Fireplaces have always been a popular source of heat in private homes, and built-in fireplaces also do not steal free space in the room, since they are part of the wall or furniture and are quite easy to install.
There are the following types of fireplaces:
Flat. This type includes wall and wall fireplaces. In the wall structure, the main elements are built into the wall. A hole is made in it for the chimney and firebox. Frontal fireplaces are part of one wall, while corner fireplaces use a corner and, accordingly, two walls. The advantage of such fireplaces is that they can be installed in rooms with a small area
Wall mounted fireplace. The difference between this type of fireplace from the rest is that all or part of it is not in the wall, but near it. This is very convenient if the fireplace needs to be installed in a finished house. The fireplace is installed near a wall or partition with brick insulation
Electric fireplace. There are a lot of varieties of such fireplaces. Some models of electric fireplaces recreate not only imitation of a flame, but also decorative coals or firewood. At the same time, they can make the sounds of a fire and even imitate light smoke. There are also very advanced models - with the function of air purification and its ionization. With a pipe. These are solid fuel fireplaces. Most often it is wood or coal. Such structures are made with a chimney and a firebox
One of the types of chimney construction is a double-sided fireplace. If the thickness of the wall is not large enough to mount a fireplace insert into it, the rear part of the insert protrudes from the wall, and it has to be decorated somehow additionally - for example, build additional partitions or a fake wall. The main feature of this design is that sometimes, in this case, a second firebox is laid out and a double-sided fireplace is obtained, which is capable of heating two rooms at once
A fireplace built into furniture can also have a chimney. Such fireplaces are very rare. These are usually gas or electric decorative structures. Since furniture is mainly made of wood and cannot stand high temperatures, the performance of such models is low. Their purpose is more aesthetic than practical
Open fireplaces have a firebox that is open on one or more sides. The classic design of an open fireplace is when the firebox is only opened from the front. These fireplaces burn a lot of oxygen during their operation. Therefore, it is necessary to ensure a constant supply of air to the furnace
A closed fireplace is a traditional stove with a built-in firebox or fireplace door
How to arrange
After all the installation work on the installation of fireplaces has been completed, the question arises of how to properly decorate the space around the fireplace and the device itself so that it makes up a single whole with the overall furnishings of the room. If there is a large space between the ceiling and the fireplace, it can be filled by hanging a TV panel there.
However, there is an opinion that there is no place for a TV next to a fireplace. In this case, the wall above the fireplace can be decorated by placing objects of your hobby there. These can be paintings, photographs, murals, or even collectible weapons.
If your fireplace has a three-way view, you can hang mirrors on the sides around it to reflect the flames into them, creating more light in the room.
Installation and wall requirements
In order for the fireplace to be a source of warmth and joy, it is necessary to comply with certain requirements for its installation and correct attachment to the wall. If the wall is wooden, it needs proper insulation. To do this, you can use basalt or mineral wool (sold in slabs of various thicknesses), or other non-combustible insulation. Brickwork can also act as a heat insulator. Insulating materials can be decorated with heat-resistant tiles. It can also be used to revet the floor space around the fireplace. If the tiles are laid back to back, then sealing of the joints between the tiles is not required.
A fire distance of 1 meter must be maintained from the rear wall to the fireplace. If the wall is faced with asbestos 12 cm drywall and then protected with a metal sheet, the distance between the wall and the fireplace can be reduced to 40-50 cm. The thickness of the outer walls in the chimneys, as well as the partitions between the chimneys and ventilation pipes, must be at least 125 mm.
Interesting interior solutions
Speaking of modern technologies, one cannot fail to mention the Hi-Tech style. Fireplaces in this style are made from high quality refractory materials. This is the kingdom of metal, glass and concrete. This style is minimalism and very much an amateur.
The coldness of weapons and stainless steel and the transparency of fire-resistant glass, clear lines and austere design - these are the distinctive features of fireplaces in this design. This is an unrestrained flight of designers' imagination over high technologies. The shapes of fireplaces can be so bizarre that the first time you can not always see the fireplace in them. They can be rounded, for example, in the form of a prism or a beer keg, or they can be in the form of a polygon with broken lines and irregular corners.
Modern fireplaces can be controlled like TVs, using a remote control or a smartphone. The heating equipment has a self-cleaning function, and the heat-resistant screens are able to withstand temperatures over 80 ° C.
Fireplaces look very original, creating the effect of weightlessness, as if floating in the air. Models of pendant fireplaces, as well as rotating structures and other design ideas, are of great interest to buyers with increased requirements.
Sometimes built-in models of fireplaces have the appearance of holography or create the illusion of a certain picture. There are also fireplaces in the form of a flat TV, window opening. Known models of fireplaces made in the form of various sculptures.
Rating of the best
Among the most popular companies producing fireplaces, the French brand Focus is very well known. Among the most original models can be noted a fireplace with sliding doors made of bronze. Their texture is similar to magma frozen after a volcanic eruption.
The fireplaces of the Norwegian company are not only ideal for the harsh Russian climate, but will also decorate any interior. A variety of styles are at the service of consumers - from restrained classics to chic baroque and all permitted modernity. The peculiarity of the models of this company is that their design can be changed independently. The facing of the fireplace, if desired, can be finished with decorative plaster or simply repainted from a boring color into something new. And the availability of its assembly allows you not to resort to expensive specialist services when installing a fireplace.
The Malta fireplace set from the Nordpeis company is designed for country houses. He is able to burn a room up to 110 m2. This is an international project. The portal for this model is made of marble by the Polish company Jabo Marmi, and the firebox of the German company Spartherm is made of high-strength steel
Nordpeis Geilo is a rounded fireplace with folding doors that can be a highlight of any interior. For the manufacture of the cladding, a modern material was used - composite.This material is characterized by a clear separation of the boundaries between the two types of finishes. The cast iron firebox runs on wood and is able to keep warm for a long time.
Modern models of fireplaces are designed using high technology. Among others, constructions with a hidden chimney can be noted. The horizontal box can be hidden under the floor, or built into it. There are also almost fabulous fireplaces, reminiscent of a children's fairy tale about Buratino - with a fake firebox. A TV is built into the firebox itself, which broadcasts a recording of the flame.