Porcelain stoneware is a quality facing material. It is often used for finishing floors and walls, as well as for external cladding of buildings. But for each type of finish it is necessary to select a certain type of such coating.
What it is?
Porcelain stoneware is a finishing material that consists of press powder. This component includes clay, kaolin, silica sand, feldspar, as well as water and pigments. All these components are pressed at high pressure, then fired at a temperature of about 1300 degrees - the highest quality durable material is obtained.
At first, porcelain stoneware was considered a material for household premises.where the floors are heavily loaded. For example, it was most often laid in public most passable places or in warehouses where there is a lot of equipment, as well as freight transport.
But now, in the manufacture of porcelain stoneware, coloring agents are used that make this coating beautiful. That is why it is used in decorative finishing: laid on the floor or on the walls. Moreover, this material is used for both interior and exterior decoration - it looks elegant on facades and is perfect for interior furnishings.
Such a product is laid only with the help of a special adhesive that allows it to stick to surfaces, which means that the facing material will be securely attached to the decoration plane.
According to the characteristics, you can choose different models, taking into account the markings on the packaging: wall tiles are marked with a palm mark, and floor tiles - with a foot mark.
Advantages and disadvantages
Porcelain stoneware has several advantages:
- Durability. It is believed that its service life can be over a hundred years. This applies only to high-quality models made in compliance with the requirements of GOST.
- High-quality porcelain stoneware withstands various scratches, it does not leave traces of damage and impacts.
- The big advantage is that it is almost impossible to destroy porcelain stoneware.
- Differs in resistance to moisture, frost and temperature extremes.
- Versatility. It can be used almost everywhere: on the street, at home, for production purposes in household and industrial enterprises.
- Separately, it should be noted the aesthetic appeal of such material. It looks very nice, especially for some varieties that have undergone additional processing.
- A wide variety of such models is now presented, a number of them can imitate other materials and textures. You can also choose any color.
- The coating does not fade or fade.
- Security. It is due to environmental friendliness and fire resistance.
- It consists of natural materials and is therefore safe for human health. The material does not emit harmful and toxic substances, which allows it to be used in residential premises.
- An important advantage over many other materials, such as ceramic tiles, is that colorants are incorporated into this material during production prior to pressing. That is why they are evenly distributed throughout the mixture.
But other finishing materials have a different composition. Coloring pigments are applied to them already at the end of the creation of the material and only on the top layer, so the drawing and paint can fade. Thus, porcelain stoneware is completely painted, so its color is deep and long-lasting.
In addition, even the patterns are applied very efficiently and do not wear out at all during operation. If over time, from strong influences, the porcelain stoneware wears off a little, or suddenly a small element breaks off, then the color of the coating will remain the same, and the chip will be invisible. This cannot be said about other coatings, which differ in color inside and outside, which can be seen when chipped.
But in addition to all these advantages, the material also has some disadvantages:
- He's very fragile. It is easy to break during transportation. If the slabs are dropped or hit, they can be easily chipped off or damaged. In addition, porcelain stoneware is difficult to cut and process during installation.
- This material is also very heavy, which makes it very difficult to lay. This is especially inconvenient when they need to finish a vertical surface, such as a wall or building facade.
- In addition, the high cost of this material can be noted. It costs significantly more than other cladding options, such as ceramic tiles.
- In addition, it cannot be said that it is ahead of other materials in terms of the variety of colors, textures and patterns. On the contrary, it is in last place in terms of color solutions, although its color quality is better.
- It is a cold material, therefore it is not accepted to lay it in living quarters. But this disadvantage can be easily compensated by installing underfloor heating in the room. Porcelain stoneware has a high thermal conductivity. Thus, the surface can be made slightly warmer.
- Low water absorption. If you want to lay this material on cement outside the building, then during frost it will delaminate. That is why it is customary to lay porcelain stoneware on cement only in residential premises, where the temperature does not drop to low. And on the street, only special adhesives are used for laying it in order to avoid delamination of the coating.
