After buying kitchen cabinets, many people often wonder about their correct installation and hanging on the wall. After all, it is not so easy as it might seem at first glance.
Modern homes are built from a wide variety of materials.
And each material in its own way is able to withstand this or that weight.
It should also be borne in mind that many types of wall cabinets and sections are included in the kitchen set.
Simple cabinets are installed on the floor, while wall cabinets require more attention to themselves, since they require much more effort during installation.
To achieve a proportional appearance and functional ability of all elements, when installing kitchen cabinets, everything needs to be accurately calculated and act carefully.
Kitchen cabinets should organically fit into the geometry of the entire kitchen and not interfere with the ventilation system already installed or planned for installation
It is necessary to choose the correct height of the cabinet so that even the upper shelves can be reached without any problems
For the correct selection of the mounting height, you can use the formula: owner's height + 10 cm.
So, for a person with an increase of 180 centimeters, it will be desirable to place the mounts at a height of 190 centimeters from the floor level.
At the same time, we must not forget that kitchen cabinets should be located exactly, that is, strictly parallel to the level of the floor cabinets of the kitchen set.
There are a number of rules and GOSTs for the placement of kitchen furniture.
Before installing the cabinets, you need to make sure that you have completed the electrical or finishing work (if any)
At the place where the installation of hinged kitchen sets is planned, it is necessary to level the walls. This can be done in two ways: using dry mixes (plaster, putty) and using drywall sheets. The finished surface should be perfectly flat
Before drilling the wall, you need to identify the absence (or presence) of hidden electrical wiring
When drilling, the wall may begin to crumble. To avoid this, we first work with a thinner drill, the hole from which can later be enlarged
Required materials and tools
The choice of materials for fastening must be taken seriously. After all, it is on the fasteners that all the reliability of the structure and directly, your safety will depend.
There are many different types of mounts.
Self-tapping screws are often used and cabinets are installed on the bar. In order to help you with the choice, I will give a couple of examples of the main and most commonly used ones:
The most popular are galvanized screws with a size of 8x80 mm screwed into the dowels. You can find them on the shelves of home improvement stores, where they are sold in pairs at once. This means you don't have to customize them
It is very easy and convenient to hang several kitchen cabinets using mounting rails that have adjustable hangers
This device will allow not only to tightly dock the cabinets together, but also to distribute the load on the wall, which makes it possible to use them on thin and uneven walls.
The option with the use of hooks screwed into the dowels looks good. This allows you to use almost any screw heads without selecting them specifically for the hinge parameters
As soon as we have decided on the required height, on the type of fasteners and purchased all the necessary materials, the next stage begins - the installation of kitchen cabinets on the wall. Walls can be made of plasterboard, foam blocks, aerated concrete, or even wood. Plasterboard walls can be found as load-bearing partitions. Brick walls with high reliability and refractory qualities are often found.
A couple of methods on how to hang cabinets:
If you decide to use hinges and other fasteners:
It is necessary to determine the area where you are going to hang the cabinet and draw horizontal lines along the entire future structure
We re-check the accuracy of the drawn line using the water level
If the line is straight, then mark the first point for drilling with a drill or punch
Now you need to fix the fasteners on the wall
We hang the cabinet to the fasteners, level it with a water level, make marks. After that, you need to remove the cabinet and mark the following attachment points
When everything is marked, we hang the cabinet and re-check the coincidence of its upper edge with the marked line
If there are several cabinets, we place them on the same level and connect them together with screws
Using screws, you need to attach the decorative cornice
It is necessary to hang facades, awnings, check the doors to work, install shelves. To eliminate minor defects, you can use a false panel or tongue-and-groove plates
Please note that the profile of the lower cabinets should be parallel to the wall cabinets.
An easier way is to use mounting rails.
