Installing a fireplace in your home is only half the battle. In order for the picture to be complete, and the interior complete, the portal and hearth must be decorated with a decorative lattice. This element will become a highlight of the interior, as well as protect the room from fire and hot coal. In addition to forged individual grilles of an unusual look, there are also ventilation products. They move air currents and increase heat transfer.
The fireplace grate has various functions. Although the fireplace does not heat the room as well as other devices, but rather serves as a decoration, it still generates heat. Therefore, ventilation grilles are a must-have for any fireplace. They will increase heat transfer. You can buy such a grill for an air duct or make it yourself.
Grilles for fireplaces are built-in and local. Outwardly, the lattices can look anything you like: combine a variety of ornaments and patterns. Grilles will help keep the room warm and heat it better. This part will save the chimney and the box from overheating, thereby prolonging the service life.
The protective function of the grill also lies in the fact that it does not allow foreign objects to get into the chimney and vice versa: it does not let soot and smoke into the room. For the firebox, you should choose a screen made of high-quality and durable material, clearly corresponding to the size and overall design.
Grates will provide good traction in the fireplace. They will support firewood and coal. The grate passes ash through the holes. This allows you to make a new bookmark and heat the room better. It is better to choose grates from cast iron. The design of such a lattice can be varied.
Thanks to the choice of a certain type of grille and correct installation, it is possible to create a natural air movement in the room. Oven grates have holes. The speed of heating the room depends on their size. The larger their size, the faster the warm air enters the room. This way a larger space can be heated.
For chimneys on store shelves, you can find grates of different shapes. Initially, they were made rectangular, but now they are diamond-shaped, round, trapezoidal. In terms of functionality, there is no difference between such grilles. It's just a matter of taste.
As a result of operation, dirt forms on the box and chimney of the fireplace. They can be cleaned through the grates. They will also help to avoid overheating of internal structures.
Built-in grilles are part of the fireplace design, which was thought out even at the stage of construction of the entire heating system. The convection mesh in the ventilation grill is specially designed so that cold air from the room easily enters the fireplace, and hot air also simply returns back. At the same time, soot, soot should not get into the room along with the heated air.
In an air fireplace for better air movement in the box and heating the room, you can additionally use a fan. In this case, the size of the structure should be higher and wider than the standard one. The mesh should not be used in this case. Fireplace grates for every taste and for any purpose today are easy to find in specialty stores.
The ventilation grill is necessarily included in the design of the fireplace. It can be located in a convection box under the ceiling. Hot air goes there. The grill located below is used to draw air from the room. When choosing a ventilation grill, it is necessary to take into account several nuances - shape, holes, dimensions.
If the vent is too large, the air will escape before reaching the desired temperature. The material must be of high quality, withstand high temperatures. A plastic grill will not work, because it can melt from the hot air. You won't find this in stores, but when making it yourself, you need to take this into account.
Individual lattices are local products. They are mounted on a support at a short distance from the hearth. The main task of such a design is to protect the room from fire and flying off hot particles.
In accordance with the style of the interior, you can choose a grid of any shape. As a decorative element, it can be made of any metal and coated with varnish or paint that can withstand high temperatures. Such a screen is intended to serve as a decoration, therefore its aesthetic features come to the fore. All kinds of interweaving of shapes and styles can be combined in such a product.
Metal grilles intended only for interior decoration may not have high refractory properties. In this case, air duct and fireplace grates can be decorated with glass, stone, gilding. If protection and safety are in the first place, then for the hearth it is necessary to use a forged grate made of high-quality material that does not lend itself to corrosion.
Ventilation grilles for fireplaces are usually:
- cast iron;
These are the most common materials in the manufacture of fireplace screens.
It is not so easy to make a beautiful and high-quality lattice with your own hands. It is quite difficult to find a high-quality coating for metal that can withstand high temperatures. And the lattice itself may not correspond to the drawn sketch.
Welding. Wire or bent rods are used to create a grid by welding. All elements are connected to each other. Using this method, you can try to make a lattice yourself
Casting. A cast fireplace grate is usually made of cast iron. It is an integral part of the fireplace and combines decorative and practical functions. Casting is also widely used as is welding. These are the most common manufacturing methods. Such products are much cheaper than forged ones
Forging. Forged products are made in two ways. In the first case, the hot method is used. The metal is heated and processed. This method is used in the manufacture of a batch of products. For an individual order, cold processing is used, which allows you to create freely
Forged models of grilles will not only ensure safety and last a long time, but will also delight the eye. This is especially true for hand-made grates. In this case, you can choose a model that exactly matches the style of the fireplace and the room itself.
For the English style, a laconic and simple solution is suitable. Modern or Rococo will require graceful ornamentation or curls. The symmetrical pattern on the grill will add elegance and sophistication to the interior.
Manufacturing and installation
You can make a grate for a fireplace according to an individual order. Then this decorative element, made according to the original project, will reflect your taste preferences. It will be possible to weave the family coat of arms or initials into the ornament.
You can make a ventilation grill or any other yourself. The main thing is to choose the material. Since we are talking about high temperatures, plastic cannot be used in work.
When installing the ventilation grill, clearly calculate the location and direction of all elements. To do this, you need to know exactly where the warm streams are moving. Ideally, they should move inside the room and only there. It is better to entrust the installation to a specialist.
Additional forged details next to the fireplace will help to decorate the openwork metal grate. It can be a poker, basket, tongs, even a chair can stand on cast-iron legs. A stencil for a fireplace can also act as a decor. With its help, a stone fireplace can be turned into a brick one. You can stick various monograms, patterns, monograms on the fireplace.
It is customary to decorate ventilation grilles with heat-resistant paint with the addition of metals. You can choose from gold, nickel, copper, brass elements. The mesh should be selected from ceramics.