A fireplace in a wooden house is a bright and harmonious accent, the central object of a living room or bedroom. Often, such a structure heats the whole house, creates a cozy and warm atmosphere.
The fireplace can be made from natural materials - wood, stone, or you can give preference to durable and fireproof, such as brick or metal.
The wood-burning stove will add a special charm to the room. It is usually placed near the fireplace.
The design features of a wooden house affect the process of erecting a functioning fireplace. For example, a house made of logs can shrink over time, so there must be an empty space between the fireplace and the ceiling.
Building a fireplace takes time and requires careful selection of materials. Design projects will help you realize an interesting and unusual idea.
In a wooden house, it is advisable to use brick as a material.
For example, the main part is built of red brick, and the firebox is made of fireproof.
In order to equip the chimney, metal sheets are required.
The first step in building a fireplace begins with digging a foundation pit. The bottom is lined with crushed stone and compacted, then filled with cement-sand mortar. The foundation for the fireplace must be reliable and safe. It is covered with roofing felt or tar paper as waterproofing.
The inner surface of the fireplace cannot be plastered; excess mortar is removed after laying. If, in the future, a shelf for the fireplace is supposed, you need to check the laying of the pipe using a plumb line.
Any wooden decor of a functioning device must be treated with a special solution that prevents fire.
Another important component of the fireplace is the chimney. Its construction has its own characteristics: a hole is made in the ceiling for a pipe, the distance between the chimney and the ceiling is laid out with refractory material and a metal sheet. If the fireplace is installed in the living room, the structure can be supported by imitation of beams on the ceiling. A custom-sized wooden beam will decorate the interior and add zest to the room.
The beam can be harmoniously integrated into the overall design concept of the fireplace.
The base of a functioning device must be strong and fireproof. The stability and durability of the entire structure depends on its quality. The framing of the fireplace is of great importance. Special requirements are imposed on materials for decoration: they must be fire-resistant, not heat up and withstand high temperatures.
If the design allows, instead of a shelf, designers recommend installing a wide tabletop, and next to put a firebox for the fireplace.
The beam can also play a decorative role in the interior and divide the room into two zones - relaxation near the fireplace and active pastime.
Thus, a functioning fireplace should consist of three main parts: chimney, firebox and portal. The portal is closed with fire-resistant glass, forged grating for safety.
There are a lot of varieties of fireplace structures. Most of the simplified designs are easy to do with your own hands. In addition, ready-made fireplaces (electric, bio) are sold, which require simple installation without additional effort. Popular electric fireplaces, fireplaces, stoves, classic wood-fired ones will harmoniously complement the interior of a wooden house.
Metal. A metal fireplace is an excellent solution for a modern high-tech wooden house interior.It will look great in the middle of the room, and its unusual design will become a luxurious accent in the living room. A metal fireplace and an open firebox create comfort and maintain the style of a modern interior. Open fireplaces are less powerful than closed ones
The latter serve as a heating device. The advantages of metal structures are that they are lightweight and do not carry loads on the base and floor, and do not require planning. In addition, the metal heats up quickly and spreads heat.
Brick. Brick heaters are a classic version of a fireplace in a wooden house. Brick cladding takes skill. Poor construction will be non-functional and unsafe
Cassette. A modern fireplace for a country house, which is very popular. The design is a cast iron or steel firebox, covered with glass. It is inserted into the furnace or finished with refractory materials (brick, stone). The closed cassette firebox is suitable for placement in rooms where people rarely visit, since it does not require constant monitoring. The glass in the fireplace does not allow heat to pass through, so the room warms up well
Closed cassette fireplace - energy efficient and functional. The main advantages of this design are simplicity and safety. However, during installation, fire safety requirements must be observed. The cassette design is the best option for a wooden house. With the help of the cassette, the air is heated to the maximum and enters through the air ducts.
