Many people are accustomed to believe that plastic doors are intended for installation exclusively in non-residential premises: in offices, schools, medical institutions. Most consumers have the impression that this type of door can be used either as entrance or balcony doors, complete with a conventional glass unit. However, recently it is interior plastic doors that have become popular and in demand, which can be installed in any living space without harm to health and with maximum aesthetic comfort.
What it is?
Interior doors made of plastic are an excellent solution when the buyer especially appreciates the practicality, durability of the product and minimal maintenance. There are many prejudices against installing plastic in living quarters: people admit the possibility that plastic doors are installed as entrance doors, or at best, perform the usual functions of a balcony. Due to entrenched stereotypes, the imagination of most potential buyers who have not encountered the latest production technologies immediately draws a glass door made of white metal-plastic, and nothing more.
However, due to the fact that modern production in recent years has stepped forward significantly, there have long been developments of plastic structures of various types, designed exclusively for their installation in living quarters.
In appearance, they almost do not differ from wooden doors. or more familiar chipboard products and their analogues. As for their environmental safety - if the manufacturer is fully responsible for the quality of its product, such doors always have certificates. This means that the material has successfully passed safety tests and is completely ready for installation in a house or apartment.
In order to finally dispel the remnants of prejudices, it will be important to know that PVC, from which plastic doors are made, is initially subject to multiple processing in order to remove all possible chemicals that can harm the human body. In the process of processing, the material acquires stable high-tech characteristics, and the door itself does not look cheap and ordinary.
The color of such doors has long been not only white with a glossy shade, you can choose any color that fits perfectly into the structure of the existing repair and interior, or if the house or apartment is only planned to be renovated, you can decide in advance on the general tone of the room and select the color of the doors already depending on the decision made.
If you look back, in those harsh times when replacing doors in a residential building was a whole problem, now everything can be solved quickly, efficiently and economically - plastic doors are much cheaper than wooden counterparts and are sold everywhere. There is always an opportunity to order a set of doors from a good manufacturer, and competent specialists will help in choosing colors, designs and accessories.
Advantages and disadvantages
The scope of application of interior plastic doors is very wide. Due to the fact that, unlike wooden ones, they do not have the ability to accumulate harmful microorganisms, the improved plastic is perfect for use in restaurants, canteens, and medical institutions.Such doors will look no worse in any room of a residential building: as already mentioned, the diverse design allows them to skillfully disguise themselves as wooden products, without disturbing the home comfort of the surrounding space.
Despite the fact that plastic doors are quite light, they are durable, reliable and, given the wide design possibilities, perfectly protect living quarters in the cold. Products made of wood and wood-based materials quickly deteriorate in high humidity conditions, therefore, plastic options in the literal sense of the word are salvation not only for baths, saunas, swimming pools and summer terraces, but also in all places where the climate is harsh, humid, with a lot of precipitation.
Plastic does not need to be painted frequently and should be protected from rain.
Along with lightness, they have a good degree of strength. The basis of their composition is aluminum, and the plastic is on top as a cladding. Such doors, unlike wooden ones, do not deform over time and do not sag under their own weight, and the lightweight design does not visually make the space heavier. The tightness of metal-plastic copes well with drafts, cold, bad weather and even the strongest extraneous sounds: such products provide a durable soundproofing effect, which is important both for home and for a public place.
The sound insulation effect of plastic doors is ensured not only by the fact that they close tightly and reliably, but also by the use of high quality sealing substances. Of course, this is most important if metal-plastic is used for the manufacture of entrance doors, but for interior options it may turn out to be no less necessary and relevant.
In addition, it is worth mentioning additionally about the uniquely designed clamping device included in the package of the reinforced-plastic doors. It is it that helps to ensure their most tight contact with the jambs, leaving no gaps and crevices for noise or draft penetration, which also helps to keep the warmth in the room.
Doors made of metal-plastic are unpretentious in maintenance, they do not need to use special compounds for processing, unlike wooden ones. Their colors retain their original brightness much longer, while the tree, under the influence of temperature changes and precipitation, can quickly lose its color, and the paint easily fades in the sun.
