The fireplace has firmly taken its place in the interior of many country houses and apartments. It is a device characterized by beauty and functionality. Warming, it envelops the room with a cozy and warm atmosphere. In order for fireplaces to perform their tasks with maximum efficiency, you need to pay attention to the correct choice of the fireplace insert for the portal. A lot depends on how competently you select this component in all respects. What exactly, we will consider in this article.
Main structural elements
The following elements are present in the design of a fireplace insert:
- Wall. The number and dimensions of the walls depend on the type of heating unit. If you have a completely open model, there are no walls, in the panoramic version there are two elements, in the built-in model there are three elements. Walls can be made of steel, fireclay bricks or heat-resistant glass;
- Base. For metal structures, it is made of cast iron, and brick units are made of stones or bricks;
- Smoke collector. It is designed to collect and evacuate the stream of smoke that is generated during combustion. This component of the fireplace insert can be designed as a separate unit. In this case, it is attached to the chimney or to the upper walls of the firebox. Often, smoke collectors play the role of a chamber for afterburning gases in a pyrolysis oven;
- Door. It can be made of glass, which makes it possible to observe the process of burning the portal;
- grate. This component is used to transport ash from the fireplace insert. Fresh air flows through the holes, which contribute to the combustion process. As a rule, this part is made of cast iron, since it is exposed to high temperatures;
- Ash pan. This component is the ash collection chamber. It is placed under the firebox, right under the grate. The ash pan can be a drawer or a stationary chamber, which are made of fire-resistant materials;
- Gate damper. It exists for partial or complete overlapping of the chimney, thus regulating the draft and intensity of the fire in the fireplace.
Fireplace inserts are divided into types according to several criteria. For example, a fireplace insert is of a closed or open type. There is also a division into an air furnace, or products with water circuits. The latter design is responsible for several actions: heating a room, obtaining hot water for household needs.
If you want to install a fireplace in your home, which requires good functionality along with safety, then a portal with a closed firebox will suit you. As a rule, the doors and walls of such devices are made of heat-resistant glass. With this type of fireplace, you can admire the flames without worrying about the possibility of sparks from the fire entering the room.
There are many proposals from manufacturers that provide lifting doors, due to which you can convert a closed unit into an open one. For those who like to admire an open flame, this option is the most preferable.
The advantages of these models include:
- high productivity;
- long period of use;
- fire safety;
- ash particles do not spread throughout the room, as they go straight to the ash pan.
The disadvantages include:
- closed fireboxes are more expensive when compared with open options;
- if your model does not have the option of self-cleaning glasses, then you will have to clean them yourself.
This is the best option for a relaxation area. Observing the view, the very smell and sound of burning firewood, can bring everyone into a state of relaxation. The real heat will give the observers a sense of safety and security. The advantage of the models is the affordable cost. Among the disadvantages are the following:
- low productivity;
- fire hazard. If you decide to install a fireplace with an open hearth in your home, then pay attention to the fire safety requirements. These portals should be installed on a refractory brick foundation, and floor protection with non-combustible material will also be required.
- such fireboxes pose a danger to children and animals, as they can easily get burned next to them.
Such fireplace inserts are called inserts. They are state-of-the-art products that are embedded in a pre-selected cladding material or in a fireplace portal. Installation is carried out simultaneously with the installation of the cladding and the chimney. Most built-in furnaces have double afterburning, control of combustion properties, temperature conditions, glass cleaning and other functions.
Double-sided fireplace inserts are called constructions with two facades that are opposite each other. They are used in corner, wall and island type fireplaces. When installing a chimney with and one firebox, the flame can be admired in adjacent rooms.
For bio furnaces, an exhaust hood or a chimney is not required, because they do not emit harmful substances during combustion. This type of firebox runs on special fuel, therefore, special decorations are used for them, which act as logs.
These fireplace inserts are open on three sides. They are divided into two types:
- with an enlarged part and narrow glasses on the sides;
- a U-shaped firebox with a narrow front wall and long side walls.
Round fireboxes are distinguished by a peculiar glass shape. They are loved by people who like stylish and unusual things in the interior.
Vermiculite furnaces are distinguished by excellent thermal insulation, and are popular, since the very material from which these structures are made is distinguished by its environmental friendliness, resistance to high temperatures, refractoriness, and reflectivity.
A firebox with a convection chamber is a bargain. In this case, the chimney is closed with a special casing made of heat-insulating plasterboard, and between the firebox and the niche, air flows through the holes above and below the firebox are ensured.
The pass-through fireplace insert looks presentable. There are models from domestic and foreign manufacturers. The second name of such products is double-sided. They are similar to the corner type with two glass walls, but in them the glasses are located opposite each other.
With the help of such a firebox, you can delimit the space in the room and visually connect the neighboring rooms due to the blazing flame.
Modern vortex furnaces are equipped with refractory ceramic tiles. When a secondary air flow is supplied, combustible gases are retained in it for a long time, which completely burn out, forming a minimum amount of harmful substances.
