Electric Oven For A Bath: An Electric Stove With A Steam Generator, A 220 V Boiler, A Stove That Can Be Watered, Options For A Russian Steam Room And For A Sauna

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Electric Oven For A Bath: An Electric Stove With A Steam Generator, A 220 V Boiler, A Stove That Can Be Watered, Options For A Russian Steam Room And For A Sauna
Electric Oven For A Bath: An Electric Stove With A Steam Generator, A 220 V Boiler, A Stove That Can Be Watered, Options For A Russian Steam Room And For A Sauna

Video: Electric Oven For A Bath: An Electric Stove With A Steam Generator, A 220 V Boiler, A Stove That Can Be Watered, Options For A Russian Steam Room And For A Sauna

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
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Bath procedures are not only a way of maintaining hygiene, but also an opportunity to strengthen the body and spirit. The heart of the steam room is the stove. Today, wood and gas structures have been replaced by electric heaters, which have a number of advantages.

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Features of the

An electric sauna stove is a device in which electricity is converted into heat. That, in turn, heats the stones in the stove, and they transfer heat to the air of the steam room.

The main element of the unit is a heating heating element (there are different types), a heater with stones, as well as a protective case, in which all the elements of the system are enclosed. The control panel allows you to set the desired operating parameters. Sometimes such a device has a remote control.

The traditional Russian steam room is characterized by high temperature and humidity. An obligatory component is a light transparent steam that rises from heated stones.

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The first electric furnaces were created for Finnish saunas. The temperature in them is higher, and the air is dry, well warmed up. It is not surprising that such stoves were not liked by those who like to relax in a classic Russian bath.

However, a modern electric stove is equipped with a steam generator, due to which transparent light smoke soars in the steam room. As a result, the air becomes humidified, and the temperature decreases slightly - the optimal atmosphere has been achieved. Steam generators can be either built into the oven or purchased separately.

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The use of current models of electrical devices completely refutes the claim that such stoves are only good for Finnish saunas. Moreover, we can talk about their universality. When the temperature rises to 100 C, you get a Finnish sauna, when it drops to 80–90 C and the steam generator is activated, you can enjoy the steam room familiar to the Russian spirit.

The advantage of electric furnaces is their ease of installation - just connect to the mains and make the necessary connections. There is no need to organize a chimney, which means that the stove is not "tied" to a specific location.

Due to their compact dimensions and low weight, such furnaces do not require foundation reinforcement. There is no need to prepare fuel, which means that after the procedure, clean the boiler and the steam room space from ash and litter. In addition, there is no risk of carbon monoxide poisoning.

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Such a structure heats up quickly and no less quickly distributes heat in the room. In addition, the user has the ability to set the required temperature and humidity values ​​and hold them.

We must not forget that an electric oven is a standard electrical appliance that can provoke a fire. However, subject to the rules of installation and operation, a fire in a sauna with an electric heater happens much less often than in a steam room with a wood or gas stove. This is due to the automation of the operation of electric furnaces, the presence of an emergency shutdown system for heating elements.

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Varieties

Electric stoves can be roughly divided into those that are intended for a sauna and those that are used for a Russian bath. An indispensable element of the latter is a steam generator. Its presence in sauna devices is at the discretion of the buyer.

Devices with a steam generator usually have a water container.Water is poured into them manually or supplied automatically if the structure is connected to the water supply. The heating temperature reaches 600 C.

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Some models are equipped with compartments for medicinal plants or essential oils. It should be understood that this tank is provided for the operation of the steam generator. It cannot be used for washing and household needs in the absence of hot water supply. Firstly, in comparison with tanks in a stone oven for a bath, for example, this tank has a small volume. Secondly, it does not provide for a tap or wide lid for drawing heated water.

Electric stoves, like any sauna stoves, come with an open and closed stove. The latter are also called "thermos". A stove with an open stove, according to users, allows you to create the mood of a classic Russian steam room. Heating stones in such a device are in sight, they can be watered. Due to the high temperature, it instantly evaporates, turning into a transparent vapor.

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However, stones in an open system cool quickly, requiring additional power consumption to heat them. The stones in the "thermos" are constantly in heating mode. They do not cool down, therefore, as the required temperature in the steam room is reached, they can be switched to the keeping warm mode, thus reducing power consumption. Closed heaters are expensive. Their price on average starts from 50,000 - 70,000 rubles, while the minimum cost of an open analogue is 10,000 - 14,000 rubles.

