A greenhouse on a personal plot is necessary for every gardener. However, not everyone knows how to build it with their own hands. You need to have knowledge in this area, and only then move from theory to practice. This article sets out the basic basics and principles of building different types of greenhouses.
What are they?
Greenhouses are cultivation rooms made of transparent materials on a frame designed for growing various berries, vegetables, root crops, fruits, flowers and herbs in a greenhouse microclimate with optimal temperature and humidity.
Greenhouse buildings are installed on flat surfaces of southern slopes, while making sure that the occurrence of groundwater is not located close to the ground surface. On the leeward side, buildings are protected by a palisade made of forest plantations or a high fence. In order to preserve light, greenhouses are kept away from sources of pollution. Having a good access road makes plant maintenance much easier.
Greenhouses are subdivided into ground greenhouses with a planting area of a high-quality soil layer, and structures in the form of multi-level shelving-shelves for placing seedlings and plants. Greenhouse covers can be soil or hydroponic. By the type of operation, they are divided into winter (year-round) and summer (seasonal). Winter greenhouses are built of glass and concrete, and spring greenhouses are made of mixed materials that transmit light like ordinary film.
In winter premises, you can grow any plants, fruits and vegetables, flowers and even mushrooms. They are considered capital buildings and are built exclusively on foundations, can be heated by solar energy or stationary and portable heating systems powered by electricity or biofuel. Winter premises for growing plants can be superficial or recessed, have a variety of designs: from arched to polygonal structures. They are built from wooden beams, cinder blocks and bricks. A metal profile, PVC structures, metal-plastic and other materials are used as a frame. Their surface is made of glass, polycarbonate and special types of organic profiles with the addition of reinforcing compounds. As a rule, winter greenhouses are installed from west to east.
Summer greenhouses are used mainly in the warm season: from spring to frost. They grow seedlings or especially sensitive plants. Heating of such structures is carried out exclusively by the sun's rays. True, sometimes with a sharp drop in temperature, portable heating systems are used in them. And so organic fertilizers are used for heat: manure, compost and peat, less often peat. Biofuel creates a favorable temperature regime in a closed room. Therefore, summer greenhouses are often covered with plastic wrap, making them an economical and affordable alternative to the winter option.
According to their specialization (purpose), greenhouses are divided into vegetable, for flowers and seedlings. Vegetable greenhouses are designed for year-round growing of vegetables. They are distinguished by better quality products at the output than vegetables from the garden, since indoors the plants are protected from adverse influences and negative factors, such as rainwater and spore infection downwind. Several types of vegetables can be grown in the greenhouse at the same time.
It is important to combine plantings correctly so that the neighbors do not become competitors and do not negatively affect each other's harvest. To adapt greenhouses for growing vegetables, you need to provide transoms for ventilation, build a separate irrigation and shading system for each type of plant.
Seedling greenhouses, as a rule, are equipped with a mechanism for regulating the temperature of air, soil and irrigation water. Seedlings need to comply with thorough disinfection measures in the premises, as well as in special sanitary conditions created in order to exclude contamination of the soil and plants with infections and pathogenic bacteria.
Seedling greenhouses are equipped with sliding shelves and additional structures in order to create comfortable conditions for plants. It is categorically impossible to use such a building for the purpose of growing crops from open ground, since various pests and dangerous diseases can come with them.
Flower greenhouses are created taking into account the characteristics of flowers that are sensitive to any fluctuations in temperature, light and moisture. Such plants cannot be grown in the open field, therefore they are most often grown in specialized closed-type premises. Some of the popular models for growing flowers are greenhouses with polyethylene or polycarbonate coatings, film tunnels and greenhouses.
Polycarbonate structures are reliable and durable, and film structures are used for particularly sensitive plants with a long period of development. Flower greenhouses are best suited for growing many types of flowers. These rooms are equipped with heating, and additional heating sources can be installed in them. The rational placement of closed flower beds is a lean-to structure adjacent to the southern part of the capital structure. A good lighting system also contributes to the quality of the flowers grown.
