A mattress is an indispensable element in every bedroom. It has an exceptional and very important function - to provide healthy and adequate sleep, a comfortable night time and support the spine during sleep. Choosing a mattress for a bedroom is a difficult task, but quite solvable. It remains only to figure out the types of berths, sizes and features that will make your sleep as healthy as possible.
What sizes are there?
The sizes of the mattress follow the same hierarchy as the size of the bed. It is not for nothing that the products should exactly correspond to each other in centimeters.
Standard sizes for a double mattress:
- 160 x 200 cm;
- 160 x 190 cm;
- 180 x 200 cm;
- 180 x 190 cm;
- 200 x 200 cm.
One-bedroom kids' models are usually available in sizes 120 - 140 - 190 - 200 cm long and 60 to 120 cm wide, for example, 60 x 140 cm, 70 x 140 cm, 80 x 140 cm.
There are one and a half beds, the size of which is defined as 140 x 190 cm or 140 x 200 cm.
An adult mattress has a length of 190 or 200 cm - this is the generally accepted standard. Non-standard bed lengths include 210, 220 and 230 cm. Non-standard width of an adult bed - all parameters that are more than 200 cm. Queen size beds are 180 x 200 cm, King size - 200 x 200 cm.
If we talk about the height of the mattresses, then it differs depending on the type and amount of filler:
- Springless ones are usually 10-20 cm long;
- Spring-loaded - up to 30 cm (depending on the height of the element itself).
The higher the mattress, the more comfortable it is to spend your rest on it.
The minimum height is 3-4 cm. Usually such products are called mattress covers - they protect the main mattress from moisture and dirt.
The optimal height of the orthopedic product is 15-20 cm, but it depends on the number of layers of internal filler. There is no concept of the ideal mattress height, it is determined in terms of comfort and the ability to pay for it. After all, it is known that high mattresses are more expensive than low ones.
The comfortable height of the berth is determined by the level of the knees. Choose a mattress that, along with the bed, would be approximately at the level of the bend of your legs (or a taller person in a married couple).
How much does it weigh?
The weight of a mattress depends on its type (spring or springless), the number of inner layers, if it is a model without springs, and the number of elements themselves, if we are talking about independent springs.
Mattresses with springs weigh less: usually a square meter of such a product weighs 10-14 kg. The springless model weighs approximately 15-20 kg / sq. m, but this value is strongly influenced by the quantity and quality of the "filling".
Spring models 30 cm high can weigh 50 kg, as can multilayer springless “heavyweights”. The lightest mattresses are considered - without a spring with orthopedic foam inside (or other artificial materials).
What weight is it designed for?
Usually the manufacturer indicates the maximum number of kg per one berth:
- Up to 120 kg: mattresses with springs "Bonnel" and models with independent springs 250 pcs. \ 1 sq. m;
- 120-140 kg: mattresses with an independent spring block 500 units / 1 sq. m and above, springless models with latex and combined medium hardness filler;
- 140 kg and more: "Heavyweights" - spring models with an independent block 1000 units / 1 sq. m and more and with a hard surface. The mattresses with the "memory" function perfectly withstand a large weight, but their significant disadvantage is the high price.
The maximum weight refers to the limit that the mattress can support.
A person with a much lighter weight can use any, even the most solid and hardy product.
Mattresses differ in the type of their device and "filling". They are conventionally divided into classic (with Bonnel springs) and orthopedic (all others). In modern models, several types of "filling" are used at once, for example, a block with independent springs + coconut and latex layers.
A mattress with such a filler consists of many springs connected to each other and forming a homogeneous system. It has one level of rigidity over the entire surface, and the springs are dependent on each other: under load, they are compressed and pull the fastening elements along with them. If we talk about the advantages of Bonnel mattresses, then this is a low cost, and, perhaps, that's it. They do not have any orthopedic effect: they do not distribute the load on the spine evenly and do not relieve it from it.
Experts do not recommend choosing such a mattress for daily sleep, but for a summer cottage or an additional (spare) sleeping room, it is quite suitable.
Another "against" spring "Bonnel" - the rapid failure of internal elements and their sagging. Especially such mattresses are not recommended for use by a married couple with different weights or frankly large. If a couple has a different "weight category", then the approximate scenario of their night is as follows: a person with a large weight creates a large load on the sleeping place, and the second simply rolls down to his side. Of course, Bonnel mattresses are still a popular product, but it is worth buying for people with healthy backs and normal weight.
If we talk about the construction of a mattress of this type, then it is very simple and often has neither quality certificates nor a long-term guarantee. Needless to say, Bonnel springs do not carry any health benefits, and, rather, act as a summer cottage option. Over time, they can begin to creak.
