Installation Of A Ceiling Cornice (44 Photos): How To Properly Attach To The Ceiling, At What Distance To Hang The Holder For Curtains, The Subtleties Of Installation

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Installation Of A Ceiling Cornice (44 Photos): How To Properly Attach To The Ceiling, At What Distance To Hang The Holder For Curtains, The Subtleties Of Installation
Installation Of A Ceiling Cornice (44 Photos): How To Properly Attach To The Ceiling, At What Distance To Hang The Holder For Curtains, The Subtleties Of Installation

Video: Installation Of A Ceiling Cornice (44 Photos): How To Properly Attach To The Ceiling, At What Distance To Hang The Holder For Curtains, The Subtleties Of Installation

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A ceiling cornice is suitable for more interiors than a wall cornice. This is due to the low ceiling height in old buildings, as well as the predominant choice in favor of stretch ceilings. The cornices attached to the ceiling differ in their types and are often complemented by decorative elements.

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Place in modern design

Window decoration is nowadays an important part when planning the entire interior. The overall appearance of the room depends on how well the cornice is selected.

The mount for curtains should harmoniously fit into the general atmosphere of the room, and the work on its installation is prescribed to be performed efficiently and accurately. This is especially true for open cornices used for decorative purposes. Another thing is the hidden cornice, showing the curtains in all their splendor. Some flaws can be hidden, but neatness should not be completely neglected here either.

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As it is clear from the previous paragraph, cornices perform several basic functions. Firstly, they serve to fix curtains. Also, curtain rods often have a decorative function, especially if it is necessary to focus on an unusual curtain mount or ceiling structure. In addition, the mounts themselves can serve as key elements of the entire design.

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A correctly selected cornice will mask flaws during repairs, for example, sloppy joints of walls and ceilings, irregularities, and so on.

It can also hide the unfortunate top of the curtains themselves. For example, decorative models with a wide bar are often used to hide assemblies on a curtain tape, if this part is not to the liking of the owners of the room.

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The correct choice of fasteners for curtains guarantees the transformation of the entire room, harmonization of proportions, an increase in the height of the ceiling or the width of the wall, depending on the type of fastening. This effect is achieved through the competent use of visual illusions that help deceive the viewer in an amicable way.

Cornices are widely used when installing decorative curtains in the middle of the room, zoning the space. Without the right curtain rods, the entire effect produced by such curtains would be spoiled, so they are invaluable in helping to create the atmosphere of the entire environment.

When choosing, you need to be as careful as possible to the chosen type of cornice. Each of them has its own advantages and disadvantages, so it is recommended to understand in more detail one or another selected model before buying.

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Cornices are subdivided according to various characteristics.

Based on materials:

  • Plastic;
  • Wooden;
  • Metallic.
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By the method of attachment to the surface:

  • Wall-mounted;
  • Ceiling.

By the number of rows:

  • Single row;
  • Multi-row.
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By design:

  • Round;
  • Strings;
  • Baguette;
  • Tire;
  • Profile;
  • Telescopic;
  • Mini cornices;
  • Swivel;
  • Spacer;
  • For Roman blinds.
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It is worth dwelling in more detail on the most demanded options. The most popular ceiling option is plastic tire cornice. Also, sometimes a flexible aluminum profile is selected to replace it. This applies to those cases when it is necessary to suspend a very heavy structure. For example, a three-row cornice allows you to place curtains, curtains and a lambrequin.

A similar scheme is relevant for living rooms and bedrooms, as it adds grandeur and gloss to the room, while at the same time reliably protecting the room from sunlight and the looks of curious passers-by.

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Flexible designs can be mounted on curved windows, for example, in a bay window or in an attic room. The bay window version is slightly different in the set of accessories, since additional spare parts must be purchased to fix the bends.

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A cornice molding is a decorative strip that allows you to hide all sorts of unattractive details, such as unevenness in the ceiling or gathers at the top of curtains formed by the tape. Baguettes fit well with a variety of interior styles.

In addition to decorative baguettes, you can purchase a baguette cornice, where both the cornice and the plank are combined into one structure.

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Speaking of metal structures, we can single out the most popular round and string cornices.

The round cornice is a bar with tips, on which the curtains are later attached. A rod with a diameter of 16 mm is considered a typical one.

A similar version of the cornice itself is a decoration, especially if you choose a model with artistic forging.

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String cornice - a thin cable stretched between two iron brackets. This type of curtain rod is used for hanging lightweight curtains such as thread or tulle models.

String designs look modern and dynamic. Due to the small diameter of the cable, they are almost invisible and it seems that the curtains are floating right in the air.

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Components

Regardless of the type of cornice, it is equipped with a standard set of parts. It is necessary to analyze this question for the most demanded options in a little more detail.

