Country houses in our country, as a rule, are not designed for living in winter, and therefore they do not require the installation of a heating system. For a comfortable stay on cool summer and autumn nights, many people heat their dacha with a stove-stove or use household heaters. These methods are ineffective, since a stove-stove requires a large consumption of wood, and heaters consume a lot of electricity, and both of them are able to heat only a small space around them. An excellent way out for those who like to spend time in the country is to install a long-burning fireplace in the house.
Solid fuel stoves of modern production are very compact and have a very aesthetic appearance. Most models have fireproof glass sealed doors for viewing the flames.
With all the variety of models, all devices consist of the following parts
- metal body (cast iron or steel);
- combustion chambers - furnaces (many models have a secondary combustion chamber);
- ash pan;
- air passages;
- a branch pipe for exhausting gases into the secondary chamber;
- cast iron grate;
- water jacket (for ovens with a water circuit).
Unlike a traditional stove, air is fed into the firebox of a fireplace stove not from below, but from above. The firebox has a control system that artificially restricts the air supply. As a result, the wood in the stove does not burn, but smolders. When wood smolders, pyrolysis gases are emitted, which enter the secondary combustion chamber, where they are burned, thereby significantly increasing the efficiency of the furnace.
Thus, the main advantage of the fireplace stove over other heating devices is the long operating time between the woods, on average, depending on the model's characteristics, from 6 to 12 hours.
Users of long-burning fireplaces first of all, of course, note the efficiency of operation - economical fuel consumption and long-term maintenance of temperature. The disadvantages include a long-term transition to a long-term burning mode, that is, the impossibility of quickly heating the room.
Also, when choosing models with a secondary chamber, it should be borne in mind that when the pyrolysis gases are removed, excessive condensation occurs. Therefore, the chimney should be positioned with a minimum number of transition sections.
Currently, all over the world there are a large number of companies engaged in the production of fireplaces for giving long burning. The leading positions are occupied by Western European manufacturers from Norway and France. This is followed by manufacturers from Eastern Europe and Russia.
When choosing a long-burning fireplace stove, one should not give preference to frankly cheap options. In addition to low heating capacity, such devices are often made of low-grade materials and their operation is not durable and unsafe. This is the case when the high price of the stoves justifies itself in many ways. Although, of course, among the budget options for domestic production, there are very decent models.
The Norwegian company Jotul is rightfully considered a veteran in the heating appliance market, as they have been producing cast iron stoves and fireboxes for over 150 years. During this time, the efficiency, convenience and beauty of its products have become very popular all over the world. Modern production takes place using the latest developments and industrial technologies, which guarantees high quality products. Jotul cast iron fireplaces are distinguished by durability, high strength, safety and ease of use.
The modern model range of Jotul ovens is very diverse, and is represented by more than 20 positions. The devices differ in power and dimensions, the presence or absence of a hob, clean combustion systems and clean glass.
The furnaces can work in the mode of long burning from 7 to 10 hours. The price range, depending on the model, is from 40,000 to 250,000 rubles.
The Serbian company Bella Thalia entered the market in 1996, and by 2009 had become one of the European leaders in the production of home oven products. All models of this company are distinguished by an original, unusual appearance and modest dimensions. They are perfect for heating small ones - up to 80 sq.m. - premises and food preparation. The maximum power of the furnaces is 8 kW, the efficiency is 70%. Prices for Bella Thalia fireplace stoves start at 11,000 rubles, which makes them very attractive for Russian buyers.
Tim Sistem is the Serbian leader in the production of fireplace stoves and stove equipment. They specialize in the production of compact cast iron models, easy to install, for rooms up to 90sqm.
The maximum power is 9kW. Each stove has an original design.
The company produces both budget products from 14,000 rubles, and models equipped with an oven, from 65,000 rubles.
A feature of long-burning fireplace stoves from the Russian company FireWay is their low weight with high power.
With small dimensions, each model can heat a room of 120-150 sq.m. It can also be used for cooking. The mode of operation of these stoves requires laying firewood no more often than every 6-8 hours.
The low weight allows the FireWay to be installed on floors higher than the first, which is their exceptional feature.