By design principles, greenhouses are divided into single or hangar, multi-unit (link). Roof structures are divided into gable - oriented to the east and west, and multi-pitched, the roof of which has several planes, as well as single-pitched, facing south at an angle of 45 degrees.
By the type of bearing profile, greenhouses are divided into those created with the help of a frame and frameless. Premises of a closed type, built with the help of a frame, are subdivided into arched, beamed, vaulted, cable-stayed and frame. Frameless are panel, support and combined.
Capital greenhouses consist of a foundation, frame, cover and roof. The foundation can be in the form of reinforced concrete slabs or cast. Stone foundations are now extremely rare. The roof, end and parallel surfaces are covered with glass frames, some of which are equipped with vents and transoms, which serve for natural ventilation of the room. Seedling rooms are equipped with shelves. Lightweight building structures have reinforced concrete pillars as a foundation, their frames are erected from wooden or metal elements, as well as from plastic and metal-plastic pipes.
The room temperature is maintained in several ways: fuel (wood, coal, gas) and technical means (steam heating, electricity). Heating stoves are installed mainly in capital structures. The most common types of heating are water and electric (heat generators and transformers). Often, in modern greenhouse complexes on an industrial scale, ventilation systems are installed, as well as a set of installations for the formation of a microclimate.
Colorifiers, electric radiators and infrared radiators are used as year-round heating systems. Electrical appliances are convenient and do not take up much space, however, they do not warm up the entire area of the room, heat does not penetrate into the lower tiers. Infrared devices emit heat and light, they are mounted on the roof surface to evenly warm the room.
Colorifers are convenient to use. They are heated, then the warm air is distributed by the air currents of the fan around the entire perimeter of the room. The optimum temperature is maintained throughout the greenhouse. It is customary to illuminate modern greenhouses with fluorescent or LED lamps. They are more economical and are a good alternative to conventional light bulbs.
Hydroponic greenhouses are equipped with a mechanized complex for supplying plant crops. Selection greenhouses are similar to artificial climate premises, where the process of plant care is correlated with temperature, water and light conditions. In greenhouse plantings, crop rotation is often used, new breeding varieties are grown.
Greenhouses can be confused with greenhouses, but these are completely different structures. They are, of course, similar in purpose and general characteristics, but they have a number of differences and features that do not allow them to be put in a common row.
Greenhouses are usually small in length, width and height. Heating cannot be used in them. Their entire energy potential consists of accumulated heat from the sun and organic fertilizers. To care for the plants and access the inside of the greenhouse, it is enough to slightly open the side part, move aside the plastic film, which covers the frame made of wire, wooden beams and other structural elements.
The small height (up to 1.3 meters) does not allow growing tall plants in greenhouses. But they are the best suited for growing seedlings. A greenhouse is an open ground, and a greenhouse is a closed one. In greenhouses, air and soil are heated separately, unlike greenhouses, in which the soil accumulates and transfers heat to the film.
Greenhouses differ from greenhouses in that the latter are for practical purposes, while greenhouses are for beauty. It so happened that the inside of the greenhouse space is used for agricultural purposes. Rare flowers and plants are bred in greenhouses. Recreation areas are often interspersed with aesthetic areas where exotic animals and reptiles can live. This corner is created for relaxation, relaxation and pleasant pastime.
The winter garden is a permanent building with high arches designed for trees and various rare plants. This spacious room is quite costly in terms of design and construction, since, in addition to design solutions, it is equipped with all types of communication, heating, ventilation and irrigation. In winter gardens, it is customary to organize family holidays and celebrate significant events. Pets, birds, fish can settle there. Fountains and pools are often set up in these premises, and stone gardens are erected; they are decorated with statues and architectural fragments, installations and artifacts from different eras. The thematic focus is supported by a single historical style or art movement.
