Fireplaces never go out of style. They are constantly changing and improving. Not so long ago, a novelty appeared on the market: a fireplace that combines the functions of a stove and a hob. This device has several advantages over a conventional fireplace.
The main difference between a stove - a fireplace and a simple fireplace - is the ability to cook food on it. There are models with a hob and an oven, but the latter are much smaller. The oven should not be confused with the oven in which bread is baked. The wood burns in the stove and the temperature is much higher than in the oven, which is heated by the heat from the firebox.
A stationary fireplace requires a foundation, but a fireplace stove does not need it. It can be installed on absolutely any surface. Its cost in comparison with a full-fledged fireplace is not great, and the cost of installing it is generally minimal. It is versatile and will easily become a part of any interior. The oven also serves as both a heat source and a cooking medium.
A fireplace stove with a hob is an indispensable thing for a residential cottage or country house, where there are often problems with gas supply or power outages. Having a fireplace combined with an oven in a country house, you can easily prepare both a light romantic dinner for two and a full-fledged banquet for a big party. And later, you can enjoy its warmth and the glow of the flame, snuggling up in front of it on the fluffy carpet. He will not let you suffer from cold and hunger in the literal sense of the word.
The material for the manufacture of fireplaces can be different. Let's consider the main options.
Its progenitor is the stove-stove, improved in accordance with modern requirements. Cast iron is renowned for its excellent heat dissipation and high temperature resistance.
By shape, cast iron fireplaces are distinguished:
- streamlined - round and oval
- polygonal - in the form of a square, rectangle, there are even triangular
By the type of installation, the furnaces are divided into:
- freestanding (island version)
Types of fuel used in cast iron stoves:
- pallets - waste from the processing of the above products.
Some stoves can only operate on one type of fuel, and there are options for mixed combustion products.
Ideally, the order of the fireplace, combined with the panel and the oven, is laid at the initial stage of construction. In all other cases, it will be necessary to carry out global restructuring of the entire house.
However, if we compare a stove with an oven and a brick panel with a similar cast iron option, then here it has undeniable advantages. A brick stove keeps heat much longer than a cast iron one.
Such fireplaces do not exist in finished form. They are made according to a special project that needs to be ordered by a specialist - unless, of course, you are fluent in this skill. The services of such craftsmen are expensive, but this is not the case when you can save money. If the oven is laid out incorrectly, then you will not wait for heat from it, as well as delicious food. Improper draft will prevent the stove from igniting with full force. Soot and carbon monoxide will go into the room, and you risk poisoning.
Unlike a brick fireplace, a metal fireplace with stove and stove functions is very compact and mobile.Such a unit allows not only to cook and fry food, but also to dry vegetables and fruits, as well as smoke meat and fish.
Metal furnaces heat up almost immediately and begin to generate heat. Warm air moves through the duct, heating the room. In such fireplaces, the wood smolders slowly, which allows you to get more heat. And even after the firewood burns out, the stove remains warm for a long time. Supervising them is practically not required - just load the firewood once and the heat in the room is provided for a long time.
Principle of operation
A classic solid fuel stove consists of several parts:
- The portal is the front part of the stove, which is decorated with various accessories.
- Firebox - a chamber where the fuel combustion process takes place;
- The smoke collector is a closed-type chamber in which all combustion wastes are collected. From this chamber, carbon monoxide and smoke enter the chimney through the outlet.
- Chimney. A vertical pipe, responsible for creating air draft in the firebox and removing smoke;
- Cooking stove for cooking.
The oven consists of two sections. Firewood is laid in the upper part. Ash is poured into the lower part of the ash pan. This compartment can be covered with a decorative grill. Above is directly the hob. When the cooking process begins, the intensity of the combustion can be adjusted using the draft. The hob may have a decorative cover that protects it from dust when not in use. Through the transparent glass of the oven compartment door, one can observe the combustion process.
Food cooked over an open fire is significantly different in its taste to food cooked on a conventional stove. And the aesthetic pleasure of watching a live fire and the warmth emanating from the fireplace will make even the most uncomplicated interior cozy.