In the arrangement of the living room, each item is of great importance. You can't just force the space into furniture and hope that the interior will be cozy. It is important to take into account a number of nuances due to which the design will look harmonious.
Features of the
The furnishings for the living room are varied. Their number and purpose is subject to the purpose of the functional areas of the room, as well as the conceived design idea. It is good if there is a possibility of updating an existing set of furniture. In this case, you can pick up the details in the hall that match the modern view of functionality.
It's a completely different matter if the budget is limited. This poses certain difficulties and makes it necessary to visually play up the shortcomings of the furnishings. The situation is especially aggravated by the lack of space, in which the space is often overloaded with furniture, which deprives the interior of the air and makes the situation difficult. These features include an open space layout and options for small-sized one-rooms, in which families of more than two people live.
The features of the room itself matter. Often it is it that determines its place for each detail. This can be influenced by the location of windows, doorways, the height of the walls, the presence of ledges, niches, and broken perspectives. In addition to narrow doorways, a negative factor is the sloping walls, which imposes severe restrictions on the arrangement of furniture.
The task of a harmonious interior design is to transform the room's shortcomings into its advantages, which is possible with a thorough approach and study of each ledge.
The design approach will allow, by placing furniture, to fit into the space the necessary set of interior details in such a way that the interior composition will look stylish and airy. At the same time, the design idea takes into account the functionality of each element of the arrangement and its pleasant aesthetic perception.
What is important?
The furniture for the living room is different from the furnishings in other rooms. Its purpose is to create a relaxing atmosphere. The living room is the heart of any home, so it is extremely important that every household member likes to be in this room. The atmosphere should be home-like, cozy, which is achieved by purchasing upholstered furniture, a coffee table, a wardrobe, a dining area with a table and chairs.
However, not everything is so simple: the furniture should correspond to the desired style, be selected in color, taking into account the background of the walls and rely on the level of illumination of the room.
For example, if the living room windows face the north side, in addition to the chosen size and model, you will have to play with the color in order to fill the room with warmth and light. Luminaires can partially help in this, however, the color of the furniture must be successful, otherwise not a single lighting device can correct the imbalance of the interior. Furniture is not selected just because you like its color: the overall picture of the interior is important.
There is another nuance: the larger the room, the more details of the arrangement should be. Otherwise, against the general background, the corners will seem uninhabited, which outwardly will be striking, depriving the interior of its expressiveness.
This problem can be solved through decor, but it is not always able to replace furniture details. Therefore, in addition to the main set of furniture, you will need small parts, for example, stands for placing table lamps, poufs, shelves.
If the living room is combined with an adjoining room, this opens up more possibilities for placing furniture., allowing the arrangement of furniture in the most unusual places, without closing the space for free movement to the desired room.
Particular attention is paid to spaces with a bay window, which is often set up for a specific purpose, based on what kind of area it is (play, guest, dining, resting place or study).
In the modern design of the living room, it is important that each piece of furniture is as useful as possible for use. Therefore, today furniture for the living room is used not only as a place to relax or sleep: it is often a way to delimit space in the design technique of zoning a room. At the same time, an unobtrusive organization of every corner of the hall is created, which contributes to maintaining order.
Depending on the size of the room, a basic and additional set of furniture details are distinguished. The main furniture ensemble includes furniture for the guest area. This is a sofa and a coffee table. If the living room footage allows, armchairs and poufs are added to the sofa. At the same time, the design approach allows the compilation of a furniture ensemble from objects of different colors. Supplements are poufs, side tables.
A successful furnishing solution is the use of modular furniture, which consists of separate blocks.
This type of furniture is convenient because, depending on the characteristics of the room's footage and its layout, you can buy only those modules that fit into the interior most harmoniously. This applies to the sofa, cabinets and shelving, as well as hallways if the living room is the only open-plan room in the dwelling. Consider the main details of the living room furnishings that create coziness.
The sofa is the main component of the furniture in the guest area. Based on the features of the model, the sofa determines the degree of comfort, sets the favorable atmosphere. Therefore, it is extremely important that it is as functional as possible.
Depending on the purpose, the rules for choosing a sofa are:
- structural reliability;
- the possibility of transformation;
- pleasant appearance;
- convenience of users' location;
- practicality of upholstery;
- convenience of the transformation mechanism;
- the possibility of assembling with other furniture;
- ease of care.