With independent springs
In its "stuffing" there are independent springs, that is, separate elements, each of which is placed in a separate case. The basis of such a mattress is also made up of springs. They take the shape of the human body, bend evenly and distribute weight among themselves, unlike the Bonnel system, where the main load falls on the center of the berth.
Independent springs do not pull each other and do not affect the attachment mechanisms under load, providing a comfortable sleep.
Mattresses with independent springs have only one drawback - a relatively high cost, which is the more, the more springs are in the "filling". The more springs there are inside, the smaller they are in diameter. This means that you will have to choose a bed with an orthopedic slatted base. Frequent narrow slats will support an independent spring block and extend the life of the mattress as a whole.
The device of such a mattress is also quite simple: in its "heart" there are small springs in diameter, each of which is enclosed in a shell. Above and below the spring block is limited by a hard cover - a box, which is responsible for the softness of the mattress and protects it from sagging. The model with independent springs is ideal for daily use and offers durability that Bonnel mattresses cannot boast of.
Its design has no springs at all and consists of several layers of filler materials. If you look at it in section, then such a mattress resembles a puff cake. In the "filling" of a springless mattress, you can often find coyfra (coconut) - a hard material of dark brown color. Latex, husk and polyurethane foam are often used. However, materials can be artificial and material. The first type will cost less than an analogue of natural origin. Consider the features of the materials that fill the springless mattress:
- Husk - wood shavings, which are tough and environmentally friendly, do not cause allergies and irritation. It perfectly maintains the shape of the human body, however, due to its firmness, it does not recover from sleep. Therefore, the husk needs to be shaken up from time to time;
- Polyurethane foam - a material of synthetic origin and a good analogue of natural latex, which, moreover, is cheaper;
- Latex - a natural filler made from the sap of a rubber tree and is hypoallergenic.
Springless mattresses differ in height, filling and degree of firmness.
One side of such a product can be rigid, the other has an average type of rigidity. Models can be uniform in their filling or differ in the level of rigidity in each berth.
Orthopedic springless and mattresses with an independent block do not work without an orthopedic slatted bed base. It is a lattice with a couple of dozen birch or beech bent panels (lamellas). Such a base has the property of shock absorption, that is, it bends slightly under the weight of the mattress and the person, which gives an even load on the spine.
By size, they are divided into children, teenagers and adults. Teenage models are usually not wide (up to 120-130 cm) and softer. They can be stationary (for constant daily rest) or folding (camping mattresses).
How to choose the right one?
Experts say that for daily use, you need to choose an orthopedic mattress that will support the spine during sleep and relieve the main load from it, that is, a mattress with an independent spring block or a springless model of varying degrees of rigidity. Spring "Bonnel" are good for a summer residence or a spare bed, which is planned to be used no more than once or twice a week. To make the purchase successful, experts recommend adhering to a simple algorithm when choosing.
You will learn more about how to choose the right mattress for a double bed in the following video.
The most important criterion for choosing a berth. If you choose a mattress that is too soft, then the spine will literally fall into it, if it is too hard, then the back will ache treacherously in the morning. The stiffness parameter is determined for each person individually, but manufacturers conditionally divided sleeping products into three types: soft, medium hard and hard. Soft mattresses are suitable for resting older children and adolescents, hard mattresses - for people with a problem spine, medium - for everyone else and especially the elderly.
Before buying, it is advisable to test the mattress and literally lie down on it in order to understand how hard or soft it is. Experts advise choosing double-sided models, where one side is soft, the other is medium hard, or one is medium hard and the other is hard.
Double-sided mattresses need to be turned over once every about 2-4 months in order to maintain its orthopedic properties.
In the passport of the product, the manufacturer usually indicates the maximum weight of a person per one berth. That is, this figure must be multiplied by two to determine the total maximum load on the mattress.
Experts advise to choose soft models for people weighing up to 50 kg (children, adolescents, adults, but not babies under 3 years old). Products of medium hardness are suitable for people weighing up to 90 kg, and such options are the most "popular". For people with heavy or overweight, experts advise to stop attention on hard mattresses, which will withstand the load and will support the spine during rest. The degree of load on the mattress is determined by the person in the couple who weighs more.
Springless mattresses are durable and durable:
- Products with monolithic filler artificial latex can withstand up to 100 kg;
- 120-140 kg - products with a coconut layer in the "filling".
Monolithic latex models differ in availability, but they cannot withstand more than 90-100 kg per berth.
A weight of 130-140 kg per place is easily supported by products with a combination of natural and artificial fillers, for example, coconut flakes, polyurethane foam and natural latex.
How to match to the bed?
The parameters of the product must strictly correspond to the dimensions of the bed itself. For example, a bed has a width of 160 cm and a length of 2 meters, respectively, a mattress for it is chosen 160 x 200 cm. You cannot put a mattress here that is shorter in length (190 cm) or narrower in width.
