Chalet-type House (81 Photos): Projects Of Cottages With And Without A Terrace, Combined And Wooden Country Winter Houses, Aerated Concrete Cottages

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Chalet-type House (81 Photos): Projects Of Cottages With And Without A Terrace, Combined And Wooden Country Winter Houses, Aerated Concrete Cottages
Chalet-type House (81 Photos): Projects Of Cottages With And Without A Terrace, Combined And Wooden Country Winter Houses, Aerated Concrete Cottages

Video: Chalet-type House (81 Photos): Projects Of Cottages With And Without A Terrace, Combined And Wooden Country Winter Houses, Aerated Concrete Cottages

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Chalet-type houses originally appeared in the Swiss Alps, but over time they gained popularity in other countries of the world, including Russia. Cozy country cottages made of aerated concrete, wooden summer and combined winter cottages, with and without a terrace, can become a real decoration of a magnificent landscape on a spacious plot. The best projects, as well as features of style, decoration and interior filling for such houses should be considered more carefully.

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Advantages and disadvantages

The desire to build a chalet-style house is increasingly visited by people living far from mountainous areas. Objects of this type have a special charm of country aesthetics, with its coziness, simplicity and bright, characteristic details. Initially, chalets - small one-story or two-story cottages - were erected in the mountainous regions of Switzerland and France, in the foothills of the Alps. The compact cabins were a haven for shepherds who spent a lot of time away from their main dwellings. At the end of the 18th century, the basic principles of this style were formed: massive beams, gable complex roofs, low height of buildings combined with simplicity and good quality.

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Modern chalets, already as luxury real estate for wealthy and famous resort guests, began to be actively built in the 70s of the XX century. The style was unified, providing it with massive success among fans of out-of-town recreation. Now building designs are adapted not only for mountainous areas, but also for flat relief. The roof structure has also changed slightly.

Gentle slopes with tiles were replaced by cooler solutions with modern materials as coatings.

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Like any other style, the chalet has its own characteristics and disadvantages. It is worth paying attention to the obvious advantages.

Good thermal insulation. The facilities were initially erected taking into account strong wind and snow loads. As a result, chalet-style constructions turn out to be warm, capable of becoming comfortable housing for lovers of winter holidays outside the city

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Comfortable microclimate. Classic chalets have wood finishes that provide full room temperature and humidity control. In winter, it is not cold in them; in summer, the building easily saves from the heat

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Reliability. In the Alps, you can still find chalets built 200 years ago. Modern houses will stand no less, because all the features of their year-round operation are taken into account when designing and building

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Combined materials. Most of the facilities have 1.5 or 2 floors. Moreover, the second tier, in the form of an attic or a full-fledged living space, is built of wood, on the stone foundation of the first. As a result, the house turns out to be lighter, requires less costs for creating a foundation

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High construction speed. Houses are built quickly, a ready-made log house can be used for the 2nd floor. Moreover, interior decoration can be started without long preludes, since the stone or block base does not shrink

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Low cost of finishing. It is encouraged to preserve the natural texture of materials - wood, brick, stone. All that remains is to add some original details

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External attractiveness. Chalet-style houses look respectable and expensive, comparing favorably with most typical cottages. To own such an object is prestigious and very pleasant

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The cons are also quite obvious. The house will cost more than its modern counterparts. Often the owners strive to preserve the authenticity of the building's surroundings, without abandoning the use of completely natural materials - stone, brick. This significantly increases the cost of work.

In addition, design ideas in the aesthetics of the chalet do not allow any special liberties - it is worth making some changes, and the charm disappears without a trace, only a completely ordinary object in the spirit of country will remain.

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Building materials

Historically, the houses of peasants and shepherds in the foothills of the Alps were not luxurious. They were erected from wooden beams or logs, installed on a solid stone foundation, supplemented with a plinth and a light attic floor. Sloping roofs with long overhangs covered the space of verandas and balconies, protecting from precipitation, the scorching sun, and wind.

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Modern builders also strive to maintain historical accuracy. True, the stone base of the basement floor is often replaced with aerated concrete or foam blocks, bricks are also used. The second tier of the house, if provided, is made of solid wood. It uses a log and a beam of hard species - larch, maple. Budget chalet projects include construction from more affordable materials, including frame structures and SIP panels.