All existing types of sofas can be divided into two groups:
- linear (straight);
Both varieties are suitable for arranging a living room, each type has many advantages. Both categories provide for many types of unfolding, which allows you to use the sofa as a full bed if you need to place guests at night. According to the transformation mechanism, sofas are folding, roll-out, swivel. Some varieties provide for a book folding, while others are raised up during transformation, then the seat and back are pushed forward and lowered. The third, by the type of folding, resemble an accordion, the fourth - a clamshell.
Thanks to a well-thought-out approach, the production takes into account the universal arrangement of the sofa in the guest area of the hall. Therefore, in most models, it can be placed close to the wall, thereby saving the usable area of the room. Both the linear and angled look of the sofa save space when installed in a corner.
The design of the sofa can have:
- side edges with shelves in the form of a rack;
- corner element with a table;
- armrests with a table;
- spacious inner drawers for bed linen.
For information on how to choose a sofa transformation mechanism, see the next video.
These sofa accessories used to be an integral part of the guest area set. Today, their function is often replaced by an additional sofa or bean bags, as well as individual modules of upholstered furniture, which, if necessary, can be attached to the main sofa. Since functionality is in the first place for a modern person, they are trying to buy folding chairs. This allows, if necessary, to accommodate guests for the night.
If you plan to equip the living room in an old style, buy rocking chairs, wicker varieties or vintage models with a high back.
When the emphasis is on convenience, soft products are acquired. Some design directions allow models of different shapes and colors, so it is not at all necessary to buy chairs in pairs and identical. Having a sense of taste, you can combine what at first glance seems incongruous. In the guest area, you can place one product, the second can be bought, for example, for the fireplace area.
This piece of furniture is a must for the living room: it maintains a hospitable atmosphere of home comfort, is a table for treating guests. In some cases, it is used to place decorative elements (for example, fresh flowers, figurines). Usually, this piece of furniture in the guest area is designed for treating several people. These tables are different, they are bought in accordance with their needs.
Modern functional models are folding structures that can combine the functions of a tea room, a work table and a seating cabinet, which is important in case of a shortage of space for guests. The purchase of a model is subject to the footage of the room: for a spacious living room of an apartment or a private house, models are purchased with an emphasis on decorativeness.
If the room is small, they try to buy models with additional drawers. The presence of closed drawers allows you to get rid of small details, the abundance of which creates a sense of disorder in a small space.
An alternative to coffee tables are attached counterparts. They are higher, convenient for treating, in most cases mobile: they can be moved close to the sofa, if you need to work on a laptop, watch a video, a movie, or have a cup of tea. In addition to height, compactness is a distinguishing feature of coffee coffee tables. Such structures accommodate only the most necessary things on the surface of the countertop. There is enough space for a maximum of two people.
The form and functionality of the structure are varied and depend on the type of material used, as well as the chosen style. With a compact size, a side table may have shelves, drawers. Sometimes it even resembles a mini-chest of drawers.
Some models are creative, have an elongated shape, which allows them to be used when there is a lack of window sill space for flowering plants or a TV.
This component of the living room arrangement is an alternative to wardrobes and dressers. In contrast to them, the shelving contributes to an easier perception of space. Outwardly, this is a set of shelves of different sizes, united in a box, due to which the structure does not loosen. Classic models for living rooms are open shelves, which are often closed on the back. This allows you to place this furniture not only against the wall: through such shelves, you can zone the space, giving each functional area a clear organization.
Models can be linear, angular, stepped (in the form of a ladder). By the type of installation, they are classic (installed on 4 supports), built-in (built into a niche in the room) and suspended (fixed directly on the wall). Each product has a shallow depth (40-55 cm).
Depending on the model, the rack can:
- consist exclusively of shelves;
- have up to 4-6 closed showcases;
- be distinguished by the presence of drawers;
- have cantilever shelves that extend beyond the main frame.
Interesting designs with a TV shelf.
They allow you to organize a recreation area, equipping the wall opposite the sofa as efficiently as possible. Other varieties may resemble modular cabinets or slides, differing in the different heights of each module. Versions with supports and built-in models can withstand a lot of weight, mounted counterparts are not designed to accommodate heavy objects. They can be used for books, decorative vases, soft toys and living plants.
