Who doesn't love outdoor recreation: fragrant kebabs, the smell of smoke that awakens the sense of smell, and hypnotizing flame dances? Unfortunately, it is not always possible to go out into the forest and spend time in the bosom of nature. But, in fact, this is not necessary, because you can build your own fireplace-brazier for the gazebo in your yard - a convenient, beautiful and reliable device for realizing any wishes related to outdoor recreation.
Plans to have a wonderful time with loved ones and friends, looking at the flames and enjoying delicious dishes just cooked on the grill will not be spoiled by bad weather, and will not force you to cancel the planned.
What is a brazier fireplace
Why are brazier fireplaces so popular? This fact is explained very simply - the versatility of accessories for a summer residence is indescribable. These buildings quickly become the center of a recreation area, places around which gazebos are set up, benches, and swings for sitting are placed.
Owning a brazier fireplace, you can cook barbecue, barbecue, grill, you can organize a holiday in any weather. The time spent in the fresh air near the fire of the fireplace-barbecue will be remembered for a long time, will cheer up, energize. In addition, this device will be an excellent decoration for the landscape, since it fits perfectly into the natural setting.
Externally, brazier fireplaces are not too different from fireplaces erected in enclosed spaces. This is the same foundation, firewood stove and chimney, nothing supernatural.
If desired, if opportunities permit, you can make the structure more complex by arranging a table, sink, oven with a hob around it. A cauldron will fit in its hole, where various delicacies will be prepared. Thus, in one place you can build a whole kitchen. Be that as it may, the center of the composition will always be a fireplace-barbecue.
You can decorate the building with various finishing materials of natural origin, for example, stone tiles or tiles.
Varieties of fireplaces
Mangal fireplaces, equipped in an open space, are divided:
- Detached street buildings without a roof and the presence of a hood, similar to ordinary barbecues, but made of bricks with a provided niche for firewood.
- Units with a stone or metal chimney. Many people often associate these brazier fireplaces with fabulous stoves.
- Brazier fireplaces in conjunction with other devices for cooking food on fire.
- Braziers-fireplaces located under the roof of summer buildings.
In addition, brazier fireplaces can be divided according to their design features - they can be triangular, semicircular, square and round, there are also exclusive asymmetrical devices.
Fireplace barbecue - pros and cons
The veranda will not withstand a brick fireplace with a barbecue, and for a gazebo this is too heavy a structure, so a very solid foundation is needed that will not succumb to the influence of the enormous weight. It is necessary to ensure that it does not settle or skew, otherwise it can provoke deformation of the entire structure.
Settling and distortions of the foundation must not be allowed, as they can lead to the complete destruction of the entire structure.
But in spite of everything, brazier fireplaces have a number of advantages. They
The design allows you to cook any dish of any complexity. As a result: in the summer, the gazebo can be easily transformed into a cozy summer kitchen, where the whole family can gather at one table in the evening.
But even in such a barrel of honey there is a fly in the ointment.
The disadvantages of fireplaces, barbecues include:
- the cost of construction is quite high relative to other materials;
- structures are very heavy, therefore they need a solid foundation, which also affects the wallet of the future owner;
- the need to make a chimney.
Materials and tools for the construction of a fireplace
Before proceeding with the independent construction of a fireplace-barbecue, you need to make sure that all the necessary tools have been purchased. First of all, these are: a container where the solution will be mixed, a shovel, a rubber hammer, a trowel, a meter, a level, a plumb line and a square.
Since the fireplace will stand outside, you need to take into account that it will be influenced by environmental factors, for example, wind, rain, sun. That is why it is better to give up cheap, and therefore not very high-quality building materials. To build a fireplace-barbecue you need:
- red and silicate brick for the firebox;
- cement, sand, crushed stone, pebbles, expanded clay;
- reinforcement for the foundation;
- facing material;
- formwork boards;
- metal corner;
These materials will provide the simplest construction possible. If you want to do something more functional (for example, to have a smokehouse), you need to understand that you will need many other construction, finishing and even plumbing materials.
The main work on the construction of a fireplace-barbecue
The brazier fireplace cannot be laid out on the eye. It is laid out according to a pre-prepared plan and scheme.
At the initial stage of the construction of any brick structures, the foundation is prepared - the foundation. For him, a pit is dug, on the bottom of which a cushion of gravel and rubble is laid, everything is compacted tightly.
The next stage is the installation of the formwork. The reinforcing structure can be welded or simply strapped from stainless wire. For the upper part of the foundation, a mortar is made of sand and cement. If a deeper pit is needed, then it must be filled with two layers of different solutions: the lower one will consist of pebbles and cement, and the upper one will be made of sand and cement.
Reinforcement mesh must be drawn through all layers. Align the upper part of the foundation with horizontal beacons and leave to dry completely. A waterproofing sheet is laid on the upper part of the base, on which the first row of bricks lies in the future.