Do-it-yourself Fireplace In The Country (37 Photos): Step-by-step Instructions On How To Make A Fireplace

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Do-it-yourself Fireplace In The Country (37 Photos): Step-by-step Instructions On How To Make A Fireplace
Do-it-yourself Fireplace In The Country (37 Photos): Step-by-step Instructions On How To Make A Fireplace

Video: Do-it-yourself Fireplace In The Country (37 Photos): Step-by-step Instructions On How To Make A Fireplace

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A rare country house is complete without a fireplace. If it is permissible to install electric fireplaces or biofireplaces in an apartment, then at the dacha you can thoroughly amuse your inner "caveman" and lay down a real hearth-fireplace with your own hands, which is heated with wood.

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Ideal if you plan to make a fireplace in your house while it is still under construction. In this case, you have the opportunity to build a house in such a way as to lay a chimney exactly in the places where you need it. It is not necessary to lay a fireplace immediately during the construction of a house; it is enough to lay a niche and a chimney. Then it will be possible to finish the hearth at any time convenient for you.

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The main points that must be taken into account when building a fireplace:

  • strengthening the foundation in the place where the furnace will be located;
  • additional space not only in the ceilings between floors, but also in the roof;
  • additional space for the firebox and for the portal;
  • the fireplace should not be located in front of a window or door, this leads to smoke from drafts.
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Where to start installation?

Fireplace installation begins with determining its weight. It depends on how much the final product will weigh whether it is necessary to lay a reinforced foundation under it. The foundation will have to be strengthened if the weight of the fireplace exceeds 500 kg. If you plan to cover the fireplace with a stone (for better heat preservation), then immediately throw 150 kg to its weight.

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The foundation for the fireplace is self-leveling and brick. Brick is used for fireplaces weighing up to 500 kg, if the fireplace is heavier, you need to do it in bulk.

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The self-leveling foundation drops below the floor level by 15 cm, in extreme cases, it can be made flush with it. For heavy large fireplaces, fittings are additionally installed in the foundation. The basis for the mixture is cement, which is mixed with gravel or other material (broken brick, ceramic tiles).

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Brick foundations are made both on the first and second floors of the house. For it, a strong brick is used, which is placed on the edge. Thus, at least 6 rows of bricks are laid out from the wall. High grade cement is used for bonding.

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A special foundation is made for a wooden floor. Initially, the place under the fireplace is covered with expanded clay with a layer of at least 15 cm (refractory layer), then a steel sheet is laid, and after that the main foundation is already made.

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Before starting to create the main part of the fireplace, any type of foundation should dry out for at least one week.

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Materials (edit)

Refractory bricks in the amount of at least 300 pieces. The easiest way to choose a good brick is to look at its color: light (underfired) brick crumbles when heated and is completely fragile. Glossy brick, as it were, covered with a crust (burnt), is very fragile, pricks even from a weak load.

When selecting bricks, you need to look so that they do not have cracks and chips, as well as large voids inside

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The bonding material for masonry is based on chamotte clay. You cannot use ordinary cement for masonry. The special solution can be bought packaged in bags with preparation instructions on the package. For an average fireplace, you will need about 100 kg of masonry mixture.

Cement, sand and crushed stone will be used to strengthen the foundation. If you plan to put a brick foundation, then still a solid brick. You will have to lay out six rows of bricks, placed end-to-end.

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A ready-made fireplace stove with a chimney or individual elements: cast-iron grate, door (possibly with glass).Several porcelain stoneware tiles or regular ceramic tiles to decorate the space in front of the fireplace.

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Step-by-step instruction

Sorting bricks. Broken, cracked and other non-standard bricks are rejected, they must be used for the construction of the foundation

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The first three rows of bricks are very important because this will be the base of the fireplace. They must be placed strictly according to the level, and limiters are inserted between the bricks for a smoother masonry

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Laying out two rows of bricks without mortar, laying the next on the mortar

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The fourth row is placed around the first three and a hole for the oven begins to form from it

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In the fifth row, it is worth considering the location of the blower. At the same stage, fasteners for a metal lattice are installed in the masonry. You can make them yourself

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The sixth row secures the supports. It also serves as a support for the grate (cast iron or steel grate that holds the fuel. Ash spills down through it)

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The seventh row is the base of the fireplace portal

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From the eighth to the thirteenth row, the decorative front part of the fireplace is laid out, which is tied together. From the eleventh row, the formation of a "mirror" begins - the inner rear wall of the fireplace, which is located at an angle

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On the fourteenth and fifteenth rows, the portals are again bandaged

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From the sixteenth row, the "mirror" is finished and the "tooth" begins, which is coated with clay soaked a few days earlier. This is to prevent a fire in the house

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From the seventeenth to the nineteenth row, the facade of the fireplace is formed

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On the twenty-second row is the creation of a chimney pipe with access to the street. The accepted dimensions for this hole are 15x28 cm. The wider the chimney, the more heat will be stored, the standard size gives good draft and allows optimal removal of combustion products

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On the twenty-third row, a "swallow tail" is formed - the shape of a smoke hole

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The last layer of brick is laid

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Installing the firebox

The purchased firebox is installed in the fireplace niche reserved for it. Then, using a branch pipe, the chimney pipe is connected to the firebox, after which it must be coated with a fire-resistant material, for example, clay. For a chimney, the best option would be a metal pipe, which is wrapped with glass wool or other heat-insulating materials. The essence of this is that, with strong heating, the pipe does not destroy the chimney masonry. The final touch is the installation of a door that regulates the pressure in the fireplace. It is placed 10 cm from the ceiling.

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