The size of the berth itself is selected taking into account the height and complexion of a person. The standard length is considered to be the length of the bed 190 cm and 200 cm. The minimum comfortable length is calculated by the formula: human height + 15 cm stock. Of course, you can choose a mattress much larger in length and width, which can make your sleep noticeably better. If we talk about the width, then the most comfortable is 80 cm for one person or 160 cm for two.
When choosing a mattress for a couple, there are a few things to consider:
- If the difference in their weight is insignificant (less than 10 kg), then you can choose any design of the mattress, except for the spring type "Bonnel". Sleep experts say that you need to choose 500 springs per square meter for a comfortable and healthy sleep. m of sleeping space and more.
- If the partners have a difference in weight of more than 20 kg, then it is worth giving preference to mattresses with an independent spring block. Moreover, their density should be 1000 springs per sq. m of sleeping space and more. A good choice is the Double Spring (DS) model.
- A couple can opt for two separate mattresses instead of one solid one. If the base of the bed does not have fixing sides, then the mattresses will now and then disperse to the sides. Another way out is to buy one double mattress with varying degrees of firmness for each berth.
Choose a time-tested brand, even if this is your first time buying a sleeping item. It is good if the manufacturer has a store with exhibition samples of mattresses so that you can choose the optimal rigidity and height of the sleeping place.
About a hundred worthy manufacturers are represented in Russia, among which there are large companies and small sewing enterprises - Ormatek, Miloye Solnyshko, Pervenets, Perrino, Matraskin, Harmony, Ash, Damask, Lisna, TM "Morpheus" and others. The rating of the best manufacturers according to experts is presented below.
The production factory is located in the Vladimir region in the city of Murom. It is famous for the production of all types of mattresses and especially for the available spring models. The company became famous for its own development of PocketSpringSilent - a spring block, which has no analogues in Russia. The brand also produces unique springless latex-based models, which are the company's signature and one of the best-selling.
In its production, Toris uses high-quality raw materials and gives a double warranty on the model (2 years instead of 1, like other manufacturers). In addition to a production workshop with modern equipment, Toris has its own research center, which allows it to keep up with the times and produce high quality mattresses.
The manufacturer has 2 large factories in the Moscow region. He focuses on quality European materials (from Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands) and manual labor in the creation of products. If we talk about mattress fillers, they are also imported: coconut coir is delivered from the regions of Southeast Asia, cactus - from Mexico, palm fiber - from Africa.
Independent springs are laid by hand, and not by a machine, the seams are also created with the help of seamstresses, which makes the manufacturer's mattresses more comfortable and of better quality
Ormatek mattresses are very well known in the market and are distinguished by a wide choice of type (children, single, double, sofa, thin), property (spring, with independent springs, springless, latex, memory effect) and shape (rectangular, round). Mattresses are divided into a price segment from the cheapest to the premium.
If we talk about sizes, the brand offers standard adults with a length of 190-200 cm and non-standard models: 210, 220, 230 cm, 196, 186 cm, 180, 170, 160, 150, 140 cm. You can buy a mattress at Ormatek quite cheaply.
The brand is famous for its scale - it produces products for Russia, the entire post-Soviet space and European powers. The production is fully automated, it uses materials of Russian and foreign origin. The brand has its own laboratory, within the walls of which new products are tested, the decision on the sale of which is made after the tests. Needless to say, almost all Askona mattresses are unique - they are created using the brand's patented technologies.
Most of the reviews about the firms discussed in the article are positive. Russian-made mattresses are strongly associated with the name Askona … Reviews about the brand's products vary greatly, and among them there are many both positive and negative opinions. In positive messages, consumers note the high quality of products - materials, tailoring and the work of consultants in furniture salons, as well as a large selection of products and a positive brand reputation.
Those who were dissatisfied with the mattress from this brand say that the high price of the product hides the dubious quality and developments that the manufacturer is so proud of. They note the formation of dents, humps in the product literally after 3-5 months of use, despite the fact that the manufacturer gives a guarantee for mattresses for up to 10 years. The main disadvantage of the products, consumers note the high price, which does not always correspond to the quality.
Ormatek Is another well-known Russian manufacturer. Among the advantages of its products, consumers note more affordable prices and a huge selection of mattresses from standard to non-standard sizes. Among the advantages, buyers note the hypoallergenic mattresses, high quality, pleasant sensations during sleep and convenience, long service life (more than 15 years) and the ability to buy in any furniture center.
About mattresses Toris There are not many reviews, but the existing ones are extremely positive. The products of this brand are distinguished by a more affordable price compared to the same Askona, but the product is not inferior in quality to the first. Toris mattresses have a solid "filling" and firmly support the spine during sleep. Buyers note that this mattress does not fall through, has good breathable finishing characteristics and simply lasts a long time.