Those who pay tribute to tradition add a spacious wardrobe or wardrobe to the main set of furniture in the guest area. At the same time, modern models are distinguished by an interesting design and compactness, due to which they do not look massive and fit into the overall look of the interior in an appropriate and stylish way. This furniture is more often an element of furnishing rooms with a lack of free space. It allows you to remove small things from the visible space, as well as clothes, bedding.
Such furniture in the living room is placed mainly in small-sized apartments, where it is important to use every centimeter of usable area.
If the style requires it, they purchase a display cabinet. Today, such furniture is the focus of interior design. It differs from the wardrobe in the presence of glass fronts. This is a kind of demonstration of small accessories of the interior composition (beautiful dishes, figurines, sea shells), which bring the desired theme into the design. Such a cabinet looks lighter than the classic counterpart, it does not overload the space and contributes to the organization of the room. If necessary, it is used to divide the room into separate functional zones, like a sofa.
The dining table and chairs are part of the living room interior if it has a dining room. This is mainly furniture for spacious rooms with a separate place for dining. Dining room furniture is a set consisting of a dining table and chairs in one set. Details cannot be scattered, as in the case of a guest space, otherwise the interior of the dining area loses its integrity.
For the arrangement, they buy strict, laconic models or varieties with carved legs. The design depends on the chosen style. The main emphasis when buying is made on the functionality and reliability of structures.
Furniture is bought from quality raw materials that can withstand daily use for many years. At the same time, they take into account the environmental friendliness and safety of the material, the type of floor covering (chairs and a table should not slide on the surface), its resistance to weight loads.
Chest of drawers
This piece of furniture participates in the interior of the living room less often. Basically, it is bought for placing clothes in apartments, where the living room is the only living room. The space is divided into several functional areas, while the chest of drawers can be both a receptacle for clothes and a partition. They often try to choose a model with a mirror and a lot of drawers. If there is already a mirror in the interior, they purchase a model with a TV shelf. This allows you to significantly save some of the space.
Sometimes there is enough space in the living room to equip a recreation area or a children's play corner. An excellent solution would be to use the bay window, in which the chest of drawers can become a storage for children's toys.
It is often used as a stand for table lamps and fresh flowers, sometimes it competes with a wardrobe. If the front of the chest is glass or mirrored, the lower part is used as a showcase.
Whatever the furniture (soft, modular, built-in, hanging, radius), its choice for arranging the living room depends on the material of manufacture, which is directly related to the design style. In some cases, ergonomic furniture is appropriate, for other areas one cannot do without the familiar classics, in the third interior compositions the emphasis is on mixing classic and ergonomic furniture.
Different raw materials are used in modern furniture production. From a wide range of materials, we will note several that are most appropriate for the living room interior.
This material is the best raw material for living room furniture. The tree is environmentally friendly, during operation it does not emit harmful substances into the air. It is used in the manufacture of tables, wardrobes, dressers, dining chairs, upholstered furniture frames (sofas and armchairs) and shelving. In addition, side tables with side tables and drawers are made of wood. The tree is distinguished by its durability, allows surface varnishing in case of need for surface renewal.
The most demanded products are wenge oak, teak, beech, maple, merbau, boxwood.
Such an array is notable for its hardness, this furniture does not lose its appearance for decades. However, the hardness makes wood processing more difficult. Often, varieties of lower average hardness are used in production: elm, walnut, apple, ash, cherry. Such raw materials are malleable during processing, although their performance characteristics are lower.
Budget furniture items are made from chipboard, fibreboard, MDF and veneer. Chipboard is a compressed material from wood processing and sawmilling waste with the addition of formaldehyde resins. Fiberboards differ in manufacturing technology: in the process of creation, the array is ground and treated with steam. Such materials are often used to create wardrobes.
MDF is environmentally friendly compared to the two previous materials and is more expensive.
This is a progressive material that allows you to perform milling in the form of a variety of patterns. Veneer is a thin sheet of shavings that cladding facades of chipboard or MDF surfaces. All varieties are inferior in quality and durability to wood, they are unstable to prolonged exposure to moisture.
