Fire has attracted people for a long time, uniting them into families and tribes. Today, an attribute of that forgotten time is a fireplace - a cozy hearth that creates a pleasant mood. Such structures are of several types, which allows them to be installed even in an ordinary apartment.
In order to bring a modern fireplace as close as possible to the classic look, several types of stones are used in its construction. It should be noted that more and more such elements are just decorative overlays that cover the frame of the firebox.
The harsh temperature conditions for operating fireplaces do not allow the use of any type of materials for such purposes. Such products should have some features:
- Heat resistance… Regardless of whether a fireplace is built of stone or finished with it, this material must perfectly withstand high temperatures. This is especially important in places of direct contact of this substance with an open fire. One of the most durable materials that can be used for fireplaces is granite.
- Thickness… This characteristic is also one of the most important, since it determines how well the fireplace will retain or give off heat. It should be noted that there is no universal thickness value, since everything depends on the specific type of material used to solve such problems.
Varieties of material
Fireplaces are unique structures with unique energy and perfect design. They are made using several types of stone, which should be considered in more detail.
This type of stone is made up of different sized chunks of rocks such as dolomite, limestone, sandstone and many other varieties. A distinctive feature of this material is its rough shape and rough surface, used by designers to create unique fireplaces. The color range of rubble stone varies, from dark blue to light blue, brown, etc. White patterns are also common and look very nice.
Talcomagnesite is a volcanic rock with both a smooth and silky surface. The substance perfectly withstands temperatures up to 1600 degrees without changing the structure. The material perfectly accumulates heat, which is what a modern fireplace needs.
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A stone of this type is the same talcomagnesite, but it is made in the form of small plates that are used for facing fireplaces. It increases heat retention to maximize heat transfer efficiency.
Shell rock is a sedimentary rock that contains organic compounds. This has led to the fact that in the structure of limestone very often you can find whole shells, giving it originality.
To reduce spillage, the stone is specially ground. A type of shell rock is sandstone, which is not so often used for facing fireplaces, as it crumbles.
Himalayan salt is a unique material that can withstand temperatures up to 500 degrees. Small bricks are obtained from it, which can be used for construction or facing fireplaces.It is not advisable to operate in damp rooms, as this leads to the destruction of the Himalayan stone.
Gypsum is a very plastic substance from which various decorative items are formed. They are great for cladding false fireplaces, but when mounted on classic structures, it is advisable to protect them with an additional layer of thermal insulation.
Acrylic resin-based stone is an artificial decorative material. It differs in a slightly lower cost than its natural counterparts. Acrylic stone can mimic almost any natural product of this kind.
Dagestan stone is a group of materials that are mined in the territory of the same name. These include rocks such as limestone, sandstone, dolomite and shell rock. They all have unique origins and physical characteristics.
Types of construction
Fireplaces were used by humans for a variety of tasks, which led to the emergence of several types of similar structures. They all differ in minor details that you need to know about before building them.
A design of this type is a kind of combination of a firebox and a stove. The main purpose of this type of fireplace is outdoor cooking. Therefore, they are often supplemented with a smokehouse, cutting tables and other similar attributes.
Fireplaces of this kind combine the classic functions and properties of a stove. They are often made of talc magnesite, which perfectly retains heat. This stone can be used as a base material for walls, and only when decorating them.
Fireplaces of this type resemble classic designs, but they are installed only outside the premises. To increase their functionality, they can be supplemented with various components such as countertops, barbecues, etc.
Another name for such structures is false fireplaces. They are often used as decorations and in some cases can be supplemented with electrical heating systems.
How to do it yourself: step by step instructions
The process of building a fireplace can be broken down into several sequential steps:
- Erection of the foundation… For such structures, it is desirable to form a concrete base around the entire perimeter. The thickness of the foundation is selected from the dimensions of the fireplace itself.
- Frame laying. For such purposes, either a brick or one of the previously considered stones is used. The main thing is that the material itself perfectly tolerates elevated temperatures. The construction algorithm also depends on these parameters. Therefore, it is advisable to first familiarize yourself with a specific construction methodology.
- The final stage is decoration or cladding. There is a huge amount of materials and designs used to solve such problems. They need to be selected in accordance with personal desires.
When building fireplaces, special attention should be paid to the design. Today the so-called "antique" design is becoming more and more popular. To implement such ideas, experts recommend using several types of materials:
- Gypsum… The design of fireplaces is increasingly dominated by elements in the form of columns, small arches and stucco moldings. With the right choice of colors, you can create an imitation of old things, giving them a shabby or aristocratic look.
- A natural stone… This material allows you to create very beautiful fireplaces that are in no way inferior to medieval designs. Also, piece stones that imitate the natural structure are perfect for solving such problems. These substances can be combined to create not only beautiful but also unique designs.
Interesting interior solutions
Many designers use fireplaces as centerpieces in living rooms, allowing them to emphasize their originality and comfort. Therefore, when planning such a design, you should take into account the interior of your room. For example, a fireplace lined with stone with straight and strict lines is perfect for classic interiors. The main thing in this case is to correctly combine with wallpaper or choose the desired color of the material. If you are planning to create a cozy room, then it is advisable to finish the fireplace with warm stone of an unobtrusive color, suitable for the general setting. An alternative option is to entrust the arrangement of your room to a designer.