In order to choose the desired type of closed-type premises, you need to take into account its features, as well as the intended purpose. You should know that lean-to greenhouses are the most economical and less expensive. This is the so-called budget option. It is very convenient to work in such premises. You can put single-slope structures pretty quickly. It is preferable to place them on the south side, although this is not essential. It is not recommended to cover the roof with foil or PVC coating, as the surface will sag and sag from the wind and precipitation. A glass or similar roof is preferred.
The gable roof has the usual "house" look and has a number of advantages: such a roof is stable and will not break under the weight of snow, and a convenient shape allows you to make a roof from any material. In addition, massive structures require compaction of the foundation during construction, which makes it suitable for year-round use. The presence of a large number of fastening segments requires constant monitoring of the tightness and watertightness of the structure. It will not be possible to attach additional sections to the gable greenhouse. But this type of construction is the most durable of all.
Homemade arched greenhouses are most suitable for growing light-loving plants. Their surfaces have fewer light refraction angles. Due to the convex part, the surface for keeping heat and light increases. Due to this, the plants grow large, which is also reflected in the structures of this type of structures. However, it is difficult to take care of them, therefore experts advise to carry out the main landings in the center, and to make detours around the perimeter to access the landings.
This type of room is not intended for plants and seedlings from open ground, since the features of the structure do not allow them to be hardened. During the winter months, there is a risk of snow deflection, which cannot leave the greenhouse on its own. In places with strong winds, the solid structure may break due to insufficient attachment to the foundation. But such a greenhouse is extremely simple in construction, convenient in dismantling and transportation. And if necessary, you can attach new sections.
Dome or lancet greenhouses offer special advantages. Winter precipitation does not linger on the structure of the structure, and the pointed shape is the best way to accumulate heat and warm up the soil cover. These buildings are the best option for the middle zone and the Urals, as they are specially designed for long snowy winters, and are also suitable for growing seedlings. The sun's rays enter the room without hindrance due to the advantageous surface area. True, there are some difficulties in erecting a drop-shaped structure, since it is required to additionally strengthen the foundation and fix the surface with practically no components.
The next type of construction is one of the most expensive, but also the most practical. These are polygonal greenhouses, in which the edges alternately take over the functions of absorbing sunlight and transferring it to intra-greenhouse plantings. To achieve the required temperature in such structures, you need to try. After all, complex structures made of wood, polycarbonate, glass, iron and concrete do little to maintain the temperature regime. But these are very beautiful and harmonious buildings that can decorate any backyard landscape.
Dutch greenhouses are considered the most suitable for growing all types of plants, including decorative ones. The surface of such a greenhouse is covered with a homogeneous material made of special glass, which protects the room from rain moisture and excessive condensation. The greenhouse is equipped with a gutter, so unwanted drips will not interfere with the cultivation of decorative flowers. The gutter has special devices for collecting condensate, is equipped with reinforced glass frame holders and has an extremely convenient location on the ridge of the roof.
The surface of the Dutch greenhouse is covered with glass frames in one layer and equipped with blinds for additional curtains. Shadow screens can be located both on all surfaces of the greenhouse, including the ceiling, or on a separate wall, which allows you to control the level and degree of illumination inside the room. If necessary, the screens can take over the functions of additional heating.
The Dutch greenhouse is a fairly extended room with a gable roof and a heating system designed so that the temperature is the same at any point in the greenhouse, as well as an automatic irrigation and irrigation system. The premises can also be heated from stationary heat sources. Thus, the greenhouses maintain their own microclimate, typical for the cultivation of certain types of plant crops.
The Meathlider greenhouse is not only an interesting solution, but also a practical room for growing crops. The northern side of the roof is raised and has a characteristic slope. There is a ventilation system at the level of the gap between the joints. This unique structure has a "breathing" mechanism for regulating air exchange, which allows you to grow a wide range of crops.
