Beautifully falling curtains can add attractiveness, warmth and coziness to a room; this is the ideal option to decorate the window and make it unique. A must-have accessory for curtains is a curtain rod that secures the curtains. Cornices can be either purely functional, in this case they are practically invisible, or decorative, enhancing the impression of the fabric. The latter deservedly include forged, wooden or plastic curtain rods with tips, the curtains on which are usually hung with eyelets.
What it is?
Grommets are rings with a flange, usually made of brass, that serve to anchor the edges of a circular hole in the fabric. This term comes from the French word oillet, which existed in the XIV century, which means "small eye".
This convenient accessory appeared thanks to the ingenuity of seafarers, who thus adapted to quickly raise and lower sails, because the cable slides along the metal rings much faster than through ordinary holes in the fabric. Over time, the convenience of using eyelets was appreciated by women of fashion who tightened corsets and lacing on shoes with their help.
Also, at all times, theater curtains were attached by means of rings, and then heavy velvet curtains in the houses of the nobility. Currently, eyelets are used in all these areas, but they have become especially popular as an accessory for attaching curtains.
These eyelets come in a variety of colors and finishes, so you can always choose rings that match or complement the finish of the cornice. There are rings that look like antique bronze, gold, or pewter. You can also choose eyelets in black, white, brown and other colors.
It is very easy and simple to update the interior by hanging new beautiful curtains, especially if they are located on an elegant cornice and are draped with elegant noble folds. Rings, thanks to which the curtains can be easily and quickly closed and opened, and which ensure the creation of uniform draperies, have always been used in the manufacture of curtains and curtains, but they have recently become especially popular.
Veil or heavy curtains look much more noble on the eyelets and keep the folds even and neat. Thanks to the sealing tape, which is necessarily used when installing eyelets on the curtain, and the rings themselves, any material drapes naturally attractively and symmetrically. It is also important that the cornice in this version of the window design is almost completely visible, being an additional element of the decor.
In curtain salons you can always find beautiful forged curtain rods or products made of chrome-plated aluminum, having the luster and attractive appearance of natural stainless steel, but much lighter in weight. In combination with curtains and eyelets of the appropriate tone, you can arrange windows in any of the styles, from Ethno and Provence to Loft, Hi-tech or Techno. The size and shape of the curtains on the rings also does not have any artistic restrictions and depends only on the taste and budget of the owner of the premises.
Hanging curtains on eyelets is much easier than using hooks, first of all, due to the wide and free holes that easily and quickly pass along the rod of the cornice, and secondly, since the number of these holes is much smaller in comparison with the hooks.Even a small child can move such curtains, they slide evenly and have almost no resistance due to the smooth surface of the cornice and rings. An additional plus is the almost silent opening.
Unlike the hinges, which hooks cling to, the eyelets do not stretch, so the edges of the curtains will not subsequently sag ugly.
Curtain eyelets can be of different outer diameters, from small - 30 mm, to larger - 55 mm. For fabrics with a thickness of 5 mm, it is recommended to use eyelets with an inner diameter of 35 mm and an outer diameter of 55 mm.
Modern industry produces eyelets from various materials:
- Metal, made of brass or stainless steel (gold, nickel, antique, oxide);
The shape of the rings can be either classic, in the form of a circle, or oval or fancy. There are eyelets in the form of stars, squares, drops, hearts or flowers. The surface can be smooth, but there are also twisted metal eyelets, decorated with rhinestones or with a convex ornament.
Plastic eyelets are considered the most practical due to their low cost and greater ease of maintenance, since when washing curtains with plastic rings there is no danger of rust. Rings made of white plastic are more advantageous for long-term use and frequent washing, since the coating on colored rings can peel off or shed.
When installing on heavy curtain fabrics, it is important to select quality rings made from hard materials such as various types of metal or thick plastic. They don't have to be expensive rings, but they are strong enough to support the weight of the curtains. On thin fabrics such as tulle or organza, it is better to install plastic eyelets.
Choosing the quality of the rings is about finding a balance between price and functionality.
When choosing a curtain rod for curtains with eyelets, you should pay attention to the following points:
- The style in which the room is decorated… In a modern interior, the cornice should be simple and concise, not burdened with unnecessary details in the form of twisted forged tips or gilding, which will be appropriate in design solutions in the Baroque or Modern style.
- Curtains to be placed. Be sure to take into account the weight of the curtains. For light curtains, a plastic curtain rod is suitable, while heavy and bulky curtains will require a strong metal curtain rod.
