Fireplace Stove For Home Heating: Boiler With Air Heating

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Fireplace Stove For Home Heating: Boiler With Air Heating
Fireplace Stove For Home Heating: Boiler With Air Heating

Video: Fireplace Stove For Home Heating: Boiler With Air Heating

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A fireplace is not only a decorative element of the home interior, which performs a decorative function, but also an irreplaceable and at the same time original heating device. If there are no other types of heating in the house, such as a boiler or centralized heating system, then a fireplace stove can become a source of heat. If you properly mount such a device, then it can even be used to heat water. A properly installed and selected fireplace will serve as an excellent source of heat supply. Such an element will decorate the interior of the house and perfectly warm you in the cold season and make the air in the house warm.

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A feature of the work of such a fireplace is that under the influence of the heat of the fireplace-stove, the air in the room heats up. Since warm air is lighter, it rises up and is evenly distributed throughout the house, there are even special models with an air duct. Another advantage of this heater is that its use helps to save energy that could be spent on heating the house. There are many options for placing a fireplace stove at home: it can be built into a wall, used as a partition, placed in a corner, and also near a wall.

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How to place

A real brickwork fireplace stove can be installed only in a private house, and you should take into account that the living room or another room in which the fireplace stove will be located should be quite spacious, it is desirable that the house be about 30 square meters or more. In addition, the floor of the building must be very strong, since such a fireplace is a rather heavy structure. It is better to entrust the work of installing a brick fireplace-stove to a master who knows his business, because if you install it yourself, you can easily break the masonry, which can subsequently lead to a fire.

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The fireplace stove, in addition to its main heating function, also performs a decorative function in the interior of the house, therefore it is important that it fits well into the home environment. Its correct placement in the room is of great importance.

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Types

There is a huge variety of types of fireplace stoves. Knowing about each of them, you can easily find the one that is right for you. Due to the wide variety of types and models of fireplace stoves, you can choose the most suitable one in terms of dimensions and appearance.

According to the placement of the fireplace-stove in the room, several types of them are distinguished, the most common of which is the wall-mounted fireplace. This type of fireplace is a classic model. Based on the area of ​​the room in which the installation of the fireplace stove is planned, you can choose a large fireplace or a compact one, that is, a small device. The latter option is suitable for rooms with an area of ​​less than twenty square meters. Another type is an island fireplace-stove, which can be located in any part of the room, but this design takes up quite a lot of space.

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The next type is a corner fireplace-stove. This model takes up less space in the room compared to previous types, so it is perfect for a small cozy room. There are also built-in or insert fireplaces. Such an insert is mounted in the wall of the house and practically does not take up the space of the living space.There are also two types of fireplace stoves, depending on the type of place where the fuel burns out: this is an open and closed type fireplace.

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For heating a two-story house

For large modern houses, an excellent solution would be a fireplace stove that heats two floors of the house at once. These are very reliable and effective models of fireplace stoves, but this is reflected in their cost: the price of such products is quite high. In addition, the design of such a fireplace is very complex, so not everyone can create it on their own.

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If you decide to give preference to such a fireplace-stove, which is capable of heating two floors of a residential building at once, you should also decide on the type of its design. The first type is a fireplace stove, which has only one firebox, the device of which provides for heating the second floor due to the good circulation of air masses from the chimney. The second type of fireplace stove for a house with two floors is a fireplace with a pair of fireplace inserts, and both inserts are completely independent of each other. The latter can be of two types.

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The first type is a fireplace, which has a couple of fireboxes and only one chimney. The design of such a fireplace weighs much less and does not take up much space in the house; often craftsmen create such a home fireplace-stove on their own. But despite its positive qualities, such a fireplace also has negative features: two separate fireboxes, having a common chimney, do not blink to work at the same time, because if the draft is in one firebox, then from the second firebox all combustion products will fly into premises. Therefore, such a structure can only work on each of the floors in turn. The best option for a fireplace stove for a two-story private house is a type of fireplace that has two fireboxes and one chimney for each of them, so you can use such a fireplace at any time.

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Features of bunk stoves

A two-tier fireplace stove is the best option for the owners of a two-story house. The fireplace inserts, independent from each other, are separated by special jumpers. The fireplace insert on the first floor is fenced with special air-exhaust ducts, which improve heat exchange processes between the fireplace-stove and the room as a whole. The fireplace insert on the second floor is equipped with only one air outlet channel, and in this case, the chimney of the furnace located one floor below plays the role of the second such channel.

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Two-tier fireplaces have a very large mass, therefore, to create such a device, you even have to build a whole foundation, but there are also frame-type models, that is, more simplified structures that do not require the creation of a foundation. The foundation of a two-story fireplace is made of concrete with an iron frame, it must be reinforced. In addition, such a foundation must be installed below the level to which the soil freezes.

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With a water circuit

Such a design is very unique and convenient, since you can install such fireplaces-stoves in different rooms of the same house, which are remote from each other. Such a stove can have a separate independent thermal heating system or can be supplemented with special gas, oil devices or devices powered by electricity. These types of fireplace stoves work like a classic thermo fireplace, in which a heat exchange chamber and a closed-type firebox are built. When purchasing a fireplace with forced circulation of water, you need to take into account that you will definitely need to connect it to the power supply, otherwise such a system will not work.

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The main place in the device of this fireplace is occupied by a pump, which performs the function of transporting water through each of the pipes of the heat supply system. Such a system allows you to warm up any room as much as possible, even in the shortest possible time.You can even get a very small radiator.

You can also give preference to designs that work on the basis of the hydro-resistance principle. In addition, you can place a fireplace stove shelf in advance, on which you can later position your wood fuel.

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Long burning fireplaces

The design of the long burning fireplace-stove is a highly energy efficient device. In such a fireplace, the fuel, the role of which is played by coal or wood, does not burn completely, but undergoes a slow process of smoldering. Subsequently, gas is produced, which, when burned, increases the temperature in the house where the device is located several times. The design of a home fireplace-stove of long burning is rather complicated, it consists of several elements. One of them is a fuel bunker, which is usually found in pellet fireplaces, but in modern times there are types of fireplaces that can immerse firewood in the firebox without outside interference. The firebox of such a fireplace can only be strictly closed. The air outlet of this design is equipped with fans, and is shaped like a telescope-tube, which descends depending on the process of fuel combustion.

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A long-burning fireplace stove must necessarily have a chimney so that combustion products can be removed from the closed firebox without problems. In addition, these fireplaces are equipped with a technology for assembling the emerging condensate. If you own such a fireplace, then it would be nice to get an ash pan so that you can collect solid particles left over from the fuel. The air necessary for the oxidizing processes of wood must be supplied through the ventilation holes, which are located under the air outlet.

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After you have laid and set fire to the wood, you need to close the firebox, and in this case the hole required for ventilation opens. Oxygen, without which the combustion process is impossible, enters only the upper part of the fuel, its lower part is not affected at all. While the wood is burning, the air vent is slowly lowered, and at the same time the flame captures the next layers of wood. Subsequently, such a slow burning out of the fuel, a minimum amount of combustion products remains. And the resulting gas is oxidized, and as a result, ordinary water (condensate) and carbon dioxide are produced.

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