Metal is a strong and reliable frame material. It is used for upholstered furniture, supplying sofa structures with steel transformation mechanisms. Due to the metal base, the models are reliable, practical and durable: they provide for daily operation for 10 years or more. The use of metal as supports for a sofa, coffee table, armchairs prolongs the service life, increases the weight load.
Metallic elements are especially appropriate for furnishing details in modern interiors, where the emphasis is on chrome-plated furniture elements.
Despite its apparent fragility, glass is a popular component of room furnishings. It is especially often used for the table top of a coffee table or side table. For the arrangement of the room, a reinforced type of material with a glossy surface is used, which is resistant to accidental mechanical damage. Glass elements of furniture bring lightness and airiness into any interior, their use allows you to unload the massiveness of the sofa, cabinet, rack.
At the same time, a particularly popular type of raw material for furnishings is tinted or tinted glass in dark shades. In addition to countertops, it is used in the facades of display cabinets, shelving, pedestals, side tables.
Upholstery of upholstered furniture is an important component of a beautiful and practical appearance of a sofa and armchairs. Since the living room is a place with high traffic, the upholstery material is selected based on practical considerations. It can be leather, eco-leather, leatherette and textiles. Leather sofas are practical, this material is environmentally friendly, moisture resistant and easy to clean. It is durable.
The material imitating leather is a leather film glued to a textile base. In the course of long-term operation, the film lags behind the base, so it is less resistant to constant cleaning. Textiles are moisture and air permeable, such upholstery is environmentally friendly. Furniture with it is cheaper, however, its service life is noticeably reduced, even if the material consists of dense and strong interwoven threads. The most popular types of upholstery are microfiber, jacquard, furniture tapestry.
The choice of material for a hall in an apartment or in a private country house is also based on practicality. Often, to extend the service life and attractiveness of upholstered furniture, structures are decorated with Euro covers, packing the sofa and armchairs completely.
However, transforming furniture cannot always be covered with dense textiles with an elastic texture that is resistant to pets' claws. They will not work with rattan products and wicker chairs.
The dimensions of the living room furniture are subject to the available space and the total number of details in the guest area. Conventionally, furniture is compact, small, standard medium-sized and large. A distinctive feature of modern furniture is its spaciousness and compact form. This allows, if necessary, zoning to place in the living room, which is the only living room of the dwelling, bedroom furniture.
The folded sizes of sofas for the living room can be 130-250 cm in length, 50-120 cm in depth. The parameters of corner models are 65-85 cm in length and more, while the length of the models can vary from 160 to 220 cm. Unfolded convertible models range from 70 cm in width to 240 and from 180 to 260 cm in length.
If the product is made to order, the dimensions can be more spacious.
The depth of the shelves varies from 40 to 60 cm. In this case, the length can be from 1 m to 2.5 and more (up to installation on the entire wall). Sectional parts can be 47, 55, 165 cm in length. The height varies from 180 cm to 2 m. Combined cabinet models can reach 80 cm in width, 240-250 cm in length, and up to 2 m in height. The average parameters of coffee tables are 50x50x45, 80x80x35, 100x100x40, 130x60x40, 140x160x45 cm (the last indicator is the height).
The side tables are higher and narrower. Their dimensions are 70 - 88 cm in height, length and width vary from 40x40 cm to 60x60 and 70x70 cm. Sometimes models provide for an increase in the tabletop due to pull-out shelves that add to the tabletop from 20 to 40 cm in length. Side tables can be up to 1 m long and 80-100 cm wide. The sizes of tables for the dining area depend on the number of people. They can be 1-2.5 m in length, while the width can be in the range of 80-120 cm.
Living room furniture colors are varied and depend on several factors:
the degree of illumination of the room
- the area of the hall;
- features of color influence on a person;
- taste preferences.
Conventionally, the color palette can be divided into four categories:
Shades of upholstered furniture can be natural, light, rich and monochrome. In this case, the basis of the color is determined by the upholstery, the color of which can be any within the normal range. In the living room, flashy and acidic colors are unacceptable: soft, restrained tones are important, contributing to the creation of a relaxing atmosphere.
The priority is given to warm shades associated with home comfort.
The current shades of upholstery are sand, brown, light oak, wenge, sonoma, light gray, cream. Light colors of the palette are no less in demand: milky, ivory, smoky tones. Wine, blue and black colors today give way to soft contrasts: in the center of attention are yellow, turquoise, terracotta, lilac shades of the color palette. Colored furniture brings cheerfulness to the interior.