How to choose
Before you put a fireplace in your home, you need to choose a fireplace insert. Many beginners are wondering about the choice of a product. The diverse range of products is daunting and most people don't know where to start. Furnaces can have different styles, colors, and manufacturing companies.
To make a choice, you should familiarize yourself in more detail with the offers from different manufacturers and choose the most suitable option.
Installation and protection
The performance of the entire structure depends on how correctly you install it. Experts advise using some rules during installation:
- Before deciding on the location of the fireplace, you should take care of the fire safety of the walls.
- The base of the firebox must be fitted with a steel sheet with a thickness of 2 mm.
- Basalt-based cotton wool acts as thermal insulation. It must be placed between the floor and the ceiling.
- When laying, the firebox must be gradually rounded off, laying each brick row 6 cm closer than the previous one.
- Remove excess mortar from the bricks with a sponge.
- The thickness of the side wall should be 20 cm, and the back 10 cm.
- If you are installing in a stone room, then you can place the fireplace near any wall. When working with wood, you need to equip a protective layer of bricks or building blocks.
- To avoid damage to the surface during the operation of the furnace, the chimney must be taken out of the roof at a distance of at least 1 meter.
- The section of the chimney that intersects with the attic should be insulated.
- The junction of the firebox and the chimney must be airtight.
- The firebox must be at least 20 cm above the floor.
- The distance between the firebox and the wall must be at least 10 cm.
The modern market offers a wide selection of fireplace inserts. Everyone who wishes can easily purchase exactly the option that suits their needs. It is only necessary to choose the material for the production of the firebox. At the moment, the stores offer products from cast iron and steel.
To make the right choice, you need to familiarize yourself with the merits of each type of product. The cast iron firebox is a traditional production option that has been popular for several decades. Various modern technologies and developments are carried out on its basis.
The construction of a cast iron fireplace insert consists of several particles, presented as separate components. During installation, all elements are assembled into a single whole. A special furnace cord used at the junction is responsible for the tightness of the structure.
Compared to steel furnaces, cast iron products can retain heat for a long time. This property is due to the remarkable heat storage properties of the material. The metal heats up more slowly, gradually giving off heat. Another advantage of cast iron is its thermoplastic. A firebox made of such a material is not subject to deformation and destruction.
How to finish
The cladding of the fireplace insert is an important factor for the appearance of the portal. Also, its importance is determined by the fact that this design serves to heat the room and is considered an integral part of the entire design of the room. To use the fireplace to give maximum pleasure, you should decide in advance on the color scheme of the interior and the style of the room itself.
If you follow these rules, then the fireplace will be a real decoration of your bedroom, living room or kitchen. A wide range of cladding materials can satisfy any taste preference.
The characteristics of the materials can determine the efficiency of a fireplace insert. As a rule, an open firebox is used in portals, which is laid out from bricks or stones. It is worth noting that its use is accompanied by some problems, because not every overlap between floors will be able to withstand the large mass of the fireplace. In this regard, the installation of stone structures should be carried out only on the first floors.
Today, cast iron and steel fireplace inserts are popular, which most people decide to overlay with ceramics, fireclay bricks or vermiculite. Today's refractory materials make cladding work much easier. Plasterboard constructions, artificial stones make it possible to complete the facing work within 7-10 days.
If you are thinking about how to overlay a cast iron firebox with natural stone, consider the duration of the work. Experts recommend contacting qualified craftsmen on this issue.
From a theoretical point of view, it is possible to use the firebox without cladding. However, it is common for walls to emit infrared radiation. When the wood is burned, the body becomes almost red hot, so you can easily get burned by touching it.
Cladding with bricks is very popular. You can use the idea of a loft style for the interior. The work uses ceramic and facing types of bricks, as well as clinker.
Recently, the facing of the fireplace insert with the help of aerated concrete has become widespread. The advantages of this method include the efficiency of work. Disadvantages: mandatory additional finishing work, low structural strength, which requires reinforcement.
Drywall is a good option for self-finishing a fireplace insert. It can be used to create classic and non-standard portal models.
Fireplace inserts are offered by many domestic and foreign manufacturers. Products differ in their functional additions and price category. There are several popular firebox companies that are trusted by consumers:
In Ukraine, the Zharko company has conquered the market, which offers the most modern developments with adaptation to local realities. "Zharko" fully supports the quality requirements that are declared in Europe, Ukraine and Russia, thanks to which it is in the leading places in the implementation of stoves and fireplaces.
Fireplace insert from Air Long Lux "Snowflake" is characterized by increased performance, along with an excellent power of 20 kW. The weight of the structure is 192 kg. Attention is drawn to the original design and the wide diameter of the chimney of 200 mm. Such ovens cost about 60 thousand rubles.
If you want to get a prestigious version, then the French manufacturer Laudel offers corner models of fireboxes, the cost of which is 80,000 rubles. Many owners of country houses or prestigious summer cottages choose the Laudel 700 Grande Vision Turbo.
