Features and Benefits
Balcony doors have a protective function. This element prevents the ingress of dust particles, as well as debris and debris from the street. Also, balcony doors provide good sound insulation of the room and maintain heat in the apartment or in the house. Currently, newer models are very popular - sliding doors to the balcony. Manufacturers present a wide selection of these designs, which differ depending on the method of opening and the materials from which they are made.
The only drawback of sliding doors is that in order to move them to the sides, it is necessary to free up space near the walls, therefore, in some cases, in order to install such a structure, you have to abandon the window sills on the adjacent walls with windows. But on the other hand, in view of the fact that such doors do not open wide open, you can functionally use all the space in front and behind such a door. It is this feature that determines their popularity. Sliding balcony doors are an irreplaceable design for a small room with a loggia.
In addition to their highly functional purpose, doors with this design have a number of other advantages. So, they look very stylish and ergonomic, thanks to a wide variety of balcony door designs, you can choose exactly the design that will perfectly fit into the interior of your home. In addition, a large number of such doors are made by manufacturers with a wide glass insert. This design lets in more sunlight and perfectly illuminates the adjacent room. For example, sliding doors to a loggia from France are almost completely glass.
Another positive quality of such a door is that with its help you can take a wide passage to the balcony. And at the same time, they can open much wider and free up a passage through which you can take out or bring furniture onto the balcony during repairs. Many models of such structures are equipped with special locks that are almost impossible to open manually from the outside. In addition, this type is completely safe. You do not have to worry about the fact that your kids will pinch the handle with such a design or get another injury.
The most popular type is a sliding door, which resembles the design of a wardrobe. Such flaps move apart together in different directions or in one direction, as well as separately. They move on rollers on special rails parallel to each other. This design is very quiet, the doors move very gently and almost silently. They are very lightweight, and at the same time they are convenient to use, but, as a rule, because of this design, manufacturers do not decorate them very interestingly.
These doors can be used both for full opening and for ventilation of the room. If you turn the handle of such a door up, it will swing back a little, leaving a space through which air will flow. If you turn the door handle to the side and pull it slightly towards you, then you can open this structure to the side, parallel to the second sash. To close it, you need to move it in the opposite direction until it stops and lower the handle down to lock the structure.
When opened, such a structure first rises up, and then moves to the side. It turns out that one sash is superimposed on the second. This type of sliding structure is best used for installation on loggias with wide doorways.
This design has several flaps, which, when opened, fold into an accordion, that is, each part, when opened, unfolds perpendicular to the wall, and the entire resulting assembly moves in one direction. Such doors do not overlap and do not hide one after the other. This type of sliding door takes up a little more space than the previous ones and is also more suitable for wide doorways. Another drawback of this design is that the profiles of all sashes are separated, and at the same time they do not allow daylight to penetrate. Most often, such doors are made of plastic, less often you can find wooden and aluminum doors with an accordion-like design.
According to the degree of protection against low temperatures, warm and cold sliding balcony doors are distinguished. This classification is carried out on the basis of the type of profile used in the door construction. The cold type of doors can do well with the function of protection from precipitation, dirt and dust and will protect you from the wind as much as possible, but it will not help in thermal insulation in any way. This structure is made of the most common profile material, it does not have specialized inserts that are responsible for thermal insulation.
As a rule, ordinary double-glazed windows are inserted into such a structure. Installation of this type of structure must always be accompanied by proper insulation of the balcony. Otherwise, it simply will not cope with the low temperature protection, and it will be very cold in the apartment. An alternative option is to install heating devices on the loggia if such a door is placed.
Warm balcony sliding doors are preferred as they provide excellent thermal insulation to the adjoining room. Such a design will save from the cold even on the coldest winter days, not to mention its function of protection from wind, dust and precipitation. Such a balcony door will maintain a good temperature in the house or in the apartment, even if you have an unglazed cold loggia. In the production of this structure, manufacturers use profiles from a mixture of metal and plastic or profiles from aluminum. The insulating property of this structure appears due to specialized inserts that provide complete thermal insulation.
This design usually has a double-glazed window with one or two chambers. Its glasses have special very comfortable properties. They do not let heat out of the room during the winter season and do not let in the ultraviolet rays of the sun during the hot summer season. Such sliding balcony doors will help maintain a comfortable indoor climate at any time of the year.
Most often, sliding doors for a balcony are made of polyvinyl chloride, since it is one of the most inexpensive and at the same time practical materials. The next most popular material is aluminum, it is durable and no less practical. Some people choose sliding balcony doors made of wood. They are very reliable, but they are quite expensive.
The sash frames of this design are made of plastic, they are relatively light in weight and at the same time they are very reliable and completely safe. They do a good job with their main functions: in the summer they will help to cool the room, and in the winter they will keep warm in the room adjacent to the loggia. This material is very durable, it does not care about severe frosts, and these factors will not affect the appearance of such a door in any way. In addition, plastic structures are not subject to decay and other deformations.
Another positive feature of such sliding balcony doors is that they have a fairly low cost. In addition, these doors are very easy to maintain. The plastic has high thermal protective properties. This is the most versatile material: doors of any shape and design can be made from it.
This design is environmentally friendly and at the same time has a low cost. It can be used for installation in a doorway of absolutely any size and format. This material meets fire safety requirements, and, moreover, it does not rust after years of use. It is also versatile due to the fact that you can paint it a different color at any time during the renovation.
Aluminum doors are quite lightweight. This material is very durable and reliable. Its only drawback is that it is cold. The profile of such a door must be insulated, otherwise the door will not retain heat in the room adjacent to the loggia.
Now glass doors for a loggia and windows are most often made of fiberglass. This material consists of seventy percent glass, and the remaining thirty percent are fabric elements impregnated with a special resin solution made of polyester or epoxy. The result is a very strong and more reliable material than ordinary glass. Such a substance is much more difficult to break, and at the same time it is much lighter than standard glass.
Such a door will not react to temperature changes, in addition, its strength will be almost equal to the strength of the metal structure. Fiberglass does an excellent job of maintaining a normal room temperature. This material is suitable for both glazed and cold, non-glazed balconies. With such insulation, it will not be necessary to carry out heating to the balcony.
Fiberglass composite does not evaporate any harmful substances, and therefore it is completely environmentally friendly. You can make any kind of sliding door from this material according to the type of design. Moreover, such a door will skillfully fit into any interior: you can independently choose any design for this element of the loggia.
Installation of doors with this design has several nuances. As a rule, this type of door is mounted instead of a balcony block, which consists of a doorway and a window. In this case, the wall under the window sill is demolished to make room for sliding balcony doors. This part of the wall must be cut using specialized tools.
To demolish concrete walls, you must use a special wall cutting machine, otherwise, if you use other means, you can simply break the entire wall. To do this, you need to use a diamond wheel about thirty millimeters in size or more, depending on the thickness of the wall. With your own hands, you can break or disassemble only brickwork to install a sliding balcony door. In addition, you may have to break down the threshold when entering the loggia. In this case, it will be necessary to level the floors in the adjoining room and on the loggia.
Before carrying out all these works, it is imperative to make sure that it is allowed to demolish such a wall in your house and specifically in your apartment. It is possible that such a wall is load-bearing, and then it is strictly forbidden to carry out such work. After you find out if it is allowed to remodel this wall in this way, you can prepare it for the installation of a sliding balcony door. Be sure to first carry out all measurements, and after that start the selection and installation of such a structure.