An ideal summer cottage is not an advertising myth of construction and cadastral companies. This is a carefully thought-out layout and design of a summer cottage and a selection of high-quality building materials. If these conditions are met, even a small plot will be an excellent place to relax at any time of the year.
Features of the
Every owner of a summer cottage knows that this is a place for the soul, relaxation and practical use. It is essential for growing crops, outdoor and outdoor wellness, and sometimes just for a barbecue trip.
And to get the maximum benefit from trips to the country, the territory should be correctly zoned and equipped with functional buildings.
Site planning is the most crucial moment in project development. When placing the objects planned on the site, it is necessary to take into account a large number of factors:
The smaller the land area, the more compact the buildings should be. So, it is much more difficult to correctly plan a personal plot of 6 acres than in 16 or 20 acres.
So that the structures do not take up the space allotted for the cultivation of vegetable and fruit crops or flower beds, it makes sense to opt for a one and a half or two-story house and competently plan the internal space of outbuildings and additional buildings. If the dacha is not intended for agricultural experiments, the buildings can be arranged in any way.
The main thing is to rely on practicality. For example, it is more convenient to place a garage at the entrance to the site, and a bathhouse on the ground floor of the house will help make it warmer, since the whole house will warm up with it.
Features of the terrain
This point includes the relief of the site (on a hill or in a lowland), soil type, soil moisture level, the presence of natural formations, groundwater and similar nuances.
The placement of buildings and landscape design depends on the relief of the soil. With their help, you can visually correct the slopes and slides on the land.
The type of soil affects the ability to plant vegetables, berries, flowers on the site. If this is black soil of moderate moisture, almost any culture will take root in it., and if the soil is clay or sandy, it is recommended to blow up and fertilize it before planting seeds and seedlings.
Also, different types of soil in different ways "sag" under the weight of buildings, and this is important to consider when choosing building materials. Some types of soil require additional compaction before erecting buildings.
The presence of natural formations in the soil also affects. A large amount of stones, lime and other impurities must first be neutralized, otherwise, instead of ripe berries and carrots, by the middle of summer, there will be stunted bushes without fruits in the beds.
Soil moisture is one of the most important elements in successful gardening. If the ground is dry you need to take care of the water supply or irrigation system … And the presence of groundwater greatly simplifies this task. A private well with a pump on the territory will provide clean drinking water and resources for irrigation of greenery.
This factor influences both the choice of the optimal location of the house and the placement of different crops in different zones of the garden area. If you place the house with a blank wall to the south side, it will be dark and damp, therefore it is better to place the house on the sunny side.
Some plants need plenty of sunlight to grow well and should be planted in open areas. Others, on the contrary, prefer humidity and shade, the north side is more suitable for them.
Objects already on the site
The problem most often occurs if it was purchased not in the form of land, but from previous owners. If these are different varieties of greenery, from lawn grass to trees, it is easier to use it for the purpose of a beautiful arrangement of the site. The grass can harmoniously blend into the decoration of the landscape with flowers, and next to the trees is an ideal place to place a recreation area.
Another question is if it is a residential building or household buildings. Dismantling them is time consuming and costly. It is worth planning the arrangement of the summer cottage, beating the existing objects in the way that suits you.
This is the simplest question for a beginner summer resident. To determine the types of buildings required, it is enough just to highlight the main functions of a summer residence: a place of work, a recreation area, or a combination of the first and second.
Possibilities of supplying communications
Arrangement of a year-round country house is a competent investment in year-round recreation. But a good house requires equipping with all communications necessary for life: light, water, heat.
It is necessary to calculate in advance how they will be summed up and how much maintenance of the house will cost in different seasons.
Dividing the land adjacent to a country house involves drawing up a detailed engineering project. It should include all objects in all possible relationships, the landscape design of each of them individually and the entire composition as a whole.
The personal preferences of the site owner play an important role, but it is important to take into account the tried and tested options. Experts recommend following the working rules in order to correctly plan the site:
- Determine the rational ratio of parts of the land for different zones … The time-tested formula states that no more than 10-15% of the plot should be allocated to residential buildings, from 15 to 20% can be allocated to outbuildings, and at least 65-70% is required to locate a garden.
- Maintain distance between objects … It is not necessary to make the distance between buildings large, but it is advisable to remove greenery, flowers and various fruit crops as much as possible from them.
Especially detrimental to the plantings is the proximity to the living quarters. The distance to it should be from 200 to 600 centimeters.
