At the present stage, there are more and more opportunities for using technologies that save energy as much as possible. For this, different sources of lighting are used, which are used everywhere, for example, street LED lamps. They are becoming more and more popular not only because of energy savings, but also because they look very beautiful and elegant outwardly. The scope of their application is varied: they are installed in gardens and parks, at railway stations and bus stops. These light sources are the perfect aesthetic addition to any terrain.
Features of the
Street lighting should be distinguished from the familiar LED light bulbs that are designed to illuminate living spaces. Outdoor LED lights have a completely different design. Inside there is not only a certain number of lamps, but also special lenses. Their task is to focus the light rays into a beam and ensure the movement of the light flow in the required direction. The beams can be narrow or wide and bright, or provide diffuse illumination.
Also, all types of high-quality LED lamps designed for outdoor use have a durable waterproof housing that protects them from the effects of bad weather and street hooligans.
Advantages and disadvantages
Undoubtedly, the main advantage that LED lamps have is a much lower power consumption compared to conventional street lamps: by 1.5 or even 2 times. This economical consumption will not cause an overload on the power grid. They serve for a long time, from 11 years or more, depending on the intensity of their use. If they are used only for night lighting, the service life can be extended to 25 years.
The structure itself is made of materials of increased strength, any lamp is waterproof, which ensures its safety in bad weather. Also, street LEDs are resistant to both high and low temperatures, perfectly retain their performance at temperatures from -60 to + 40C.
Because of their high contrast and flicker-free light transmission, these lanterns are ideal for creating colorful architectural lighting for any object. In addition, the color rendition of the LEDs has excellent characteristics, and no noise is generated when switched on and working, which provides them with additional advantages.
LED lamps are made of environmentally friendly and safe materials, which does not create any problems when disposing of them. For example, they do not contain such dangerous chemical elements as mercury, and the installation process is so simple that if you have one lamp post, you can hang two full-fledged LEDs on it, which will significantly increase the brightness and lighting area of the territory.
There are also disadvantages to such light sources, but if you think about it, they are not too fatal. The initially high price of LED street lights pays off in the first months of use. However, if the soldering of the protection substrate is poorly done, it will create cavities inside the luminaire that will interfere with the heat dissipation.
LEDs do not like power outages and power surges, as their housing is susceptible to rapid overheating.Therefore, before installing them, care should be taken to eliminate possible defects in the local wiring, which will help prevent their rapid failure.
Landscape types of lamps have a power of 3-10 watts. They are used as a beautiful and original lighting for flower beds, lawns, pools, ponds, sculptures and fountains in parks, and are also used as architectural lighting in the form of underside lighting of buildings.
LED Strip Light - a unique type of lighting that is very easy to use. It is a flexible, often soft strip-board on which contacts and SMD-type LED bulbs are located. In order to control the flow of current, there are resistors on the tape. Such a tape can be self-adhesive (you just need to remove the protective layer in order to stick it on the right place) and with an increased level of moisture resistance.
If you want to buy a ribbon with the ability to change color, there is such an opportunity too. There are options with a special controller, the function of which is to change one color to another. You should especially pay attention to dimmable LED strips: they are single color, but they have the function of dimming the brightness level using a dimmer.
Linear LED Lamps - a worthy replacement for linear fluorescent lamps. Once upon a time, fluorescent light sources were considered the most economical to use, but LED certainly overtook them in this. Linear LEDs always delight with moderate illumination with pleasing contrast. This light does not irritate the eyes and has a calming effect on the human nervous system. The service life of such lamps with careful use reaches 12 years.
Visually, a linear LED lamp looks the same as a fluorescent one: it is a long bulb filled with LEDs and the necessary electronics. Unlike luminescent counterparts, the flask is not made of fragile glass, but of durable polycarbonate material, and even if you accidentally drop it, it will not break. As already mentioned, any light source of this type does not contain hazardous chemical elements, in particular, mercury, so problems with disposal never arise.
LED console lights are used to illuminate large areas of streets, highways, parks and places near large residential buildings. They are called console ones due to the fact that they are fastened using special brackets (consoles). The body of such a luminaire is made of aluminum and includes two parts held together by a hinged joint. Such a luminaire can be mounted on supports and on walls. The housing coating is resistant to corrosion and external influences, and the entire optical system is covered with durable silicate glass.