A greenhouse in the form of a hut is formed by two inclined slopes, due to which it contains a maximum of solar heat and light. Such a greenhouse is equipped with a ventilation system - vents and transoms. It is very simple to build, but the useful area is small. Therefore, hut-type greenhouses are often deepened into the soil.
Recessed greenhouses are designed to maximize the use of solar resources while maintaining optimal temperature and humidity even in the harshest winter conditions. The building is submerged in the ground almost to the edges of the roof, which are the main heat insulator. To build such a greenhouse is like digging a well: you need to be able to dig a huge pit, and most importantly, to provide reliable protection from groundwater.
An exotic option is a domed greenhouse. It has a rounded shape, consisting of complex structures. It looks more like a domed tent, covered with a white material that allows the sun's rays to pass through. This is the most expensive, but at the same time, the most original type of greenhouse. For winter, it is not suitable, but for seasonal plantings - that's it.
There is also an option for a greenhouse with a solid wall, which acts as thermal insulation and heat distribution. Basically, this is the northern wall, which is being built and bricks, cinder blocks or timber, insulated from the outside or from the inside with lukewarm, foam, and equipped with bags of stones. Thermal cushions maintain the temperature day and night. As a result, the cost of heating the premises is reduced, and the efficiency is distributed over the working area of the building.
The greenhouse is based on a frame. It can consist of basic materials: wood, metal and HDPE pipes. Additional materials from which the greenhouse base is also formed are metal-plastic pipes and aluminum components. The most optimal option is achieved using a rectangular bar. This is a simple and inexpensive way to build a greenhouse with your own hands.
The main thing is to ensure the protection of wooden structures from mold, mildew, beetles and rot, for which it is necessary to process the workpieces with wood stain and special sanitary impregnations. It is best to use larch wood, but if this is not possible, it is necessary to dry the frame well in order to avoid shrinkage during operation. It is better to choose wood species without knots and other defects. Due to the fact that wood bends and transforms poorly, the creation of additional structures in the form of arches, bends and semicircles is almost impossible. Therefore, the timber is mainly used for rectilinear buildings.
A convenient alternative to wood is a metal profile made of steel and aluminum, for example a 20/20 millimeter profile. From this material, surprisingly light, but durable structures are obtained that are resistant to moisture and temperature extremes. True, the elements will have to be fastened with special fasteners, self-tapping screws or by welding. But metal profile greenhouses are strong, reliable and durable. The creation of the necessary parts is carried out on a special machine, which is easy to build yourself.
The metal structures for the construction of greenhouses also include a ceiling profile for fixing plasterboard, as well as a profile for the roof. These materials are easy to assemble and assemble, but they are less durable and are not suitable for regions with snowy winters, as they tend to deform.
The use of HDPE pipes and PVC pipes are profitable options for making seasonal small greenhouses. They are highly flexible, inexpensive materials that are easy to transport. They are gutta-percha and lightweight, but their structures do not withstand additional loads, such as precipitation in the form of snow and rain, as well as wind.
When choosing a material for covering a greenhouse, special attention should be paid to the quality of the surfaces used. They must meet all safety requirements, be lightweight, but at the same time durable. The greenhouse frame is predominantly covered with light-transmitting materials such as glass and cellular polycarbonate. Not so long ago, glass was the only material from which greenhouses and greenhouses were built. It has high density, excellent light transmittance and beautiful appearance.
Glass does not enter into chemical reactions, does not emit toxic substances, does not rust or decay, but it is quite fragile and often breaks. Because of this, its properties have created alternative coatings - analogs in the form of organic glass with the addition of binding elements that make the material stronger and more durable, and colorless polymer coatings.
The greenhouse can also be covered with plastic wrap. It is the most inexpensive material for year-round use. There are some types of reinforced films that are resistant to wind and precipitation.
