Returning home after a hard day at work, everyone dreams of a warm dinner, hot tea and a cozy atmosphere. This is especially desirable during a long cold winter - it is more pleasant than ever to sit by a warm fireplace and look at the burning tongues of flame and mischievous sparks from logs for a long time. Their dance is mesmerizing, brings a bit of a fairy tale into the hard everyday life and takes you into the world of dreams, away from the frailty of life.
An important part of a fireplace designed for relaxation is its decoration. For it to be beautiful and pleasing to the eye for many, many years, you need to choose high-quality glue for its masonry.
Criterias of choice
When choosing glue for decorating fireplaces and stoves, be sure to pay attention to the following indicators:
- A house fire is always a fire hazard! That is why you should choose only fire-resistant materials for laying fireplaces.
- High-quality glue must be resistant to sudden changes in temperature. When heated, almost any substance in nature expands. This process can be damaging to the decor.
- Due to temperature fluctuations and frequent expansion processes of the plaster structure, the adhesive must be elastic. Such glue will protect the masonry from falling out of its elements.
- It is very important that the adhesive contains fibrous substances. They create additional connections between the base and the decor.
Heat-resistant glue for stoves and fireplaces Hercules perfectly meets all these requirements, however, on the shelves you can pick up its cheaper counterparts or more expensive ones with additional functions.
There are two types of mixtures for facing the fireplace: natural and synthetic. Natural mixtures contain cement, sand and chamotte clay in their composition. In synthetic, additional substances are added to the above components to increase strength.
The first thing to look out for is the packaging. It must be intact and dry, there must be no water stains. The packaging must indicate the expiration date, as well as the production date and manufacturer's contacts.
The mixture should be homogeneous and crumbly, without lumps or stones. Good mixes are popular with experienced stove-makers, so it is useful to ask their feedback on the selected mixes before purchasing them.
Types of materials
Heat-resistant glue for stoves and fireplaces is sold as dry mix and ready-made paste. Experienced stove-makers prefer to use ready-made glue, however, it is better for a beginner to opt for a dry mixture, since the ready-made solution dries quickly and becomes unusable. A beginner who is just getting acquainted with the technique of laying decor may not have time to use the entire ready-made mixture, and the dry solution can be diluted in small portions. The cost of dry is much lower than ready-made.
There are three types of glue for decorating fireplaces:
- Glue for finishing the portal. This glue is more heat resistant, but slightly less elastic.
- Adhesive for basic masonry. He has increased elasticity - this will keep the finish in perfect condition for many years.
- Tile adhesive comes in handy when ceramic tiles are to be laid on the fireplace or chimney.
Enamel, familiar to everyone, is perfect for painting metal parts. However, enamel for fireplaces is somewhat different in its composition, therefore, it must be indicated on the cans that this is paint for decorating fireplaces and stoves. There is also spray paint available.It adheres more evenly to the surface, so its application is much easier than the application of enamel. However, the consumption of paint in cans is much higher, so enamel should be preferred for painting large surfaces.
Fireplace panels and stoves are the simplest decor option. These panels are made from heat-resistant polyurethane. Each panel comes with special fasteners, which should be screwed to the fireplace, then the panel itself is "put on" these fasteners. These panels come in a wide variety of shapes, from simple, sleek portals to portals with intricate, graceful stucco moldings. This finish is resistant to significant temperature increases, but open fire can cause significant damage, so avoid contact with fire. To create additional thermal insulation, a heat-resistant sealing cord is ideal when using this decor option.
The mastic is mainly used for minor repairs. Heat-resistant mastic can withstand a temperature rise of up to 1100 degrees and a drop to -50. Good mastic has bactericidal properties and moisture resistance. This mastic can be used in rooms with high air humidity. Modern mastics also have adhesive properties, so it can be a temporary replacement for glue in case of damage to decorative elements.
Plaster or putty is not just a decorative element, sometimes it is a very important component of a stove or fireplace. It creates an additional layer that serves as a barrier to carbon monoxide in the event of cracks in the masonry. When the fireplace is idle for a long time, mold, fungi and many harmful microorganisms appear in the joints of the masonry (especially when using natural mixtures), which do not survive in the plaster. To decorate the fireplace, you need to select special mixtures. They must have high adhesion (penetrate deeply into the substrate), increased elasticity, and also be heat-resistant and fire-resistant.
Fireplace varnish is needed if the decor is made of stone or brick. The porous one quickly becomes clogged with dust and soot, so an untreated fireplace surface quickly becomes unattractive. The varnish will make the surface of the decor smooth. Fireplace varnish must have the following characteristics:
- It must withstand temperatures up to 200 - 250 degrees;
- It must be moisture resistant to prevent mold or mildew growth;
- It should contain acrylic for quick drying;
- It must have a high degree of adhesion, that is, it must penetrate deeply into the material;
- It should be transparent.
Thanks to high-quality varnish, the shades of the decor will acquire a pleasant shine, become more saturated and pleasant.
There are two types of sealants for fireplace and stove finishing: sealants for strengthening in particularly hot spots and sealants for decorating. The packs of both types of sealants should be marked with a spark, which indicates that the sealant in this package is heat-resistant.
The hot-zone sealant can withstand temperatures up to 1500 degrees. It is suitable for work in areas where open fire will be available. This sealant is suitable for attaching furnace casting to masonry and sealing chimneys. A high-quality heat-resistant sealant can significantly protect a house from fires.
The sealant for external work must withstand temperatures up to 200 degrees. Such a sealant can be moisture resistant - this allows you to carry out wet cleaning of the fireplace surface without fear.