Along with the indisputable advantages of interior plastic doors, before purchasing them, you should familiarize yourself with some of their features, which should not be called minuses, but you must take into account when buying.
It is not known where the myth came from that metal-plastic doors supposedly have increased resistance to fire and do not even burn in the event of a fire. This is far from the case: anyone who knows the characteristics of metal-plastic will confirm that such products burn, alas, almost in the same way as wood, except that the aluminum base can temporarily hold back the fire. Of course, this fact should not be a disappointment for buyers, but sometimes it is useful to know basic things and not believe what they say in words, so as not to get into a curious situation later.
Modern colors and coatings add elegance to metal-plastic and the possibility of installing it at home, but for those who fundamentally prefer natural materials, this option is unlikely to be ideal. Coloring and lamination will not be able to satisfy the needs of particularly demanding customers, despite all the obvious advantages and practicality of such a product. In addition, due to the specifics of the material, the manufacture of such interior doors is limited by a standard rectangular shape - it is problematic to make them metal-plastic, for example, an arch, while maintaining accuracy and the absence of visible structural breaks.
Despite certain features, the advantages of metal-plastic doors are undoubtedly greater, which can serve as an additional incentive for their purchase.Their strength and practicality are quite capable of competing with beautiful, but capricious wooden products that require special treatment and care, and their affordable cost and a wide range of colors, designs and coating methods will allow such doors to be installed wherever convenience, cleanliness and practicality are valued.
Which is better - PVC or veneer?
When choosing the material from which the doors will be made, the question often arises about which material is better to choose. Of course, purchasing a product based on natural wood panels is a more tempting prospect. By the way, the concept of PVC is not limited to traditional doors made of solid plastic. There is also a variety of products, the frame of which is made of wood, and a film of any color made of polyvinyl chloride is applied on top using special technologies.
The process of covering doors with PVC film is very interesting. from the point of view of his technique: door panels, pre-treated with glue from synthetic derivatives, are placed in specially prepared chambers.
The film is applied to the prepared surface, and then it is processed at very high temperatures. The most interesting thing is that the film, without melting and without losing its color and pattern, "penetrates" into the wood structure of the MDF panel and becomes one with it. Outwardly, it is not easy for an inexperienced eye to distinguish such a product from a wooden one: perhaps by touch, and even then not always.
And "film" doors, and plastic, and products from "clean" veneer can be equally good in quality and beauty. The main thing is to know the specific features of these materials in order to make the right choice. For residential premises (provided that there is no high humidity in them), veneer doors can be the best solution, and it is best to put one or another PVC option in a bathroom or sauna, remembering that the film, despite its strength, may not withstand dampness and begin to swell. However, this happens for the most part when the purchased product is of poor quality.
Any choice should be made based on the purpose of the room and its stylistic features. The financial side is also important: wood products of any type will always cost more. It is worth giving preference to veneer doors if the entire interior is made in a more austere style, such as classic or minimalism. Doors covered with foil can become a "golden mean" for those buyers who still prefer to purchase a product, most of the material of which is natural. Also, film options are more affordable than veneer.
As for doors made of solid foamed PVC, they can be put anywhere, if the buyer is not particularly pretentious about the subtleties of appearance and design. Solid metal-plastic doors, in contrast to veneer products, are more airtight, resistant to moisture, able to retain more heat and, as already mentioned, provide ideal sound insulation.
Of course, if we talk about environmental friendliness and compare PVC products with veneer, based solely on this point, the preponderance will be on the side of wood. However, it is better to consider the situation more broadly, weighing all the pros and cons - including in terms of practicality and durability.
Thus, when choosing between veneer and different options for PVC products, you need to be guided by the specifics and purpose of the house, office, institution, their level of humidity and interior style. Of course, personal preferences and financial capabilities also play a decisive role in the purchase.If the consumer is confused, not knowing what to choose, he should familiarize himself in more detail with the characteristics of each material in order to make the right decision based on this reliable information, comparing it with the characteristics of a particular room.
Interior plastic doors, like any others, differ in the way and where they open. When planning their installation, this should also be known and taken into account.
