The owners of apartments of the "Khrushchev" type were convinced from their own experience what inconveniences an ill-conceived layout of an apartment can cause. The construction proceeded taking into account the large shortage of living space, as a result of which it was required to build the maximum possible number of residential buildings in a short time. To achieve this task, the internal arrangement of apartments was simplified and the quality of building materials decreased. Carrying out any construction and repair and finishing work in old houses requires additional consideration of all the nuances and features of the structure.
The process of glazing balconies in "Khrushchev" is more laborious and complicated in comparison with similar works carried out on the loggia. The main problem is related to the need to comply with the permissible weight limits of the structure to be installed on the base plate.
The team of builders performing the glazing of the balcony must take into account other features of the work:
- Carrier plate. The condition of the concrete of the bearing slab on the balcony is assessed and if it begins to crumble, then construction and installation work is not allowed.
- Balcony railings. Often the weak point of balconies in "Khrushchevs" is the railings, as a result of which their use for the installation of metal-plastic balcony structures, without additional reinforcements, is impossible.
- Dimensions. On the balconies in the buildings of the old building, it will not be possible to freely accommodate two people and, if the building is technically feasible, glazing with a take-out is carried out
Installation of a balcony frame on existing fences is undesirable. For reliable installation, it is recommended to re-make it from modern and lightweight building materials. If it is impossible to manufacture a new structure, it is necessary to strengthen the existing balcony railing.
There are no significant restrictions on this issue. The main observance of the condition: the frame to be installed must meet the permissible requirements for the maximum weight of the balcony glazing structure. Full-scale preparatory construction work is required to organize a full-fledged foundation for the installation of a new support. The most common materials used for balcony glazing are:
Metal-plastic. The optimal solution for installing warm balcony glazing. The disadvantage of this type is the weight of the finished product, therefore it is not recommended to install a triple glass unit, but opt for a three-chamber profile with a double glass unit. The number of opening sashes should also be minimal, because the weight of the blind opening is almost 2 times less than a similar sash opening
Wood. One of the most environmentally friendly glazing methods, giving the finished balcony a beautiful appearance. Thanks to the use of modern fittings, the sashes can be opened in different directions, which makes their use convenient and functional. The disadvantages of this method of glazing can be attributed to the exacting design in constant and careful maintenance. During operation, the tree shrinks or, on the contrary, expands depending on the influence of external factors (temperature, water)
Aluminum. The version with an aluminum profile is suitable for balconies without insulation. The low weight of the structure reduces the weight acting on the floor, which means that it does not require additional reinforcement. The disadvantages include significant thermal conductivity.When the temperature outside reaches - 5 degrees, the profile will freeze
To save space, it is better to opt for a design with a sliding window system.
There are two types of balcony glazing: warm and cold. Which of the options will be acceptable depends on the load exerted on the floors. Estimated data allow no more than 100 kg per square meter. meter, and recommended - 65 kg. By installing additional props, a slight increase in permissible loads can be achieved, but the values will not change dramatically. For the correct calculation of the permissible load, a design for the future structure is required.
Subject to all the rules and requirements, the balcony will become one with the room, which will allow it to be used for various purposes: a study, a flower greenhouse. It is necessary to carry out accurate calculations of the permissible load, taking into account additional insulation and the installation of a massive structure. To carry out the necessary work, a team of builders with experience in performing such work is required. For warm glazing, options from metal-plastic or wood are suitable.
For full protection from external factors, it is recommended to install products with additional insulation inserts. PVC profiles that meet the required characteristics are produced by both Russian and foreign manufacturers. German and French quality is known all over the world today, so the products of manufacturers from these countries are in constant demand.
For cold glazing, an aluminum profile is used, which significantly reduces the load on the slab. When the insulation of the balcony is not required, it is preferable to use a structure with an aluminum profile.
One of the types of glazing that does not exert heavy loads on the floor slabs is considered frameless. The installation process of this structure consists of two stages:
- Installing the guides
- Installation of glasses with special rollers
The doors will open in a sliding way. This design makes it possible to move the sashes to one side, freeing up the entire area of the balcony. The frameless method makes it possible to realize panoramic glazing, which gives a very effective appearance. This option also has disadvantages. The main one is that the installation site must have a perfectly flat surface with a clear horizontal line.
Installation of frames does not require perfect geometry of the balcony opening. Installation will be much easier and faster.
On the top floor
The most costly in financial terms will be the glazing of a balcony with a roof. On the last floors of houses of the "Khrushchev" type, it is often absent, therefore additional roofing work is required. A frame is made of metal, which must meet certain conditions:
- The correct angle of inclination, which is calculated taking into account the slope of the roofing system of the house
- Minimum floor load. For the full implementation of construction work, it may be required to issue permits.
With a takeaway
The implementation of construction and installation works for the installation of a structure with a take-out is possible only if there is a technical and operational capability.
The process of removing a glazed balcony consists of the following activities:
- Dismantling the fence
- Manufacturing and installation of a new metal structure in the form of a mirror reflection of the letter G. It is allowed to protrude beyond the dimensions of the balcony by no more than 50 cm.
- A frame is mounted on the edge of the structure. The protruding part is covered with a window sill of the required length.
- Internal insulation and finishing works.
Performing high-quality glazing of the Khrushchev balcony requires a professional approach, and it will be very difficult to implement a set of works with your own hands.An accurate calculation of the permissible maximum load and a reasonable choice of glazing option are required. The parameters are determined individually, there can be no ready-made universal solution.
The initial stage of work involves the development of a sequence of work and a project of the future structure, which fully describes the parameters of each unit. It is recommended to choose building materials with low weight and good resistance to external factors as materials for glazing a balcony.