Wardrobes presented on the furniture market in a huge assortment can be assembled independently. What are their varieties and what are their features?
Depending on the characteristics and their combinations, all sliding wardrobes can be divided into several categories. First of all, one should distinguish between case and built-in models. As the name suggests, the distinctive feature of the former is a detached body, while the recessed ones form a single whole with the walls and ceiling of the room. In this category, semi-recessed and three-winged wardrobes can still be distinguished: they differ from fully recessed ones by the presence of separate body elements - bottom, roof or walls.
Sliding wardrobes can have various shapes. So, a straight cabinet made in the shape of a rectangle is considered traditional. Such models can be both cabinet and built-in, and are sold in a wide range. There are other, more original forms: for example, angular L-shaped (installed at the junction of two walls), triangular (connect two walls diagonally, forming a triangle), trapezoidal and radius. The latter are distinguished by a non-standard original design and complexity of installation, while maintaining spaciousness and functionality.
Regardless of belonging to a particular type, the wardrobe must meet the buyer's requirements, which, in turn, are determined by the type of room. Sliding wardrobe is a versatile piece of furniture; correctly selected, it will be in place in the living room, in the bedroom, and in the hallway. Sometimes narrow straight wardrobes are installed on balconies and loggias.
Regardless of the form, design and purpose, the wardrobe has some design features. First of all, these are, of course, doors: sliding systems are always used, which consist in the use of rails along which the doors move. They are the distinctive element of the wardrobe, distinguishing it from other models of wardrobes, wardrobes and wardrobes. In addition, most of the models have in their design several compartments of different capacities, drawers, hangers and clothes rails.
A sliding wardrobe is usually chosen with an eye on its subsequent placement. One of the most popular places for installation is a niche (if there is one in the room). A straight wardrobe - both cabinet and built-in - installed in a niche is a real find, for example, in the hallway, where spaciousness plays an important role in limited space. There are, of course, more overall models - some can be installed in the entire wall, thereby forming the overall visual component of the interior.
With your own hands
The sliding wardrobe can be assembled and installed independently, this task is quite within the power of an average home craftsman, you can even make it from your own closet. This approach will save money and get the model that best suits your individual request. However, with self-assembly, it is best to dwell on the direct type model - they are the most simple in design and installation.
Advantages and disadvantages
- Roominess. One of the most significant beneficial qualities.Practicality and large space for placing everything you need allow such cabinets to perfectly cope with their initial task - storage of things.
- Functionality. The internal structure of most of the models assumes the presence of several compartments, shelves and drawers. This is undoubtedly convenient, as it makes the wardrobe suitable for storing a wide variety of items.
- Reliability. In fact, the doors are the only weak spot in the wardrobe design. But even this sliding structure, consisting directly of the doors themselves, wheels and guides, does not need special care - it is enough just to check its condition from time to time. But with self-assembly, special attention should be paid to these elements. Well-chosen, they can last long enough.
- Versatility. The sliding wardrobe is no longer considered exclusively as a practical option that allows you to save square meters and is intended for installation in the hallway. On the contrary, there is a place for it in the interior of almost every modern apartment. Sliding wardrobes, depending on the shape, dimensions and design, can be installed in the bedroom, in the living room, and in the office, and the huge assortment offered by manufacturers will satisfy any request.
Building it at home is by no means a fantasy. Moreover, a self-assembled cabinet will fully meet the characteristics of the room and personal requirements. The only alternative way to achieve the same result is to order the model individually from a furniture company, but this will cost the buyer a considerable amount of money.
This applies to both design and shape, materials and, in general, every element of the future cabinet: with self-assembly, you can personalize absolutely everything.
The internal content of the cabinet is determined independently. The number of compartments, drawers, the presence or absence of rods and / or pull-out clothes hangers is selected in accordance with individual requirements.
Despite the widest range of models on the furniture market, it is not always possible to find the ideal option that fully meets the requirements. Self-assembly solves this problem.
Ability to take into account the features of the room / hide flaws
Irregularities in the walls, protruding communications, a non-standard niche - all these features are taken into account when drawing up an individual project and allow more rational use of the space of the room.