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The difference between the units is also due to the type of heating elements used. There are the following varieties:

Tubular (heating elements). It is a heating coil enclosed in stainless steel tubes. Heating elements are used in many household appliances, for example, a washing machine. The advantage is low cost. At the same time, the device is not very durable. When laying the stone, they are easily damaged

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Tape - modern variation of heating elements. Being enclosed in ceramic plates, tape heaters are durable, they cannot be mechanically damaged during use. In addition, they are characterized by efficiency: with equal power with heating elements, tape counterparts consume 1.5 times less electricity

The cost of a stove equipped with a tape heater is slightly higher than that of analogues with a heating element, however, it is important to take into account the power indicators of the device, not to forget about the lower power consumption. Finally, it is believed that tape models heat up a little less than analogues with heating elements.

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Combined. They include both heating elements and tape elements, due to which a high heating temperature is achieved with low energy consumption. Perhaps the best option for a heating element, which, however, has the highest cost

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Depending on the location of the control panel, a distinction is made between devices in which the control system is placed outside the steam room, as well as those in which the control buttons are located directly on the device body.

The former are preferable because they are protected from the adverse effects of moisture. They are safe and durable. Models with a control panel on the oven body may be exposed to accidental water ingress.

A separate panel can be mounted in any convenient place, it is recommended to take it outside the steam room, for example, in a dressing room or a rest room. For ease of use, such devices are available with a remote control. In other words, all the necessary parameters are set before starting the bath procedures on the control panel, if you need to make changes to them, there is no need to leave the steam room, just use the remote control.

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There are wall and floor models. The former are equipped with brackets for fastening, the latter have legs.There are universal designs that can be mounted in any of these ways. A variety of outdoor electric heaters are considered to be corner devices, which are optimal for steam rooms of a small area.

Depending on the shape of the device, there are cylindrical, rectangular, round. They come in various sizes and designs. There are both laconic rectangular and angular designs, and stoves that imitate a fireplace or traditional, supercharged (wood-burning, for example), equipped with a mill wheel over which water is poured.

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The dimensions of the kiln are determined by its power and the number of loaded stones. So, small structures, provided mainly for saunas, can hold up to 35–40 kg of stones. For a Russian steam room, it is better to choose a device with a maximum load of 60–120 kg. It gives a good heat, you can pour large amounts of water on stones. Most of these models have 2 operating programs - in the "sauna" and "bath" mode.

The outer casing of the device is designed to protect heating and other elements from damage, as well as to protect the user from getting burned. It can be metal, upholstered with heat-resistant wood, soapstone (a natural mineral). Models with an open heater, surrounded by a mesh casing, look no less impressive.

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Power

Power indicators are one of the most important characteristics of an electric sauna heater. It should be sufficient for the area of ​​a particular steam room. It is believed that for each cubic meter. steam room space requires 1 kW of electrical power.

In this case, one cannot ignore the heat loss of the room. They will be reduced by high-quality thermal insulation of the walls, floor, and ceiling of the steam room. So, for a wooden steam room, at least 1.2-1.5 kW per cubic meter is required. With high-quality thermal insulation, 0.8–0.9 kW is sufficient.

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When buying a device, you should choose a model with a "reserve" power indicator. For example, if 7 kW is enough for your steam room, give preference to 7-9 kW models. The power of a device with indicators of 5 kW may not be enough.

The minimum power of most electric ovens for domestic use starts at 2 kW. The maximum reaches 12 kW.

When buying, pay attention not only to the power indicators, but also to the requirements for the electrical network imposed by a particular model. Some imported stoves do not require a standard voltage of 220 W, but 380-400 W.

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Manufacturers overview

The leading position is taken by the Finnish manufacturer of electric sauna stoves Harvia. One of the advantages of the products is high-quality welding of products using alloy steel. This ensures the tightness of the seams and, accordingly, promises a long service life.

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The division of models into rulers is due to their power, and therefore, the area of ​​the room. Electric heaters for small steam rooms are often available in a corner version, which makes them ergonomic. These include the DELTA model and its modifications. The power of the devices ranges from 2.3 to 3.5 kW.

For larger areas, the Globe model is available. It is distinguished by its original appearance - it is a ball fixed to the wall, installed on the floor or fixed on a special telescopic "leg". Depending on the required power, you can purchase a ball of larger or smaller diameter (2 varieties).

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If you are looking for an electric oven with a closed stove, pay attention to the Forte device, one of the advantages of which is the ability to supply soft transparent steam without reducing the heating temperature of the oven. It is produced in three varieties, differing in power indicators (models with a capacity of 4, 6, 9 kW. Among the disadvantages is the high cost.

Another device that can boast of proper steam quality is the KIVI. The large amount of stones makes the stove efficient and the stylish design attracts attention.