Layers of cellular polycarbonate have the properties of glass and polyethylene, high strength, flexibility, do not break or break. The honeycomb cells are filled with air, which gives this material additional properties of thermal insulation and resistance to mechanical stress. It is ideal for constructing buildings with rounded shapes. However, polycarbonate is subject to gradual destruction under the influence of ultraviolet rays, when heated and bent, it breaks down and deforms.
During installation, additional insulation of the ends from the ingress of dirt and water is required, otherwise the coating may "bloom" and become unusable. Today, manufacturers offer premium material - polycarbonate, made specifically for greenhouses. It was developed taking into account the disadvantages of the predecessors of the polymer series and has all the necessary qualities of strength and durability in operation.
You can build a greenhouse on your site with virtually no cost. For this, unnecessary window frames are used, fastened together in the form of a hipped or rectangular structure. Such a structure can only be used as a seasonal facility for growing certain types of seedlings. But it can be improved, for example, by strengthening it with an additional frame, to seal the joints. In this form, window frame greenhouses are more suitable for use.
Greenhouses can vary in size. They are large, free, small, as well as large, narrow, wide, tunnel and so on. Accordingly, large ones are used on an industrial scale and in private production, for example, to grow flowers for sale. Dutch greenhouses with sloping walls are large-sized. They are most often used when it comes to getting a large harvest.
In spacious and high rooms, you can combine various plantings: from low-growing berries to branched bushes, arrange multi-tiered flower beds and multi-level beds. Using the gradation of vertical and horizontal space allows you to grow a variety of species and types of crops and flowers with maximum benefit all year round.
To heat such a greenhouse, whole heat supply and ventilation systems are needed, which should be envisaged even at the design stage of the room. Serving large areas requires a mechanized approach, watering, hilling, loosening, irrigation and fertilization, which is quite energy-intensive. Much more profitable small buildings of a compact type in several tiers, where you can grow seedlings and small fruit trees.
Long, or, as they are also called, tunnel greenhouses are ideal for growing grapes. As a rule, grapes are used for wine production, therefore, the size of the planting area of this culture is significant. The main task is to preserve the taste of varietal grapes with a minimum use of chemicals and fertilizers. This is possible if favorable conditions are created and the intake of harmful microorganisms and insect pests is minimized. A tunnel greenhouse is the ideal location for this.
The quality of the soil, its purity and nutrient saturation is the main advantage of indoor facilities. Among the pluses is also the proper temperature and humidity. If the payback allows, then a sufficiently large greenhouse can be organized. In any case, regardless of the scale, construction is carried out according to the same rules, using the same tools.
Greenhouse models are varied in shape. One of the most unusual and interesting is the rounded or spherical structure. In it, planting is carried out in a circle. Tall plants are placed in the center, and lower and lower along the periphery. This is due to the characteristic shape and peculiarity of this kind of greenhouse. Thanks to these features, the soil in the beds warms up evenly, which allows plants to fully use the resources of heat and light.
Among the advantages of the building is the ability to arrange the landings at different levels. You can also use box beds, placing them at an angle of 36 degrees. The main thing is to strictly adhere to the delimitation of space, then the area of a small spherical greenhouse can be used to the maximum. It is not difficult to build it, it is much more difficult to think over and place a ventilation system in it. To do this, you will have to build vents or folding curtains with zippers around the perimeter.
A frame for a spherical greenhouse can be a metal profile, metal-plastic pipes, less often - wooden beams. The cover is film, polycarbonate or glass. Undoubtedly, with proper distribution, much more plants will fit into such a greenhouse than a rectangular one. True, some inventory will still not fit there.
Another interesting option is the triangular greenhouse. It can be built from a timber or metal frame. The base is a pyramid, one of the sides of which is a transom and a door at the same time. A polyethylene film serves as a covering for it, glass is used less often. It is impractical to use cellular polycarbonate, since the cut layers must be closed on all sides, and a large number of fasteners can violate the integrity of the coating. Quite fragile glass is preferable in this regard: it does not need to be drilled and screwed on, it is enough to weld the frames and fix them with a sealant.