Obviously, the purchase of materials, self-assembly and installation will cost much less than the purchase of ready-made furniture or, even more so, making it to order.
So, self-assembly has its undeniable advantages. Despite this, there are certain difficulties that can arise in the process of work and complicate it.
In order to understand in detail such nuances, it is necessary to study the very design of the wardrobe. You can create a unique individual project, which will be able to assemble the original model. A good help can be programs that allow you to create a virtual model of the future cabinet - for example, "Pro100" or "Basis-furniture maker".
When the required type of model has been selected, measurements have been made and a project has been drawn up, it is necessary to proceed with the selection of materials.
Materials and tools
Wood and lining
Wood is a traditional material used in furniture making. Outwardly noble, solid and reliable … Ideal? Not at all.
The tree is sensitive to moisture changes.If the sliding wardrobe is installed in a niche (and this is very widespread), then when the doors are opened, a difference in humidity levels appears, which has an extremely negative effect on the wood. If it was nevertheless decided to make a cabinet out of wood, then the material must undergo careful processing.
The lining does not require special processing, but the door frames must still be made of wood. At the same time, wood for them requires very careful preparation and is still sensitive to moisture changes.
Easy to work, but extremely fragile material. The difficulty in manufacturing a wardrobe from drywall lies in the need to install a metal support structure: this is a laborious work, the result of which does not always meet expectations. By itself, drywall cannot be used as a supporting structure. It is impossible to say unequivocally that GKL is definitely a losing option for use as a material for a wardrobe, but its use is advisable only in certain cases.
Laminate, MDF, fiberboard
For the manufacture of wardrobes, these materials are considered the best for a number of reasons. Firstly, they have the useful properties of wood, are durable and strong. Secondly, they are insensitive to moisture changes, unlike wood. However, it is important to keep in mind that these materials tend to absorb moisture, so furniture made from them requires careful and careful handling.
Plywood and particle board
It should also highlight products from plywood and chipboard (chipboard). The main difference between chipboard and fiberboard (Fibreboard) is the structure of the fiber itself. The advantage of chipboard is an affordable price, but at the same time, this material does not hold fasteners well - screws and nails and is environmentally unsafe.
You can also assemble a straight wardrobe from scrap materials - this minimizes costs - but in order to achieve the best quality, it is better to spend money on good materials. It is also not a good idea to make cabinet elements from old waste materials. After that, it is necessary to purchase accessories for the doors: guides, vertical posts that act as handles, a set of wheel rollers and door latches.
Doors can be made from furniture boards. They are usually made from quality wood species and are widely sold in online stores.
The necessary tools for making a wardrobe include a hacksaw, a screwdriver, a knife, a spatula, spatulas, a trowel and measuring instruments: level (plumb line), square, tape measure. This is a basic kit for assembling and installing furniture.
How to do it yourself: step by step instructions
What is the advantage of a home-made wardrobe over a ready-made one was explained in the previous sections. Now we will focus directly on the assembly process itself.
First stage: design
As mentioned above, at this stage it is necessary to make measurements and draw up a visual model of the future cabinet. You can make a regular drawing, but the best option would be a 3D virtual model.
In parallel with this, measurements are made of the room in which the cabinet itself will be installed and all the necessary calculations are carried out. The dimensions of the built-in cabinet must be calculated according to the dimensions of the niche, after which the calculations of the internal compartments are made.
Design is a very serious and important stage in the assembly. It is necessary to correctly calculate the dimensions of the room and achieve the correct ratio with the dimensions of the future cabinet. If the assembly will be carried out on the floor, it is necessary to take into account the ten-centimeter margin between the top point of the frame and the ceiling of the room, otherwise the cabinet cannot be installed.
Among the finished projects, you can find models of different sizes, but the average values are usually as follows: height - 2400 ml, depth 40-45 cm, width - 1600 ml.To correctly calculate the dimensions, you need to decide on the purpose of the cabinet: what kind of things will be stored in it? Based on this, you need to make calculations.