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The Fuga model fulfills not only a practical, but also an aesthetic function. It is equipped with bars of soapstone (they look like a stone), if water is poured over them, then it flows down into a beautiful "waterfall". In this case, since the stones are hot, the water turns into steam. Such a device will become a decoration of the steam room.

For those looking for an inexpensive compact unit, the Topclass model can be recommended. The suspended structure will increase the free space of the steam room. It is a small "rectangle" with a control panel on one side.

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If you are looking for reliable and durable devices, but are not ready to pay extra for original designs, you will probably appreciate the products of the EOS brand. Most of the models are rectangular or angular. It is convenient that you can find a convenient option for placing the unit - under a bench or on the floor, as well as a suspended structure. Power indicators of products are on average 2–12 kW.

If you need to purchase a multifunctional device, give preference to the products of the Finnish brand Helo. The structures have 3 operating modes, characterized by fast heating. The price range is wide - the cost of devices varies from 30,000 to 200,000 rubles.

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A great advantage of Russian manufacturers is their focus on the domestic consumer. Most of the devices on the market allow you to recreate the mood and conditions of a traditional Russian bath. In addition, the products of manufacturers from Russia have a lower cost compared to imported counterparts.

Such Russian manufacturers as Teplodar, Ermak, Polytech, Inzhkomtsentr deserve attention.

The leading activity of the company "Ermak" is the production of electric furnaces, so they are of high quality, well thought-out system. The outer case of the models is finished with natural stone, which becomes a decoration of the structure, and also increases the benefits of bath procedures. The price for products is affordable (20,000 - 60,000 rubles).

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The "Primavolta" model, the only electric furnace of "Termof" company, has positive reviews. Made of fire resistant alloy stainless steel, it demonstrates efficiency and reliability for a medium sized steam room (7-8 cubic meters).

For baths of a large area, we recommend the Inzhkomtsentr stoves. The power of some models reaches 24 kW (which is enough to warm up 30 cubic meters). The combination of a stainless steel body and a natural stone ensures rapid heating of the device, reaching high temperatures.

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How to choose?

When choosing an electric heater, focus on the area of ​​the room. The necessary formulas for calculating and recommendations for choosing the power of the device were given above. It is a big mistake to purchase a device with less power than required. Of course, you can turn it on to the maximum and increase the operating time, however, in this mode, the electric heater will work for a much shorter period than the manufacturer indicates.

Pay attention to the type of heater. The best option is tape or combined systems. However, expensive stainless steel heating elements can withstand heavy loads no worse.

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Before buying, check what kind of steam the unit produces. To create the atmosphere of a classic Russian steam room, only finely dispersed steam is suitable. Make sure it is the steam generator that generates it and not the heavy steam.

The lightness of steam is also guaranteed by the soft heating system, which provides for separate heating of air and stones. In addition, the use of such a system will prevent dust from burning out, which is usually accompanied by an unpleasant odor.

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Before purchasing, make sure that the products have a certificate of quality and compliance with fire safety requirements.

Finally, assess the condition of the sauna heater's outer box. There should be no dents, scratches or damages on its surface.Remember that the outer panel serves not only decorative but also protective functions, and also provides better heat convection.

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Homemade options

At the first stage, drawings are made with the dimensions of the heater. Closed structures are usually made with their own hands. The main "components" of the system are a heating element, a protective casing made of heat-resistant materials (in priority - stainless steel) and a bus for supplying electric voltage.

At the first stage, the required number of heating elements is installed on a steel sheet up to 3 mm thick. Then the rest of the frame elements are welded. After the frame is ready, stones are placed in it. The next step is to manufacture the outer protective casing.

The finished structure is connected to the mains in compliance with safety requirements. The control warming up of the device is carried out.

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Operating tips

In accordance with fire regulations, the stove is installed in the corner closest to the door. However, subject to fire safety requirements, you can install the appliance anywhere in the steam room. There are popular options for placing it in the center.

The area of ​​the floor covering at the place where the sauna heater is installed must be insulated with a fire-resistant material (special tiles or asbestos sheet).

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When placing the device near walls or other combustible materials, it is important to observe an indent of 50 cm, and cover the surfaces themselves with a heat-insulating screen. The area of ​​the screen should slightly exceed the area of ​​the walls of the electric furnace adjacent to the surface.

When connecting, it is important to use only heat-resistant and moisture-resistant cables. Mandatory grounding and RCD system (residual current device).

If the stove is equipped with stones, then it is unacceptable to turn it on without them. This will lead to burnout of heating elements.

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You can learn how to make a do-it-yourself sauna stove from the following video.

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