Double swing doors more often they are installed outside as entrance, when, if necessary, a large number of people can be allowed inside the room, you can open the second sash at any time, or leave it closed, depending on the traffic. However, double-leaf structures are also interroom. Double doors are installed when we are talking, for example, about large rooms in country houses or government offices, when the too large size of the doorway does not allow the installation of a standard single-leaf door that can open both outward and inward.
When planning the size of doors, it is recommended to think over this issue in advance, since there are situations when it is simply impossible to do without installing double-leaf structures, and it is technically impossible to save money on this.
When installing double-leaf swing doors in the interior space, you need to immediately decide in which direction they will open: outward or into the interior space of the room. It so happens that it is best to stop at the option when the doors open inward, due to the fact that there may not be enough space in the corridor, although, willingly or unwillingly, the customer has a desire to leave as much free space in the room as possible. Of course, wide doorways in large houses and large apartments are challenging, but it can ultimately be solvable when all the pros and cons of planning and installation are weighed up.
One of the most competent and technically feasible solutions in the case of non-standard and wide doorways is to install cassette interior doors… Thanks to their unique design, these "sliding-sliding" doors can be installed inside the wall - with absolutely no damage to the room and with maximum space savings. In fact, cassette doors are the same sliding counterparts, the movement of which is carried out using a roller mechanism. The difference between roller doors and cassette doors is the so-called box. It is she who is mounted into the wall and becomes the ideal place for the doors themselves and the very mechanism that ensures their movement.
For plastic doors and their analogs, this design is very suitable: because they have an enviable lightness, in contrast to their wooden and wood "brothers". When placed in such a cassette box, they walk easily, almost silently, without the risk of distortions, falls and other malfunctions that could theoretically arise when using heavier materials.
The cassette interior doors close very tightly, which provides additional sound insulation, and if they are installed in the kitchen, this prevents the penetration of kitchen odors into the living rooms. All cassette structures are made exclusively to order, so if there is a desire, you can install a single-leaf cassette door instead of a typical swing door, which will be an excellent solution to the issue in the case of small-sized premises.
The only obstacle to installing cassette interior doors may be the high cost of such a mechanism and installation, but in some cases this option may be the only way out of the situation, especially when it comes to non-standard layouts inside individual rooms.
The easiest way, of course, is to plan the dimensions and installation of the door if the opening is standard and provides for a simpler single-leaf structure in the form of a conventional swing door… In this case, confusion when making a decision rarely occurs, except that you also need to decide where the door will open - to a room or to a corridor, which depends on the size and area of both the room itself and the space that is adjacent to it.
Plastic folding door in the form of an accordion, despite its unusual and extravagant appearance, is a very practical invention of designers in the event that the interior space is very small and the installation of a conventional swing door is problematic. Also, with the help of the "accordion" you can carry out the necessary zoning of space, separating one part of it from another. This folding door is compact and takes up a minimum of usable space.
The doors of the "accordion" door are connected to each other by special hinges, the number of which directly depends on how many parts of the "accordion" a particular door has. Much, as always, depends on the doorway, which is most often non-standard sizes. In the overwhelming majority of cases, this type of door is mounted precisely in such conditions, becoming a "saving" way out.
Such an "accordion" is attached to the upper and lower rail structures, and its flaps move freely along the rails with the help of an additional mechanism that ensures the maximum possible smooth movement. However, this option, given the peculiarities of its design, cannot be called completely silent, which should also be borne in mind when installing it. An accordion door, like any other interior doors, can be made of plastic or wood shavings, however, when choosing a material, it is important to take into account that a folding door type is an additional load on the entire sliding mechanism. It is best to use a lightweight material in the form of plastic, without using laminate and heavy types of chipboard.
"Accordion", like other types of doors, can be with solid doors, or it can have plastic or glass inserts that provide light penetration.
When it comes to standard apartment buildings, the dimensions of door frames and openings are also typical. It is very easy to work with them, and when planning the installation of interior doors, there should be no serious hindrances and problems. Due to the fact that all manufacturing firms are focused specifically on the standard door dimensions adopted by GOST, this greatly facilitates all the work.