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Projects

When looking for the perfect layout for an Alpine chalet-style country house, prospective owners face many unexpected challenges. We have to solve a lot of issues: from choosing an area to determining the list of materials from which construction will be carried out. Usually combined cottages up to 150 sq. m are erected from foam blocks or from ready-made SIP panels with a small attic floor from a log or with a second light.

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A large winter house can be built from aerated concrete, brick or natural stone. In this case, the area increases to 200 m2, the wooden elements of the second floor are made of timber. The plan can include features of the relief on the slope, fitting the building into the landscape in the most harmonious way. The facade in this case is made with large panoramic windows in the Scandinavian or French style, complemented by stone columns of the terrace under a canopy.

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Design solutions that can be called the most typical

One-story. Low-rise buildings with elongated sloping roofs are suitable for construction in regions with a warm climate. A small amount of rainfall will avoid excessive loads on the roof. The house is usually built on a high plinth, with walls made of laminated veneer lumber or is made of frame

Since heating costs are not too high, the glazing area can increase significantly in comparison with the northern regions.

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Two-story. Classic houses with stone foundations and wooden tops are equipped with spacious balconies, divided into 2 wings, equipped with stoves and fireplaces. The layout involves the removal of all personal apartments on the 2nd floor. The first is reserved for technical needs and the reception of guests. There must be at least 2 bathrooms in the house

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With a veranda. This characteristic detail enhances the rustic aesthetic of the chalet style. The veranda at the house is built under the roof; stone or massive brick pillars are used as supports. Historically, this area was set aside in shepherd's houses for corraling livestock in bad weather. In modern buildings, there is a barbecue area, a summer kitchen, a playground for children

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With a basement. In this case, the owner has additional areas for arranging a cellar or boiler room, placing a pumping unit and a boiler room. Here you can also place, if the area allows, a billiard room, a gym or a cinema. An additional advantage of the basement is an increase in the level of the 1st floor, providing additional thermal insulation of the floor

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With a garage. In typical chalet-style houses, this element is presented in the form of a canopy under which the car can be sheltered from the weather.In cold winters, it is better to equip an indoor space or underground parking in the basement. It is better not to place the garage on the side of the bedrooms, it is placed along a blank wall, providing sufficient insulation of the living area from noise and exhaust gases

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With a sauna. This element appeared in the layout with the popularization of the chalet style in the Scandinavian countries. Here, a dry steam room is located in the basement or an annex, complemented by a pool or relaxation area with access to the terrace. The room will not require the allocation of a large area, but it will help to get additional space for a useful pastime

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With a terrace. A classic solution used in both one-story and two-story houses. In this case, the terrace is covered or glazed, runs along 2-3 sides of the facade

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With an attic. An additional mezzanine floor for the location of bedrooms or children's rooms is an excellent solution that harmoniously fits into the aesthetics of the chalet style. In this case, the attic room is equipped with massive support beams, it is well insulated. Traditional layout - with a hall and rooms symmetrically located around it

The first floor, with the exception of auxiliary premises, is designed as a studio.

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Modern design solutions allow building houses on almost any terrain. Where it is impossible to use a massive buried foundation, a building is erected on piles or a slab. Such objects look interesting in the Alpine architectural traditions on the slopes of mountains or hills. Here you can make the difference in height your ally by arranging paved open terraces, balconies and pillar verandas around the house, thus expanding the usable area.

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Features of different styles of style

Chalet aesthetics, having spread as a cultural phenomenon, managed to get several branches at once, associated with its popularization in different European countries. The most characteristic of these directions deserve more careful consideration.

In Germany. Here, a typical "shepherd's hut" is almost more popular than half-timbered houses, and such houses are found far from the mountainous regions. Having preserved the main thing - the wooden top and the massive stone bottom of the structure, German architects added many local details to the appearance of the buildings. For example, massive beams of lathing in a contrasting shade on the facades, elements of painting using national ornaments. Another characteristic detail has also appeared - a massive backlit balcony

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In Scandinavian countries. Here the aesthetics of the alpine houses have been changed in the spirit of traditional minimalism. The Scandinavians removed the massive plinth, but added more light to the interior due to panoramic glazing. In addition, the chalet has open verandas and terraces