For round metal models:

  • Tubular base rods can be presented in various color variations. Gold-plated and silver-plated models are no longer surprising, now bronze or brass coatings are in vogue. In addition to unusual colors, metal pipes are supplied with an interesting curly section, for example, an imitation of matter twisted into a bundle.
  • Decorative brackets are available both for wall and ceiling mounting. The advantage of round curtain rods is precisely that they are universal (although fastening to the wall remains the preferable option).
  • Hooks, rings and clamps for fixing the curtain fabric to the eaves. Usually, such accessories are bought immediately along with the cornice. They are selected in the same style, due to which the whole curtain composition looks harmonious in the end.
  • Additional accessories are all kinds of extension cords, connecting elements, plugs, clips and so on.
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For ceiling plastic:

  • Tires. The number of rows varies from 1 to 4, depending on the estimated number of curtains. So, a single-row model allows you to place only curtains or curtains, and a four-row model - curtains, curtains and two soft hanging lambrequins.
  • Roller hooks or clothespins allow you to hang the curtain, and then wash it with these fasteners.
  • Caps prevent the hooks from popping out of the rows when the curtains are opened or closed.
  • Rotary elements with a different number of rows are used when you need to make an element curved. Since it is impossible to simply bend the tire, it is supplemented with turning parts. During installation, special attention is paid to the joints. Only when they are performed correctly, and the design of the rows is not disturbed, it remains possible to move the curtains freely.
  • A decorative strip with hoods or a baguette allows you to close the joints on the curtain rail, and also act as a design element. It is best to use them only on open eaves; having bought the version with a bar, you cannot hide the model.
  • Plastic profiles are a lightweight replacement for iron ones when installing a cornice in a niche.
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For profile aluminum:

  • Profiles differ in their ability to withstand different curtain weights.
  • Fasteners of aluminum profiles are provided as standard to accommodate the model on the ceiling.
  • To facilitate the management of heavy curtains, the profiles are equipped with rope structures that allow the curtains to be symmetrically moved to the sides or moved only in the direction of the attachment. For this, a carriage is purchased separately.
  • Lifting mechanisms are provided for profile curtain rods for vertical curtains such as Roman or French. In addition, plumb bobs are supplied - weights for chains.
  • Inserts are purchased for attaching additional elements, for example, lambrequins.
  • Stopper plugs simultaneously cover the ugly side parts of the cornice and prevent the hooks from jumping out of the grooves.
  • Hooks for aluminum curtain rods are supplied with ordinary plastic.
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How to fix to the ceiling?

In order to carry out the installation of the cornice correctly, you first need to carefully study the instructions for the model you have chosen. As a rule, it immediately gives recommendations for the installation of the product.

When choosing a ceiling cornice that will be attached to a stretch ceiling, you must take care in advance of strengthening the ceiling covering with a wooden beam in place of the cornice. If the ceiling is already stretched, the ability to hang the cornice on the ceiling is lost.

This section will deal with the installation of a plastic tire cornice, since it is he who is the most popular today. Even a beginner can fix such a structure,

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The most important thing is to take your time and do the job carefully:

  • Mark the position of the cornice on the wall, making a preliminary calculation. The length of the eaves depends on individual preferences: you can make the curtains cover only the window opening, or you can prefer the arrangement of the curtains to the entire wall.
  • If the width is chosen for the window opening, saw off a part of the bus with the length of the window opening plus 60-90 cm, depending on the splendor of the curtains. When choosing a full-wall option, you will need a bus with a length of the wall minus 20 cm (10 cm on each side).
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  • In the plastic bus you need to drill holes for fastening: they are large on the outside, and very small on the inside. The standard bindings spacing is 60 cm, but if the curtains are heavy, this should be reduced. When installing under a stretch ceiling, please note that on the side that will be located at the ceiling, the holes can not be drilled at all (in the future they will be cut with self-tapping screws), and on the outer part they should be of such width that the self-tapping head can easily pass through them.
  • Wide models in 3 or 4 rows can be equipped with 2 rows of fasteners, so feel free to make two rows of holes.
  • Attach the curtain rod to the ceiling markings. Use a pencil to mark the holes through the holes. It is much more convenient if two people work: one holds, the other notes. So the probability that the cornice will "leave" tends to zero.
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  • Drill holes in the ceiling with a drill and seal them with dowels.
  • Now attach the splint and screw through the holes.
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For stretch ceiling installations, installation is carried out in a similar manner, with a few important differences

  • The markings on the ceiling should be done even before the ceiling sheet is fixed and the place of the future cornice should be reinforced with a wooden bar.
  • The canvas itself must be reinforced with protective rings where there will be holes for fastening. After installing the rings, you need to carefully burn the holes for the screws. This is done to prevent the stretch ceiling from bursting.
  • With the help of self-tapping screws, the tire is carefully screwed to the ceiling, strictly falling into the burned holes. It is recommended to start installation from the middle.

For information on how to correctly and quickly install the ceiling cornice, see the next video.

How far to hang?