For chic lovers, there is the stylish XE Invicta Prismatic 700 firebox, which is characterized by a prismatic shape. The structure is made of high quality cast iron, which is smelted in factories in Europe. The cost of such a model is 61 thousand rubles.
The available model Ferlux C-17 Air ext has a complete flue gas post-combustion function, along with an external air supply. This design is characterized by a power of 10 kW. Despite its small dimensions, such a fireplace insert can heat a house with an area of 75 square meters. The cost of such a furnace is 26 thousand rubles.
The cost of fireplace inserts may differ depending on the prestige of the manufacturer and its position in the market. Each buyer will be able to choose exactly the option that suits his financial capabilities.
Corner fireplace inserts have the simplest configuration, which undoubtedly reflected in their cost: they are the cheapest among fireplaces. Such structures are easy to install and take up little space. It is worth noting their high degree of heat transfer, which is formed due to the reflection of heat into the air from the walls.
Overview of producing countries
It is not for nothing that the firebox is called the heart of the fireplace.It plays the role of its most important part, which affects the performance of the entire unit. The domestic market for fireplace inserts offers a varied selection among manufacturers from different parts of the world. Below are the most common brands:
The German company Schmid has long gained its fame as a manufacturer of high quality heating equipment. The production is located in Rathenau. Russian consumers liked this model due to its really good quality.
Spartherm fireplace inserts belong to the world leader in heating equipment. The appliances have a modern style and good quality. In any country, these products are able to find their customers, because the furnaces of this brand meet all the declared world standards.
Edilkamin has advanced foundry technology, which is why the most modern cast iron fireplace inserts are produced here. Edilkamine is very popular all over the world.
The best European designers and highly qualified engineers are involved in the creation of models. For the Edil fireplace, a patented technology from this manufacturer was widely spread, which consists in a harmonious supply of air to the firebox, a secondary afterburner technology, and an option for aerodynamics to remove combustible products.
The Invicta 700 fireplace insert is considered the bestseller. Its functionality, combined with an affordable price tag, attracts the attention of many buyers. These products are considered a model of the height of the designer's style, which constantly brings joy to its consumers. The manufacturer offers semi-antique, leather-like and other lucrative options.
It is worth noting another French company, which owns the Termovision vision 700 d firebox. The main specialization of the company is the production of cast iron furnaces. The product contains a gate damper, which is installed on the firebox branch pipe and makes it possible to control the draft, dressing up with the retention of heat inside the room.
In Russia, the company Optima Aqua is engaged in the production of fireplace inserts. Each product is distinguished by a water circuit, side doors and a slide gate. The Lira brand is also in great demand among the population.
The Czech company Liseo became famous for the production of fireplace inserts using advanced technology. These products are in no way inferior in their quality to Western European manufacturers, although they are much cheaper. Czech products have been approved by experts and consumers.
In its production, Liceo uses high-strength cast iron, which is produced by the German plant Sud Guss, but the firebox itself is assembled in the Czech Republic.
Meta fireplace inserts are intended for embedding the product into the cladding. The Meta company produces fireboxes under three trademarks: Metafire, Euroamin and Ardenfire. All products are made from high quality materials, have an improved design and an affordable price.
It is worth noting that the company cooperates with the French brand Invicta and orders a cast body for furnaces made of cast iron Underfire. For Metafire, a steel case is used, which is assembled in Belarus.
Among Finnish companies, Tulikivi can be distinguished, which produces soapstone-based fireplace inserts. Due to this, the products of the brand are distinguished by their uniqueness. The firebox quickly conducts heat and accumulates it perfectly. Tulikivi is a family-owned brand that has spread all over the world.
Products from the Nordflam trademark are made of high quality cast iron. The country of origin of such furnaces is Poland.The products are manufactured on one of the most modern equipment, therefore they are classified as high-tech devices of constant combustion. Nordflam is constantly expanding its range of fireboxes and at the moment there are a large number of different models for purchase. A distinctive feature of fireplace inserts from this manufacturer is their special type of combustion.
Interesting interior solutions
Installing a fireplace in your home has always symbolized wealth and livability. If you have such a hearth, you can admire the flames in a cozy atmosphere at any time of the year.
You should think over the entire design to the smallest detail so that the fireplace insert is combined with the rest of the interior. Today, there are many interesting proposals in the interior on the network. You can use any of them, depending on your taste preferences.
For example, open fireplaces look great in the center of the room, thanks to which they instantly immerse themselves in the atmosphere of ancient times, when people gathered around the flame to cook or just warm up. These fireplaces are able to heat the entire room and emphasize its style and uniqueness.
In small rooms, you can install corner fireplaces; for lovers of unusual things, manufacturers offer a high-tech style. This is the most unpredictable decision for your interior, which depends entirely on the courage of your imagination.
The cladding material will help to make your fireplace insert unique and unique, as well as fully integrate it into the surroundings.