Since ancient times, fireplaces have been used as a device for heating a home. Portals became widely known in Western Europe, after which they began to appear in Russia. The fireplace is not only a source of warmth in the house, but also an elegant detail for the interior of the premises, which you can constantly admire. For those who live in city apartments, there are decorative fireplaces that perform only an aesthetic function, without heating the room.
Features and Benefits
Residents of apartment buildings pay attention to the decorative type of fireplace, first of all, since they do not have the opportunity to install a traditional portal. Artificial corner portals will be the best option for small rooms, since the angular arrangement does not create an overload for the environment, and the structure itself does not have large dimensions.
If we talk about the advantages of this type of fireplace, the following can be noted:
- for a false fireplace, you do not need a chimney, an exhaust hood, if you do not plan to install a gas firebox. In the latter case, you will need to arrange for good ventilation and obtain approval from the gas company;
- often an electric furnace is installed in artificial portals. This part is a screen on which fire is displayed during operation. For this option, only the socket is required;
- false fireplaces are easy to install;
- you can easily make such structures yourself from any materials: drywall, polyurethane, wood, brick and even plywood;
- fire safety is one of the main advantages of an artificial portal, since there is no fire in it;
- you can create a fireplace of any size, they are lightweight and mobile.
Decorative fireplaces can be made from different materials yourself. The most widespread is the drywall portal. Some home and apartment owners choose brick, polyurethane, cardboard and even plywood. It all depends on your imagination and available tools at hand.
In order for such a fireplace to blend harmoniously with the interior of your room, you need to decide on the design style:
- classic. This style is characterized by a square shape. You can decorate it with a bas-relief or stucco molding. Artificial stones that serve as imitation of precious stones are also suitable. Facing work should be done using tiles with imitation brick or marble;
- country. Choose rough materials. It is necessary to imitate the home "hearth" in a simple form without decorative elements;
- modern. If your room supports the Art Nouveau style, decorate fireplaces with reflective material;
- modern high-tech style implies unusual shapes with sharp corners and mirrored elements.
If you want to create a fireplace yourself in your home, you should take into account several rules using the example of a drywall portal:
- Before you make a fireplace yourself, you will need to draw drawings for the future design. After the sketch is ready, decide on which wall the portal will be located in the room and make calculations, marking the place for the base of the portal.
- If you want your fireplace to be in a corner, you will first need to assemble the base and then mount the structure into the wall. Other types of fireplaces involve assembling the frame part directly on the wall.
- Cut the metal profile, taking into account the markings on the wall. Then you can already collect the back of the portal. The base is attached with self-tapping screws, the dowel-nails are useful for attaching the frame to the wall.
- Assemble the base gradually and constantly check the drawing. Otherwise, you can get confused in the calculations, and you end up with a curved design. To stabilize the portal, place spacers every 30 centimeters. If your fireplace has an arch, cuts should be made on the sides of the profile, after which you can start giving the arc shape.
- You can now cut drywall. A hacksaw or a regular jigsaw is suitable as a tool. If you do not have these means, then take an ordinary knife. Measure each side before cutting. The parts are screwed to the base using a 25 mm self-tapping screw.
- Now you have the base for the decorative portal ready and you can start facing the structure.
- Many apartment owners install their fireplace in the wall of the headset. Above the "hearth" is a TV, which looks very impressive. To equip your project with lighting, you will need to be connected to the power supply or ordinary candles.
Out of the boxes
It is easy to make a portal out of boxes yourself. For these purposes, you will need cardboard, a knife, a ruler, a simple pencil, scissors, a stapler and tape for construction. To create a stable structure, it is better to choose a box for household appliances.
Draw a sketch of the future portal, and transfer the image to the box. Cut off the extra elements from the box and secure the fireplace with a stapler. All joints of the box are sealed with construction tape. The fireplace insert is cut with a knife. You can only cut the top and side of the firebox. Fold the material down into the box to create a shelf. It should also be secured with construction tape.
