If you are the happy owner of your own country house or summer cottage, then you can afford such a wonderful functional interior detail as a real wood-burning fireplace. Wood-burning brick fireplaces for a home perfectly fit into the interior, give it a special comfort, and, most importantly, effectively heat a large area of the room. It is not easy to build such a fireplace, but, if desired, it is quite possible - you just need to carefully study the principles and features of its construction and follow all the recommendations at each subsequent stage.
- Open fireplace. A good choice for large rooms. The installation of such a fireplace is usually carried out in the middle of the room, due to which a uniform distribution of heat will occur;
- Closed fireplace. Installation of this type of fireplace is done only during the construction of a house. If you try to build it in an already habitable room, then this is fraught with high costs of money, as well as a number of technical difficulties;
- Semi-open fireplace. As the name implies, this is a cross between the first and second options. The most successful choice, since it can be erected in a residential area, and its location - near a wall or its inner part - saves living space;
- Corner fireplace. Its location is also very good, as it helps to heat adjacent rooms.
Preparation of the project and drawings
Having decided to build a wood-burning brick fireplace yourself, you should be prepared for the fact that this process is quite time consuming and requires special knowledge of laying bricks, understanding the principle of the fireplace. First, draw a diagram of the future device and prepare building materials. A typical wood burning fireplace consists of the following parts:
- Firebox. The place where firewood is burning;
- Smoke chamber (so-called smoke collector). It collects harmful combustion products;
- Chimney (chimney). Designed to bring smoke outside.
The diagram must necessarily show the ordering - step-by-step laying of the fireplace in rows.
Algorithm for the construction of a wood-burning brick fireplace
- First, the foundation is laid. For this, a pit is being prepared about 60 centimeters deep, crushed stone is poured into it. Wooden formwork is installed on the sides, the walls are leveled and concrete mortar is poured. It will take about three weeks for the foundation to harden;
- The next stage is the laying of the fireplace itself. It is necessary to start it from the corners and constantly check with the ordering plan;
- The penultimate stage is the construction of a chimney. It is necessary to carefully study all the nuances and tricks of its design, since the health and safety of your entire family depends on the correct installation of the chimney, since dangerous carbon monoxide is concentrated in it. Clay is used for masonry up to the level of the roof, after which cement mortar is used. In order to protect the roof and ceilings from high temperatures, it is advisable to lay thermal protection in the form of felt soaked in clay solution. To protect the chimney from precipitation, a special overlap must be made over the roof;
And finally, the decorative finish of the fireplace. You can skip this step if you have built a fireplace from beautiful high-quality bricks, without chips and cracks - it will be enough just to carefully process the seams with a special grout. But if you are still unhappy with such a "pristine" appearance of the fireplace, then the following finishing materials are at your service:
- "Wild stone";
- facing brick;
- facing tiles;
- marble tiles;
- wood imitation concrete, etc.
In addition to finishing, the fireplace can be decorated with other decorative elements - figurines, cast iron grate, graceful fireplace tongs, beautifully lay out a woodpile of firewood next to it.
Materials needed to build a wood burning brick fireplace for a home
So, when building a wood-burning brick fireplace for your home, you will need:
- Solid red refractory brick;
- Sifted river sand;
- Cambrian brown clay;
- Wooden planed boards;
- Roofing material;
- Felt in a roll or felt board;
- Crushed stone;
- Grate grate;
- Protective screen;
- Smoke damper.
In order for your wood-burning brick fireplace to serve for many years, you need to properly care for it - regularly clean the chimney and chimney.
- dry cleaning - cleaning using special liquid or powder products that easily remove soot and prevent its appearance;
- cleaning with brushes. Such brushes consist of several collapsible links, which must be connected during the introduction of the brush into the chimney. When the brush in the chimney encounters an obstacle, it is necessary to stop its further advance, to clear the chimney from the blockage and disassemble the brush in the reverse order;
- cleaning with a special vacuum cleaner. In the process of such cleaning, the vacuum cleaner sucks out all the soot from the chimney in a certain way. It is considered to be the "cleanest" cleaning option, but it is used only with a small accumulation of soot.