Fireplace With Air Heating: Humidifier, Cold Air Supply With Humidification, Heating Circuit With Warm Air Circulation

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Fireplace With Air Heating: Humidifier, Cold Air Supply With Humidification, Heating Circuit With Warm Air Circulation
Fireplace With Air Heating: Humidifier, Cold Air Supply With Humidification, Heating Circuit With Warm Air Circulation

Video: Fireplace With Air Heating: Humidifier, Cold Air Supply With Humidification, Heating Circuit With Warm Air Circulation

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The fireplace is a sign of noble taste in the interior, it is a symbol of comfort and warmth. Today, a person who decides to install a fireplace has a lot to choose from. The assortment is wide enough. In order for this decorative element not only to please the eye, but also to heat the room well, it is better to stop your choice on a fireplace with a closed firebox. There are two types of such models: with air heating and water heating.

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Advantages and disadvantages

Arranging a fireplace with air heating will help keep warm. The function of such a device is twofold: interior decoration, decorative element and space heating. Fuel consumption in fireplaces with a closed hearth is quite economical. An air-heated fireplace will heat your home and save money.

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The complexity of this design lies in the fact that its design must be done when building a house. So it will work as efficiently as possible. An air humidifier is not required in an air-heated home. After all, with the help of convection, you can increase or decrease the humidity of the air at will. This will create a comfortable climate in the house.

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Among the shortcomings, one can single out the need to constantly monitor the presence of firewood in the firebox. It is necessary to periodically clean the chimney, remove ash. You will need a place to store fuel for the fireplace.

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Device and design

A fireplace with an air heating system is much cheaper than its counterpart with a water circuit. Adapting such a device to the characteristics of a particular house will require a lot of effort, but as a result, it will save on fuel consumption and heating rooms. Heat exchangers, special additional pipes in the structure, will help reduce fuel consumption.

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The design of such a fireplace allows you to heat the air from the flame. This is facilitated by the presence of channels that are located between the outer walls and the firebox. The air pipe is insulated. Warm air enters the room through a special opening. The smoke escapes through another channel, which has access to the chimney.

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A project of this design should be included in the house and fireplace drawings. Cold air enters the pipes through a separate hole, heats up there, rises and exits through the grate under the ceiling. To heat a larger space, an additional fan must be installed. It will help the air circulate and heat up faster. A fireplace with an external air intake is inconvenient in that the air flow can be stale and carry dust.

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A tray for collecting soot should be installed in the upper part of the firebox, since this is where it accumulates most. A special door will allow you to remove dirt. A filter will help to clean directly the intake air from contamination. It is installed in valves in front of the fireplace. Installing an ionizer is another way to get rid of dust.

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Principle of operation

Double heat transfer is the main feature of the fireplace with a water circuit; this is what makes it different from air heating. The scheme of the heating process with the circulation of warm and cold air looks quite simple. The cold air supply ensures the flow of flows into the fireplace through the pipes. The inflow must be constant for high-quality heating; air is taken from the street or from rooms. For this, a fence system comes out of the underground.

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A fan can provide additional air supply. It is installed in the vent grille of the fireplace.This device allows you to increase the speed of air circulation in the system. The streams pass through the pipes, reach the hearth, heat up, enter the walls, the insulating box and the chimney. When a sufficient volume of warm air is collected, it enters the rooms through the ventilation grilles.

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It collects and distributes evenly the warm air of an air-heated fireplace.This is one of the most important parts of the structure, together with the duct system. Humidification of the air in the house will be of high quality if the system works correctly. External air supply from the street is due to the fact that dust and small particles get inside, so regular cleaning of the grilles is mandatory.

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The flue ducts are responsible for the removal of combustion products. They are equipped with any fireplaces. The ventilation distribution is the main structure in the air heating system. The quality of heating the room depends on it.

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How to choose

When choosing a conventional fireplace, we focus on the ratio of the area of ​​the room and the power of the firebox. In the case of an air heating system, a too powerful firebox will lead to constant overheating of the air. It will be necessary to monitor the level of fire, the amount of firewood, and regularly ventilate the room.

In order not to be mistaken with the choice of the firebox, it is necessary to take into account the area, as well as the number of rooms in the house, floors, windows, and features of the ventilation system

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Installation rules

When installing and operating a fireplace with air heating, you should remember about certain rules for the components of this structure. Insulating air ducts helps reduce heat loss and noise. Brick, metal is used as a material; flexible pipes are suitable for small spaces. A duct filter will reduce the ingress of dust and dirt. It is important to clean the system regularly.

The duct should be secured well during installation. Do not make it narrow, this will affect sound insulation. Poor sealing of the structure airs the system during melting, air locks are formed. At the same time, the quality of heating decreases sharply. A special automatic air valve for heating will help to cope with traffic jams.

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Installation

The drawings of the hearth need to be developed with specialists, since there are many nuances in the design of a fireplace with air heating. Care must be taken to ensure that the air flows circulate in the correct direction, there is no loss of air during the heating process. For this, the structure of the box, pipes and chimney must be completely sealed. All this should be taken care of even at the stage of building a house. The location of the ventilation holes will have to be thought out, pipes connecting the rooms will be laid in the walls.

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In order for the fireplace to heat the premises more efficiently, it is necessary to make the entire system centralized, to reduce the number of air ducts. For them, it is better to use pipes made of aluminum, steel. In this case, additional ventilation is not required.

Natural gravity will help bring hot air down in a one-story house. Several fans should be installed in a two-story building. When installing the structure, it is necessary to pay special attention to the tightness of all parts. To exclude the suction of cold air from the walls, windows.

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Interesting interior solutions

A fireplace is not only a means of heating, but also an original solution for the interior

For a fireplace, you can select a separate wall, lay it out with a stone and build in a hearth. This design will become the center of the living room. Tall windows add light and space. Above the fireplace, you can hang a picture, a family portrait or a TV

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A corner fireplace will gather a warm friendly company around its fire. Opposite you can put chairs or a sofa. A small coffee table will also perfectly fit here.For a more romantic setting, lay a soft rug in front of the fireplace

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