There are many ways to fix the profile and frame of the greenhouse. It all depends on the material they are made of. So, for example, in order to attach polycarbonate sheets to a wooden beam, special components are needed, including roofing screws with rubber and polymer thermo washers, as well as a connecting profile. Using roofing screws with wide and powerful thermal rubber gaskets, you can not be afraid of deflection of the structure at the point of support of the attachment and exposure to high temperatures.
The set of polycarbonate must include fixing materials to protect against insects, dirt and water. The perforated tape goes to the bottom end of the sheet, and the sealed tape goes to the top. The fastening process is quite simple, it is only important not to overtighten the fasteners. It is necessary to cut sheets of cellular polycarbonate with a jigsaw, strictly following the instructions.
In the case of fastening glass to metal, metal frame, you can use several options. If there is an opportunity and skill in working with welding, metal corners are welded together. In this case, the glass unit is fixed with clamps. When using a metal profile, special grooves for glass are created, and such a structure is attached with an ordinary sealant with a rubber gasket. To connect a galvanized profile to glass, use the same welding or self-tapping screws. The bags are fixed with glue using aluminum components.
How to do it yourself?
In order to build a greenhouse with your own hands, you need to have construction skills and, importantly, a good project with blueprints for the future construction. The best projects are focused on the construction of capital greenhouses that will serve for many years. For this, an option with a reinforced wall and a heat accumulation system in the form of a network of ventilation pipes is suitable. The northern wall of the building is insulated with gravel bags.
The heat supply system is modeled on the principle of air circulation in thick underground HDPE pipes with an outlet to the outside. The heat from the heating of the soil by the sun's rays, obeying physical laws, rises upward, and cold air descends to replace it. This is the continuous movement of air masses that maintain the required temperature regime of soil and air.
Before construction, it is necessary to make all measurements and start digging a foundation pit. Depending on the size of the greenhouse, it can be of different sizes, but the depth should be at least 70 centimeters. Around the perimeter of the pit, formwork is prepared for the foundation from reinforcement, using welding and supports for supporting structures. When the frame for the strip foundation is ready, it is poured with concrete and leveled.
The cleaned bottom of the pit is lined with plates of expanded polystyrene or any other material. This will be the basis for ventilation pipes, which are laid on top of the insulation strictly horizontally. The ends of the pipes are fixed from the outside with foil and improvised means, and the whole structure is covered with earth.
After that, they begin to install the greenhouse frame according to the drawing scheme, starting from the northern and lateral sides. The construction is quite simple: the main thing is to properly prepare all the parts and assemble them during the installation process. The frame can be brick or concrete, but it is easier and faster to make it out of wood. Further, the frame of the southern wall is constructed from wooden beams. Then the rafters are assembled and the pitched roof is mounted. It is made with a transom for airing the room, for which a special device is installed - a holder with a latch and shock absorption in case of strong winds. All structural elements are covered with several layers of stain and waterproof varnish.
Upon completion of construction work on the manufacture of the greenhouse frame, it is covered with a polyethylene reinforced film or polycarbonate: first the northern wall, then the side walls, then the southern one, and finally the roof slope. If desired, the cover can be replaced with glass frames, which will significantly complicate the construction, but will make it more reliable and monumental. It is better not to install glass on the roof for safety reasons, because its mobile structure can be subject to impacts. The capital northern wall is insulated from the inside with layers of mineral wool and bags of stones are laid. They can be installed both inside and outside. To accumulate heat, you can put cylinders or cans of water against the northern wall.
Elements for the construction of shelving, inventory, containers and other utensils are brought into the finished greenhouse. Now you can add plants and seedlings that will grow at home. Such a building will justify itself in the very first year of operation and will become an indispensable assistant in the country or on a personal plot.