- Another drawback, many people call the fact that this coating slips strongly if water is spilled on it. But this disadvantage can be avoided by purchasing material with a pronounced relief.
- Over time, although the porcelain stoneware does not wear out, it loses its glossy shine and deteriorates from exposure to sand and dust, as well as from anti-slip agents that are sprinkled on the streets.
The coating is quite traumatic for children: falling on such a strong and hard surface, you can easily break your knee
Before purchasing this material, you should weigh all its advantages and disadvantages in order to determine where you can lay it yourself and whether this coating is suitable for a particular room.
Porcelain stoneware is excellent for both household and industrial use. Models manufactured in accordance with GOST have the best quality characteristics:
The material has a low level of water absorption. This figure is less than 0.05% of the total mass. Thus, the material practically does not absorb moisture and therefore is frost-resistant. It is thanks to this that it can be laid on the street
- It is believed that porcelain stoneware can withstand more than 50 complete thawing and defrosting cycles. Other coatings are not able to withstand such conditions, and therefore they quickly lose their external and quality properties.
- Impact resistance of the coating. On the scale of impact resistance, porcelain stoneware is second only to diamond. The coating is much stronger than marble and is not damaged by external mechanical influences.
- The material is also resistant to chemicals. It is not affected by detergents and a number of abrasive compounds. It is believed that only hydrofluoric acid can damage it.
- Hardness. It is 7 out of 10 points according to the generally accepted classification. Thus, the coating has a high density and hardness. That is why it has served for many decades.
- Abrasion resistance. Nowadays, porcelain stoneware is used mainly as a finishing material for decorating floor surfaces. That is why it is so important that this material retains its original appearance for a long time. Moreover, it practically does not wear out even under heavy loads.
- The coating has a flexural strength of 55 MPa, which is considered quite high compared to other materials. It also has a high resistance to loads: more than 2000 N. This material is tested for strength.
- Another important characteristic is the surface friction coefficient. It is important that it be tall.
- Most varieties of porcelain stoneware do not change color from external factors, including direct sunlight. This has contributed to the color depth and visual appeal over the years.
Porcelain stoneware differs in types depending on its external and quality characteristics:
- Technical porcelain stoneware. This is a coating that looks like the most common natural granite. It is rather nondescript in appearance, but it is of high quality. In its production, the focus is not on decorative properties, but on strength and high resistance. It is immune to even very long exposure and high stress. Thus, the coating does not wear off for several decades.
- Glazed. Such a coating is glazed porcelain stoneware. It is coated with the material, and then fired under the influence of high temperatures, so that the glaze is fixed on the surface. Glazed versions of porcelain stoneware are durable and reliable models and at the same time look very presentable.
But with high traffic or mechanical damage, the coating may lose its durability and original appearance. That is why glazed porcelain stoneware is often used to decorate walls or rooms with low traffic. As a rule, it is often laid at home. For intensive and heavy loads, such a coating is not suitable.
Polished. This variety differs in that during manufacture this material is polished until a mirror-like shine appears. As a rule, during the polishing process, the coating loses its top layer and loses some quality characteristics. It gets rougher, but it gets shine
In addition, the pores of this material are opened during the polishing process, so it has a higher percentage of water absorption. Thus, open pores can provoke deterioration of porcelain stoneware: dirt gets clogged in them, and the coating darkens over time and loses its aesthetics.
Even grout during installation can penetrate these pores. That is why it is important to treat such a coating with a special compound after installation. Polished porcelain stoneware looks presentable, but in the process of use, the polishing wears out, and it becomes dull and rough.
