The modern world began to gradually forget about how people used to live in Russia. Now we can learn about traditions, way of life and customs only from books on history. The Russian stove is one of the main assets of the Russian people. In those early days, it was the center of any home. They cooked food for the whole family in the stove, used it as a heating center.
The Russian stove was considered a favorite habitat for household members. The large bed was the warmest and most comfortable place in the house. According to people in Russia, a bed of this type allowed one to see only pleasant dreams, and the dream was like that of babies.
The Russian stove was a truly unique and functional invention. It was installed in such a way that it could heat all sides of the house. The food cooked in a Russian oven was incredibly tasty and healthy. Only cast iron pots that could withstand high temperatures could be used as dishes. The temperature in the hostess's oven was determined using a newspaper. If the paper, placed underneath, immediately flashed, then the temperature was equal to 300 degrees. And then in time: after 5 seconds - 270 degrees, 15 seconds - 250 degrees, 30 seconds - 200 degrees. And no thermometers could determine the temperature in the oven more accurately.
Modern stove with fireplace
Despite the fact that now people have the opportunity to install absolutely any heating device, including compact fireplaces and boilers, in many villages, rural areas, people still strive to reproduce the spirit of antiquity in their dachas by installing a Russian stove in their homes. Of course, the modern version of such a furnace is somewhat different from the one that was before. Now it is possible to use the most modern building materials that better withstand high temperatures.
The Russian stove with a fireplace is considered a real trend that appears in more and more homes. The fireplace in this case performs a decorative function, so it alone is not able to properly heat a large area. The fireplace is used to provide a cozy home environment. After all, hardly anyone will refute the fact that crackling firewood, beautiful flame and light warmth are some of the best relaxants that allow you to forget about everyday problems and spend a pleasant evening with your family.
Modern two-in-one ovens retain their function as a cooking and space heating device. Therefore, the Russian stove with a fireplace is also a rather versatile design. Now there are more opportunities to create a real work of art, which will be not only practical, but also pleasing to the eye of the inhabitants of the house.
With a couch
If you are a fan of the old Russian way of life and want to plunge at least a little into the atmosphere of antiquity, then you can build a Russian stove with a stove bench in your country house. Such a stove will take up more space than a conventional stove with a fireplace, so the room should be spacious enough. A modern stove with a stove bench, despite its considerable dimensions, is much smaller than the one that was installed in the old days. The modern design of the stove makes it a real decoration and the main attraction of the interior.
You choose the size of the bed yourself, no one forbids building even a spacious double bed with soft feather beds.
A Russian stove with a stove bench can be a combined option, combine several functions at once. It can be an option with or without a fireplace.In addition, you can choose an oven design with a separate cast iron segment for cooking. Thus, you completely eliminate the need for an electric cooker.
The design of the Russian stove can be absolutely anything. You have the opportunity to reproduce as much as possible the old look of the stove in your home or give preference to more modern design ideas. In any case, such a stove will look attractive, and the spirit of the ancestors will blow from it.
The Russian stove has a rather complex design, consisting of many parts. As with building a house, building a Russian stove requires a solid foundation that can withstand the heavy construction of a Russian stove. Only after the foundation has completely solidified, which may take at least 28 days, can the furnace itself be erected. The process of building a Russian stove is quite laborious. To make the right stove, you need to take into account all the nuances, because it will be much more difficult to redo the structure.
Furnace designs are very different, but the overall design is still very similar. Each Russian stove has a hilo, under, firebox and chimney. If you prefer a combined stove, then it will have a Fireplace or a separate hob made of cast iron. Unlike the old folk way of building stoves, modern masonry allows you to add new elements to the stove.
All Russian stoves have grates, which are special grates installed between the firebox and the blower. The grates do not allow large fuel particles to fall into the blower and send only fine ash there.
At first glance, it may seem that laying a Russian stove is a rather banal and well-honed procedure. But in fact, even in the old days, it was quite difficult to find a good oven master who could create the perfect design without the slightest error. Only a properly laid out stove will serve for a long time and perform all its functions without any failures.
The most optimal ordering option is a structure of 40 rows, the last two of which represent the beginning of the chimney. The first row of bricks is laid on a pre-prepared foundation in a perfectly even layer. This row is very important, since the durability and evenness of the entire structure depends on it.
The second row represents the formation of chimney channels, a place for a fireplace and a firebox. The most important thing here is to do everything slowly and observing all proportions. The second row is continued by the third, fourth and fifth, which fit according to the same principle.
When laying the sixth row, the firebox door and decorative grilles are installed, which are a necessary element for proper air circulation and blowing. For laying the walls of the firebox and fireplace, durable fire-resistant bricks are used. After that, the seventh and eighth rows are laid out, and the ninth row is the closing one and overlaps the lower passage channels.
From the eleventh to the thirteenth row, an arched crucible is being formed. All other rows repeat the shape of the chimneys, valves and ceilings are installed.
Where to install
Before installing a Russian stove with a fireplace, it is necessary to draw up a detailed diagram of the fireplace itself and the house in which it will be located. The ideal option is the installation of a Russian stove during the construction phase of the building. This avoids the need to break walls and floors to install the stove. But installing it in an already finished house is also possible, but now it will be much more difficult to choose the right place that will be well suited for this type of stove.
The Russian stove should be installed so that it covers the house with its warmth as much as possible.If the house is wooden, then some heat-resistant layer must be placed between the partition and the stove, which will protect the house from fire.
For the construction of the stove, it is recommended to use only the highest quality even brick, which will not create additional problems during the construction of the structure. In order for the oven to turn out smooth and look aesthetically pleasing, it is better to first try on each row without using mortar.