About biofuel fireplaces without a chimney has been known not so long ago, but they are already quite popular. And it is well deserved.
What it is
The bio-fireplace looks like an ordinary fireplace with a living fire, but it does not require either firewood or coal. Instead, biofuels are used, which are absolutely harmless to people.
The main component in the bio fireplace is the fuel tank, and it performs three functions:
- as a tank (stores fuel);
- as a furnace (supplies fuel to the combustion zone);
- contributes to the maintenance of safe operation of the entire device.
Modern bio fireplaces without a chimney come in different types and shapes, but the basic rule for these devices is minimalism. There are no accessories and decorations, the geometry of the forms is simple and clear. Bio fireplaces are made from the latest building materials:
- made of plastic;
- of steel;
- made of aluminum;
- and made of glass.
The smallest version of the biofireplace is a candle fireplace, it is indispensable in small rooms or in the country, but it can still complement their interior with warmth and comfort.
Features of the
There are many features of biofuel fireplaces without a chimney:
- aesthetic in appearance;
- effectively heat;
- they are easy to service;
- work on eco-materials;
- many possibilities with a choice of design, which makes it possible to combine with any interior;
- no chimney needed;
- suitable for any room;
- the whole structure is very simple and straightforward to operate. No pipes or other bulky components are needed, and the device itself, if desired, can be carried anywhere in the house;
- The burner, into the container of which biofuel is added, is made of non-combustible material (steel or ceramics), which is very important for fire safety.
- The advantages of biofireplaces are, first of all, their biofuel. It is based on pure ethyl alcohol processed into denatured alcohol.
- This substance burns no worse than ordinary alcohol, burning 1 liter of fuel in five hours, and during this time the same amount of carbon dioxide will be released as a person would have exhaled over the same period of time.
- There are also such models of biofireplaces in which pleasant aromas are provided with which they fill the room.
- The hood for a biofuel fireplace is not needed for the reason that no soot, no gas or smoke is formed during the combustion of fuel.
- The efficiency of this device is almost 100%, and the heat from the room does not disappear anywhere.
- Material reliability, simple installation and operation. Reliable flame insulation.
- Complex prevention is not needed.
- Complex work associated with the installation of the chimney is not required.
- The installation of a biofuel fireplace does not require a permit, etc.
Device and design
The design of the eco-fireplace consists of a fuel module and a decorative body (metal, stone, glass-ceramics or any heat-resistant material).
The device case can be either open or closed. The tongues of fire are insulated with fireproof glass in the form of a protective screen.
The furnace looks like a burner or is a fuel block - the device is more complicated. For a fuel module, the most important indicator is its power, which is used to judge the power of the device itself.
The work of an eco-fireplace begins with filling the heating tank with fuel and setting fire to the wick. The flame turns out to be even and bright, while there is no smoke from the chimney. The combustion intensity is regulated by a special grate (slider).
A distinctive feature of a biofuel fireplace without a chimney is that it will take only twenty minutes to heat a room measuring one hundred square meters.
Biofuel is considered the best type of fuel, which does not require a chimney, and it is successfully used to operate eco-fireplaces.
Biofuel is based on biological raw materials, which are products of vital activity of animals, plants or processed biological waste.
Ethanol is produced by fermenting plants that contain sugar:
- cane sugar.
Another way to obtain pure alcohol is the hydrolysis of raw materials, which contain a lot of cellulose: wood and straw. But pure alcohol is not allowed for sale, so it is denatured.
Biofuels are of the following types:
- on gas;
- on bioethanol.
- Biodiesel is based on the method of processing fats (vegetable and animal).
- Gas biofuels are similar to natural gas. It is obtained after special processing of waste waste.
- Bioethanol fuel is produced from a substitute for gasoline containing alcohol.
Any of this type of fuel can be used indoors, especially since the fuel blocks are equipped with special valves to regulate the flame.
In bad weather, biofireplaces are increasingly becoming a decoration of the hearth today. Biofuel fireplaces with live fire and without a chimney are bionics, that is, a combination of biological raw materials and technical achievements.
Biofuel boilers got the prefix "bio" because they use renewable biological resources.
Such a fireplace is installed against the wall or in the center of the room. It can be made of natural stone, ceramic, glass, steel and even wood. But preference is given to glass and metal - such models are the most sophisticated.
The hinged device is not made more than a meter in length, the exception is only for individual orders. In depth, such a product has up to 25 cm and is suitable for placement in a wall niche.
A portable fireplace that fits on any writing desk or coffee table.
This biofireplace can be installed near the house, for example, in the country. These are large and rather heavy fireplaces.
These fireplaces are installed in a niche or in a small wall opening, which are usually agreed upon during the construction period of the building.
Located in the corner between two walls, such a compact device will take up a minimum of space. There are floor and wall.
Installing a fireplace that does not need a chimney is easy and simple, regardless of whether there are repairs, finishing works or not at all. The device is removed from the package, assembled according to the instructions and installed on the selected surface (it must be flat and stable). The horizontality is checked by the level.
If the model is wall-mounted, it is fixed with screws, having previously protected the walls with fire-resistant material.