Consider the geography of the region… It is important to observe both the location of the earth relative to the cardinal points, and the particular climate in the region. So, with an increased level of dryness and temperature conditions, trees are planted on the front side, and lower plants are planted behind the house
Wet and low-temperature conditions are less destructive if the garden is laid out in the depths of the site, and the beds and flower beds are next to the house.
- Consider the windy side … Most often it is alone, and it is important to place buildings and plantings so that they are protected from the wind. For example, it is good to place berry bushes along fences.
- Observe sanitary standards … They regulate the placement of compost, cesspools, toilets at a distance of at least 12 meters from residential buildings. If it is planned to keep animals (rabbits, chickens, and others) in the country, their cages and pens should be located at least 7 meters.
- Comply with building codes during the construction of residential buildings. The house project must be approved and approved as a suitable and safe space.
- Comply with safety requirements when organizing recreation areas, play and children's areas.
Take into account the shape of the site … The following types are often found:
Square… The shape of the square is in many ways the most convenient. Especially if the size of the site is large enough, it will not be difficult to arrange it. This is a convenient base for placing all zones and for a beautiful design
Rectangular… Making the correct rectangular area also belongs to the versatile and convenient options. A dacha on such a site is often located immediately behind the front area, slightly to the left of the center, opposite it there may be a comfortable recreation or games area, and it is recommended to plant the rest of the area with fruit trees, crops and flowers, focusing on the decrease in the height of the greenery. You can also arrange bushes along the fences, and organize a garden or vegetable garden in the center
"Penalty"… This is a conventional name for a narrow and long section. Much more difficulties arise with it at the planning stage, but nevertheless it is possible to successfully place all the necessary zones on it. The best option is to place buildings at opposite ends of the site, and the garden area in the center
Also, landscape designers recommend using one trick: to organize green spaces so that the site is not fully visible. Trees, hedges and shrubs will help.
L-shaped… At first glance, the L-shaped section should seem problematic, but it has its advantages. The landscape itself prompts how to correctly place the zones: the rectangular part is divided into zones as a garden plot of a standard shape, and the protruding part is designed as a separate area for recreation and games
Triangular… The scheme of a triangular section is quite rare in practice. Its layout is considered one of the most difficult. Traditionally, the living space is located in the center, in front of the house there is an entrance and an entrance group, and behind it there is a territory for recreation. All three objects must be viewed. Outbuildings are allocated corner zones, and a garden zone is located on the rest of the territory
Functional areas on the site:
Front (entrance and entrance group)
Despite the limited list of functions, this is one of the most important areas. Its main role is representative, since everyone sees the main entrance first of all. Moreover, its dimensions are quite small. Even taking into account the location of a garage for a car, it cannot occupy more than 5-6% of the entire territory.
Due to the peculiarities of functioning, this zone should include a convenient road to the house with a width of 1.5 to 2.5 meters, a parking place for a car, and ideally also a garage.
When arranging a road, it is important to take into account that water should not stagnate on it. It is necessary to organize branches and drains … There is also a heavy load on the transit zone, so it is recommended to choose wear-resistant materials for finishing. The path can be asphalt or stone tiles. Plots free from the path can be decorated with greenery, but not fruit varieties. Shrubs and flowering flower beds will do.
This is the basis of the foundations of the entire site, although it is less than 1/5 of the land. It is with the placement of a residential building on the scheme that the zoning of the entire territory begins. The house is recommended to be located at a sufficiently large distance from household facilities, and its shadow should not block the light of light-loving plants.
Although the name "recreation area" refers to a quiet pastime, recreation in the country is usually active. Designers have no special requirements for it. It can consist of any elements: a barbecue area, a playground for children's games, a volleyball court, a place for sun loungers, a gazebo, a terrace, a patio. Their choice depends on the hobbies and preferences of the owners.
It is important to observe only a few rules: the recreation area is a safe area for everyone, it is located behind the house and is combined in style with the design of the site and the house.
This is the largest and most illuminated area of the site. In addition to its practical benefits (harvest, vitamins, seeds), it can also have a decorative function. For this, the beds are made in a non-standard shape, framed with borders, combined with flower plantings.
It is important to place light-loving plants under the sun, and shade-loving plants behind trees or buildings.
Greenhouses and hotbeds are located at the junction of the garden and utility zones. They can be placed in the immediate vicinity of the beds.
Basically, it consists of buildings for household purposes. These may include garages, baths, sheds, storage rooms, cellars. The main feature of this zone is practicality. Paths between buildings should be comfortable, materials for construction should be durable, resistant to negative environmental factors.