Matt. This is a standard type of porcelain stoneware that does not undergo a polishing procedure. It is quite inexpensive because the manufacturing process is simple. As a rule, such material undergoes high-temperature firing and standard processing, while decorative coatings are not applied to it. It is often used in industrial premises such as garages or warehouses. It has a long service life and is easy to maintain
Structured. This type of porcelain stoneware has a pronounced relief surface. It is these models that are very popular, since they are able to imitate the texture of some natural materials, for example, parquet. Wood grain structured porcelain stoneware is also called ceramic parquet
In addition, structured porcelain stoneware can even replicate the texture of natural stone or fabric or leather models. They look very stylish and elegant. Also, on your own order, you can make structured parquet for any relief pattern. More sophisticated finishes are even covered with gold leaf.
- Satin-finished. Before such porcelain stoneware goes through the firing procedure, mineral salts are applied to it. This gives the surface a slight soft sheen, making the material look like a waxed surface. Thus, this coating is not subjected to mechanical processing, therefore it is non-slip. This material is suitable exclusively for the decoration of residential premises, as it does not withstand high loads.
- Lappated. This material is also called "erased". It has a non-uniform texture, which is partly matte and partly polished. Thus, the combination of different types of textures looks very elegant and unusual. During manufacture, the material is ground to obtain a semi-polished finish.
This production technology came to us from Italy and is now very widely used in the manufacture of porcelain stoneware. To create it, special stones are used, which polish the surfaces.
Sanding itself is not as long as making a polished material. Such a surface will have a luster, but not bright. Thus, the obverse will present an interesting combination of gloss and roughness. This material is more durable than polished porcelain stoneware because only partial sanding takes place.
The lapped porcelain stoneware is suitable for walls and floors. This material is laid on the floors in rooms with high traffic. Suitable for offices and shopping centers.
Double backfill porcelain stoneware. This material is very different from the previous options, since it is a coating created using a special technology. On the top layer of the tile there is a filling of the required color, and the main part is made of the same, but unpainted material. Thus, this production technology reduces the stability and versatility of the product, since the main color of the material will be visible when chipped
Outside, such a surface can be covered with an interesting and bright shade, which cannot be said about models made using standard technology. Materials are coated with red, orange, blue, green, yellow pigments. Due to this production technology, the cost is reduced, since the material is partially painted. At the same time, the wear resistance remains the same, and the top layer practically does not wear off even after many years.
Double backfill models are especially popular and are most often used for home decorative finishing of floors and walls.
Wear resistance classes
Porcelain stoneware coatings are divided into wear resistance classes depending on their abrasion resistance. So, models of different classes of wear resistance differ in their quality characteristics, as well as in thickness and some other indicators. In addition, porcelain stoneware tiles of different classes have different purposes.
The wear resistance class is assigned according to the PEI method. It characterizes the possibility and degree of damage to a particular type of porcelain stoneware. To do this, it is tested using special machines. The coating is abraded during testing. It is according to this principle that porcelain stoneware is divided into wear resistance classes.
Models that do not wear off so much from abrasion have a high wear resistance class - 4 or 5, and the most unstable models belong to class 1. It is also believed that this indicator depends on the specific type of porcelain stoneware.
Models of the polished, glazed type, as well as some types of material that have undergone decorative processing, have a low level of wear resistance, therefore, they most often belong to class 1 or 2:
- Models of the first class of wear resistance are mainly used for wall decoration and decoration of some surfaces. As a rule, they are not placed on the floor.
- Models of the second class are mounted on both walls and floors. As for outdoor models, this is an excellent solution for rooms with low traffic, where they mostly move around in soft shoes. Thus, this coating is perfect for home use. Second-class porcelain stoneware is laid in the bathroom and toilet.
- Porcelain stoneware of the third class of wear resistance is laid in passable rooms of a non-street type, as well as where there is no direct entrance from the street. Most often, such coatings are mounted on the balcony and in the kitchen. It is a good material for home use with high quality characteristics. They are also used for building facades and exterior cladding.
