People who have stoves or fireplaces at home know very well that these devices require periodic cleaning. Even the most modern private heating system needs maintenance at least once a year. Special firms are engaged in cleaning chimneys of stoves and fireplaces from soot in settlements. It is worth noting that this operation can be performed independently. You just need to remember about safety and know about effective methods.
Several circumstances affect the amount of soot and the rate of contamination:
- The design of the pipe and the heating device itself.
- The nature of the fuel.
- The quality of heating raw materials.
What is cleaning for?
Everyone knows that during the combustion of absolutely any type of fuel, sediment is released. This substance is called soot and is constantly deposited on the pipes of the system. In addition, very often the installation suffers from leaves, small stones, bird nests and other things that have accidentally fallen into the pipe. Cleaning the chimneys of stoves and fireplaces from soot is imperative in order to avoid unpleasant consequences. Namely:
- Narrowed pipe for exhausting smoke, which subsequently leads to a decrease in draft.
- Rapid deterioration of the chimney.
- Reduced boiler performance.
- Risk of fire in the pipe itself.
Thanks to cleaning the chimneys at least once a year, there will be no such troubles, and the heating device will delight with its excellent working functionality. It is worth noting that it is necessary to clean the pipes regardless of how they are arranged and where they exit. That is, as standard through the roof or with a side device through the wall.
How do you know when cleaning is really necessary and when it can wait?
In fact, there are several signs that the chimney is in critical condition. First, there is the shade of smoke. Ideal smoke is white or light, but translucent anyway. But a dark, cloudy smog indicates that it is worth taking any action.
Secondly, the dark orange color of the fire in the stove or fireplace and popping means problems in the chimney. Ideally, the flame should be bright and light.
Which way to choose?
There are only four ways to clean the pipe. Which of them is the most successful and suitable can only be determined by the owner of the heating device. Each cleaning method has its positive and negative points.
The most popular and affordable chimney cleaner is salt. Rock salt can be found in every home, and cleaning with it is as easy as shelling pears. To do this, simply sprinkle with seasoning on any fuel. But experts note that this remedy acts more as a prevention against soot. It will not be able to update the pipe guaranteed.
In second place in popularity are potato tubers or their skins. The number of fruits depends on the volume of the stove or fireplace. On average, it should take at least a standard bucket. Here they do exactly the same as with salt. The peelings or the potatoes themselves are laid out on the fuel when burning.
This folk remedy is explained by the fact that the starch released from the fruit, rising upward, softens soot and other dirt. Then it all comes out of the pipe. But do not rely on this method of cleaning completely this time either. At the end of the operation, it is best to clean the chimney mechanically.
Aspen firewood. This popular method is controversial and dangerous.The thing is that when burning aspen wood, the heating system itself and the chimney in particular heats up to the maximum possible temperature. The effect is that soot and other dirt burns out without a trace. But it should be remembered that this method is ideal only for high-quality and durable pipes, otherwise there is a high probability of destruction of the chimney.
Today, in specialized stores and departments, you can find a huge number of different chemicals for cleaning chimneys. Most of the drugs are intended for independent work and do not require any skills or knowledge.
Chemicals can be either dry or liquid. In order to clear the chimney from combustion products and small debris, it is necessary to put the preparation on the fuel and set it on fire. The principle of operation is based on the fact that the chemical at elevated temperatures releases special substances that destroy the layers of soot and it crumbles down. Do not be afraid that the substances are toxic. They are absolutely safe for the human body.
This method does not require special financial costs, but it is very laborious and in some way dangerous. To clean the chimney yourself, you must first close all openings in the stove or fireplace so that soot and dirt do not get on the floor, walls and furniture. You can simply hang a dense, damp cloth on a ceramic fireplace.
Climb to the roof. Choose good windless and not rainy weather to clean the pipe, and use a rope or other safety device. Otherwise, there is a risk of serious injury.
Inspect the pipe carefully. If the layer of soot is less than two millimeters, then mechanical cleaning should be postponed until a thicker plaque and use folk remedies or chemicals.
If a large amount of dirt has accumulated in the pipe, then it is worth removing it or pushing it down. First, the soot must be cleaned with a special scraper, and then with a brush, make progressive movements up and down. It is imperative that the width of the brush or brush be slightly larger than the size of the pipe.
For more complex blockages and contaminants, there is such a tool as a core. This is a small, heavy ball with an attachment that must be gently inserted into the pipe or used as a weight for the brushes. It should be remembered that you can use a core that is only intended for cleaning pipes. All other household items can damage the chimney.
After all the manipulations, you can open the holes and remove the damp cloth. It is imperative to clean the blower and the firebox from plaque and dirt.
Fireplaces are convenient because they can be cleaned both from the roof and from below. All the tools necessary for this can be purchased at the respective stores.
Quite a popular tool that belongs to the chemical methods of cleaning the chimney. It works effectively for both liquid and solid fuel systems. Always intuitive instructions are attached to it. The amount and frequency of use always depends on how quickly the soot accumulates in the chimney.
If this is a fireplace, which is usually lit on special occasions a couple of times a week, or even two times, then you need to use one package every six months. If this is a stove that regularly heats the living space, then one briquette will be needed every two months. The dimensions of the heating systems should also be taken into account. For large appliances, use twice as much as for small or medium ones.
In order to clean the chimney, it is necessary to put the "log" on the fuel directly in the package. It is best if these are hot coals. The briquette should ignite and extract active substances, which will eliminate the soot. Care should be taken to ensure that the passage is not clogged with debris before proceeding.Experts say that the action of the "log" can last up to two weeks.
In order for the heating system to last longer and the pipes with the back of the stove or fireplace do not need to be cleaned, it is necessary to follow a few simple recommendations.
Do not incinerate plastic waste, polyethylene and paper. The chimney is best insulated with a special material. This is especially important to do from the back.
Put a cap on the pipe, thereby protecting the chimney from debris and dirt. It is best to heat with deciduous wood, and only at the end of the kindling can you try experimenting with two types of trees.