When renovating living quarters, it is important to consider whether the owner of the apartment plans to disassemble partitions between rooms and move doorways to other places. If the repair is carried out without transferring the interior partitions, all standard dimensions are retained, and there are no technical discrepancies when installing the doors. In the event that a serious redevelopment is carried out along with the repair, it will be advisable for the apartment owner to take care of maintaining the size of the new doorways in accordance with GOST standards.
Of course, if the customer wishes, it will be possible to carry out measurements of the premises and make no less high-quality interior doors according to individual dimensions. But this will cost much more than the generally accepted standards, primarily because it will require a special manufacture of doors, and it will hardly be possible to use ready-made kits. Therefore, it would be best to keep the generally accepted door sizes in the house or apartment. This will not only provide maximum ease of installation, but also a much faster installation process.
The generally accepted dimensions of interior doors according to GOST are as follows:
- a door with a height of 1900 mm must have a width of 550 to 600 mm,
- a door with a height of 2000 mm must have a minimum width of 600, a maximum of 900 mm.
The same parameters apply to all cassette and compartment types of doors, which have recently become more widespread due to the widespread need to save the surrounding space.
Dimensions of doors according to GOST:
- room doors - height 200 cm, width 80 cm, doorway depth - from 7 to 20 cm;
- kitchen doors - height 190-200 cm, width 60 cm, opening depth 7 cm;
- doors to the toilet and bathroom - height 200 cm, width 70 cm, opening depth 7 cm;
- important dimension: the thickness of the door frame itself should be 75 mm.
Such a universal system of sizes, accepted everywhere, allows you to easily select the desired door or a set of doors with the necessary mechanism and fittings. This greatly facilitates all preliminary calculations and provides a quick selection of the best options.
As has been said many times, the choice of colors for interior doors from buyers is absolutely unlimited, because modern production technologies can provide any desired color. The assortment of the offered colors is more than varied, and each consumer has the opportunity to choose the color that will suit him.
Doors made of solid metal-plastic can be colored in the literal sense of the word. They are treated with persistent and often bright dyes that look perfectly even, without bumps and unnecessary shades. Colored doors can be purchased for preschool institutions, and if you wish, you can put houses as interroom doors, if the entire interior of the apartment is decorated in the appropriate youth style.
The main thing is not to overdo it with a variety of colors and choose bright colors with taste so as to preserve the atmosphere of home comfort with all the brightness of the environment.
It is known that white metal-plastic doors can be most often seen in kindergartens and in almost all medical institutions due to the fact that they have increased hygiene and ease of maintenance. If there is a desire to put soft white doors at home, the option made of MDF with a PVC film coating will be the most preferable - it looks natural and looks completely home-like.
We can talk endlessly about the possibilities of film coatings to disguise themselves as the most expensive tree. The film, firmly adhered to the wood panel, can look like an array of walnut or pine, and its shades vary from brown to wenge. Any door can be either solid, without inserts in the form of glass or plastic, or transparent, which gives it additional aesthetic advantages.
How to choose?
Interior doors with glass look very elegant and cozy. At first glance, serious doubts may arise about the fragility and impracticality of glass, but now this is far from the case.
Modern glass for plastic doors is highly durable and does not require particularly careful maintenance. As a last resort, they are very easy to repair, and an experienced craftsman can easily replace any glass elements. Glasses inserted into the door can be of different shapes and colors, depending on the assortment and personal wishes of the customer. Their surfaces are glossy with a shine or matte, and a special tinted film is often used as a coating.
Ordering doors with or without glass inserts is a matter of taste. Of course, this option will come out much more expensive in cost, and if the buyer has a limited budget, a blank door panel without glazing can be the best way out of the situation. Such doors are often lightweight, and if you decorate the panels in warm color tones, they will not look gloomy, and the design itself will perfectly complement the already existing modest interior.
If the customer prefers door designs without a threshold, the sliding-type cassette-compartment ensemble is what he needs. Compact interior doors, clad in a cassette mechanism that can be built into the wall, will provide both heat preservation and additional noise insulation.
It is only important to solve the main technical issues: is it possible to install just such an option in a particular room, or you still have to limit yourself to simpler actions.
