Installing a fireplace in the house is half the battle. The second half is to make a beautiful cladding. Of course, if you are building a wood-burning fireplace, laying it out of bricks in the country, then it is not at all necessary to revet it, it looks good anyway. But if you want to make the fireplace part of the interior in a different style, then you will have to deal with decorating it.
Brick… Yes, bricks can also become part of the oven cladding. This is a facing brick. A huge advantage of facing bricks over other materials is the absence of cracks during heating. In addition, the cladding can be carried out in parallel with the laying of the fireplace, for this no additional mesh is used.
If the finishing of a metal furnace is required, then a space is left between the facing brick and the furnace, which is covered with fine sand. This will prevent the brick from cracking and will transfer energy well.
Tile… If you use ordinary ceramic tiles, it is better for facing fireplaces, not stoves. The tile has restrictions on the temperature of the surface heating: since it is not interconnected by locks, it cannot resist the deformation of the furnace from heating.
Fake diamond… It is lightweight, which makes it easier to lay, has a huge number of patterns and textures. An excellent choice for finishing an apartment electric fireplace, since it is easy to fit not only on a metal surface, but also on a structure made of wood or chipboard, the stone is attached to the glue recommended by the manufacturer.
Any material for cladding must have certain properties: be fireproof and not provoke fire hazardous situations, be durable, withstand an infinite number of heating and cooling cycles, be environmentally friendly and not emit harmful substances when heated, easy to wash, improve the efficiency of a fireplace or stove (or do not worsen the last resort).
Clinker tiles Is a popular cladding material. It is relatively cheap, allows you to lay layers at a sufficiently large distance from each other (4 mm). For cladding the stove, you need 8 mm clinker, for fireplaces 6 mm. The disadvantage of the material is the decrease in the efficiency of the furnace. Therefore, it is best to get off with clinker fireplaces, to which not so high requirements for heating the room are imposed.
Terracotta - heat-resistant tiles, consisting of several components: chamotte, pottery clay and mineral additives. It is of higher quality than clinker and can be quite large in size - a square of 40x40cm. Another advantage of terracotta is its good adhesion to the surface with glue or mixture. It is often used to implement some kind of design ideas. Terracotta tiles are given a wide variety of textures, and the oven faced with it adds 3-4pp to the efficiency.
Majolica - this is the same terracotta, only with a glazed front part. This is a salvation for those who want to decorate a fireplace or stove in accordance with the Scandinavian design of the room - matte majolica goes best with wood.
Tile - a special tile for facing furnaces, which is completely protected from deformation and withstands a huge number of heating-cooling cycles. On the back side, it has grommets - special projections for which the tiles are connected to each other and which are pressed into the solution. The tile laying technology is peculiar.First, they are fastened to each other by means of brackets and wire antennae, the heads are poured with clay, installed on the stove, and then the main stove wall is laid out.
Choice of design
If you need a "primitive" design of the hearth, but its heating and cooking properties are not important, then you can take a closer look at natural stone, porcelain stoneware. For stoves with a cast-iron firebox, which will be used for cooking and heating, the stone will not work - there is little thermal conductivity. The stove, beautifully lined with labradorite, will begin to give off heat about an hour or two after the hot fire. But a fireplace, on the contrary, can benefit from finishing with a stone: since it is already not very willing to give off heat to the room, additional heating of the stones will increase its efficiency.
When choosing a natural stone for design, it should be borne in mind that most rocks have a rapid loss of water from the composition. This leads to a violation of the structure of the stone and a deterioration in its appearance. Therefore, natural granite, basalt and other rocks are not very suitable for cladding. And granite, in addition, has a background radiation higher than that of other rocks. Of natural stones, it is better to dwell on shell rock, sandstones, marble, feldspar.
If you really want a "granite" fireplace, then it is better to choose porcelain stoneware for a niche or front panel. It consists of feldspar, clay, kaolin and quartz sand, which is baked at a temperature of 1300 degrees. The main property of this material is resistance to high temperatures and changes in humidity, does not crack and does not lose its original appearance. This allows them to be used for revealing fireplaces and stoves even in unheated rooms, for example, in a country house.
DIY finishing steps
After you have chosen the material for finishing, you can proceed directly to the cladding
- Cleaning the surface to be coated. Removing rust, if it has appeared, leveling, degreasing.
- If you are laying facing stone or tiles, you need to pull a reinforced mesh around the fireplace walls and fix it with glue or an adhesive mixture, spreading it according to the instructions for this particular stage of work.
- The tile should lie flat, so use a plumb line for the vertical and a level for the horizontal, mark the rows.
- If you are laying an artificial stone, then you need to start laying from top to bottom; if you are laying tiles, then the first row should be at the bottom. Each type of tile is placed on a suitable adhesive. You can use a rubber mallet to tamp the tiles.
- Place plastic crosses between the tiles to ensure even gaps. Remove the glue that has come out on the surface of the tile immediately, otherwise it will harden and spoil the cladding.
- In no case do not grind the seams right away. This can only be done after a day. After that, the tiles must be washed from dust. If the surface is porous, wipe with a cloth.