When installing models built into the wall or models built into a wall niche, you will have to independently resolve the issue of air flow. To do this, there must be an unoccupied space under the burner. The location of ceramic firewood and stones should not block the fuel compartment.
From the fireplace to an object that can ignite, there must be at least 40 centimeters (you must also take into account the possibility that the curtain can also get into the danger zone from a gust of wind).
It is not difficult to maintain a biofireplace, you just need to adhere to safety rules. Fill the fuel container only with the fireplace switched off. There are models in which fuel is filled through special slots, and there are removable ones. But it is better in both cases to use a watering can with a suitable spout, and leave the compartment 1/3 empty.
Accidents can happen if you accidentally spill fuel and don't wipe it off right away - it can catch fire when you light the burner fuse.
A lighter for ignition is not needed for an ordinary one, but with an extended handle. The unpleasant smell that may appear at the time of ignition will disappear very quickly, in addition, there is a special biofuel, flavored, thanks to which the room will be filled with the aroma of freshness.
If the flame needs to be extinguished, simply close the damper, protecting your hand with an oven mitt, and do not touch the fireplace until it cools down.
If we talk about the cost of biofireplaces, then it depends on the chosen model. For example, a floor-standing bio-fireplace will cost no more than two hundred thousand Russian rubles, and a wall-mounted one - at least two hundred and fifty thousand.
The average price of a corner fireplace is about eighty thousand rubles in Russia, and the most budgetary ones are outdoor fireplaces and mini-fireplaces, which will not cost more than sixty thousand. And for six thousand rubles you can buy one harmless bio-candle.
How to do it yourself: step by step instructions
The biofireplace is so simple in design that even detailed drawings and diagrams are needed to assemble it with your own hands. Such a simple design is made from available material.
You need to stock up:
- glass cutter;
- silicone sealant;
- metal mesh;
- metal profiles;
- a sheet of stainless steel.
Making a burner
For a small fireplace, a metal mug may well become a burner, for a large one you can make a tank from a sheet of stainless steel or buy a tank of the required volume. You will also need a cover with which the burner can be extinguished.
To make a biofireplace body, you will need to use any refractory materials. Glasses in this case are good in that the space around it turns out to be reliably protected, but at the same time, the flame will be clearly visible through their surface.
For the frame of the biofuel device, metal photo frames or metal corners are taken. The glass should be inserted into the grooves of the frame and filled with sealant to make the connection strong and immovable. The sealant must be completely dry and only then can the excess be removed with a sharp knife.
Decorative decoration of a homemade bio fireplace is a master's business and depends on a specific person. There are many minimalism lovers who prefer just a glass case and a fire inside.
The fact that now there is no need to adhere to some kind of monumental forms made the task of the designers much easier and led them to interesting finds.
The variety and mobility of eco-fireplaces excites the imagination and sometimes designers create very extraordinary designs in which you cannot immediately guess the fireplace. Classical models, of course, also exist, but finding them today is more difficult than those that express modern trends.
And even if the desired model cannot be found in any way, everything is decided today - by purchasing a built-in fireplace and a separately purchased portal.
You can decorate biofireplaces in different ways, and you can choose any of them, from the classics to the high-tech style. There are also exclusive design models of eco-fireplaces, which can always be distinguished by their originality and unusual shape.
Decoflame is a manufacturer of bio fireplaces from Denmark, which has many significant developments:
- A new generation of Danish eco-fireplaces, which have no analogues in the whole world - automated, which can be controlled from a smartphone.
- The patent for the development of the technology of combustion of steam (CEVB) - the flame in the eco-fireplace burns not due to liquid fuel, but due to steam.
- Biofuel fireplace, which is the longest in the world. The fire burns in a continuous line, the length of which is 8000 mm.There is no need to connect several fuel blocks.
- The control over the functioning of the fireplace is carried out by an intelligent system.
Decoflame - these are, first of all, perfect technologies.
Stones Is an eco-fireplace, one of the most demanded glass devices. Its body is made of Scandinavian field flat stone, and heavy-duty glass is originally from Italy.
Biofireplaces of this brand have earned the reputation of safe and reliable glass devices. Such a fireplace will add charm and charm to the interior of your home, and true lovers of everything unusual in the interior of rooms will consider it a real find.
Interesting interior solutions
Modern technologies make it possible to produce not only standard bio fireplaces, but also make interesting decisions to create new models. This is how, for example, miniature devices appeared that harmoniously fit into the format of a coffee table, shelf, bar counter, or even having the appearance of a vase.
Another interesting solution is presented in the form of a stand-alone two-sided fireplace, the flame of which will be visible to anyone in the room. In this case, it is important to take care of compliance with fire safety standards - so that the required distance from all objects in the room is maintained. For this reason, a freestanding double-sided fireplace is suitable for open-plan spaces.
And in the cold hi-tech style, now it is not an illusion that can settle, but the most real warmth. After all, the minimum of components in the design of biofireplaces and the materials that are used for their manufacture are quite in the spirit of the modern trend in design in general and in high-tech style, in particular.