A country house is the dream of many of our contemporaries. Far from the noise of the city and the exhausting activity of megacities, you want to be alone with your loved ones, surrounded by natural contrasts. A modern country house is a territory where you can devote yourself to comfort, coziness and relaxation. Comfort and coziness make up many things, fireplace stoves are no exception. This is not only a source of warmth, but also an opportunity to contemplate a live fire on quiet evenings, sitting in a comfortable armchair and throwing a warm blanket over oneself. An impressive picture, isn't it? And there are all the possibilities for the implementation of this idea. However, it is worth considering some features that are important when developing an interior project with a fireplace. What will it be, where can it be located, how to avoid the risks of spreading fire, what material to use for construction, what functions will the fireplace perform?
Features and Benefits
Needless to say, the main function of a fireplace stove is warmth for the home? The heat source in the Russian hut also served as a place for preparing food - they baked bread in the oven, cooked porridge. Over time, the functionalization of the functionality was reduced to two segments - the spread of heat into the home and a bold design experiment “two in one” with an open fire.
A properly developed project will allow you to combine both possibilities, it is enough to use proven materials that close the fire in one place, or use refractory design structures that open a view of the flame. The main material for the furnace is quite affordable - it is firewood, solid fuel. In any case, the principle of combining the heating system and decorative possibilities is observed in a country house: a firebox made of refractory materials will allow you to admire the hot tongues of flame, creating the entourage of a magical evening.
Fireplace stoves will always be relevant. More often in a country house they are made of refractory bricks or stone. These materials have many advantages. First, they do an excellent job of distributing heat throughout the home. Secondly, a fireplace made of stone or red brick looks very impressive in any home.
There are many styles, using which you can create a special interior with a fireplace stove: Venetian, classic, rustic, modern, you can develop your own creative style design. There are several types of fireplace stoves for the home: with a heat exchanger, with a hob, with a coolant, "eco", double-circuit, mini.
The basic principle of a fireplace with a heat exchanger or coolant is to provide the house with heat evenly. For such a design, cast iron or steel is used, from which a closed-type chamber is prepared, which, in turn, "closes" the fire from spreading.
At least 40 liters of water is used in the pipes of the heat exchanger - when heated, it circulates through those parts of the room where the pipes are installed. Such a stove is considered safe, and the heated water can be used for domestic needs. And another big plus - such a design can be considered as an alternative to central heating or a gas analogue of the heating system.
Fireplace stoves with hobs are a good find for rooms with a small area. The design allows you to save square meters, because this is a kind of hybrid of a fireplace and a "stove" - you can heat the house and cook food. It can become both an oven and a tumble dryer.For such a stove, it is important to determine its place in the house and choose the right raw materials. Most often, refractory bricks, stone and steel are used for the construction of such structures.
If, for some reason, the listed options for Peking Cain do not suit you, you can consider installing an Eco-fireplace. It can be arranged in any room of a country house. It is compact, comfortable and is considered not only a source of warmth and comfort, but also a good mood.
The main advantages are the small size of the fireplace, in the absence of a chimney. Such designs require an ethyl alcohol fuel block to which aroma ingredients and soot-free bioethanol can be added, and a beautiful design.
Such a fireplace is a decoration of any home. It is somewhat reminiscent of an improved "Ilyich lamp" - modern designers offer bold options for modernizing this once demanded model of a heat and light source.
You can build a double-circuit fireplace stove in your house - it will keep the heat in the house for a long time. Or you can opt for a mini-oven, which will serve not only as a source of heat, but also as a place where you can grill meat and bake vegetables.
You can consider the option of a double-circuit fireplace stove. Fireclay brick is used for the inside, red brick or natural stone for the outside. The outer part can be veneered, giving a beautiful and aesthetic appearance.
Device and design
The main part of the fireplace stove is its firebox. It is placed inside the body and is most often made of cast iron. Fireclay bricks are used for decoration - it protects cast iron from high temperatures that have a destructive effect on the metal. The firebox masonry has a door - thanks to this hole, the fuel is filled. The door can be made of special glass in any design, and then you can admire the safe flames.
Also, for the correct operation of the structure, a chimney is required - it must be vertical, at least five meters high in order to provide the necessary traction force. The chimney can be made of brick, but more and more often a metal pipe is used for this purpose. As an option - stainless steel sandwich pipes with basalt wool insulation. For the integrity of the structure, you will need a thermal casing, a second afterburner chamber.