You can disguise household objects on the site with the help of greenery, both bush and curly. It is relevant to use the colors of the green array for decoration.
Since the dacha is mainly viewed as a place for physical and mental rest, the arrangement of a specific recreation area requires more detailed consideration.
There are several types of sites:
Open… This is any area that is not equipped with a roof. It can accommodate barbecues, a fire pit, barbecue grills, seats (chairs, benches), a table
It is advisable to purchase plastic furniture if it is constantly on the street. Other furniture will quickly deteriorate due to weather conditions if not removed into the house.
A large outdoor area can include a playground, a table for playing tennis or volleyball net, a swimming pool, exercise equipment, sun loungers. The latter are convenient to place in a small area, because they are easy to fold and remove if necessary to free up space.
Closed… These are all kinds of gazebos, verandas, terraces (glazed and open), equipped areas under roofs and canopies
The closed area has more advantages: sudden rain will not disrupt plans, weather conditions have less negative impact on the state of the furniture, you can use more interesting furniture: wicker chairs, textile armchairs, pillows and blankets that create an atmosphere of comfort.
Patio… One of the currently fashionable ways to decorate a recreation area in the country is to arrange a small closed “courtyard” inside the courtyard. As a rule, it has a transparent roof and has no walls, so it cannot be classified as either open or closed. Inside the patio, it is convenient to place potted plants and flowerpots, decorative elements in the form of lanterns, a furniture group. Armchairs with textile covers made of natural materials, wooden and wicker chairs, round tables fit perfectly
The patio is a cozy Italian-style nest hidden from view.
Mobile… Mobile includes all folding and portable structures that can be placed in any convenient place, and then folded and put away until the next time. This option saves space on the site, allows you to use the recreation area in different weather conditions, but mobile structures are less durable
If you can drink tea in a good gazebo or on a glassed-in terrace when it is raining and windy outside, then a mobile structure will no longer save you from bad weather.
When designing a recreation area, it is necessary to take into account:
- What percentage of the territory will it occupy;
- How it will communicate with other areas;
- How is it isolated from other areas and prying eyes;
- Is it suitable for the whole family. It is difficult for small children to just sit still while adults are conjuring over the barbecue, they need something to do. A small playground, equipped in accordance with all safety rules, is best suited for this;
- How the water will be eliminated after rain;
- What furniture will be placed in it;
- What accessories will be used. At the design stage, the question of purchasing pillows and lanterns seems insignificant, but it is precisely such details that make the exterior complete, comfortable and suitable for relaxation;
- What kind of lighting sources are needed.
Planning a garden plot and decorating a project with your own hands is a responsible event. It is carried out taking into account all the rules for the zoning of the suburban area and the placement of objects relative to each other.
The plan is necessary for a visual representation of the future site and for obtaining a building permit.
Of course, the easiest and most reliable way to create a project is to contact a specialist. But if you want to get down to business with a soul and do this work yourself or save on the services of a designer, you need to arm yourself with ready-made examples, drawing tools and patience, and only then get down to business.
The planning is carried out step by step and does not begin at all with drawing objects on the site plan. First of all, you need to study the features of your land plot (size and shape) and look at possible options for decorating a similar plot.
It is not necessary to copy the version you like, but you can get useful ideas and inspiration for yourself.
When everything is clear with the desired look, style and number of objects, it's time to transfer the drawings from your head to paper.
For this it is necessary to draw one or two sketches on a landscape sheet, take a site plan from the BTI and transfer it to A4 graph paper in duplicate … Each copy must be drawn into squares with a side of 1 cm. Each square will be equal to one square meter.
Next, you will need simple and colored pencils, an eraser, and scissors.
The sketch is transferred to one sheet, but with respect to the reduced scale, then all the objects from the sheet are cut out and applied to the second in order to find out the best arrangement of objects. The cut parts can be moved around the area, enlarged, reduced, unfolded until the ideal placement is achieved.
Don't be limited to images of large objects. Planning is more efficient with the smallest details, for example, flower beds, tubs with plants, beds, garden figurines. Also, all entrances and exits, communications, a landscaping plan, all sources of lighting and their placement, drainage system (if necessary) should be reflected.
Drawings are not always indicative enough. Professional designers recommend using special computer programs to create a visual 3-D model … In the course of the development of the layout and design, an estimate and approximate terms of work are drawn up.
To translate the project into reality, legal grounds are needed. Being the owner of a land plot is not enough to start building buildings on it.