The inner filling of the cabinet also depends on the size. So, for example, the standard depth value suitable for installing rods is 50 centimeters; for narrower models, it is advisable to place pull-out hangers.
Having decided on the dimensions of the frame, compartments and shelves, you need to pay attention to calculating the dimensions of the doors. They are made based on the internal dimensions of the cabinet. For example, if the designed cabinet has a standard width of 1600 millimeters, and is made of chipboard 16 millimeters thick, then the width of the doors will be 1600-2 * 16 = 1568. The values for the height are calculated in a similar way, only the base should also be taken into account.
Second step: assembling the frame
First of all, it is necessary to assemble the frame of the future cabinet. To begin with, the base is going to, it's a podium. The bottom of the cabinet is marked in such a way that a uniform load falls on the legs. The plinth is mounted with dowels. For stability, it needs to fit snugly against the back wall.
Then the side panels are assembled. The ends can be sanded to fit snugly against the back wall. In general, when assembling, it is necessary to pay sufficient attention to the reliability of the future cabinet. At this stage, you need to use a level to align the side panels.
After that, shelves, drawers and other sliding elements are installed, rods are mounted, and the latter must be fixed first. When installing the boxes, the guides are first mounted, then the reciprocating mechanisms, then the facades.
Stage three: installing doors
In principle, doors can be made independently from wood or chipboard / fiberboard, but it is better to order furniture boards.
Installing doors is a crucial and important step, at which it is necessary to take into account some of the nuances. In particular, doors should not be too bulky and heavy. If the width turns out to be more than 700-800 millimeters, then it is necessary, if possible, to consider the option of installing three doors instead of three, since doors that are too heavy create a large load on the guides, reducing their durability and making it difficult to move. The overlap of the doors is allowed within 5-7 centimeters. Finally, you need to choose a door suspension system.
There are three most common options:
- The bottom rail is the simplest, most convenient and reliable. The doors move strictly along the guides, without colliding with each other. Particular attention should be paid to the choice of high-quality casters, since it is on them that the main load falls.
- The monorail uses a separate rail for each door and two pairs of wheels for each carriage. However, despite the fact that the structure is fixed to the ceiling, the use of the lower rail is necessary in most cases.
- Top rail. The severity of the door leaf rests on a rail attached to the ceiling, which makes this method not the most reliable.
First, the guides are mounted, then the stoppers, after which the wheels are adjusted and fixed. Everything, the door is installed!
The final stage
The final stage of assembly includes the installation of fittings: hooks and door handles. After that, you can take the time to design. Mirror glass is often used in door decoration, but if there is no desire or opportunity to install it, you can simply paint it. Another advantage of self-assembly is the ability to choose the color and design in accordance with individual requirements.
The big advantage of self-assembly of the wardrobe is carte blanche to choose from. Despite the fact that the widest selection of models is presented on the furniture market, there are situations when serious individualization is needed.And if you need to decide on the shape and dimensions at the design and drawing stage, then you can start thinking about how to decorate it after installation. Change the color, add or remove decorative elements, adjust the appearance of the model to your desires - this becomes possible with self-production.
The traditional place for installing a wardrobe is an entrance hall. To save space, the cabinet is usually installed in a niche, where it occupies the entire space from floor to ceiling. In a narrow hallway, two-wing or three-wing cabinets with mirrored doors are usually installed, which allows you to visually expand the space. In addition, the interior of the cabinet usually involves the use of a large number of shelves and additional compartments for storing a large amount of clothes and shoes.
In modern apartments, frame wardrobes can be located in the bedroom, in the living room, in the study, and even on the loggia or balcony. The features of the decor in each case are set by the general style in which the interior is sustained. Sometimes wardrobes can even be used as a partition dividing two rooms or one room into zones.
Sliding wardrobes fit well into the interior of small rooms like an attic or dressing room. In the event that the room is not sufficiently lit, it is possible to install lighting directly in the cabinet itself.
The design of a home-made wardrobe is determined only by the imagination of the creator, but you should remember that it does not get out of the interior and form a harmonious furniture ensemble.