How to choose?
Before installing a fireplace stove in a country house, you need to decide - what is it for? If for heating, the presence of a heat exchanger should be taken into account. If for design purposes, then determine the part of the house where such a structure will look most impressive. If the country house is made of timber, brick is the best material for the stove.
The classic version of a brick fireplace is warmth and comfort in the house. Correct laying and correctly selected bricks allow you to keep warm even after the fire in the stove has gone out. One fireplace can also heat a two-story house: for example, a variant of a traditional English fireplace with an open firebox. Or a closed modern fireplace made of fireproof glass.
Heating of the second floor is due to air convection - heated layers are lifted up through heat-insulated air ducts. You can use special grilles in the floor between the second and first floors so that warm air can pass through them unhindered. In a log house, it is advisable to have not only a beautiful, but also a safe fireplace. As a minimum, use an insulating stone wall. It can be made in a great design solution.
How to arrange it correctly?
A corner fireplace stove is one of the most common options. The choice of the place will provide further air exchange, respectively, good heating. This option can perform several functions, including cooking and decorative.If there is a question of heat distribution in several rooms of the dwelling, the stove should be installed in the openings of the partitions separating the rooms.
A fabulous Russian stove with a lounger is a good example, and the heat distribution effect can be improved by using ventilation holes in the rooms that are adjacent. If there is not enough space, the fireplace stove is installed in the center of the main room, but it should be spacious, and flammable objects should be kept at a distance. In the center of the octagonal house, the fireplace stove can be placed both in the corner, against the wall, and in the center of the room. In any case, the location of the structure is an important factor in maintaining safety in the home.
Do it yourself
When developing a design plan, it is important to take into account the number of its options - heat transfer, cooking necessity, interior beauty. The next step is a place for placing a fireplace stove, determining its size, purchasing the necessary materials, from which you can build such an important element for your home with your own hands. Only those that do not require additional industrial processing are suitable - brick, stone.
A brick base is laid on a special screed pillow. It is fenced off with metal bases where the firebox will be located - they can be made to order, and cast iron or steel is used for this. The metal duct must also be ordered in advance. Independent work on a fireplace stove is a troublesome business, the order, the project diagram, the need to mask the structure are important. But in general, this process is fascinating, because from the imagination of the master and his efforts, the house will forever be transformed.
And then the question arises: build or buy? DIY construction will be more expensive - just one wall brickwork will cost at least 40 thousand rubles, and the total cost depends on many factors - height, materials used, dimensions. Ready-made fireplace stoves for a country house have price "ceilings" and will cost several times cheaper.
Such manufacturers of fireplace stoves are considered popular, such as Polish "Kratki Koza", where models are made of cast iron, "Eurokom Asti" - with features of the Gothic style. Norway offers Jotul products that are distinguished by elegance. "Termofor", "Meta" are in demand, "Shkolnik" is known, "Teplodar" and products of other manufacturers are popular, which are included in the rating of the best in the country.
For example, a Viking fireplace stove from a Finnish manufacturer, which requires solid fuel, costs from 46 thousand rubles. The company "Termofor" offers ready-made fireplace stoves that run on wood fuel, from 7 thousand rubles. Furnaces from the Meta company with a water circuit cost from 15 thousand rubles. You can buy them both in large retail hardware stores, and on order at specialized online trading platforms. And the cost of installing a fireplace stove in a country house ranges from 15 to 34 thousand rubles, depending on the complexity of the order.
As for reviews about stoves-fireplaces in country houses, most of the users of this design believe that they are lucky - the home acquires a unique style and grace. In addition, several other problems are solved - heating, the ability to cook food, dry clothes. The presence of a stove in the house allows you to think about an extension to the house, which will be heated by such a stove. But the design also has some drawbacks. For example, the safety issue, in the opinion of many, has not been fully resolved - an open flame must be constantly monitored, despite the dampers and doors.
Interesting solutions in interior design
In conclusion, it is worth noting that there are many interesting solutions in interior design so that the fireplace stove will organically fit into the general space of a country house. Modern technologies and high-quality materials enable a flight of imagination in a private home.A built-in biofireplace or a corner stove in a frame house with a luxurious hob, a Russian stove with a lounger or a creative design exclusively for domestic needs related to heating the home - it all depends on the choice, financial capabilities and interest in making the house cozy, comfortable and unique …