For the lighting of residential premises, they are increasingly used LED chandeliers and floor lamps, featuring a rich palette of color options, ranging from ordinary, diffuse white light to color options for all tastes. It is recommended to install such a chandelier or floor lamp immediately with a remote control that runs on batteries. Using the remote control, you can adjust different lighting colors and luminous flux intensity. The transitions from one color to another occur softly and smoothly, without irritating the eyes.
LED street light includes the following mechanisms and elements:
- case with vertical fins for improved heat dissipation;
- the LED board itself (it can be with several bulbs located at a certain distance from each other);
- sphere of a translucent plan for better light diffusion;
- an electronic driver that regulates the flow of current from the electrical network.
In the production of outdoor LED luminaires, the strength and uniqueness of their bodies are taken into account, since they must be highly resistant to various external influences. If the case is made of aluminum, this will prevent exposure to rain, snow, temperature extremes. Also, to provide better protection against harsh weather conditions, the aluminum base can be coated with an anti-corrosion coating that protects the luminaire from moisture, snow and rain.
An even more durable option can be purchased with a robust vandal-resistant metal construction to provide protection against bullying.
How to choose?
When choosing such a luminaire or lamp, it is important to consider how the light beam will be scattered. It can be either round or oval. A round spot of light sometimes looks too bright, so ellipsoidal diffusion is the best choice for quieter lighting. Also, when choosing a street LED luminaire, you should think about what intensity and temperature of lighting it will give, what color will be the most preferable, whether the quality of the outer case allows it to withstand a confrontation with certain weather and climatic conditions. When buying, it is very important to ask the seller if the luminaire is equipped with protection against possible voltage surges in the mains.
For spotlights, Bellson LED lamps are ideal, whose lamps have a power of 60-80 W and higher. They are highly efficient outdoor luminaires, widely used to illuminate parking lots, pedestrian bridges, parks and more. Such a large-sized universal lantern will illuminate the adjoining territories of cottages for a long time and is ideal for a country house with a large plot of land.
The small size and weight of these flood-type LEDs make them quick and easy to install. They have a luminous flux of 6500 lumens and a cold radiation temperature of 5500 to 6000 Kelvin, which is very important for long-term use. The degree of protection of this type of lighting is IP 65, which means complete protection against the penetration of street dust and against the ingress of water jets falling from any angle. Luminaires have the ability to use them even at air temperatures from -40 to + 40C.
The average service life of such lamps is 25,000 hours. This outdoor luminaire has a large angle of light diffusion of 145 degrees. All materials are reliable, strong and durable.
There are also very economical types of flashlights with an adjustable light sensor. Thanks to the motion sensor inside the structure, the lamp glows only when people appear nearby. Such types of lighting are used in suburban areas, in the corridors of residential buildings, in the courtyard. If the LED flashlight is also equipped with a motion sensor, the energy savings are much greater. The work of such a flashlight is carried out by means of a group of lenses, which provide the sensitivity of the sensor system. The more lenses there are inside, the higher the sensor's sensitivity and coverage.
Decorative lighting techniques are often used for the garden in order to give the garden an unforgettable magical atmosphere. One of the most common lights is an LED string, made up of small, multi-colored lanterns that can be cleverly hidden in the foliage of trees and are completely invisible. Such lighting will decorate a garden or park space at any time of the year, moreover, it will provide the necessary additional lighting with a touch of romance and beauty. LED garlands do not weigh down the branches and are absolutely safe for trees, because no heat radiation occurs when illuminated.
Also, for the purpose of external decoration, you can use a ground lamp or several lanterns that can be installed directly into the ground to illuminate shrubs or a house facade. Hanging lamps made in a retro style, but with LED lamps inside with all the optics and electronics necessary for them, are ideal for the terrace. Hanging lights are good because, due to their lightness, they can be hung in many places without fear that their weight will make one or another structure heavier.