Tips & Tricks
To build a greenhouse with your own hands with Try to stick to some of the tips and tricks from the professionals.
- When buying wooden beams for the frame of the greenhouse, try to choose a winter harvesting tree, since it is much stronger, with less moisture, which means that the material is less prone to deformation and shrinkage.
- As a rule, it is not enough to apply one layer of protective compound to a wooden frame. Therefore, a complex of special formulations should be used, applying them in several layers. And for more effective protection against pests, mold and various destruction, use painting on wooden surfaces over special treatment.
- When installing polycarbonate structures on a wooden frame, you need to use thermal washers on the leg together with screws for the roof and ordinary wood screws. It is better to use galvanized cross brackets.
- When choosing cellular polycarbonate, it is also necessary to purchase tape fixing edges designed to protect against insects, dirt and water. They are best applied to the edges of the slices before the structure is formed, immediately after cutting.
- Choose quality polycarbonate. For its marking, notches on laser-processed sections are used, on which the data of the brand and batch of material manufacture are recorded, as well as the designations of the outer and inner sides. Failure to comply with the sides when installing polycarbonate leads to a decrease in the properties of the material with its subsequent destruction.
- When cutting cellular polycarbonate, use a jigsaw for metal or a grinder. Before the process, you need to firmly fix the material so that there is no recoil during work. Finally, remove chips and debris by vacuuming or blowing through the edges at the cut.
- It is necessary to remove the protective film from the polycarbonate after installation, otherwise the structure may crack at the attachment points with the frame reinforcement.
- When building a glass structure with a metal frame, follow the rules of protection against rust. To preserve the profile for many years, timely cover its surface with paint and varnish.
- When working with dyes, as well as antifungal and anticorrosive compounds, use a spray gun, a special respirator mask and silicone gloves.
- During especially harsh winters, part of the greenhouse walls can be insulated with ordinary foil, which will significantly reduce heat loss.
Adhering to the tips and rules, you can quickly build a greenhouse on your site and, in addition, acquire skills in the construction of this type of structure.
The aesthetic appearance of a building is an important detail, even if this building is a greenhouse. There are design projects with outlandish architecture. This is how real palaces for plants grow on personal plots of six acres. If you wish, you can build something similar on your site. It is enough just to study the basic rules and subtleties of building greenhouses.
Some greenhouses on the foundation are lined with decorative stone on the base, which gives the building an additional charm. The use of natural materials is the best fit for finishing this type of building. Glazing plays an important role. Greenhouses with a large number of such details are often inlaid with drawings on glass and various ornaments, which gives the building an openwork look. It is important not to overdo it so that the decor does not serve as additional shading for the plants.
Different styles can also take place in the construction of beautiful greenhouses. For example, for a structure in the Gothic style, pointed elements on the ridge and walls of the building are used. And stained glass windows are designed mainly of an arched type.
Elliptical structures are characterized by the use of stucco, stylized columns and buttresses. Beautiful carvings on doors and wood trim are also widely used as decoration for ready-made greenhouses. At the same time, it is not necessary to adhere strictly to one style, eclecticism is quite acceptable - stylistic mixing. So, with glass painting under Khokhloma, Greek ornament along the perimeter of the base is quite worthy. And Chinese slides and bonsai are successfully combined with classic creepers in pots and decorative vases at the entrance and along the perimeter of the building.
For the greatest effect, various lighting solutions and backlights are used. On the roof, you can put a tape with LEDs, and along the sides of the path leading to the greenhouse - "living lanterns" made of safe candles. It is nice to walk along such a mini-alley with the whole family in the evening.
With all the variety of painted images and inlaid models, those greenhouses that are looked after are considered beautiful. The seemingly inconspicuous structure inside is quite equipped and comfortable. An ordinary building can be turned into a cozy house for plants, if you treat the process of its arrangement with love and attention.
For information on how to make a greenhouse with your own hands, see the next video.