To correctly calculate the distance from the window opening on which it is worth hanging the cornice, use a special formula. You will need the following values:

  • The width of the protrusion of the battery or window sill, whichever comes out more strongly. Usually this is a radiator, but in some cases there are exceptions (for example, when we are talking not about modern plastic small window sills, but about bulky Soviet ones). The typical protrusion is 15 cm.
  • Next, you need to lay an amendment in order to collect the curtains and at the same time they do not touch the window sill with folds. Depending on the density of the curtains, the distance is 10-12 cm.

Adding these values ​​together, you get the distance at which to attach the tire.

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By attaching the cornice to the plasterboard ceiling, a niche is often made for the curtains. In this case, the width of the niche is calculated based on the values ​​of the width of the protrusion, the correction for the folds of the curtain and the distance between the extreme guides of the cornice (for example, 1 and 2 for a two-row model or 1 and 4 for a four-row model; this value is not taken into account with a single-row design).

The presence of a niche does not affect the position of the cornice itself.

Many, when attaching the bus, neglect the need to retreat such a large distance, because they are afraid to reduce the already small dimensions of the room. This cannot be done, since the curtains, bumping into the ledge, will deform. It is better to choose models up to the ceiling, in which case it will be necessary to lay not the width of the protrusion, but only an amendment for the assembly of curtains. If the window sill protrudes strongly enough, but it is necessary that the short curtains look harmonious and do not emphasize the impressive ledge, the width of the window sill is taken as a basis. When it is more than 12-14 cm (adjustment for gathers plus 2 cm), the adjustment for curtain folds is not taken into account.

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At what height to install?

It so happens that it is not possible to mount the ceiling structure directly on the ceiling. Then choose a wall mounting method. It is made using special brackets that allow you to fix the ceiling version on the wall.

Depending on why you cannot hang the cornice from the ceiling, the distance that you need to retreat from the ceiling varies. Also, this distance depends on the type of cornice.

When mounting the busbar, it is best to mount it directly under the ceiling itself so that the gap between the ceiling and the cornice was almost invisible. This will add height to the room, but it will be quite difficult to wipe such a cornice from dust.

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When installing an open tubular cornice, calculate the distance to the ceiling so that there is a gap of at least a centimeter between the ceiling and the curtains.

This will simultaneously create the illusion of a ceiling mount and allow the curtains to “ride” freely under the ceiling without deforming the top edge.

When installing on a multi-tiered ceiling, it is best to install the cornice in a special niche, equipped approximately at the level of the upper tier. The niche hides the cornice structure, and the curtains flow as if from nowhere. So the curtain mount will not distract attention from the beautiful and unusual ceiling covering, which is probably the main accent in the interior.

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How to install the plugs?

The functional purpose of the plugs is to restrict the movement of the hooks only by the cornice. The plugs prevent them from falling out during the opening and closing of the curtains. In addition, they also perform a decorative function, covering the cuts on the sides of the cornice and making it aesthetically more attractive.

The plugs are mainly placed on plastic tire or aluminum profile cornices; for round rods, special tips are selected - finials. They serve as both limiters and decorative elements.

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To install stubs, you need to decide what type you are dealing with. If you are using the clips included in the kit, they must be inserted into the curtain guide.If there are several guides, and there are only two clips, it is recommended to install them to limit the canvas of working curtains: tulle moves extremely rarely, and lambrequins never.

If you additionally purchased solid end caps, and not only bounding hooks, but also closing cuts, you should be a little more careful. First, they differ in left and right detail. It is important not to mix it up, otherwise the installation will become impossible. For the rest, it is enough just to put on the plugs on the sides of the cornice.

It is not recommended to glue them, especially if the curtain is removed for washing together with the hooks. Usually, the plugs are made exactly to the size of the cornice, depending on the brand of the manufacturer and the number of rows, so that no additional means for fixing are required.

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Installing the backlight

Eaves lighting is popular today due to its significant advantages over other lighting systems. It does not heat up the ceiling due to its low power and makes the interior of the room more mysterious due to the fact that it is not visible.

It is best to have the wiring installed by an experienced electrician, as curtains may burst if connected incorrectly.

But there is also a simplified version that you can easily repeat yourself.

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First, decide on a color. Note that if you choose white fixtures, the lighting will end up with a cornice tint. Illumination of any shade can be installed under the white tire, the light will not be refracted and change tone.

Buy a custom LED strip. It is flexible and safe, and the backlight is bright. Mounting on a tire ceiling cornice is very simple: the tape must be glued to the cornice in front of the rail closest to the room. You can use regular glue for this.

To make continuous lighting around the perimeter of the entire room, it is enough to mount the tape between the baseboards and the ceiling. So you can visually combine the cornice and skirting boards.

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After installation, the end of the tape is soldered to the wires leading to the switch (they need to be built into the wall during the repair phase).

There are two ways to control the backlight. In the first case, it is connected to a general switch, in the second - to a separate one. The second option provides more room for varying lighting.

The LED strip can also be controlled using a remote control. Discuss such a device with an electrician, as its installation requires certain professional skills. Moreover, such a solution is quite expensive.

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