White color allows you to bring light into the space, it does not lose its relevance, but if there is a lot of this color in the design of the hall, you cannot do without dark strokes.
Solid wood furniture predominantly adheres to natural colors. In this case, the tones are tied to a specific type of wood (for example, walnut, oak, ash). Popular paints for cabinets, dining and coffee tables, side tables, shelves and shelves are mahogany, rowan, teak, cherry, pink and ebony, pine, zebrano, bog oak, acajou, sapelli, ebony. Each tone has a peculiar texture: shades can have tone transitions, graininess.
Products from wood derivatives are made not only in natural shades: this type of material is easier to paint. It allows the surface to be pasted over with a film. Therefore, in addition to brown and beige colors, this furniture can be yellow, orange, white, cream, greenish and olive. If necessary, the color of such products can be changed (for example, by updating old furniture for an interior in any color scheme). This is done by means of a self-adhesive film, choosing the desired shade.
The color of the glass inserts is varied. In addition to the classic glass and mirror facades of the cabinet, as well as the coffee table, unique designs of glass in chocolate and black colors are used in the arrangement of the hall. Outwardly, such pieces of furniture look stylish and expensive. Due to the color shade, the furniture successfully blends into the overall interior of the living room, giving it uniqueness and special aesthetics.
Products for the dining area of the living room are made in different colors. More often these are light shades of the palette: white, light gray, beige, light brown. This furniture is not basic, so it should not stand out.
Dark tones are excluded: they are appropriate where they will not interrupt all the attention to the dining area. Such furniture with chrome details looks good.
Style and design
The main factor that determines the design of furniture and its layout is the chosen style of the living room. Due to the design idea, you can convey the desired atmosphere, make the interior cozy. Today, the popular design directions are classic, modern, ethnic, vintage styles.
This trend includes classics, neoclassics, classicism, Italian style. The interior in the English style can also be ranked among them. These interior compositions require elegant furniture and the presence of elements of palace solemnity in it. This is leather upholstery of upholstered furniture, necessarily expensive solid wood furniture with carved legs and gilding. A chest of drawers with a mirror is acceptable.
The English direction is distinguished by some restraint and rich tones of upholstered furniture; this is a classic with a fireplace and upholstered furniture to match the heavy curtains.
Neoclassicism is somewhat simpler: it is close to modern trends: the tones of the furniture are lighter, but without gilding, the furniture loses its solemnity. The hallmark of the classic design branch is the symmetry and naturalness of the furniture. It is often massive and suitable mainly for spacious living rooms, although recently brands have been trying to produce compact models made of wood.
This group includes many areas that are distinguished by stylish and original solutions. Minimalism, modern, hi-tech are in demand. Minimalism is characterized by the use of modern materials with an abundance of metal structures. This is furniture on a metal frame, characterized by ergonomics and more often light shades of the color palette, which brings lightness and a sense of spaciousness to the interior. No frills: everything is simple and strictly functional, the lines of the furniture are straight, without bends.
Modernity allows for elegance: sofas and armchairs can have an unusual shape; instead of cabinets, racks and cantilever shelves are used. Coziness is appreciated, but without massiveness. The priority is the wood of valuable hard species, curly lines with sophisticated carving and inlay.
Shades should be light: pearl, blue, soft lavender, beige tones are appreciated.
High-tech does not allow furniture from random things; mechanisms are welcomed. Furniture items should be made of high quality synthetics, glass, stainless steel and not have any decorations.
The favorites of the style are built-in furniture, metal bar counters, transformable furniture subject to advanced technologies.
Among other design trends, loft and grunge are fashionable living room furnishings. They are distinguished by an imitation of a dwelling for an abandoned construction site. It combines two styles of using expensive furniture in the interior setting. It can be different in color, design, but it is important that it be branded. In the avant-garde style, an unusual form of furniture is welcomed, therefore, it is often made to order so that it is the central element of the hall.
Since the avant-garde loves freedom of space, furniture should not be bulky. It is important that it is functional.
