A tile is a ceramic tile that is used to decorate the outer surface of stoves, fireplaces, buildings, and so on. They use it in order to increase the attractiveness of structures, as well as to strengthen their resistance to negative environmental influences.
Fireplaces with tiled tiles are safer than those that do not have a similar finish. The good thermal insulation properties of ceramics contribute to the uniform distribution of heat through the air and if heat accumulates as much as possible inside the fireplace insert, then only a small part of it gets outside.
It is noteworthy that the fireplace tile is not suitable for cutting.
It can be placed on the surface of the fireplace only as a whole, otherwise the unique thermal insulation properties of the material are lost. In view of this, fireplace tiles can be different and differ not only in appearance, but also in shape, as well as other indicators.
So that the tiled tiles do not have to be adjusted in size and shape during the laying process, they are produced in accordance with the parameters of individual fireplace elements:
- Flat - designed for finishing flat fireplace surfaces.
- Corner - used when facing corner structural elements.
- Basement - mounted on the lower rows under the firebox, and also placed under the portal.
- Shaped - placed on the protruding corners of the fireplace and has more decorative value.
Tiles differ in surface texture: they can be smooth and embossed, as well as glossy and matte. In the decorative plan, there are also differences: the tiles can be monochromatic, that is, they do not have any pattern, as well as with a pattern.
The theme of the pattern on the tile directly depends on the country of origin. Russian tile sets are the most colorful and reflect floristic motives. Bavaria, on the other hand, offers discreet colors and geometric patterns. Dutch tiles can be recognized by their blue and white shade, while Spanish tiles are recognizable by oriental patterns.
The dimensions of the fireplace tile are clearly regulated by GOST. The thickness of the product varies from 45 to 50 mm, and the width and length correspond to the indicators of 200x200, 220x220 and 205x130 mm.
Features of the
The main distinguishing feature of the tiled tiles is the presence of a rump - protruding sides on the back of the product. They are intended for connecting tiles to each other during the laying process and can be with an inclined cut or voids inside.
The rugs are mounted on special pins, therefore, even at the stage of building the fireplace, you should take care of their installation. If there are no fixings for the tiled tiles, you will have to give preference to another finishing material.
The process of making tiled tiles is unique, complex and lengthy. It covers several stages:
- The special cleansing clay is first kneaded by hand for a long time, and then left warm for several weeks.
- After that, it is placed in a mold and gradually dried. The stage is rather difficult, since the clay should be dried in the most dry conditions and without temperature extremes.
- After the clay has completely dried, it is fired and covered with glaze. Subsequently, a drawing is applied and the clay, which has already become ceramics, undergoes the final stage of firing, which lasts 24 hours.
The outer part of the product under the influence of high temperatures can change the shade, therefore it is advised to sort the finished tiles before laying.
Since the production of ceramic tiles for stoves involves manual work, their cost is always quite high. In an attempt to save money, many people prefer to create tiled tiles at home.
Do it yourself
In order to make the tiles yourself, you will need to make a lot of effort. The entire manufacturing process can be combined in several stages:
- Preparation of the base. Small pieces of clay should first be dried in the hot sun and then sieved through a sieve to remove debris. The resulting powdery mass must be poured with water, stirred, cleaned again and left in the sun again to evaporate moisture. At this stage, the clay will need to be constantly mixed and when it acquires the consistency of a thick dough, it will be possible to proceed to the next stage.
- Creating a blank. First, the clay is flattened into a cake, and then leveled with a knife, giving the desired appearance. A pattern is applied to the surface of the model using wire or stacks. Next, the workpiece is placed in the formwork and poured with gypsum. After 15 minutes, the clay is separated from the gypsum and proceeds to the next stage.
- Forming. In order to form tiles from clay, you need a special plaster mold. A soft clay blank is forced into it. From above, the workpiece is lined with four blocks of clay on each side. Holes for fasteners are drilled in them.
- Polishing and firing. Having taken out of the mold the not yet completely hardened clay, its surface should be polished with a pebble and left to solidify for a few more days. Then the tile is placed in a special kiln for 3-4 hours. A constant temperature is maintained in the furnace, equal to 900 C. In a closed, but no longer heated oven, the tiles are left for a day until they cool completely.
Painting and glazing… The tiles are painted with oil paints, and glazed with a special mixture prepared from starch paste and crushed glass. It is worth considering that both after painting and after glazing, the tiles must go through a re-firing stage
On this, the process of making tiled tiles can be considered complete. Such a finishing material is suitable even for cladding round fireplaces, and their shape is really complex in terms of finishing.
Tiled fireplace in the interior
Tiled fireplaces become more than just beautiful. They acquire unique external characteristics that you want to admire. Such fireplaces create an atmosphere of comfort and tranquility in the house, allow you to relax, enjoy the warmth of the hearth and get aesthetic pleasure. However, a lot also depends on the correct location of such a fireplace in the interior.
In houses with a small area or apartments, fireplaces are usually installed in the corner. An ideal place to save space, but with this setup, only the front of the fireplace is visible. This means that only the section of the portal above the firebox can be covered with patterned tiled tiles, and the remaining elements can be faced with plain tile models.
Swiss fireplaces are intended for a country house with a large area. They are installed in the center, so you can line the fireplace around the entire perimeter with hand-painted tiles. It is even permissible to use mosaic elements, when individual ceramic elements of the tile form a pattern.
Particular attention should be paid to the style in which the interior is decorated:
- The laconicism of the classic style is best emphasized by fireplaces decorated with German tiles, as well as tiles without a pattern.
- The true freedom of Art Nouveau perfectly matches the Dutch-style tiled fireplaces.
- A fireplace faced with Russian and Yaroslavl tiled tiles will ideally fit into the good old country style.
- It is better not to violate the minimalism of the English style with catchy interior items. A pastel tiled fireplace is the best choice for this atmosphere.
For interiors decorated in the Greek style, fireplaces decorated with tiles with floral motifs are suitable
Based on the above, it can be understood that ceramic finishing materials are one of the best of their kind. The main secret of their popularity is that they are environmentally friendly, safe, durable and extraordinarily beautiful. The high cost and complexity of manufacturing (in the case of tiles) is the only drawback.