun. Thus, you can reduce the cost of space heating and cooling in cold or warm seasons. The windows of living rooms should face south, but it is better to make household premises on the north side of the house.
Also important is the location of bathrooms and communications above each other. If the bathroom is to be installed in a certain place on the first floor, the bathroom on the second floor should be located clearly above it. When choosing a place for the boiler, it is better to place it closer to the kitchen. All communications should be located approximately in one place.
You can save the area of the site by combining the garage with the house. Thus, you will not have any problems with heating the utility room and you will be able to place some non-residential areas of the house on it. In addition, it will be easy for you to walk from the house to the garage, bypassing the street.
Another principle is the rejection of basements. Now such premises are practically not used in planning the construction of a house, since their construction is quite expensive. On insulation and moisture protection of the basement, you will spend twice as much money than you could spend on the construction of 2 floors. That is why instead of a basement, it is better to use a pantry, which can be placed on any floor of the house. In addition, the attic is also used for this purpose.
Another principle is good soundproofing of rooms, especially bedrooms. All rooms located in the night zone must have strong partitions and good sound insulation. Strong doors, windows, walls should be installed and vents should be sealed. They will provide peace and quiet in the bedroom. Otherwise, you will have to separate the bedroom and the adjacent area by a corridor, taking up extra space, which is contrary to one of the above principles.
If the sleeping area is located upstairs, then it is necessary to isolate this room with the help of the floor. It is better to install the floors on reinforced concrete slabs to ensure yourself a night's rest.
Another important principle of planning a private house is the arrangement of such a heating system that will save electricity. For this it is better to use thermostatsto set the desired and desired temperature in each room and increase or decrease it when necessary.
There are also automatic thermostats that allow you to maintain the desired temperature and turn off the heating at the right time, and turn it on again when the temperature drops. You only need to provide a place for such a system. Thus, even by reducing the heating by 1 degree, you can save about 5% of electricity.
You can save heat in the house and energy costs by installing underfloor heating. Their installation also needs to be planned before moving on to finishing the house.
Another principle that must be followed when breading a private house is the separation of the front door with a vestibule. Thus, you can create a thermal lock and prevent the penetration of cold air currents into the living area.
For the balcony, it is necessary to provide for separate supports, the role of which can be played by pillars or enclosing structures of the lower floor. The balcony must be installed separately. In no case do not continue the ceilings, otherwise drafts will penetrate into your house.
When building and finishing the house itself, as well as the balcony, it is important to take into account that the glazing area must be sufficient for the required amount of incoming light. The more you glaze the surface, the less energy you will spend on lighting during the day. The glass surface should be about 1/8 of the total area of the walls of the house.
During construction, it is necessary to use only natural and high-quality materials that are safe for human health. It is important that they all undergo environmental impact assessment and meet all requirements.
It is better to refuse a large amount of chipboard, plywood and other materials, since they contain formaldehydes that are harmful to health.
The breading room is located in the central part of the house. At the same time, he can distinguish between the living room and the guest area. The layout is very convenient, in which the living room borders on the kitchen. This will simplify your life as it will be easier to carry food from the kitchen to the living room during the reception.
In this case, it is better to use not a door for separation, but an arched structure or an easier zoning method. The living room should be about 3 times larger than the kitchen. The most convenient layout option is such that you can go to the living room from the corridor leading from the hallway. Thus, visiting friends and relatives will easily navigate the house. This way you can simplify the layout and separate out other, more intimate areas.
The living room area can be varied. In small houses, it can be 10 square meters. m, but in more spacious houses it is better to allocate about 30 squares for this room, since large-sized furniture is often located in the living room. This room can accommodate more than five guests.
Natural light is important for the living room, so it is better to make several windows in it. Moreover, the windows should face the side from which the sun will shine. It is better to place a bathroom not far from the living room so that guests can easily find it and they do not have to feel awkward asking the owners about its location.
The hall should lead from the hallway to other rooms. It can be a spacious non-residential area or a narrow corridor. It is best to set aside a central location for it and make it a walk-through so that you can go from it to all the rooms in the house. But the hall, being a non-residential area, should occupy as little space in the room as possible.
For him, you can allocate about 10 square meters. m. Moreover, in the center of this hall should be located the entrance to the room. If you have a two-story house, then the stairs should be visible from the corridor so that you can freely go upstairs. But in the case when the area of the room allows you to equip a spacious walk-through hall, you can combine it with the living room, thus making a smooth transition from the hallway to the living room and separating the entrance door with a vestibule.