- Models of the fourth class of wear resistance are more durable. They are often placed on the floor in public areas. Here, the passability criterion is measured in quantitative indicators. Such porcelain stoneware is suitable if the traffic is slightly more than a few hundred people per hour.
- Models of the fifth wear resistance class can be installed in almost any premises with the most intensive traffic. It is perfect for train stations and airports as well as hospitals and squares.
If you need to choose a model for your home, you should give preference to third-class porcelain stoneware. It is the best option, which has low porosity and high strength. In addition, it is resistant to abrasion and chemical attack.
The only exceptions are the floors in the hallway and in the hallway. For finishing these areas, it is better to select fourth-class models. It is better to purchase more fragile models of the first and second class for decorating the walls of the house - they can decorate the walls in the bathroom, the kitchen apron and some other surfaces.
Models are divided into types depending on the size. Now manufacturers represent the most diverse in size and thickness of the product, but still there are average indicators that are the most universal. Standard porcelain stoneware is most convenient to lay on your own, many models do not even require cutting. That is why it is important to choose the size of porcelain stoneware so that you do not have to cut it yourself later when laying it.
Models with dimensions of 30x30, 45x45, and 60x60 cm are standard. But there are other popular sizes of porcelain stoneware slabs. For the decoration of corridors, rectangular models are often used: 15x30, 30x45 and 30x60 cm.
For the decoration of small hallways and kitchens, porcelain stoneware 15x15 or 20x20 cm is usually purchased. For more spacious rooms, large porcelain stoneware is used: 120x40, 120x15 or 120x30 cm. Such models are suitable for both wall and floor decoration. It is with them that it is most convenient to cover large areas of premises.
Manufacturers present the largest modifications of products so that they can be used for cladding the facade of a building. So, the parameters of such slabs are usually 120x360 cm. But this porcelain stoneware is quite thin and is completely unsuitable for the floor.
Floor porcelain stoneware can be installed with mosaics. That is why manufacturers present 5x5 cm models.
It is important to make all the calculations correctly. If the choice of the size of porcelain stoneware seems difficult, then the waterjet cutting method can be used. So you can choose this material for the format of a room of any size, even for a narrow corridor or a small room of a non-standard shape.
Good porcelain stoneware tiles are rectified. This process involves trimming the edges of the tiles using special technical equipment. Rectified porcelain stoneware is always a material that is even and adjusted to the required parameters. After all, after the porcelain stoneware is fired, its edges are deformed and become uneven.
That is why some models are sold without processing. They are cheaper but differ in size.
In addition to the parameters characterizing the size, manufacturers also indicate the caliber. It characterizes the possible discrepancies in the dimensions of the tiles within the same batch. As a rule, this figure does not exceed 0.5 cm, but nevertheless it can be noticeable, therefore, you may have to cut the tiles yourself.
Rectified products have a more regular shape and precise dimensions, which are indicated on the packaging. The size of a tile also characterizes its thickness. Although it practically does not affect its quality characteristics, it is still an important indicator.
The smallest thickness of porcelain stoneware is considered to be 3 mm. But at the same time it is as durable as models with a thickness of 3 cm. It is this indicator of porcelain stoneware that is considered the maximum in thickness.
The average is 9 mm. Such material is capable of withstanding a load of more than 200 kg per sq. cm. However, the thickness is important only in order to well dock porcelain stoneware with other finishing materials. For the walls, as a rule, thin products are used, and for the floor - models no thicker than 8 mm.
Now you can find almost any color scheme that manufacturers represent. In modern interiors, it is popular to use glossy black porcelain stoneware. It's great for hi-tech or techno styles. It can look exquisite both in the kitchen and in the room. They even finish the kitchen work area: an apron and a worktop designed for cooking.
For fresher interiors, use bright green, blue or yellow porcelain stoneware. It is also used to decorate the kitchen, but, as a rule, only for accent decoration. Colored porcelain stoneware can be laid with mosaics or patchwork. Such a bright decor will surprise any guest, and luscious color schemes will not let you get bored. The kitchen apron zone can be decorated with mirrored porcelain stoneware using the panel technique and the same plinth.