You can buy "the best alternative to a stove," as satisfied customers called it, from 21,000 rubles. All products are guaranteed for 5 years.
For more than 15 years of being on the Russian market, EcoFireplace has become the most famous domestic manufacturer of steel long-burning fireplaces. The basis of the EcoKamin model range is the Bavaria series of stoves. The power of all Bavaria fireplace stoves is 9 kW, they are perfect for heating rooms with an area of 80 to 150 square meters and cooking.
All models have hobs and observation windows, allowing you to admire the flame, some are equipped with ovens, equipped with drawers for collecting ash.
The devices are designed in such a way that the combustion chambers are very easy to clean. Prices for fireplace stoves Bavaria start at 16,000 rubles.
The Russian company "Greyvari" specializes in the production of stoves for baths and saunas. The range of fireplace stoves for long-burning summer cottages is represented by the Sicily and Malta models. These models are distinguished by their sophisticated design and functionality. The capacity of the stoves is designed for rooms with an area of 70-80 sq.m. The price ranges from 17 to 25,000 rubles.
The company "Laotherm" has existed on the Russian market since 1993, and is known for the production of ovens under the brand name "Buleryan", which was later renamed to "Breneran".
The Buleryan-type apparatus was developed in Canada for fast heating of loggers' houses, therefore its main advantages are high efficiency and quick start-up. The smallest stove can heat a room up to 100sq.m. Solid fuel boiler Buleryan from one bookmark works up to 6 hours. The design assumes the use of almost all types of solid fuels, except for coking coal.
The modern Buleryan gas-generating furnace is a profitable and safe solution for a wooden country house or any other unheated building. Laotherm company provides a wide range of this device with a price from 11,000 to 55,000 rubles.
The range of Ligov fireplace stoves is dedicated to its hometown of St. Petersburg. These ovens, in addition to high efficiency and excellent quality, are distinguished by a consistent aesthetic appearance.
"Kronstadt", "Fontanka", "Volkhov" and other models will be an excellent decoration for any home.
A new word in the production of fireplace stoves was the release of the Petrograd model, the uniqueness of which lies in the fact that it combines two complementary theories of stove heating - convection and storage. Thanks to this, the furnace has the highest possible efficiency and retains heat for a long time. At a price of 34,000 rubles, the Petrograd fireplace stove has already been appreciated by many buyers.
The rest of the assortment of the Ligov company includes both budget options from 13,000 rubles and stoves in stone (coil finish) for connoisseurs of beauty from 55,000 rubles.
Teplodar company has been on the market of furnace equipment since 1997, and during this time has managed to establish itself as a responsible manufacturer, always taking care of its customers.
In their production, they use their own patent designs and high-tech equipment. All production is located in Russia, which significantly reduces the cost of production.
The Teplodar fireplace stoves are distinguished by their ergonomic design and high work efficiency. The company's catalog contains more than 20 basic models that have more than 100 modifications. You can buy Teplodar fireplaces from 24,000 rubles.
Long-burning fireplace stoves from the Termofor company are characterized by a corporate design. Their feature is the vertical loading of firewood, which makes the whole structure compact.
All models are equipped with cast iron hobs, deep ash drawers and clean glass systems.
These ovens are ideal for small spaces. The price range starts from 16,000 rubles.
The Belarusian company "Meta-Bel" is engaged in the production of steel convection-type fireplace stoves. All models have a "clean glass" system.
The room is quickly heated by infrared radiation, which the metal of the furnace gives off through the glass. The furnace is lined with fireclay bricks, which extend the life of the furnace to 10 years or more.
The popularity of the Meta-Bel oven was largely due to its affordable price - from 2,000 rubles. The lineup is represented by 20 positions, with powers from 6 to 9 kW. Furnaces such as Yenisei, Angara, Okhta, Neva are in the greatest demand. A separate line of sauna stoves has been created.
All Meta-Bel fireplace stoves are manufactured in accordance with international technological standards and are certified in the Republic of Belarus, the Russian Federation and the European Union. This is an excellent economical and effective solution for a country house or summer cottage.