When planning in the hall, you need to allocate space for a large closet with clothes, as well as a place for shoes if the entrance space is small.
The layout of the kitchen can be different. This can be a spacious room that combines a work area (apron utility area) and a dining dining area. In such a kitchen, you need to provide a place for the hood, since without it, odors will spread throughout all rooms. For the cooking area, you need to allocate about 6 square meters. m. This will be quite enough, but for the eating area it is better to allocate at least 10 square meters. m.
Another layout option is to combine the kitchen with the living-dining room. In this case, the kitchen can be more spacious. A bar counter is often installed between them. It can be followed by one or two family members for lunch. The rest of the meals for the whole family or with guests, in this case, take place in the hall, where the dining area is allocated.
As for the kitchen itself and its working area, it must be very functional. A set and large household appliances are placed around the perimeter of the room so that the passage is simplified. If you want to make a separate kitchen and a separate dining room, then it is better to allocate 10 square meters for each of the rooms. m, then both rooms will be spacious.
But these rooms should be removed as much as possible from the bedroom and children's roomas this will help you get rid of cooking odors. At the same time, the kitchen is often placed next to the bathroom, since it is much easier to install a plumbing this way. In addition, this way you can save on the length of communications.
In sleeping quarters, designers and developers often save living space. This is due to the fact that people are in them only at night. But at the same time, planning the layout of living quarters, you can allocate more space for the bedroom if you spend a lot of time there and want the room to be filled with space.
If in the room you only plan to equip a place to sleep, then an area of 10 square meters will be enough for you. m and even less. There you can easily put a bed, bedside tables and a wardrobe. But if you want to place a chest of drawers, dressing table and some other accessories, then you should give preference to rooms from 15 sq. m.
The size and location of the bedroom should depend on who will sleep in it. The guest bedroom can be smaller. It is better to place it in remote places; it is permissible to arrange such a room next to the living area. If a married couple is sleeping in the bedroom, then its layout can be quite simple.
But the children's bedroom will not only serve as a sleeping room, but will also include a play area and even a work area for schoolchildren. In addition, several children of different ages are often placed in one children's bedroom.
For kids and schoolchildren, it is better to make a large play area and a small work area, but for older teenage children, you need to make a spacious sleeping and work area, allocating a separate place in the room for rest and relaxation. This room should also include a dressing room, especially for girls' rooms. The children's room should occupy about 20 square meters. m. This space is enough for one or two children.
If you have a small house, then it will be more convenient to equip it with a shared bathroom, which includes both a bathroom and a toilet. At the same time, its location should be convenient for guests so that they do not get lost, looking for the premises they need. If you have a two-story house, then on the ground floor you can put the simplest bathroom with a toilet and a sink for guests, but on the second you can make a full-fledged shared bathroom, placing a toilet and a bathroom in it.
In two-story houses, bathrooms should be located one above the other. Never install a bathroom on the second floor above living quarters. The option with a separate bathroom is the most practical. Thus, household members do not have to wait until the toilet is empty to visit the bathroom.
But if you still preferred the joint option, then it should be more spacious. It is better to delimit the shower or bathtub from the toilet with a special partition.
For a separate bathroom, 2-3 square meters can be allocated for each of the two zones; the bathroom area may be slightly larger, depending on the size of its bowl. You can also make a home sauna, then you will need a room from 7 sq. m. For a bathroom with a washbasin and a sauna, it is better to choose a room of about 10 square meters. m.
The bathroom can be located on the shady side of the house, but at the same time you need to equip a good lighting system. In a large house with one floor, bathrooms should also be in different parts of the house for the convenience of guests and households.
Zoning in a private house can be carried out in such a way that there are many rooms united by walk-through rooms. Most of all, this applies to the premises of the living area, which can be located one after another in the form of a corridor. It will be comfortable to be in such premises and you will be able to use the area of the whole house in the most functional way.
When zoning, the kitchen, dining room, living room are often combined into one room, dividing them by different methods. They can be located one after another, separated by a bar counter, multi-level floors or ceilings, lighting systems. In addition, floor and wall coverings can be used for zoning, changing their color, but leaving the same texture so that the combination looks the most harmonious.
Zoning with color and light allows you to generally unite the space, but make a soft division into functional zones. So communication between households will be simplified and the common room will look more spacious.