The cassette fireplace differs in design and price. The most budgetary option is a steel device with a door that opens horizontally. The principle of the fireplace is to constantly circulate air around the cassette. Cold air enters the fireplace, circulates against the walls, heats up and returns to the room. The cassette device can be open or closed.
An open one is easy to operate, but it heats up quickly, a closed one is made of cast iron or steel, refractory ceramics. Such materials provide a high level of efficiency.
Cast iron. Modern cast iron fireplaces are attractive designs for a wooden house. The peculiarity is that they work as safely as possible, and their design is remarkable. A beautifully designed portal, along with other decorative elements in the room, will harmoniously fit the structure into any space
Despite the durability of the material, a cast iron fireplace is lightweight and compact.
Stone. Stone fireplaces look beautiful, aesthetically pleasing and reliable. They are durable and environmentally friendly
The advantage is that the fireplace has a respectable appearance, in perfect harmony with the furnishings of the bedroom or living room.
Installation of a stone fireplace is easy to do yourself. Minus design: it takes up a lot of space.
Reinforce the floor before installing the stone fireplace. A wooden base is unlikely to withstand natural material. Remember that stone is in perfect harmony with tiles, wooden windows, but it is difficult to combine with a high-tech interior.
Fireplace stove - a cozy hearth that runs on wood. Externally, the design resembles a hybrid of a fireplace and stove
A lightweight fireplace is a special project for a wooden house. It has an open firebox and is lightweight.
Decorative fireplace harmoniously fits into any interior of a house made of wood
The design can be with tiles, have carved decorations, a wide shelf. At the dacha, both real fireplaces and decorative ones made of plasterboard look appropriate if there is central heating.
A modern fireplace is not just a functioning and heating device, but also a piece of furniture.
Live fire, despite the wide variety of realistic flame simulations, is still relevant.Today, the fireplace can be located on the second floor, in the bedroom, and even organize a structure under the stairs.
If you build a fireplace on the second floor with wooden beams, it will create a feeling of coziness and scale, visually enlarge and delimit the space.
If you plan to create an urban design in a private wooden house, complement it with a real fireplace. It will not only be an aesthetic element, but also fully functional. If trips to the dacha are not just a necessity, but a good rest, you should think about a wood-burning fireplace, which will become a bright accent in a large living room. A fireplace stove can heat the whole house if it is small.
The fireplace in the living room or bedroom looks beautiful and original in the style of Provence, modern, fusion.
It is also harmonious in a modern interior.
The structure can be placed not only in the house. Antique baths with a fireplace look cozy, traditionally fully functioning.
Fireplace in log cabins, wall structures are the most popular solutions in wooden houses.
Classic fireplaces are decorated with additional lighting. Constructions with a second light add coziness to the room and create a special light accent. A fireplace in a wooden house has a certain magical atmosphere. Its construction requires a strong, fireproof base on the floor that will support the weight of the structure and will not heat up. Installation of a fireplace with a firebox youtube instructions will help you do it yourself. Do not forget that real fireplaces look larger and more majestic than electric, gas or decorative ones.
Which one is better to choose
For a wooden house, there are special requirements for the design of the fireplace. Before creating a project, think about whether you need a fireplace? Will it look appropriate in the house? A classic stone or brick fireplace is an ideal solution for a wooden house.
A real hearth will warm and create coziness around. Wood-burning structures are environmentally friendly, they do not affect the environment, but they require correct and thought-out installation to the smallest detail.
Gas and electric fireplaces offer many benefits. Gas runs on natural fuel, but creates the effect of a real hearth. If you create such a structure in the house, it will cost less than a classic fireplace.
A gas fireplace warms up perfectly, it does not need to be cleaned due to the absence of burning and soot. In order to organize such a fireplace, you will need a special permit from the gas service.
An electric fireplace is powered by electricity, easy to install and hassle-free. It can fit into any room, including a country house.