In the interior, light marbled porcelain stoneware or beige matt flooring is popular. These colors are typical for the Provence style. Such a tile can be either with a pattern or without it. Natural ornamental compositions are often used as patterns, including flowers, branches of plants, silhouettes of trees and other elements of vegetation.
Blue, light blue and white porcelain stoneware are especially popular for bathroom decoration. But the specific color scheme for surface finishing depends on the color scheme of the interior and on its stylistic design. It should also be borne in mind that if you give preference to bright coatings, then they should overlap with other details that are in the interior.
Styles and design
Nowadays it is customary to purchase porcelain stoneware capable of imitating other surfaces.
Wood effect porcelain stoneware
Since natural wood is quite expensive and, at the same time, does not tolerate moisture, it has a shorter service life, and many people prefer porcelain stoneware imitating wood material. Thus, porcelain stoneware tiles are capable of imitating a plank floor, parquet tiles and even small piece parquet. Moreover, outwardly, the material will be completely indistinguishable from the original coating. When walking on it, it will be noticeable that such a floor is colder. In order to eliminate this disadvantage, porcelain stoneware is often laid on warm floors.
Porcelain stoneware can imitate almost any type of wood. Manufacturers also present models with a relief wood texture with a unique and natural pattern. You can even choose the type of wood cut: tangential or radial.
In classic interiors, porcelain stoneware is often used, which has artificially aged textures. Outwardly, it is practically indistinguishable from wood, including to the touch. Moreover, manufacturers present both rough and polished models.
Wood imitation porcelain stoneware tiles are a unique and versatile solutionsuitable for many interiors. With its help, you can decorate floors in Provence, classic or country style. Combined with underfloor heating, it is ideal for decorating all rooms in the house.
In more modern interiors, porcelain stoneware imitating parquet is often laid. As a rule, elongated rectangular plates are used for this. Large tiles have imitation of several parquet boards. Such coatings are able to imitate different types of parquet masonry, but depending on the type of such pattern, the price changes. More complex models are quite expensive, but outwardly they look presentable.
There are models that imitate herringbone styling. They can be laid independently, placing the tiles at right angles to each other, or you can purchase ready-made square plates on which the pattern will be applied. In this case, you do not have to docking - the installation will be quite simple.
The next wood-like finish is porcelain stoneware with a Vietnamese design. It is a floor made up of squares of several porcelain stoneware tiles. Each adjacent square differs from the nearest by stacking in a different direction.
A more complicated way is porcelain stoneware tiles with a "wicker" installation. For this, tiles of different colors and textures are used. In this case, the material is laid in such a way that it forms a pattern similar to weaving baskets. It is very difficult to lay porcelain stoneware in this way on your own - for this, craftsmen are hired. However, the result is worthwhile.
Deck laying of porcelain stoneware is also popular. Rectangular samples are placed diagonally with a slight shift in the joints of all subsequent rows. This interesting option for laying under a tree is very popular in modern interiors.
Brick-look porcelain stoneware
For a loft-style interior, brick-like porcelain stoneware is perfect. It is created using the double firing technology. The floor becomes fade resistant, stronger and more durable. Such material can be used for interior decoration in some modern directions.
The so-called bricks can be large or very small., they can also be laid with herringbone, brickwork or other methods. On the street, such material is used for laying on paths in landscape design, as well as for finishing pedestrian areas.
Porcelain stoneware under the laminate
In a modern interior, porcelain stoneware with a laminate design looks very fashionable. This is a great solution if you want to decorate wood-like floors in the bathroom, but you cannot use them, since they do not meet quality requirements. That is why you can pick up the so-called porcelain stoneware lamellas that imitate laminate flooring. The floor will also look modern and presentable, and the characteristics of low water absorption and high wear resistance of porcelain stoneware will be preserved. It will completely imitate the laminate both in color and design, as well as in texture, and even to the touch. But this coverage is quite expensive. The only difference will be in the surface temperature of such a floor.