When it comes to installing many interior doors in a private house, which can be quite large, it is important to think about what kind of door and where it will be best installed. Large private houses usually have basements, swimming pools and saunas. In order to provide these rooms with the best care, moisture-resistant metal-plastic doors should be installed, which will not care about water, moisture or dampness.
You also need to pay attention to the climate itself and the area in which the house is built, in order to draw conclusions from this whether it is worth installing expensive wooden panels in it at all.
As for the residential area of any private house, tasteful laminated plastic doors can be installed in any room. Glass decoration in its different versions will be the most preferable: if you wish, you can even order stained glass for the doors to the living room or bedroom. If the house has a large kitchen, it is worth mentioning once again the cassette interior doors, which will significantly save space and prevent odors from the kitchen from freely entering the living quarters.
The advantages of interior plastic doors, despite the prejudices that some consumers still have, are much more than disadvantages, so if a decision is made to install them, care should be taken to ensure that it is carried out professionally and efficiently. Of course, the customer can independently remove all dimensions and install the structure, but this requires some experience. If there is one, you do not need to contact professional craftsmen, but if it is not enough, it is best to entrust the installation to those who definitely will not be mistaken either in the calculations or in the installation process itself.
Also, customer reviews indicate that it is better to entrust the installation to professional craftsmen, because throughout the entire process some non-standard situation may arise, which an amateur master may not be able to cope with. Of course, the temptation to save almost half is very high, but given the possible consequences, you should not risk it this way. Moreover, if the installation is ordered from official manufacturers who have been on the market for a long time, they are fully responsible for the level and quality of the work performed.
Any plastic doors, including interior doors, include a door frame, as well as a panel or leaf. They are connected by awnings, and fastening is done using different types of fittings. When ordering, it is important to take into account the list of those additional functionalities that the fittings allow: for example, in the case of plastic windows or a balcony door, this can be a different level of ventilation (up to "micro"), and if the doors are interior, the fittings will provide an insulated structure and, if necessary fixing the door in the desired position.
The door leaf can include a double-glazed window (also called a sandwich panel). It is present in the door ensemble most often for heat and energy saving and is most relevant in the case of installing entrance doors. As for the interior options, if desired, they can be equipped with a single sandwich panel, however, in this case, technical features will have to be taken into account, because such an option can significantly increase the weight of the door structure.
How to wash?
Unlike natural wood products, plastic doors are immune to sources of pollution and lend themselves well to the simplest methods of caring for them. For those who especially love cleanliness and order, it will be enough just from time to time to simply wash the doors with a sponge and soap or a mild powder.After washing, it is better to wipe them dry immediately (especially when it comes to laminate or PVC film).
If you follow the simple rules of care, the doors will serve for a long time and their appearance will not deteriorate under the influence of environmental factors. It is even easier to care for metal-plastic doors, because the material from which they are made practically does not warp and does not fade.
If the materials from which the doors are made are of good quality, and the installation was carried out by a conscientious qualified craftsman, the structure will work properly for a long time. However, different situations may arise that require the repair of interior plastic doors. If the doors are used intensively, sooner or later they may need cosmetic repairs. Experienced craftsmen can remove chips, scratches or even dents - it all depends on the nature and level of damage. There are many chemicals available that can easily remove minor cosmetic blemishes. If you wish, you can use them yourself.
The places where there are scratches or chips are first cleaned of dirt and degreased, then a layer of a special adhesive is carefully applied to them (it is sold in large hardware stores). After the glue dries, the surface is sanded with fine sandpaper. Processing is carried out until the surface is completely leveled. Then the treated surface must be degreased again (eg with plastic solvent), and finally a varnish that matches the color of the door is applied.
If the door has a laminated coating, instead of varnish, a building marker is used that matches the color.
Another most common malfunction of a plastic door, which can also sometimes be fixed by hand, is the problem with the handle. This is perhaps the most important and most frequently damaged door element. It can "stick", turn badly or loose. If, when turning, the door handle does not want to return to the straight position, before you panic and urgently call the master, you need to try to make the so-called emergency reset. Just below the lock there is a metal "tongue", you just need to press it, and if there are no other problems, the door handle will immediately return to its previous position.