- The number of levels that will be on the cornice. If, in addition to curtains, there should also be a lambrequin on the window, a double cornice will be required; for compositions consisting of a lambrequin, curtains and tulle, the cornice should be triple.
- The length and width of the cornice relative to the window. It must be remembered that a small room can be visually reduced by a voluminous dark cornice, and low ceilings will look higher if the curtain rail is fixed to the ceiling itself. Also, a longer cornice can give the windows space, and a short one will make them visually narrower.
- Curtain rod material and color. The presence of wooden furniture or decoration in the room will be in harmony with the curtain rods of the same texture and color. If there is brass in the interior, golden tinted cornices will look very harmonious in it. Silvers can add a stylish modern touch to the interior and will be combined with the same piece of furniture or a chandelier.
As for the size of the cornice rod itself, it is worth remembering that metal rods, as a rule, are thinner. The diameter of the curtain rods varies from 10 to 35 mm, depending on the material from which they are made. In addition to plastic, wood and metal, you can buy metal-plastic curtain rods in a decorative film "like wood", decorative curtain rods with faceted glass tips, as well as forged curtain rods, which can be twisted or smooth.An interesting option for lightweight curtains with eyelets would be to use a curtain rod.
Choice of fabric
The most important factor when choosing a fabric for curtains is its properties, density and texture. Therefore, before purchasing material for sewing curtains, you should decide on their purpose.
Some curtains are needed to create an aesthetic accent.… They decorate the room, soften the lines of the window or visually increase its size, for example, when they hang below the windowsill. However, more often than not, curtains are needed for privacy or to protect against light and noise.
Choosing the right curtain fabric can help you achieve your goals. If the curtains are for aesthetic purposes only, then the only important characteristic is whether they will fade when exposed to sunlight. When natural fabrics such as cotton or linen are used to make such curtains, you need to make sure that the fibers are of high quality and durable color.
Synthetic fabrics will resist fading best.
If curtains are needed to block out noise and light, or to insulate a room, make sure the fabric is heavy enough to serve its purpose. It is impossible to make good blackout curtains from thin cotton fabric. Bulky heavy fabrics such as satin, velvet, linen, as well as all variants of dense polyester will be a good choice in this case. When using lightweight fabrics for this purpose, it is better to add a denser lining by combining the fabrics in such a way that they visually complement each other.
Curtain fabrics include almost everything from natural fibers to artificial blends. Lightly woven transparent fabrics such as silk, organza, voile or just cotton are good at transmitting light. Thick fabrics block the sun's rays, creating a comfortable environment for better sleep and protecting you from indiscreet views from the street.
Here are some of the types of materials most in demand when sewing eyelet curtains:
Tapestry, which belongs to natural fabrics. Linen is a heavy woven fabric that was formerly made from hemp, but is now commonly made from cotton or linen. The threads are woven very tightly, which gives the fabric a good ability to block light
Poplin… This is a medium weave fabric that can be made from cotton, linen, silk, man-made fibers, or a mixture of any of these. The rib is formed by a transverse rib with a cylindrical filling, giving the material a ribbed appearance
Velvet is a heavy fabric with a voluminous texture, thanks to which the material does not allow sunlight and cold to pass through. It can be made from cotton, natural silk "tongue" or synthetic fibers such as rayon, acetate or rayon
Satin (atlas) has a characteristic smooth texture and a shiny appearance. In the old days, this material was made from silk, but now it is made from artificial fibers, sometimes mixed with natural materials. Satin has a medium density and is good at blocking light
Brocade - a fabric made by interweaving threads that have a spectacular, bright and rich texture, usually with a design woven into the fabric. It is a heavy material that provides good opacity and keeps you warm in cold rooms. Brocade is often made from synthetic materials these days
Cotton Is a lightweight curtain fabric that allows privacy, but does not block the access of light. The material has an airy texture
Viscose Is a fiber made from cellulose. The fabric has a crisp texture and a shiny appearance, it drapes beautifully and is well maintained for many years
Organza made from a variety of materials - from pure silk to a blend of rayon and polyester. It is often hung under heavy curtains to provide some degree of privacy when the curtains are open
Lace or lace tulle are one of the most traditional curtain fabrics and give windows a classic, elegant look. They can be made from different types of fibers, the most appreciated are thread laces made from natural fibers such as silk or linen. Lace fabric is an airy weave of threads that does not interfere with the penetration of light into the room, but at the same time creates coolness inside
Tulle, which also includes a veil and a spider web - this is the most delicate and thinnest fabric, serves solely for decoration
Denim Is a heavy cotton fabric with many artificial additives. It provides good insulation for indoor environments and has a moderate light blocking ability
Jacquard can be made from both natural and synthetic threads. The peculiarity of its weaving is its multicolored intricate patterns, reminiscent of brocade. A very durable material with medium light transmission. In the manufacture of curtains, jacquard-satin is usually used
Chenille - this is jacquard, in the weaving of which there is a thread with villi
Blackout PVC fabric, which is called Dimout dims the light, and Blackout completely blocks it out
How to install rings on fabric?