Such floors are also often installed in the kitchen. or if the kitchen is combined with the living room. This solution is also suitable for a studio apartment. At the same time, they use porcelain stoneware tiles for a laminate and combine it with a natural laminate: the kitchen area is usually finished with porcelain stoneware, and the living room and dining area is covered with an ordinary laminate covering.
Thus, the workspace will be decorated more safely and without the risk of damaging the floors, but in the dining area there will be a more comfortable warm floor, which also costs much less. With the help of such a coating, you can practically decorate the floors in the room, as well as make competent zoning thanks to the interesting design of this material. It is only important to carry out the correct joining of porcelain stoneware tiles and laminate.
To carry out a pronounced zoning, you can make a sill - it will allow you to hide the joint between these two coatings and divide the room into zones. But if there is no desire to produce zoning, but you only need to conditionally divide the room into zones, then you can use the docking without a sill.
Porcelain stoneware for concrete
In modern interiors in high-tech, minimalism or loft style, laying porcelain stoneware under concrete is popular. Basically, this interesting design solution is presented in gray and beige shades, which completely imitate this coating in color and texture. Outwardly, it looks stylish and original.
How to choose?
When choosing porcelain stoneware tiles, it is worth considering in which room you plan to use it. It is also important to decide for which surfaces this coating will need to be used. If you need to finish the walls in a technical room with porcelain stoneware, then it is better to purchase the simplest porcelain stoneware without decorative elements - you should not overpay for structured or satin stoneware for finishing such rooms.
When choosing a material for a specific zone or room, you need to take into account the specifics of this room. So, when purchasing porcelain stoneware for finishing the floor in the hallway or on the street, you need to give preference to models with medium-sized relief. Otherwise, dirt, sand and dust will clog into the embossed elements. Consequently, it will be much more difficult to care for this coating.
When choosing porcelain stoneware for your home, it is worth purchasing only high-quality models. It is better to overpay for such a coating than to buy Chinese and low-quality porcelain stoneware. Be sure to purchase calibrated models. Otherwise, you will have to spend a lot of time cutting the tiles.
You should also purchase tiles that are included in one batch. Even if the models belong to the same collection, but were released in different batches, the amount of color pigments and their saturation in porcelain stoneware may differ by one or two tones. Therefore, models from different packaging should be checked for consistency.
Before buying, it is imperative to measure the total surface area that you plan to cover with porcelain stoneware tiles. Then you need to decide on the most suitable size of porcelain stoneware.
If the choice fell on standard-sized models, then before buying the desired format, you need to perform a calculation: you need to divide the area of the room by the area of one tile. In this way, you can calculate the number of tiles required for finishing. But it is better to round up the result obtained so that the facing material will probably be enough for work.
When purchasing such a finishing material for a house or street, it is imperative to take into account the wear resistance class, since it will clearly differ for different purposes of the models. For example, porcelain stoneware for a bathroom must meet the chemical tolerance requirements. It is worth considering the fact that you will have to clean it with a special tool, and stains from cosmetics and personal hygiene products will also fall on it. Any porcelain stoneware must have good acid resistance so that it can serve for a long time.
For outdoor work, it is better to purchase large panels of small thickness - they will simplify finishing work, but at the same time the coating will be no worse than other models in terms of quality characteristics.
For the hallway, it is better to purchase anti-slip porcelain stoneware. The same requirement must be taken into account when buying a bath model.
For finishing the hallway, this characteristic of porcelain stoneware is also important, since the floor will slide in wet weather. Therefore, the coating should have a matte and rough texture.