A fireplace stove looks beautiful and appropriate in a wooden house. This is a combination of a potbelly stove and a fireplace. Such structures are made of metal or soapstone. The pluses of the fireplace stove include easy installation, no foundation, low weight, low price, a large selection of design and power.
It is not cheap to create a high-quality and safe fireplace in a wooden house.
It is better to entrust the construction of this structure to professionals. A turnkey fireplace costs about thirty thousand rubles (10 thousand - a heat generator, 20 thousand - a chimney), taking into account materials and labor costs.
If you plan to install a fireplace through the roof and ceilings, the owner of the house needs to allocate from 25 to 40 thousand rubles. It all depends on the number of penetrations.
If the fireplace structure requires additional thermal insulation and the elimination of fire risks, approximately ten thousand more rubles will be required. In general, a fireplace can cost the owner a decent amount. It all depends on materials, design, quantity and quality of materials.
Protecting a wooden wall
Insulation of the fireplace from a wooden wall is a prerequisite for installation and safety of the structure. The fireplace is installed next to the leaning wall.
Regardless of what materials the wall is made of, even if they are non-combustible, it is impossible to build a fireplace right next to it. For safety reasons, it is necessary to make thermal insulation. Next to the wooden wall, another brick or concrete is being built.
The brick wall should be seventy centimeters away from the fireplace. The wall will not spoil the appearance of the main structure if its design is carefully thought out. The floor near the fireplace must be made fireproof. The best materials for this are marble, tiles and porcelain stoneware. Ceramic can be used to cover only the area near the fireplace or the entire flooring in the room.
How to install
How to build a fireplace correctly? The question on which the functionality, durability and safety of the structure depend. When building a fireplace in a wooden house, safety precautions should be strictly observed.
If the house is made of rounded logs or beams, remember that such material is highly flammable. The installation sequence is as follows: foundation, application wall, chimney. Fireplaces are classified according to the place of installation.
Frontal classic fireplace located next to the wall
Triangular corner fireplace. Located in the corner and saves space
Separate fireplace. It is installed in the center of the room, it does not touch the walls
Remember that a fireplace in a wooden house is an unsafe heater. When installing the structure, follow certain rules:
A multilayer chimney is being installed. Its surface should not be warmed up by more than 85 degrees. Place a protective asbestos sheet between the wall and the pipe, it will prevent fire. The distance from the fireplace to the wall must be at least 60 centimeters
Any fireplace in a wooden house needs a protective screen that prevents sparks from falling out of the portal
A wood-burning stove should be installed under the portal. The space under the combustion chamber protects the floor and the lower part of the fireplace from overheating
Any fireplace should have a non-combustible, slowly warming lining. The best solution is tiled tiles
A fireplace with an open hearth consists of a chimney, a tooth, a portal and a grate.
If the fireplace is heated by air or water, the structure consists of a warm air distributor channel, a chimney pipe, grilles for heated air outlet, a body, a water "raincoat", a closed firebox.
Fireplace installation begins with the foundation and base. It is better to decide on its installation during construction planning. The reason is that the fireplace has a lot of weight and you need a specially designated place for its construction. If the fireplace is installed in a multi-storey building, it makes sense to make a structure on each floor. Remember, no matter how large the fireplace is, it can only heat one room.
The fireplace masonry must be strong to support the weight of the structure and not heat the base. The fireplace is insulated using non-combustible materials. To create a heat-insulated box, sheet materials are used for sheathing, metal profiles for creating a frame, stone wool slabs that have an aluminum coating and a heat-resistant cement-based mineral glue. The location of the fireplace is chosen taking into account comfort and safety.
Examples of stylish interiors
A fireplace is a decoration for any home. A well-made structure will last for many years and unite the family around it.
Today, the fireplace is easy to fit into any modern interior, no matter what style the owners prefer. The fireplace looks cozy and atmospheric in wooden houses, so you shouldn't neglect this element of functional decor.