Wood-burning Fireplaces For The House (110 Photos): Brick And Steel On Wood For A Long Burning For A Private House

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Wood-burning Fireplaces For The House (110 Photos): Brick And Steel On Wood For A Long Burning For A Private House
Wood-burning Fireplaces For The House (110 Photos): Brick And Steel On Wood For A Long Burning For A Private House

Video: Wood-burning Fireplaces For The House (110 Photos): Brick And Steel On Wood For A Long Burning For A Private House

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Video: How to Build a Fireplace Fire | Ask This Old House 2023, January
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In recent years, the owners of country houses and summer cottages have decided to install a wood-burning fireplace in their home. This type of heating is affordable, although some consider it a luxury item that only the wealthy can afford. The fireplace is able not only to heat the room well, but also to give a special atmosphere of coziness and comfort. A wood-burning fireplace will help out its owner during periods when the heating is turned off or, for some reason, is not in the house. This source of heat has been serving people for many centuries and today it does not lose its relevance and relevance.

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Features and Benefits

Among the features and advantages of wood-burning fireplaces, the following qualities should be noted:

  • a wood-burning fireplace for a private house is more economical, because such a unit does not depend on the electricity network, which is expensive. If you compare the price category of firewood and electricity, then the first option will cost you much less;
  • while the fireplace is working, you can admire the real tongues of flame. No light bulbs can simulate this action;
  • almost every wood-burning portal is very powerful. They can be used to heat entire houses with minimal energy consumption;
  • cast iron fireplaces are resistant to temperature changes and are not prone to deformation.
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Device and design

Due to its design, a wood-burning portal can only be installed in a private house. Not every apartment allows the installation of a chimney, which is required for the operation of the heating unit. Also, this is due to the type of fuel used in wood-burning portals. Its operation in an apartment building is not allowed due to fire safety requirements.

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When installing the fireplace, you will need to take into account that additional space is required for the logs. If all of the above requirements are difficult to fulfill in apartment buildings, then in a country cottage the portal will recreate a unique atmosphere and will play the role of an additional source of heat or even a means for preparing food.

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A fireplace is a stove that has a direct chimney and a firebox. These elements belong to the key design details of the unit. Fuel is burned directly in the firebox, due to which the operation of the entire unit is carried out. The chimney, which is a vertical pipe, which is responsible not only for the removal of combustion products outside, but also for the draft.

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In addition to these elements, the design contains other details:

  • smoke collector. It is a special chamber, under which there is an open firebox. The part controls the smoothness of the discharge of gases into the pipe;
  • portal. This is the front part of the fireplace, which is a decorative element. There are different types of portal, they can have the shape of the letter "P" or "D";
  • cast iron grate. Logs are laid on it;
  • ash pan. This structural component is responsible for collecting ash;
  • smoke tooth. It is located on the back wall and protects the dwelling from the ingress of smoke, cold air currents from the street.
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Modern fireplaces with stones and bricks have a similar design. Today, portals can be made of metal, for example, cast iron. The structure of the cast iron fireplace will differ from the option described above. In addition to the firebox and chimney, it has other elements:

  • portal made of fire-resistant materials;
  • radiator;
  • doors (models with a glass firebox are often found, where the doors are made of fire-resistant glass, on which soot and soot does not remain);
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In specialized salons, a wide range of fireplaces is offered, among which you can choose an option that matches your taste and financial capabilities. In order not to get confused in different types of portals, you need to know their main categories.

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Views

Fireplaces can vary in their arrangement, functionality and shape. By the method of installation, wood-burning portals are divided into:

  • central;
  • facial;
  • fireplaces of any type;
  • corner structures (symmetrical and asymmetrical type);
  • stepping into the corner.
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Fireplaces are also subdivided into:

built into the wall, which are mounted when the building is laid

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wall-mounted, mounted along the wall without windows

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island, installed in the center of the room. Such units can be bypassed in a circle

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Wall mounted fireplaces are the most demanded type. They are installed with their backs to the house wall. They are suitable for both a large and a small room, because this portal can be compact in size or, conversely, large. The shape of such a fireplace is varied: straight, protruding with a narrowed chimney.

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Wall-mounted fireplaces should be installed with the end part to the wall. This option will be especially convenient if you want to divide the room into two halves. In the structure of the portal there is a metal firebox, double-sided or closed.

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Corner portals are divided into two types:

installed at outer corners

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mounted in one corner. These fireplaces connect two walls diagonally

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The fireplace, which is located at the outer corners, is installed in large rooms with a special layout. Such a portal can not only decorate the interior, but also become an additional source of light in the house. The second type of corner portal is convenient due to its small size. It is suitable for a small room and can be of any shape.