Now you can attach the structure to the wall. You will need double-sided tape for construction. Use for facing the wallpaper, which should be pasted over the portal. If you do not want to waste a lot of time, you can simply purchase a self-adhesive film with a brick pattern. The top of the fireplace is decorated with a cardboard shelf or styrofoam parts.
This fireplace is easy to assemble and can be moved around the house. You can buy an ordinary sheet of plywood and decorate it with wallpaper, or purchase sheets with three-dimensional drawings.
What you need to work:
- screwdriver and self-tapping screws;
- plywood cutting tool;
- wood planks for the base of the portal;
- furniture legs.
After you have all the necessary materials at hand, you can get to work. Start with a drawing, noting the size and frame of the product. Bars of wood should be sawn to the required length and signed.
The bars should be connected using self-tapping screws. Furniture legs are screwed to the base board, after which the finished frame is attached to the base. Then the mantelpiece is installed. At each stage of the work, check with the drawing.
The portal itself is cut from plywood. Glue the cut with masking tape or tape. The material should be cut with a wood hacksaw or an electric jigsaw. Grinding should be done in a circle.
If you use ordinary plywood in your work, which in the future you will paste over with wallpaper, then make special threaded screws or wire nails. If using decorative plywood, use a special wood glue.
Apply a special impregnation to the wood so that the fireplace will serve you for a long time.
There are many options for creating a fake Styrofoam fireplace. The most common is a portal made of foam plastic on a cardboard base.
What is required for work:
- foam plate;
- decorative plinth;
- scissors or knife;
- construction tape;
- water-based paint;
The creation of this type of fireplace, like any other, should begin with the development of a drawing, which is subsequently transferred to cardboard. Then the cardboard base should be cut. In the place where the "hearth" will be located, it is necessary to make cuts and bend their edges deep into the box, gluing with tape.
The next step is pasting the structure with foam. You will need to create a countertop that is made of foam or plywood. Next, use decorative skirting boards to decorate the portal. Apply a thin layer of putty to the fireplace and cover the surface with water-based paint.
Your decorative fireplace is ready. Install a screen that will simulate fire, or use LED backlighting, a garland, battery-powered candles.
It is best to use laminated chipboard, as it will simplify the process of creating a decorative fireplace as much as possible. The only difficulty in working with this material is cutting the material. You can cut the slabs with your own hands or contact a specialist.
Indicate the correct sequence of sizes: the first number is the grain size (along the picture), the second number is the size across the grain. Do not forget about the selection of the edge as a finishing material. It is glued with a heated iron. If you decide to make a fireplace from chipboard, then it is enough to cut the sheets to size, because the box itself will be decorated.
Always refer to the drawing when assembling. The first step is to install the frame. It is made from slats that are made of metal or wood. Use the path to be drawn on the wall or floor in full size format. You can assemble the frame separately and make the back wall from chipboard. A similar box can be placed near the wall as furniture.
If you have chosen chipboard as a material, then the fireplace is ready for you; when working with chipboard, you will need to think about finishing. You can use various options, ranging from decorative stones, natural wood, and ending with fabric. It all depends on your desire and financial capabilities.
From foam blocks
For work, you need foam blocks, glue, putty, trowel, wood board, spatula with a hacksaw. Before starting work, decide on the dimensions, choose a place for the future portal and draw a sketch.
A foam concrete slab, the base height of which is no more than 10 cm, should be laid on the floor using special glue. Use vertical blocks for sidewalls; for wide structures, lay horizontally.
Blocks are easy to saw, so you can saw them into bricks. In this way, brickwork is imitated, and the elements are fastened with glue or a solution of cement and sand. After the side walls have been installed, glue the block board over the top. It will act as the top shelf.
If you have too much space left for the firebox, then the front part can be cut out of plywood. The arch can be made in the form of an arch or be just a flat surface. On the front panel, you can use a corrugation, which should be well coated with glue and putty. Place the compound on the trowel using a spatula and apply the solution from the bottom up.