Despite the fact that the land is considered property, it is taken on a lifetime lease from the state, and many objects erected on it must be legalized (house, bathhouse, garage, built-on attic, balcony, second floor).
In order for the summer cottage itself to become property, documents are submitted to Rosreestr:
- Registration application for a ready-made sample.
- Identity documents.
- Original and copy of receipts for payment of state duty.
- Extract from the cadastral plan.
- A document on the basis of which the land becomes property (donation, purchase and sale).
- A package of documents from the side that alienates the land.
A residential building can be registered only if the land is part of a settlement or is intended for agricultural purposes. If this main condition is met, it will not be difficult to legitimize a reliable, safe, habitable building, although it will take time and financial investments.
How do I place buildings?
The placement of buildings on a summer cottage is regulated by construction and sanitary standards, features of the shape and size of the site and a design idea.
The main building is the house, and they are already guided by it in choosing a place for other objects. This is an important and difficult task, since all buildings must be installed taking into account sanitary and building standards, not only within the site, but also in relation to the neighboring land.
The determining factors for choosing a place for a house are:
Taking into account the relief and cardinal points… This is necessary so that the house in the lowlands is not damp, and on the hills it does not cast a shadow on the plantings and the neighboring plot. The location on the cardinal points determines how sunny the house will be and how much the wind will blow it
The best option is the location of the house with windows to the south-west, south-east side;
- Compliance with fire safety standards … This is the dependence of the distance between buildings inside and outside the site on the building materials used. A house made of stone and non-combustible materials - 5-6 m, made of stone and wood - 7-8 meters, only made of wood - at least 10 m.
- Compliance with sanitary standards … Distance from outbuildings - 12-15 meters. The distance between the bathhouse and the house can be less than 6-7 meters. The garage is also located at a distance of 5-7 meters.
Accounting for the "red line"… The red line is the location of the houses along the street. As a rule, it is required in suburban and cottage settlements, but in ordinary gardening it is not necessary to observe it. The same arrangement of all houses is necessary so that buildings do not cast a shadow on neighboring areas
The standard distance from the road line is 5 meters, which is sufficient to create a private area.
- Correct placement of the driveway … In small areas, it is recommended to place the house closer to the road in order to minimize the size of the entrance group.
- Distance to buildings on a neighboring site … If the gap between houses is determined by fire regulations, then close proximity to livestock buildings or a toilet stall on your or a neighbor's site is simply unhygienic and unattractive.
If the site is small and the placement of different objects at the prescribed distance is impossible, it is necessary to isolate them from each other using the correct zoning.
Designers use many techniques to visually mark the boundaries of functional areas. These techniques isolate buildings for various purposes from each other and decorate the site. The most common options are:
Garden paths… They not only clearly divide the site into separate fragments, but also perform a practical function - it is convenient to walk on them
Hedges… These are multi-level green spaces, from trees to low shrubs, which aesthetically but economically divide the space. Curly and trimmed trees and shrubs, as well as flowering plants from 1 meter in height (sunflowers, dahlias, golden balls, thorns and others) look beautiful
Height differences… This is an artificial deepening or elevation of some plots of land, on which cascading green and blooming compositions are created. In the same way, you can mask the natural relief of the site
Arches and trellises… They not only serve as an original decoration and help define the boundaries of zones, but also create shady areas and protect from the wind. For arches, climbing and creeping plants are used - clematis, ornamental beans, nasturtiums, ornamental grapes, lemongrass
Using vegetation as a hedge, you also need to comply with the norms:
- The trunks of tall trees are placed at least 4 meters from the border with the neighboring site;
- Medium-sized - two meters;
- Shrubs in one.
Other requirements and standards:
- For buildings located close to a neighboring site (100-150 cm), the direction of the roof slope should be internal, on the side of its own site;
- It is unacceptable to divert the drain to the adjacent area;
- Distance measuring point - wall or basement of the building. If there are elements protruding by 50 or more centimeters - from the most protruding point.
Planning "problem" areas
"Problematic" is a site with a non-trivial shape or pronounced features of the relief (lowland, land with a slope, a site located on the slope of an elevated area).
When planning and design, it is important to take into account all the features of an uneven area and try to mask the height differences as much as possible.
There is no one-size-fits-all solution for the layout and design of slope, hill, or lowland plots. Each of them is individual and requires a special approach, so the project should be handled by a professional. It will be difficult to independently present it on paper and even more so to bring it to life.