The first thing to do before inserting eyelets is to calculate the required number. To do this, measure the width of the curtain and divide the size by 8. The resulting number will indicate the minimum number of rings that must be used to hang the curtain. If you divide the width of the curtain by 4, you get the maximum number of eyelets, which will create the most spectacular folds. The general rule is that one ring is placed every 15 to 22 cm.
So if the curtain is 210 cm wide and you want to place your rings 15 cm apart, divide 210 by 15 to get the number of rings (14) needed for each panel. It is also necessary to determine the weight of the curtains. The heavier the fabric, the more rings you will have to use. If the fabric is light, you can use fewer rings. When calculating, keep in mind that rings are sold in packs containing from 7 to 14 pieces. Eyelets are installed on hemmed curtains with a finished edge.
Natural fabrics must first be well moistened, allowed to dry naturally and then ironed. This process is called decorating and allows you to further avoid shrinkage of the finished product after washing.
Directly installing the rings is as follows:
- An eyelet tape is placed on the edge of the curtain: it is glued with an iron with careful unhurried movements so as not to pull the fabric;
- The upper edge with a tape is folded over and overlaid;
- The fabric is laid out, the locations of the rings are marked on it, starting from the extreme one, which is placed at a distance of 3-4 cm from the edge of the curtain;
- The grommet is superimposed on the place allotted for it, its inner circle is outlined with chalk;
- An inner hole is cut out, stepping back from the marked circle by 5 mm in width;
- Next, you need to insert the eyelets, for which you put the halves on both sides of the hole, combine them and press until they click. In the case when non-snapping eyelets are used, special tools will be required: a punch and a flare tool;
- If for some reason the eyelet is crooked, it can always be removed and reinstalled, as well as if it came off during washing.
When chosen correctly, the curtains add the finishing touch to any room. They combine decorative elements into a coherent whole, help define the general theme and emphasize the most important part of the room - its window.Modern curtains with eyelets will help you create any style, from classic and elegant to casual and cozy, from modern and minimalist to retro.
However, with this potential, curtains can easily overwhelm the room, so they must be chosen with care. This is not just about color or pattern. The texture of the fabric, its length and width, style, the presence of a lambrequin-perekid, the material from which the cornice and eyelets are made - all this is important if you want to give your windows style and charm.
Blackout curtains are suitable for the hall or in the living room, which provide many decoration options and leave considerable space for future modifications and accessories. If you want to focus on the windows, you should choose bright curtains with neutral rings that will coordinate with the allied shades in the room. If the décor is solid or the style is austere and elegant, bright bold curtains can look out of place and draw too much attention.
In order for the window to be combined with any decorative elements, it is worth choosing curtains that will be a slightly darker shade than the walls or turn out to be of a color that is not dominant in the room. Then the curtains will have a soft, harmonious look that can fit into any color scheme. The eyelets in this case should be in the same tone as the fabric or cornice.
If there is a desire to decorate the curtains with throws, or, as they are also called, lambrequins, then you should take care of the double cornice.
Patterned curtains can decorate the windows in the bedroom, but this should be avoided if the room has patterned wallpaper or patterned bedding. If the room is dominated by solid colors, you can consider the most daring designs on the curtains. Even graphic prints on them can look truly amazing when their color matches the existing decor, and the rings are not particularly noticeable among the pattern.
In light, spacious nurseries, neutral patterns will be appropriate., such as polka dots or flowers. Medallions, lattice ornaments or arabesques add a touch of elegance to a more traditional interior, while modern designs such as logos, chevrons, and geometric shapes add a modern touch to the space. Vertical shelves are ideal for small rooms, as they visually make the ceilings higher. In all these cases, the material from which the rings on the curtains are made must be combined with the cornice.
For kitchen or bathroom light curtains are ideal, sufficient for light to penetrate, but at the same time allowing to maintain confidentiality.
It is worth mentioning such novelties in the curtain market as blackout curtains made of Dimout fabric, which darkens the light, or Blackout, which completely blocks it out. In the case when such curtains are made of good quality fabric, they look like ordinary decorative ones and can be made in various colors, including white.
You can see even more varieties of curtains on eyelets below.