The ideal place to install a fireplace stove is considered to be an indoor wall. When laying near the outer wall, the room is heated unevenly, and heat wasted on heating cold air from the wall and windows itself. It is advisable to install a fireplace stove in the living room so that there is free access to it. The kitchen area is perfect for placing the hob, including the firebox. When the location is selected, check that there is sufficient space for the installation of the chimney. It should not run over the joist or over the rafters.
The dimensions of the fireplace stove depend on the area of the room and the need for heating. If this important factor is not taken into account when designing a fireplace stove, high heat transfer will lead to overheating of the air, and subsequent difficulty in breathing.
If you wish, you can build a barbecue on the site, which will delight guests and hosts with all kinds of dishes from the oven. The place should be away from trees and outbuildings. It is recommended to lay your BBQ oven close to a shelter that will keep out the sun, wind or rain while cooking. Often, barbecue ovens are attached to the brick walls of summer kitchens.
The house has been built, now is the time to purchase all the necessary materials for laying the fireplace stove. The quality of the materials used ensures safety during operation. Due to the high temperatures in the kiln, all materials for its masonry must be selected on the basis of fire resistance and refractory characteristics. You should refuse to use any flammable, meltable and combustible compounds and mixtures.
For laying a fireplace stove, you will need to purchase clay, which will become the basis for preparing the appropriate solution. The properties of plasticity, fat content and heat resistance of clay affect the quality of the masonry. The lower the percentage of sand in the clay, the less likely it is to scatter and crack during the operation of the kiln. Clay under the influence of high temperatures is sintered, decreasing in volume.
For the preparation of solutions, the use of sand with admixtures of silt or other plant inclusions is not allowed. Lime is used for laying the head of pipes above the roof. It is quenched with a small amount of water, stirring with any wooden object. A closed container with a solution prepared on the basis of lime is kept for up to two hours and after that, work is started.
Stoves are plastered with alabaster, that is, stucco. The white-gray powder is diluted with water and immediately plaster the hot surface of the oven. To increase the setting time, 1-1.5 percent animal glue is added to the solution. Without the addition of glue, the alabaster-based mortar begins to dry after 4 minutes.
The foundations and blocks of the firebox of prefabricated fireplace stoves are made using concrete mixtures. To prepare it, you need to mix concrete, water and filler. Mineral substances are used as fillers, for example, flask, tuff, diatomite. Clay, aggloporite and other granulated blast furnace slags are also suitable. Such additives can reduce the consumption of concrete mix, as well as improve quality indicators. The electrolyte salts make the mixture resistant to freezing.
When laying a fireplace stove, preference should be given to various types of bricks, which will be laid out on the outer walls, ceiling, and chimney. Silicate bricks are prohibited for laying stoves.
Decorative and ornamental materials are used for stoves located on the street. It can be cobblestone, limestone, granite and others.
In the reviews of experienced stove-makers, there is often a reminder of the need to purchase construction felt, which will help reduce thermal conductivity from the heated surfaces of the stove to other contacting structures. Before installation, the felt is placed in a clay solution. Felt insulates furnace pipes and cuts, wooden beams and any nearby flammable elements.
For cladding the outer surfaces of the furnace with tiles, dry ready-made mixtures or mastic are suitable, suitable only for operation at low temperatures.
It is not difficult to calculate the size of a fireplace-stove, it is enough to know the area of the heated room and the required amount of required heat transfer in kcal / hour. When calculating, it is necessary to strive to ensure that the required temperature in the room is kept as long as possible and there is no need to heat the stove too often. There are a huge number of masonry options.
You can schematically depict a fireplace stove in section:
The cost of laying out the fireplace stove depends on the complexity of the design and the materials used. Due to the high precision and accuracy, work on external cladding with decorative materials takes a lot of time.
The purchase of materials will require 35,000 - 50,000 rubles, depending on the pricing policy of the region. But attracting a professional to lay out a fireplace stove will cost several times more, the cost of work starts from 65,000 rubles. Prices for laying pipes start at 80 rubles for one laid brick. Work on laying the foundation will cost from 20,000 rubles. Therefore, it is necessary to add to the cost of the fireplace stove the costs of manufacturing a pipe, which depend on the diameter, thickness and height of the masonry.
Based on these calculations, it follows that a fireplace stove is not only heating, but also a real interior decoration!
Construction of a fireplace stove
The construction of any furnace begins with the manufacture of the foundation. A modern fireplace stove, in addition to the foundation, consists of such structural elements as a firebox, a chimney and an ash collection chamber. Rubble stone or ceramic bricks serve as the basis for laying the foundation. The structure of the foundation is fixed by using building mortars, for example, sand-lime or cement.
Firewood or other combustible substances are loaded into the firebox. Therefore, it is made from heat-resistant types of bricks, laying out a wall with a thickness of at least 12 cm. The height of the combustion chamber does not exceed 100 cm. The chimney is made with the least number of bends that prevent the release of combustion products. The chamber into which the ash is collected is laid out up to 20 cm high.
The ordering, which is a diagram of the arrangement of bricks, will help to carry out the correct stove-fireplace. The reliability of the entire structure of the fireplace stove depends on the quality of the work performed in order. As a rule, experienced stove-makers perform the ordering of the stove. When building a fireplace stove or a barbecue stove, fire safety rules must be followed.
Below are the options for ordering a brick barbecue oven:
Detailed ordering allows you to determine the exact number of the required number of bricks. If you spend time designing a detailed ordering scheme, you can significantly save on unnecessary material costs.