The kitchen can be fenced off with a small partition or shelf. After a small kitchen with a working area, there can be a dining room, where households will gather to eat. The next could be the living area, which smoothly forms from the dining room. Zoning here can be done by turning the sofa back to the dining room and equipping it as a partition between them.
In addition, many people decide to separate the kitchen with a solid partition, making walls or even placing it in another room. But at the same time, they combine more public areas, such as a dining room, a living room, a library. You can arrange the room in the form of a suite so that the transitions between these functional areas are located on the same axis. This layout is reminiscent of old palaces and estates.
The central place should be occupied by the living room. It can include a library area, it can be highlighted with the color of the walls or floor. It is better to place a fireplace in the living room area, placing it in the very center. It can become the border between different zones.
In addition, zoning often has to be carried out in other rooms. When planning a house, you have to separate a room that includes a bedroom, a dressing room and a bathroom. In this case, it is necessary to make a walk-through dressing room and slightly delimit it from the bathroom with partitions or screens. This way you can minimize the noise coming from the bathroom and separate it from the bedroom.
A walk-in closet is an excellent solution for a walk-through area, but it is still better to separate it from the bedroom with a partition. For this, you can use compartment doors or a screen.
Ways to expand space
If you have a little space in the house, then it can be easily expanded. When arranging, it is better to use only folding and transformable furniture. It will take up much less space and allow more functional use of the area.
To make the space visually wider, you need to plan as many windows in the premises as possible. They need to be big. Panoramic windows are ideal. They should also have light frames in order to fill the room with space.
Expansion of space is also carried out due to the arrangement of the attic. It will increase the functional area of your home and allow you to make the most of it. There you can place a storage system or a room for children, a bedroom. To make the space seem wider, it is better to install windows in the roof that will fill a small room with light.
Any backlit game can expand the space. Moreover, it is better to do multi-level lighting and use natural daylight. You can change the space and fill it with freedom using the Finnish interior. As a rule, this refers to the layout of a frame house made of timber, which is distinguished by its external beauty and convenience.
In order to place everything you need in such a house, to make the space cozy and get rid of cramped space, materials of natural natural shades are used, as well as pieces of furniture of minimalist design.
To expand a house with a Finnish layout, you should abandon the corridors and at the same time combine several rooms. As a rule, for this they connect the kitchen and the living room. A feature of the Finnish planning project is that it includes a large amount of light. The house will have one main light source and many additional spotlights that will expand the space.
There are some room decoration techniques that will make it wider to suit any style of home with any layout. You can lighten the walls and ceiling and decorate the floor as an accent color. This method will allow you to visually raise the ceilings of the room and push its walls to the sides.
Another technique that is suitable for expanding a room to the sides is a bright design of the floor and ceiling and a light design of the walls. The room will appear lower, but its area will be perceived wider than it actually is.
In order to expand the area of the room to the sides, they also use the bright design of the back wall of the room and the floor. Two light side walls and a ceiling make the room appear taller and wider.
You can play with the back wall by decorating it in dark shades. The room will increase in depth and width. If you add a dark ceiling to this combination, then it will seem shorter, but wider.
If you want to visually narrow the room and raise its ceilings, then you need to paint the side walls in a dark color, and make the design of the rest of the surfaces lighter. Try not to use too dark colors and surfaces for interior decoration.
Country houses are often decorated in classic style … It assumes a traditional design using calm, restrained colors and design solutions. For decoration, it is better to use light colors and shades related to pastel colors. Beige, sandy, natural woody, milky, brown shades are perfect. For decoration, it is better to use as many natural materials as possible.
The ceilings should be light in order to make the room look taller. But the floor is better to finish with natural parquet. In this case, prints should be used only classic or make the walls monochrome and decorate them with paintings. A striped print is acceptable for the classics.
A feature of this style is the presence of a large number of accessories. These can be paintings, graceful candlesticks, antique clocks and beautiful figurines.
To decorate a room in english style, you can use the theme of the Middle Ages. This is a great option for houses with a bay window or a round domed cottage. From the outside, such a house should be elegant, it can resemble a castle. And inside, everything should be filled with wealth and luxury.
This design option is more suitable for spacious private houses. In this case, they use large furniture with carvings and curly legs. For finishing the floor, you can use parquet, marble, artificial stone. For the walls, you can pick up graceful silk-screened wallpapers.
The abundance of accessories in the form of tall vases and large statues will fill the house with luxury.