In order to illuminate the area near the house, overhead LED lights are often used, providing additional aesthetics of the surrounding space. The lanterns are mounted on the wall of the house, providing the necessary lighting at the entrance or along the perimeter.
Recessed street light sources are remarkable for their installation method: their main part is hidden in a hole made in the wall. During the day, they are virtually invisible, and when twilight deepens, such LEDs wonderfully illuminate the house, emphasizing the peculiarities of its architectural style. The lighting device itself is hidden and does not attract attention to itself at all. This option is ideal for organizing decorative lighting of any object, from sculptural structures to museums and shopping malls. Such luminaires can be easily mounted on the roof in a specially designated hole, creating a soft and eye-pleasing overhead lighting.
Organization of lighting
In order to equip any object with LED lamps, be it a country house, a street or a large architectural complex, work must be carried out in accordance with the standard procedure, including a set of organizational and technical measures:
drafting with the calculation of the brightness of the directional light, the degree of illumination and other parameters, so that they meet building codes and regulations, as well as the rules for the installation of electrical installations
- the location of each lamp is negotiated, if you plan to install two or more LEDs in one area;
- signs in detail how the lighting system will be controlled;
- drawing up a drawing lighting scheme;
- according with the fulfilled conditions and the plan, the selection of lighting devices is carried out;
- equipment installation is carried out only after all approvals have been completed.
In the future, the conditions for regular maintenance of lighting devices installed on the site are discussed.
If you think over the entire installation process in advance and do everything in accordance with accepted standards, this will help to avoid possible technical difficulties and problems associated with the supply of electricity.
Some buyers, choosing one or another lighting source, are very skeptical of such a type as diode strips. Despite the fact that, on average, their cost is 1,500 rubles, it is sometimes believed that this is an overpriced for an option that will fail very quickly due to its external fragility. However, this is not the case, and if the manufacturer is responsible for the quality of its products, then such a tape will last a very long time, withstanding both temperature extremes and humidity.
Despite the skepticism of domestic consumers, the LED strip can become an excellent and most "budgetary" lighting option that does not require the use of any improvised tools for mounting. It is recommended to glue it wherever additional light is required, this is especially true for illuminating shop windows in stores: it looks aesthetically pleasing, does not require wall drilling and lasts long enough. You can easily and quickly decorate any space with LED strip: a summer cottage, a room in an apartment and even an ordinary garage, if there is no time and opportunity to conduct electricity yet.
If the luminaires are mounted on poles outdoors, it is best to place them at a height of 4 to 11 meters, which ensures optimal light diffusion. It is better to mount the built-in options at the same distance from each other, having thought out the color gamut and the level of light intensity so that the backlight looks the most harmonious and provides the desired effect.
As for the power of the LEDs, lamps from 3 to 10 watts will be enough for landscape lighting of the adjoining territories. Street lamps for illuminating large adjoining areas can have a power of 60 watts, and high-power floodlights of 100 watts, as a rule, are used in order to qualitatively illuminate roads, wide streets and large factories.
Outdoor LED luminaires perfectly illuminate any space and serve as an additional decoration. For landscape design, lamps of a round or oval shape, installed around the perimeter of the entire site, are suitable. If we are talking about a small summer cottage with a vegetable garden, especially for this there are small and light ground lanterns that can be installed anywhere. They do not go out in the rain and will delight gardeners throughout the summer season.
Antique lanterns will wonderfully decorate a chic country mansion. There are familiar structures on poles that can be placed throughout the land, after drawing up a drawing and discussing the organization of lighting with specialists. Bracket mount wall lights are easy to place on walls. To give the lighting a unique beauty, light bulbs inside them can be ordered in color.
If we are talking about an old house, the facade of which is pretty worn out by time, all the flaws will help to hide the lamps, imperceptibly built into the roof at the same distance. If the house is small, one lamp built into the corner of the roof and located at a certain angle will be enough.
With the help of LEDs, there is a great opportunity not only to add magic and celebration to your interior, but also to hide the imperfections of walls and facades of houses. The original diffusion of light creates unique visual effects that visually increase, or, conversely, reduce the space, and energy savings will quickly pay off their high cost.
You can find out how to choose an LED street light by watching the video below.