This category includes oriental, Chinese, Arabic, Scandinavian styles, each of which has its own personality. For Chinese and Japanese styles, space and lightness of lines are important. Arabic design implies an abundance of carved and curly elements, the presence of gilding on the legs of a sofa, armchairs, and the use of rich colors in the arrangement. It is important that the furniture is elegant. For more similarity with a tent, it is complemented with all kinds of poufs and pillows.
The Scandinavian style does not accept an abundance of embellishments: it needs air, which is conveyed through the light tones of furniture and the simplicity of lines.
These areas include retro, provence, antique style and baroque. It is important here to convey the desired atmosphere through shade, form. In each case, the stylistic solution is individual. Furniture can be painted white with carved legs, or simple and deliberately rough.
The use of wooden structures and derivatives of the array is allowed. For example, in the antique style, it should be ceremonial and pompous with a claim to scope and power. Baroque is characterized by bizarre forms. The sofa and armchairs, made with an abundance of ornate decorative elements, can have gilded armrests, legs and a kind of crown along the top of the seat.
How to furnish correctly?
It is not enough to buy furniture, for the harmony of the interior it is important to arrange it correctly. The main focus of any living room is the sofa. More often it is not placed in a corner, but placed in the center of the wall. Opposite the sofa, they arrange a video zone: they highlight the wall with contrasting wallpaper, put a rack with open and closed shelves and a place for plasma. All small parts are put away in the drawers.
Sometimes the arrangement is arbitrary. For example, if the living room is located in the attic, the sofa can be positioned along the window. If it is necessary to zone the space, a sofa, a rack, a wardrobe can be located across the room. If space is sufficient, an accent guest area can be in the center of the room.
Let's look at a few examples:
- the sofa is located in a niche formed by installing furniture for a home library;
- a wall with closed shelves, drawers and a TV set opposite the sofa, a table and two armchairs;
- cantilever shelves with pedestals are appropriate on both sides of the fireplace ledge, the corner sofa is perpendicular to it;
- an unusual technique of using a corner under a video zone with a glass table and two ergonomic chairs in front of it;
an example of a symmetrical arrangement inherent in the classics: a sofa in the center, armchairs and side tables on the sides, a coffee table in front of the sofa
- playing with constructive protrusions with custom-made furniture: the corner sectional structure passes from the guest area to the dining area;
- the sofa delimits the space of the dining and guest areas: the location of the corner structure adds an unobtrusive organization;
- the sofa can be placed in the bay window, leaving space for free passage to the windows. In this case, an identical sofa can be positioned symmetrically relative to the first in relation to the fireplace.
Manufacturers and reviews
On the modern furniture market, there is a wide range of furniture for arranging a living room. Polish, Belarusian, German, and also domestic companies have achieved particular success and attention of buyers.
"The ABCs of furniture" produces combined cabinets, cabinets, sectional racks, walls, structures with glass facades and TV shelves
BRW manufactures modular systems including display cabinets, shelves, TV stands, hanging boxes, linear and corner furniture
Borovichi is a manufacturer of corner and linear sofas of various shapes and transformation systems with and without armrests, as well as poufs, living rooms in the form of walls in white and wood colors
"Lapis lazuli" produces racks of classic and wall type of various modifications, stylish coffee tables, sofas in elite light and dark shades
Reviews of these furniture manufacturers are mostly positive. Buyers note that the furnishing of the living room becomes stylish with it, looks modern and expensive. At the same time, the comments indicate the lightness of the designs, the spaciousness and convenience of the selection of modules in each specific case.
Beautiful examples and options
To assess the possibilities of creating a harmonious living room interior through furniture, you can refer to the examples of the photo gallery.
Eclecticism in the interior of the living room, combined with the dining area, looks stylish and appropriate.
Sectional upholstered furniture, an unusual coffee table fit into the deliberately rough design of the space with an emphasis on communications.
A corner sofa, a laconic table, a rack with console shelves make up a harmonious set of furniture in a small space.
An original solution in the Provence style: upholstery of upholstered furniture of different texture and shade, the color of tables, sideboards and sectional display cabinets. The general appearance is harmonious, the space is small, at the same time cozy and not overloaded.
Stylish and elite solution: allocation of the guest area with a corner sofa and a transforming cabinet, making the dining area from furniture identical in color and style.
The use of built-in furniture in the living room saves space: a rack with glass fronts, a sideboard and a place for a TV uses a niche, making the wall an easy accent of the room.