The first layer should be left to dry completely, after which the procedure should be repeated. The surface is processed with sandpaper. Do not forget about facing a decorative fireplace. Any materials can be used, depending on the interior of your room.
Gypsum has special properties, so you can make a portal of any shape out of it. You should be aware that this structure will not be able to heat the room, but if you wish, you can install a small source of fire.
Prepare for work:
- impact drill;
- building level;
- screws and dowels.
Preparation for work begins with the selection of a place and determination with dimensions. Do not forget that any construction work begins with the development of a drawing. A concrete pad can be used as the basis for the portal. In accordance with the installation rules, the base must protrude at least 30 cm beyond the edges of the entire structure. The height of the pillow cannot be less than 20 cm.
Thoroughly clean the wall next to which the fireplace will be located. The installation of the device should be carried out using metal profiles, which will be the basis of the structure. Use wall plugs if the fireplace will be placed against a concrete wall. After the profile is created, the structure should be sheathed with plasterboard.
Plasterboard should be reinforced with a profile. When choosing a material, take into account that it is combined with the interior of the room. Excess parts are cut off, the material is fastened using self-tapping screws, and the seams are covered with putty.
Before starting work with the putty, process each edge of the sheet to make it even. The abrasive will help you in this work. Do not forget about installing refractory cladding. You can use ordinary foil for these purposes.
Anyone can master the creation of a decorative fireplace, but creating a fire is a daunting task. Special electrical appliances are characterized by high cost, but they will simulate burning wood, accompanying the process with a crackling sound.
Some people portray the flame as in Pinocchio. This method is a simple decorative pattern that depicts burning firewood. Choose small pictures and place them on the back of the firebox.
Can be used as an imitation of the flame of a light bulb or a Christmas garland. A plasterboard fireplace, in which a garland is wound on real logs, looks great. A mirror firebox with candles will help create a beautiful and cozy atmosphere.
Installing a small table lamp in the fireplace niche is also an original idea. Cover the firebox with yellow translucent foil for a great effect. For this option, you should consider the option of masking the wire, because the light bulb must be turned on and off.
If there is no room in your fireplace to place objects, you can place the processed logs with beautiful candlesticks right in front of the portal.
Interesting solutions and ideas in the interior
You will be able to carry out finishing work in numerous ways, depending on your abilities, wishes and taste preferences. The simplest option is polyurethane trim, which is sold by many stores. This material is highly durable and easy to install, therefore it has won a leading position among the owners of decorative portals.
You can decorate the fireplace with ceramic tiles or use natural fireplaces. Any material for cladding should be chosen, taking into account the interior of the room and your idea.
If we talk about unusual decorations for a decorative fireplace, then first of all, this structure plays an aesthetic role and should please the eye of its owner and his guests. It is not at all necessary to use firewood and a poker as decoration. Today, designers offer a wide range of options:
Clocks are always placed near traditional portals. They are either located above the firebox or on the fireplace shelf. If your house has a decorative portal, designers advise to put the clock in a niche, or in the firebox itself. A fireplace like this will be guaranteed to attract the gaze of your guests
An original look can be given to a fireplace by installing several shelves in a niche. Place small figurines, candles, or boxes with unusual contents on them
Many people enjoy spending time by the fireplace and reading books. For this reason, experts recommend decorating square fireboxes with books
Fill the niche completely with your favorite art with colorful covers - it will look very unusual.
Paintings and photographs also contribute to giving the portal an original look. Small frames can be placed around the entire perimeter of the fireplace, and large ones are better placed in a niche
A false fireplace can be decorated with flowers, spruce branches and house flowers in pots
Use your portal as a custodian of valuable collections. The niche can be used to display jewelry, cars or shells that you brought from the sea
The use of a fireplace instead of a bar is also popular. Place bottles of drinks from your collection in the lower niche, and place glasses on the upper shelves
A screen that simulates a flame will help bring the decorative option closer to the traditional one, and create a cozy atmosphere in the room where you will gather with your family
There are no restrictions for decorating a decorative portal, trust your imagination and create a unique item to decorate your room.