However, such plots have two significant advantages: they are cheaper than regular-shaped plots on level ground and make it possible to decorate the house and garden in an original way.
Experienced designers advise solving the problem using proven options:
- Do not try to place the house on the top of the slope. This is impractical. The site will have to be leveled and strengthened, the ascent to the house will be long and tedious, especially considering that no one goes to the dacha empty-handed. There will be a considerable distance from the garage to the house. Secondly, attempts to "correctly" place a residential building on the "wrong" site deprive it of its individuality and the ability to design a really interesting architectural structure. With a high probability, the house "drowned" in the slope will rest on columns, and the platform under it is convenient to use as a recreation or games area.
- Strengthen sections of the slope under the house so that the soil does not creep. The likelihood of this is small, but it's worth playing it safe. There are many ways to “reinforce” the slope: the use of ground cover plants or polymer materials (geotextiles, geomats, geonets and lattices, gabions and cellulose biomats).
- Think over the slope and direction of the tracks on the site. It should not be too big so that the climb does not turn into a test, and too shallow so that it does not take a lot of time. The shape of the tracks, their size, color and texture will help to adjust and zone the space of the site.
- Use terracing and steps directly on the slope for growing plants and vegetables. It looks original and works effectively. It is important not to forget to erect retaining walls for the terraces above, so that they are not washed away by rain and destroyed by the wind.
- Take advantage of species advantages. For example, a slope is a ready-made basis for breeding a rock garden. No additional effort is required to arrange it. Plants on an inclined surface do not shade each other, which means that it is easier to create compositions from them and they will bloom and bear fruit better.
An alternative to the rock garden is an artificial stream, which is easy to "run" along the slope, finishing it with stone. Also, stairs and benches of non-trivial shapes are successfully placed on the slope.
How to visually enlarge?
A common problem with summer cottages is their small size. At the same time, even on 6-8 acres, it is necessary to place at least 4 out of 5 functional zones.
Several options help expand the capabilities of a small site.
The first of them is correct building. To do this, even at the planning stage, it is necessary to correctly locate buildings on the territory of the site and make a choice in favor of the more needed ones, so as not to pile up a small area.
Also, in practice, you can win a little space by increasing the height of some buildings. but it is important to take into account that the maximum permissible height is 2 floors, and it is not convenient to make all types of premises high and visible.
An alternative is to use basements and cellars. But they are not a universal solution, since they are often damp and cold and are not suitable for any purpose.
The third way is to use all the possibilities of landscape design for the visual transformation of the site. This will not increase the useful area, but from the outside its shape will look more correct, and the composition as a whole will be more harmonious.
Tricks popular with landscape designers:
- Avoiding straight-line layout … In a small area (6-10 acres), it is recommended to avoid placing all buildings in one row. They should not be viewed one after another. It is better to place them at different ends of the site and try to isolate areas that should not be interconnected with green spaces.
- Masking a fence with a green array … It will hide the clear boundaries of the site and move it a little to the sides;
- Using a flat green lawn … An extensive color spot will add variety to the design of the site and contribute to its visual increase. But the lawn must be well-groomed and fresh, otherwise it will ruin the whole picture. In areas where climatic conditions do not allow to equip a good lawn, light "patches" from gravel and slabs work perfectly.
- Laconic and minimal colors … Sometimes there is an incredible riot of colors in one flower bed, but such a pleasure is not for small areas. But this is not a reason to be upset. The variety of unpretentious garden flowers today is so great that a beautiful composition can be made by playing on the shades of one palette.
The main thing is to choose an eye-pleasing color and resistant plants. For example, peonies are not suitable for this purpose due to the short flowering period.
- Using winding paths … Geometry strongly "eats up" the space and focuses on the imperfection of the site's shape. Slightly winding paths are salvation for a small suburban area.
- Non-standard layout … This option is suitable for areas of irregular shape - angular, triangular, square with unequal sides.
- Lighting … An effective technique that helps to shift the real boundaries of space due to the correct placement of light accents. Small bulbs, lawn lights, directional lighting from the bottom and slightly upward work well.
One caveat - during the day, such lighting does not matter. This is just an auxiliary element for other techniques.
- Mirror surfaces … From the basics of room design, many know that reflective surfaces and mirrors do an excellent job of visually enlarging the space. Of course, this does not mean that in the country you need to use the technique in the same form. Artificial reservoirs play the role of reflective surfaces on the site. For the technique to really work, you shouldn't highlight them with bright colors. Water bodies should be located on the site as natural elements of the composition.