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Island fireplaces do not touch the house walls. Most often they are placed in the center of the room. Such a portal is made of bricks and metal, they can have any shape.

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There are also hanging options. The main feature of such a heating unit is their unsuitability for small rooms. They require a lot of space with a high ceiling, but they give the atmosphere a special comfort and warmth.

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To install a pendant fireplace, a reliable fastening in the interfloor ceiling is required, since such structures have a large mass. The suspended portal is not able to heat the room, it plays an aesthetic function.

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There are several types of built-in fireplaces, depending on the installation method. The best option is a fireplace, with a chimney in the outer wall of the house. Its advantages include:

  • small occupied space, because it is located on the outside;
  • the fireplace is suitable for improving the design of small rooms.
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Wood burning fireplaces differ not only in their location in the room, but also in their external design. This parameter is important, because today portals play more of the role of a decorative device.

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There are various interpretations in modern styles, it is possible to purchase a fireplace in a classic style or in a modern style. There are fireplaces with round, rectangular, square and even triangular shapes.

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Classic units are usually installed in the wall. They can have different shapes, colors, and are only suitable for a classically decorated room. On special mantel shelves, clocks and statues are installed, giving the portal an exquisite appearance. When choosing such a fireplace, it should be borne in mind that the room must also support the interior, observing strict forms, a certain color and shape of objects.

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Recently, wood-burning fireplaces for summer cottages have become popular. Based on the functions of the device, there are heating portals, with a water circuit, with a hob. There are modern options with barbecues. They differ in shape, material, functionality and heat output.

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Long burning portals equipped with a water circuit are capable of heating several rooms at a time. In their structure there is a heat exchanger that drives hot water through pipes installed in other rooms. The advantage of this portal is its versatility. In addition to heating, it can also heat domestic water.

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There are cassette fireplaces. The essence of the action is based on the movement of air masses using special devices and channels. The air is heated inside the cassette by firewood, as in any wood-burning unit. The outlet of the heated air streams is carried out using channels that are located in the lower part of the cassette itself. They are called ventilation. Warm air is replaced by cold air, which also heats up and enters the room.

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Based on your preferences, you can choose a large fireplace, a mini-portal, a portal with an open firebox, in order to observe the flames. Manufacturers offer designs with glass, which increases the level of safety in the room. You can not only admire the fire, but also exclude the possibility of getting a burn. Fireplaces with a stove are suitable for summer cottages, since you can cook food on them.

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Materials (edit)

Wood-burning fireplaces not only differ among themselves in all kinds of shapes and sizes, but also in the material from which they are made. The cost of fireplaces also differs based on this factor. In a private house, a fireplace is often installed in the office or in the living room. As a rule, brick is used for masonry.

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The main nuance in the construction of brick fireplaces is the strict observance of the correct proportion between the depth and height of the firebox. It is necessary to maintain a ratio of 1: 2. Otherwise, your portal will give off little heat and smoke.

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Many builders choose metal fireplaces. Iron units became popular with the advent of high-tech style. Such a hearth is produced by well-known firms and professional craftsmen, offering all kinds of designs and shapes. The metal portal can be made collapsible by removing it in the summer until winter.

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Cast iron fireplaces look fashionable. When making such a portal, you should buy an ordinary cast iron firebox and surround it with cast iron. Steel structures are not inferior in popularity, along with the combined type.

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Tiled fireplaces increase portal productivity by up to 80% and make the heating system more efficient. You can make a stone fireplace or use stone cladding. Marble or granite will accentuate the style of the room, showing the status of the owner.

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Color solutions

The color scheme for a wood burning fireplace will vary depending on the style chosen. You can make the portal cladding in white, use the appearance of natural stone or wood. Even inexpensive profiles can imitate different materials.

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When choosing a color for your fireplace, you should think carefully about everything. The portal is selected for a long period, so you need to take the choice of finishing with the utmost responsibility. This piece of furniture will not only fulfill its function, but also transform the design of the room, harmoniously combining with the rest of the items.

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How to choose

When choosing a fireplace, you need to decide on its functionality. Open portals are unable to fully fulfill the role of a heating device, because the air supply in the unit is not controlled. In this case, the unit will be a kind of pump that removes air from the room.Therefore, if you plan to use a wood-burning fireplace for heating, opt for a closed firebox.

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The construction has a door made of fireproof glass in a metal frame. The fireplace gives out more heat and you can admire the flame through the transparent door. Such portals look good in interiors and are easy to maintain.