If the door handle turns constantly, this may already indicate that the door profile is skewed. The door profile can be deformed for several reasons: for example, during installation, the master could incorrectly calculate the weight of the structure, taking into account the pressure on the doorway, and the door could simply "sink". If this is the case, then the metal tongue does not come into contact with the adjacent strip because the door has changed its position.
The door profile may fail, not necessarily due to the fault of the installers: this may be the result of sudden temperature changes, an emergency, or high humidity. In order to eliminate this malfunction, you can independently disassemble the counter bar, and then place a 3 mm thick lining under it. Such measures can at least partially compensate for the deformation. In the future, you should watch the door work: if the distortions no longer occur, you can leave the mechanism in this state, and if, nevertheless, the “drawdown” continues, you need to invite a professional master to help eliminate possible causes. It is likely that a complete or partial replacement of the door profile will be required, which is possible quickly and not always expensive.
The door handle can turn badly due to the simplest and most easily eliminated reason: it just needs to be treated with special door grease. If the screws just "loosen", you can simply tighten them with a suitable screwdriver.Glazed doors are also subject to professional repair.
If the glass breaks or cracks, it can be easily replaced with a similar one, or, if you wish, you can choose another type of glass that is suitable for the door in size and weight in order to update and refresh the environment.
If a total replacement of all interior doors with plastic counterparts is planned in the room, it is important to consider before installing whether they will fit into the existing interior. With a wide choice of color and style assortment of doors, it is not so difficult to make the right decision. For example, if plastic windows of a certain color are already installed in the room, it is desirable that the doors are matched to achieve the maximum possible harmony and comfort. Lovers of arched structures will not hurt to remind once again that plastic is not the best material for this: even if the arch is made as carefully as possible, fractures still cannot be avoided.
Despite the fact that plastic is still considered a material that is not able to bring such elements of beauty as natural wood into the interior, the use of glass and fiberglass elements of various types in the manufacture of doors easily refutes all speculations about the uninteresting and unaesthetic plastic in terms of interior solutions. Interior plastic doors are often decorated with entertaining and eye-catching accessories in the form of door handles of a special shape and color, all kinds of finishes and patterns applied using modern technological means.
A great way to decorate plastic doors so that in appearance they cannot be distinguished from analogs made from natural materials - options with a layout. Layouts are all kinds of decorative elements that are placed inside the doors. It can be glass, divided into several segments in the form of symmetrical squares, inside which there is a colored drawing that skillfully imitates a stained glass window. There are many options for such a decor, and any of them can catch the eye of an inexperienced visitor for a long time.
Glass inserts may not always be in the form of clear geometric shapes with sharp corners: the lines can be smooth, and the glass element itself can be made in the form of a streamlined figure of a bizarre shape.
Layouts can cost the owner much less if an option is chosen that is simply glued to the glass using a special compound. Such a sticker lasts a long time, and if desired, it can be easily changed. Of course, for a strict classic interior, a cheaper accessory cannot be the best option. In this case, it is better to order a door with glass inserts, which will be divided into several curly segments of the correct shape in order to withstand the entire ensemble as practically and strictly as possible.
All such accessories and decorated elements (and they can be made of various materials - from the same plastic to lightweight aluminum inserts) should be selected in accordance with the color scheme and style of door manufacturing. If the door imitates wood, the recommended element colors may be as follows: brown in different shades, cream, dark yellow. A white door will look good only if accessories of all possible golden shades are used when decorating it.
If the owner of a country house wants to decorate his home in the style of the Middle Ages, cruciform decorations that divide the glass texture of the doors into several parts will be an excellent solution.
So, contrary to the well-established ideas about plastic, interior doors made of this material can look no worse than analogues made of natural wood, and sometimes it is impossible to distinguish them from high-quality wooden doors.Lovers of environmentally friendly natural materials can argue here, but modern technologies make it possible to neutralize the materials in the arsenal as much as possible and make them suitable and safe for operation.
For an overview of plastic doors, see the next video.