Country houses decorate and in country style. The scheme of such a rustic house in the interior may include a fireplace not only in the living room, but even in the bedroom. All furniture items must be wooden. Brickwork is perfect for a fireplace. Moreover, it is better to place it in the corner. It should resemble a large oven.
The beds are placed in the center, as is the sofa in the living room. With this layout, most of the space is given to the bedroom and living room. Furniture should be simple and unfinished. Better to use wood-based materials.
Private houses can be filled with light by decorating them in provence style … It involves the use of shades related to pastel colors and light, unobtrusive patterns on a floral theme. Use white whenever possible.
A private house can be finished as a modern avant-garde style … It is a combination of bright color accents. In this case, zoning is carried out in color. In this case, it is best to use as many glossy surfaces as possible.
It is permissible to combine rooms with different purposes into one and divide such a spacious room into different zones using floors of different levels. Moreover, the difference between them can be significant.
It is better to use furniture that is interesting and quirky; natural leather upholstery is perfect. In this case, the main one should be a light and calm shade, but it must be complemented by bright contrasts.
If you want to highlight some area, you can use coverings with geometric or abstract prints to finish it, and in this case you can even use the ceiling.
It is better to decorate all rooms in the same style. Thus, you can make a harmonious layout and create a sense of a single space. The use of several styles even in a small amount within the framework of one, even a large house, makes its interior too colorful and visually diminishes. Directions can be mixed and combined, but then the resulting composition must be used in all rooms.
Colors and prints
To decorate a country house or townhouse, only natural eco-friendly materials in natural colors are used: beige, brown, olive, milky. But for finishing the deplex, you can use bright coatings made of unnatural materials.
It is better to make walls monochrome, placing accents on only some of them or using methods of combining coatings and colors.
As for the print, it is selected depending on the style of the interior. So, for more modern cottages, an option with a plant theme, oriental, ethnic motives is suitable. For classic interiors, you need to select a floral print or monogram.
Designers advise considering a number of guidelines to create the perfect home layout. So, first of all, do not forget about the possibility of increasing the family, and also plan the approximate life of the house.
In addition, when planning, it is better to provide for the possibility of subsequent changes and reorganization of some premises in connection with the growth of children or with a change in the style of the interior.
When planning, they recommend calculating the number of square meters for each family member. It is considered that the optimal area for one family member is about 30 square meters or more. m. Moreover, typical ceilings in height with an average area of the house should be from 2.5 meters, with the exception of the basement with ceilings of no more than 2 m.
In small houses, designers recommend using corner structures. This applies to both furniture and stairs. Designers advise placing the staircase in the hall, avoiding its location in living rooms and even more so in sleeping areas.
In addition, designers recommend planning in a specific sequence. First of all, you need to provide a place for the kitchen, dining area. After that, you need to come to the allocation of space for the living room, bathroom and toilet. After that, you can plan the placement of the bedroom and children's room. The remaining space can be allocated to various production rooms, a dressing room and a study.
Designers divide houses into 3 levels of comfort. The first of them assumes the presence of an area from 80 to 120 sq. m. In this case, more than half of it should be allocated to living areas, while the total number of rooms for comfortable accommodation should be no more than four.
For the planning of second-level houses with an area of 120 to 170 squares, they recommend allocating six main living rooms. At the same time, the residential area will occupy approximately 100 sq. m. The houses of the third level of comfort can be from 200 to 300 square meters. Moreover, about 150 of them can occupy up to eight living rooms, the rest of the space is separated for utility rooms and rooms for entertainment.
Beautiful examples in the interior
An interesting option is the arrangement of a ship house or an L-shaped cottage. The design will make it more convenient to place all the zones and separate some of them, since the house will have 2 wings. The rule of ideal planning is typical - the larger the area of the house, the higher the ceilings should be. In this case, the room will be more spacious and free.
The balcony and other premises, including annexes, are best done in a size proportional to the house. A too small balcony will look illogical against the backdrop of a huge cottage. For large country houses, spacious balconies with a terrace are more suitable.
Another important tip is that you need to think in advance about the possibility of ventilation of the premises and all the options for installing economical heating.
An interesting option that designers often recommend using is the installation of a shed roof, on which you can make a hinged platform or organize an unusual attic room.
The roof can also be used as a platform for a flower garden. Another option is to organize a place for rest on it in the warm season, where it will be possible to sunbathe. This is a great solution for American-style homes.
For information on how to correctly lay out the house, see the next video.