Each owner wants to decorate his house as much as possible, not only from the inside, but also from the outside. Good windows are installed, the balcony is neatly repaired, and some go even further and create a real floral masterpiece, decorating it with flowers, most often with their own hands. The design with flowers on the loggia looks incredibly beautiful and pleases the eye not only of the owners of the house themselves, but of all passers-by who now and then glance at such beauty.
But in order to create a real flower garden on your balcony, it is not enough just to choose the right color combinations, it is also important to correctly select the varieties of plants that suit your interior.
Flowers for decorating the balcony are divided into two types: annual, blooming for only one season, and perennial, which can delight the eye all year round. Annual plants are planted in the spring, and during the summer they thrive, grow, and bloom. You can start planting seeds and take care of them yourself, but if there is no time for this, there is an opportunity to buy ready-made seedlings and continue the growing process begun by a professional gardener.
One of the best and most secure balconies is petunias and pelargoniums. These are flowers that are traditionally salted every year to decorate this site. But there are also new varieties of flowers that also look very beautiful and are also easy to care for. Lobelia and ganation will not only delight the eye all summer, but will also be something new and original. It is worth paying attention to the advice of experienced gardeners, who recommend growing not only new varieties of plants, but also traditional ones, in order to be sure of their flowering and to guarantee yourself a beautiful view for the whole summer in case the new variety does not grow.
It is advised to plant plants not at the same time, or with a different flowering period. In this case, the flowers will grow one by one and will be a wonderful decoration of the balcony from spring to early autumn.
Perennials are selected from varieties that are resistant to frost and cold. Naturally, in winter you cannot leave flowers outside; after the end of the warm season, they are transferred to pots and brought into the room so that they continue their growth in the usual temperature regime. Most often, preference is given to dwarf roses, which are sold ready-made, regrown and only need good care. If the loggia is insulated, then the flowers can be left outside and they will not suffer, since they will actually be inside the house.
Criterias of choice
To provide your garden on the loggia with not only beauty, but also long-term flowering of plants, you need to choose the right varieties of flowers, depending on the location of the balcony, or rather the side it faces. Each side has its own characteristics, to which only certain types can adapt.
For example, unpretentious plants that love shade and do not require strong sun or soil fertilization are suitable for the north side. These include pansies, begonias, tulips, fuchsias, and nasturtiums. These varieties only need regular watering.
The sunny side of the balcony, facing south, is intended for flowers that need sun, which can be left without watering for a long time. Petunias, phloxes and calendula are excellent seedlings for the south side.
The western and eastern directions are the most optimal for growing a flower garden on your loggia. The advantage of these directions is that the sun gives them the coolest and most gentle rays in the morning during sunrise and in the evenings at sunset. These conditions, which are pledged by soft sunlight, make it possible to grow in oneself a variety of varieties of flowers that are not intended for the shady north or hot south side.
Flowers that need moderate light and moisture are ideal for the eastern balcony, such varieties include tulips, dwarf roses, hydrangeas and freesias. On the western balcony, in addition to the above species, asters and tradescantia will bloom beautifully. The latter has a decorative leaf color and will refresh your flower garden. The varieties themselves are better to choose dwarf or undersized, so as not to weigh down the site visually. You can pick up plants with different flowering periods, then you will be provided with a beautiful garden on the loggia throughout the summer.
Another equally important factor when choosing a particular plant variety is the type of balcony: open or closed.
For an open one, begonia, salvia, petunia and viola will be the best option, they will refresh the overall view of the balcony. It is worth noting that begonia tolerates colder temperatures well, and also grows well on the shady side. To decorate an open balcony beautifully, you need to correctly and tastefully arrange the pots with plants, and also plant a little greenery with perennial flowers, which are transferred to the room in case of cold weather.
With a glazed balcony, the situation is easier, since the temperature regime in this case is easier and better observed and you can create a real greenhouse from violets, azaleas and many other varieties of flowers.
How to decorate the interior
If you are one of those people who use the balcony for their own pleasure, and not for a warehouse of unnecessary things, you will definitely want to give it a special comfort and beauty. To do this, you can maintain the entire design in one specific style, so everything will look very harmonious.
You can select and arrange pots in a specific color scheme by planting the appropriate flowers in them. The pots themselves can be placed in special baskets or on a flower rack. Some owners equip the balcony with special wall brackets for flower pots, they perfectly complement the interior and do not take up much space.
But for a complete picture, only beautiful plants are not enough; you need to choose the right additional furniture, rugs or even paintings if the balcony is closed. A small table with two chairs gives a special comfort to the loggia. In summer, surrounded by many flowers, it is very pleasant to drink tea and have fun in such a place.
Correct selection of pots
To provide plants with long flowering and favorable conditions, it is important to choose a pot not only by color, but also by material, depending on the root system of the plant. For example, ceramic containers are perfect for closed balconies as they provide additional soil ventilation. On the sunny side, it is recommended to put pots of light colors that repel the sun's rays, while on the north - dark ones, on the contrary, attract them.
You can create very original compositions using pots of various shapes, but one shade. If there is a table on the loggia, it is recommended to put a round pot on it and plant flowers with wide leaves inside, which will visually add volume and green the corner.