- Vertical gardening … This is the use of any climbing plants that can be launched along a steep wall, gazebo, fence, house facade and other buildings. They combine artificially erected objects with objects of wildlife and create harmony that works to increase space.
- Using tiered decor … In small areas, the decor itself will be superfluous, but this technique fits well into the zoning of the site.
- Repetitive shapes … Fractal elements always make the space a little more elegant and solid, and the absence of fragmentation excludes unnecessary boundaries on the site, which are perceived by the eye as small elements.
Any curved shape with smooth outlines can be repeated in the form of a walkway, bench, garden bed, fountain or artificial pond.
- Preference for plants and trees with a tall and slender silhouette.
- Bright accents on different sides of the site … It can be a bench, a fountain, an unusual tree or other bright element that will draw attention to itself, "breaking" a straight line at the border of the site.
The style of a suburban area implies not so much the style of the house as the design of the garden area. There are a small number of garden styles:
Formal or regular
This style is the prerogative of lovers of classics and symmetrical forms, because it is based on strict geometry, balance of lines and harmony. The house is part of the art of gardening and is combined with it into an integral composition. Distinctive features of the formal style can be found both simultaneously and selectively.
The most common ones are:
- The presence of a central centerline that divides the site strictly in half (wide road, alley). The paths he goes to her are strictly correct, straight, so you should not use this technique in small areas. They will "eat" space;
- Symmetry and mirror placement of objects;
- Large entrance area, often in the form of a lawn with symmetrical plantings around the perimeter;
- Italian patios are often found in the regular style;
- The presence of a parterre;
- Abundance of small architectural forms. These include all the ways to decorate the garden using statues, fountains, stairs;
- Geometric flower beds, flower beds, ridges, borders and arabesques;
- Treated trees and bushes.
Landscape, or landscape
The landscape style is dominated by naturalness. All the features of the relief are involved in it, and the shortcomings easily turn into the original decoration of the suburban area. Making it yourself is much easier than making it in a regular style, it requires less scrupulousness and gives room for imagination.
However, it is important to observe color combinations and not overstep the line of the naturalness of the garden, which borders on neglect.
A characteristic feature of the landscape style is naturalness and "imitation" of nature: the absence of specularity, strict geometry, deliberate placement of objects and decor. Instead of a lawn, open clearings of natural origin may be present. Plant varieties strictly isolated from each other replace mixed flower beds. Instead of fountains - natural reservoirs, streams.
Within these two styles, there are many more specific directions:
- Traditional oriental gardens. They are dominated by simplicity, beauty and the highest harmony of Chinese and Japanese gardens. Greenery, stone, reservoirs, natural wood are used.
- English style. It combines geometry and naturalness, bright colors, interesting plants, arches, ponds and intricate gates. Climbing and perennial plants are preferred.
- Provence style … It combines the romance of French gardens, American country, the image of a garden from the Italian countryside and other "provincial" motives. Natural materials, textile accessories, garden figurines, an abundance of small flowers are welcome.
- Modern … This style implies absolutely any design idea, be it minimalism or a riot of colors and textures. A widespread combination of green spaces with small architectural forms of a non-trivial type: wooden, plaster, metal objects.
Decorating the plot includes many cozy little things that give it individuality - from decorating the land with an orchard and flower beds to interesting furniture in the recreation area. The choice of decor is a purely individual matter, but there are several universal solutions that will help give character to a summer cottage:
- Using natural materials: wood, textiles, stone. This is especially true for the recreation area.
- Interesting furniture … These can be either wicker chairs or homemade chairs made from old tires or hemp, benches and pallet tables. Even a hammock in a recreation area in this case can be attributed to unusual furniture;
- Use of items not for their intended purpose … For example, you can plant flowers in baskets or pans, or paint your old bike a vibrant color and place flower trays on it.
- New life for old things and DIY jewelry … Here you can list the options endlessly. These can be flowerbeds made of car tires, "winds" made of glass bottles and beads, lampshades for lanterns made of twine thread, and much more.
A summer cottage can be attractive for any area. The main thing is to approach the layout wisely and use interesting design solutions and methods of visually increasing the space.
It is even easier to ennoble a large plot, because beautiful flowering flower beds, fruit trees, a recreation area, and a large house with gazebos and a terrace can be placed on it. There is even a place for a pool and a guest house.
Whatever the size of the site, the guarantee of a successful layout and beautiful design is the presence of a well-thought-out project and respect for harmony with nature.
For information on how to plan a suburban area, see the next video.