Correct plastering of fireplaces and stoves is not an easy task. Incorrectly applied plaster with constant temperature drops can fall off, crack. A properly diluted solution is already the key to success. The plastering procedure itself should be carried out in stages, observing certain technologies.
When choosing plaster for fireplaces and stoves, you need to take into account that it must be resistant to high temperatures, its extremes and perform a protective function. Now you can mix the solution yourself or buy ready-made high-quality mixes in a hardware store that are easy to use. We sell special, heat-resistant plasters "Terracotta" or "Pechnik", used for leveling the surface of stoves, fireplaces, barbecue areas, etc.
There are also decorative types of mixtures for surface cladding and giving it a beautiful look. Depending on the base, which is part of the finishing material, acrylic, silicate, mineral and silicone plaster are distinguished. The so-called Venetian plaster is very beautiful, which in its texture and appearance resembles marble. And the so-called Finnish plaster will resemble natural stone in structure.
Handmade mixtures are a good alternative for store mixes. There are many mixing options, here are a few of them:
- in proportions 1: 0, 2: 2 take clay for decoration, asbestos and sand;
- sand, lime, clay and asbestos 2: 1: 1, 0: 1;
- Portland cement, sand, asbestos, clay in a ratio of 1: 2: 0, 1: 1.
To strengthen the composition, you can add straw to it. All materials are sieved through a fine mesh sieve before use to remove large lumps and debris. After the mass is stirred without water - it is added after a little time.
Features of the
Stoves and fireplaces are a great decor element that allows you to create a cozy atmosphere in your home. Fuel for them - firewood, are environmentally friendly raw materials.
For fireplaces and stoves, in order for them to last longer, special care must be taken. During their construction, one should adhere to the stage-by-stage, correct technology, and also use refractory substances.
The plaster must be heat-resistant flexible, so that it expands with the walls of the oven when heated. According to the composition, you need to choose natural, since at elevated temperatures, toxic substances will evaporate rapidly. Another important criterion is thermal conductivity, because the main function of a stove or fireplace is to heat the room.
Before starting plastering, you need to stock up on the following necessary tools:
- a bucket or other container for the mixture;
- container with water;
- building level.
After all the preparations, you can plaster, following the step-by-step instructions. Before starting plastering, the stove should be heated, cleaned of the remnants of building materials, dust. Then they start the process itself, which is performed in several stages:
- Moistening the work surface.
- Overlay solution. Its thickness should not exceed 5 mm, this layer is the main one and evens the surface.
- The primer is the second layer, the maximum permissible thickness for it is 5 mm. It is applied more carefully, leveling and rubbing out all flaws. For this layer, a more liquid mixture is used than for the first one, and constant moistening is necessary during its application.
- Covering. This is the final layer, for which an even more liquid plaster composition is used.It is necessary to carefully look so that the mixture fills all the cracks, smoothes out all the irregularities.
As a result, the plaster layer can exceed 1.5 cm. After that, you can start decorating the fireplace lining: paint beautifully, make a decorative box or pattern that fits the interior of the entire room.