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The air heating system used in closed fireplaces will be able to heat all the rooms in the house. If you need to heat several rooms, choose this option. There are several types of convection heating. When choosing a system, pay attention to the installation method, the way of heating and supplying air to the room.

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Do it yourself

If you want to make a fireplace with your own hands, remember the need to prepare for construction. Study the drawings carefully. They should have all the angles of the fireplace: straight ahead, from above, from the side and in sections. Such a project will help eliminate errors in construction and in calculating the required amount of materials.

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The next step will be the calculation and construction of the foundation. The foundation for the future portal must be solid. Remember that the foundation for the wall and the fireplace must be different, since they have different loads. To do this, leave a gap of five centimeters between the base of the portal and another foundation, and fill it with sand.

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The width of the foundation should be 5 centimeters larger than the fireplace table, the depth should be 50 centimeters. Use gravel, crushed stone, bricks, holding them together with cement mortar

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After these steps, you will need to study in detail the diagram and mount the chimney. The chimney masonry will vary depending on the material used. It is best to purchase a brick. The construction process consists of a foundation, ordering, mortar, mopping, head and chimney.

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When installing the chimney, be aware of thermal expansion, which can destroy the duct tightness during use. Before building, determine the amount of material that will be required for the masonry and cladding of the fireplace.

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When installing the chimney, be aware of thermal expansion, which can destroy the duct tightness during use. Before building, determine the amount of material that will be required for the masonry and cladding of the fireplace.

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Review of popular manufacturers

The most popular Russian manufacturer of wood-burning fireplaces is the Meta trademark, which cooperates with foreign companies. Meta offers a wide range of quality portals that differ in their shape and price category. One of the models of this company is the "Angara" fireplace with water heating.

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For summer cottages, the manufacturer offers the Yenisei fireplace. The portal is characterized by high performance and is capable of heating a room of 90 square meters.

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Any stoves and fireplaces of the Belarusian production "Teplodar" will not only be an excellent decoration for a room, but also a full-fledged device for heating a home. The company offers units with a capacity of 6-12 kW.

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If we talk about foreign manufacturers, the following portals can be noted:

among the Finnish production, fireplaces from the Tulikivi, Harvia and NunnaUun brands stand out. Finland is among the most popular manufacturers, since their portals are of high quality and good performance

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Swedish brands "Contura" and "Teddy" offer high quality fireplaces. A wide range of products and their different forms will help each customer make a choice

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French wood-burning fireplaces are popular not only in Russia, but throughout Europe. Companies such as Cheminees philippe, Focus, and Supra have gained prominence

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Germany is represented by the Camina brand. A distinctive feature of the products is their decoration with natural stone with beautiful shades.The fireplaces have a classic style and are characterized by German quality and reliability in operation

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Czech companies that have gained fame: ABX, Romotop. The brand "Liseo", which is a joint work of the Czech Republic and Germany, deserves attention. German Liseo inserts are the best option for any wood-burning fireplace

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Interesting solutions in interior design

The most popular is the classic portal. In most cases, it is built into the wall and has a U-shape. It is characterized by simplicity and clarity of lines, symmetry. Bas-reliefs, false columns and ornaments can be used as decorations.

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Designers recommend installing a special shelf above the fireplace, where vases, small objects and figurines will flaunt. As a decoration, you can use marble, granite. Forged lattices can serve as an additional decoration.

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Pay attention to the rustic or country style. Such portals have a D-shape, along with small or medium parameters. A mandatory attribute for such a fireplace is a timber beam above the firebox, on which there are all sorts of small objects.

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Above rustic fireplaces can be fitted with a cover. It will only have a decorative function. The rustic style includes a corner or wall-mounted brick portal. For cladding, shell rock or sandstone is used.

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The loft style gained its popularity in the 60-70s. It is characterized by high ceilings and spacious rooms with unplastered walls. An island metal fireplace with glass doors will look great in rooms with this design. Keep in mind that the loft does not provide for family comfort. Therefore, the room should have a minimum number of pieces of furniture and a lot of free space.

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Minimalism is present in modernity. Unlike the previous version, this interior provides for straight lines, attention to detail and competent color solutions. In such a room, fireplaces with a laconic shape and color will look harmonious, as well as metal and glass devices.

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The modern high-tech style includes fireplaces in steel, chrome, fireproof glass and plastic. The portal can be of any shape. Often, in such a device, only the back wall is opaque. High-tech wood burning fireplaces are an exclusive option that is made to order.

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