Beautiful seamless porcelain stoneware can be purchased for the living room. As a rule, such floors look holistic and beautiful. The tiles are cut in factories according to ideal parameters. Thus, the joints will not be visible during installation. Monolithic porcelain stoneware covering in the living room will look very stylish and organic.
In general, caring for porcelain stoneware is a simple process. But depending on the specific type of coating, the care features may differ. So, first of all, after laying such a coating, it is necessary to treat it with a water-repellent agent. Although porcelain stoneware itself has a low level of water absorption, moisture can penetrate into the joints between the tiles, which will destroy the coating from the inside.
In addition, polished porcelain stoneware must be treated with moisture-repellent compounds. This is due to the fact that after removing the top layer and grinding, micropores are formed on porcelain stoneware, which reduce its waterproof properties.
If the work on laying porcelain stoneware has been completed very recently, then it will be necessary to clean the grout for the joints, which remains on the surface of the material. For this, an acid-based solution should be used. And in order to qualitatively remove the grout, it is necessary to apply special agents to the surface of the plates, leave for about an hour, and then remove with a brush. After installation, it is also important to wipe the floors and walls with a damp cloth and then wipe dry.
After installation, polished porcelain stoneware must also be treated with a sealant, which will clog the pores on the surface of this coating. So, a special sealant is applied with a wide brush and left until completely absorbed. This procedure must be done one-time, but constant care is a simpler process.
You can purchase a granite care product and use it to remove stains from tile surfaces. You should not clean the floor with metal brushes or sponges - it is better to use a damp cloth.
You should also do regular dry cleaning with a vacuum cleaner or a regular rag. Dry cleaning should always be done before wet cleaning, as the remaining sand particles can serve as an abrasive and contribute to the loss of gloss and the appearance of micro-scratches on the surface.
As for matte porcelain stoneware, it is the most unpretentious to maintain: after laying it practically does not need to be processed with anything. For cleaning from dirt, in this case, the use of special chemical compounds is allowed, and it can also be washed with an ordinary damp cloth.
Famous manufacturers and reviews
Nowadays, porcelain stoneware is popular Italian tiles Alaplana Fresno … These coatings are intended for floor finishing. The tiles from the Fresno collection have a marbled finish with a matte texture. Models have parameters 45x45 cm. Surfaces are decorated with various patterns and ornaments using high-resolution digital printing.
In Russia, porcelain stoneware is produced factories Kerranova, Lasselsberger, as well as the Keramin brand, which produces tiles in many countries around the world. All three of these companies are in great demand, as they present interesting tile collections that embody the perfect combination of price and quality.
The brand's collection is especially relevant now Atlas Concorde Supernova Onyx … It combines classic and elegant designs with modern and vibrant designs. All of them repeat the exquisite texture of onyx stone.
Famous tiles are produced in Spain from by KERAMA MARAZZI … This brand presents exquisite high quality models. The Venetian collection of porcelain stoneware tiles is especially in demand.
Porcelain stoneware tiles from brand Atem has a lot of positive reviews. The manufacturer offers to purchase models for both walls and floors. Particularly praised is the modern design of such a tile, which is perfect for decorating contemporary interiors. You can choose one of a hundred collections and choose the required size of the facing material.
Examples of use in the interior
Porcelain stoneware is used not only for flooring, but also for walls. So, they can lay out all the free space on the balcony using any technique. They can also decorate the kitchen beautifully. Particularly popular is the combination of a glossy porcelain stoneware kitchen apron with a similar floor tile. The countertops in the kitchen working area are finished with porcelain stoneware and the apron area is faced in the same way. This harmonious combination looks both stylish and practical.
The floors in the bedroom can also be laid out with porcelain stoneware, but for this it is imperative to use a heated structure. So, in this room it is better to use porcelain stoneware parquet. It looks stylish and aesthetically pleasing. This is especially true for light-colored tiles such as bleached oak tiles. It perfectly repeats the woody texture and has a delicate shade with beige notes.
How to choose porcelain stoneware, see the next video.