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In England. Here, given the peculiarities of the humid island climate, the architects abandoned the use of wood in construction. Houses, retaining the familiar shape and style, are erected entirely of stone or brick, followed by the application of decorative plaster. The roof slopes were made even flatter and lower, sometimes with a smooth bend

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In France. Here, modern architects everywhere abandon wood in the structural elements of the house, but retain it in decoration. The main structures are erected from concrete and building stone. French chalet-style houses have arched windows with typical floor-to-ceiling glazing, open balconies and trapeze roofs

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In Switzerland. They managed to preserve centuries-old traditions here. It is in the historical homeland that houses in the aesthetics of chalets still look harmonious. They are predominantly square in plan, with a large sloping roof overhang, massive stone plinth and original under-roof lighting

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Despite its popularity in Russia, this style has not yet acquired its characteristic features. It looks more like German, with its sharp roofs and massive beams along the façade.

Room decoration

The interior of a house is just as important as its architecture. Here, the chalet style, even if its modern incarnation is used, has its own centuries-old traditions, the violation of which is strongly discouraged. When planning the decoration of rooms, it is worth giving preference from the very beginning to traditional colors: brown, beige, ocher, white - from milky to creamy, caramel. Shades of gray, brown, burgundy will also be appropriate. Bright tones in the decoration are used in the form of accents; malachite, sapphire, terracotta or mustard can be used as such.

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With regard to materials, it is also not recommended to give much scope to the imagination. Among the main elements in wall and floor cladding, the following materials dominate:

  • brick;
  • wild stone;
  • timber;
  • wood panels;
  • ceramic and clinker tiles.
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In the interior of the living room, there must be a hearth with live fire. Whether it is a classic fireplace or one of the options for open stoves does not really matter. In the Scandinavian direction of the chalet style, it is permissible to use liquid fuel bio-burners placed in glass chambers.

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In the choice of furniture, everything is also traditional and conservative. The main preference is given to low and deep sofas, armchairs upholstered in linen, cotton, matting. Elements of handmade textile decor are welcome - blankets, homespun runners, carpets and furniture covers. Wicker details look interesting and appropriate in such an interior - panels, baskets, furnishings.

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Furniture for living rooms is selected solid, massive, it is allowed to use raw wood cuts as tabletops or supports. Do not forget about the main decoration of the interior - massive beams that create a complex interweaving of architectural details. They are distinguished by contrasting coloring, stained, emphasizing the original texture of the material.

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In the kitchen, the usual cupboards are replaced by open shelves and shelves. Here you can place a massive bar counter, marking the dining area. You can use the “island” in the center of the room to get a more traditional layout.

Copper taps and sinks, fume cupboard hoods look good here.

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As for the equipment of bedrooms, offices, it is customary to place here aged, vintage furniture with simple silhouettes, no frills. Lighting is made multi-level, diffused, windows are not obscured by curtains, but they can be used to equip private areas. In general, a free layout without a pile of parts and massive cabinets is welcome. Appliances are built in everywhere in order to avoid over-modernizing the interior.

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Beautiful examples

The aesthetics of the chalet, with its provincial country charm, but in a special, French and Swiss design, is well known not only to professional designers. A striking example of this can be considered ready-made projects of modern houses, which future owners choose for themselves.

A modern combined house with elements of a German chalet on 2 floors with 4 spacious bedrooms, a hall, a boiler room and 2 bathrooms. On the 1st tier, there was a place not only for the kitchen-living room, but also for the study. The terrace adjoining the house makes it possible to spend time outdoors. The first floor has a spacious balcony with railings and massive beamed parapet

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Stylish one-storey brick chalet with an area of ​​110 m2 with a covered terrace and slab foundations outside, finished with stone and wet façade plaster. Inside there is everything you need - a spacious hall, 2 bedrooms, an isolated kitchen-dining room with an adjoining living room, a boiler room and a combined bathroom. An interesting detail of the project is the chimneys and ventilation pipes, as well as windows that let in a lot of light

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Light timber house with a spacious attic and 3 bedrooms of 122 m2, complemented by a carport, an autonomous boiler room and a cozy perimeter terrace under a common roof with a barbecue area. Sleeping places are located on the 2nd floor along with the main bathroom, on the first there is an office, a living room-kitchen-dining room and additional amenities

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