You can use one of the following two methods when mounting the rail:
We insert hardboard into the holes in the walls of the cabinet, deepening it a little inward. This is necessary in order not to attach it to the kitchen apron and to press the cabinet very tightly against the wall
We nail the hardboard to the back of the cabinet. It should be borne in mind that when hanging with a rail, the cabinet will not fit snugly against the wall and its lower part will slightly protrude onto the kitchen apron
Functional arrangement from the inside
As soon as we figured out the installation, it will be necessary to put things in order in the kitchen. Some people mistakenly believe that wall cabinets are virtually indistinguishable from the bottom line of the kitchen. Although the body materials are the same, they serve different purposes. Therefore, wall-mounted cabinets have completely different possibilities for arranging the interior space compared to floor-standing ones.
If you place a wall cabinet above the sink, then it will be very convenient to use it for storing mugs, dishes and cutlery. Glass and plastic containers for food can be stored in the same cabinet. On one of the shelves, a dish drainer will look good, allowing water droplets to drain off the plates.
For convenience, it is worth putting several baskets, which are needed to store seasonings, yeast, gelatin. Coffee, tea, cocoa and other drinks can be collected in one place, and various sweets can be placed next to them. It is very convenient to store honey, vegetable oil and jars of syrup in a wall cabinet.
In order not to fiddle with the packages every time, you can purchase plastic containers. It is very convenient to store cereals in them.
If everything is clear with the interior arrangement of the cabinets, then it is worth paying special attention to the door opening system. Hinged doors, albeit a budget one, are not the best choice. The best alternative in this case is a door that opens upwards. Thanks to special fittings - a gas lift - the door can be fixed in the raised state, and it returns to its original state smoothly and without the characteristic pop.
The most important thing is to choose all the most necessary items for the kitchen and think over the correct location of all the fillers. And the correct management of space allows you to facilitate and rationalize the life of a modern housewife.
Interesting solutions in interior design
It is important to take into account the color of the kitchen set in advance. In many ways, it is thanks to him that your mood develops during your stay in the kitchen. Warm colors can awaken appetite (orange, red and yellow), while cold colors, on the contrary, suppress appetite (blue, gray). It is very important to include light colors in the design of a small kitchen - pink, lemon, cream, which will add light to the room and visually enlarge it a little.
In a small kitchen, every centimeter is important, and it is extremely insulting to give a considerable part of the wall under the hood. However, there is a special cabinet that is able to close the exhaust duct.
Usually, furniture stores sell functional, but not always beautiful models of wall cabinets. What kind of cabinets to choose if you have not yet decided on the design? First, do not listen to the opinions of others, whether they are relatives, friends, or other "advisors". Choose the typeface that suits you.
In large hardware stores, the problem of a poor assortment is still relevant. The best solution would be to order kitchen furniture from a good master. It's easier to buy a ready-made set of furniture, but it's certainly not better.
It should be noted that the advantage of furniture sets is significant savings. Hardware stores always offer hundreds of types of economy kitchen cabinets to choose from. For a small amount, you can buy not only ready-made sets, but also individual pieces of furniture.
A sliding wardrobe that allows you to hide kitchen utensils will also be a good purchase. This structure must be installed so that it is not too high or low.
Buying a corner cabinet will make the room much more functional. This is very important for small kitchens. Angle-type models come in different modifications. It should be borne in mind that the upper and lower cabinets must be perfectly combined with each other. There are corner cabinets with a rotating mechanism. They significantly improve the functionality of the kitchen and increase the overall level of ergonomics.
The corner in the kitchen does not have to be given under the cabinet - it can be used as a convenient place for installing a TV. You can also put a cabinet with open shelves in the corner, placing a photo, figurines or souvenirs on it that add home comfort to the kitchen.
Sometimes you can find a one-piece corner cabinet (from floor to ceiling). It turns out to be extremely bulky and not very convenient to use. It is much preferable to install a separate floor and wall cabinet.
It is also not recommended to use different carvings and designs on the facades.
Although they look very beautiful and rich, decorative ornaments make it very difficult to care for furniture, accumulating grease and dust, and require additional cleaning.