Energy-saving Lamps (47 Photos): What Types Are Harmful To Human Health, How To Choose For Street Lighting

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Energy-saving Lamps (47 Photos): What Types Are Harmful To Human Health, How To Choose For Street Lighting
Energy-saving Lamps (47 Photos): What Types Are Harmful To Human Health, How To Choose For Street Lighting

Video: Energy-saving Lamps (47 Photos): What Types Are Harmful To Human Health, How To Choose For Street Lighting

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Video: How to choose a healthy light bulb 2023, February
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Now almost everyone wants to save on electricity consumption at home. Moreover, this can be done quite simply by replacing all the light bulbs with energy-saving ones. Such products, unlike incandescent lamps, use much less electricity for their work, but they are no less bright and durable. Now on the market there are a large number of types of such energy-saving light bulbs. It is important to understand what they are and how they need to be selected correctly.

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Advantages of using

The use of energy saving lamps has a huge number of advantages. So, they consume electric current much more economically than incandescent lamps. Also, such bulbs are divided into types depending on the brightness, so you can choose the color and brightness of the room lighting. You can also choose the type of light that will come from such a device. In addition, these bulbs have a high luminous efficiency and low heat transfer, that is, they do not overheat at all during operation and give a bright stream of light.

The use of such bulbs contributes to an even distribution of light over the entire area, both indoors and outdoors. They also have a rather long service life - usually such bulbs last for about 5000 or more hours of burning. The specific service life depends on their type, model and power.

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A feature of such a product is that it does not completely warm up immediately, but in about one or two minutes. That is why they are often installed in rooms where the light is on continuously. Such bulbs will work especially for a long time if you do not often turn them on and off. They are designed to burn continuously.

Also, a feature of such bulbs is that they can sometimes flash with light, even when even when they are turned off. These bulbs have a specific composition, so they require a specific method of disposal.

It is necessary to observe the operating mode established for each specific model.

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Description

LED energy-saving products are safer models of light bulbs, which some even call ready-made lamps. They include a base, a radiator that cools the LEDs, also related to the lamp device, the board on which they are mounted, a driver and a diffuser. The latter allows you to make the lighting wider.

Such lamps are longer in service life. There are even products designed for 80,000 continuous hours or more. You can also choose them according to the color of the glow, they are blue, green, red, white or yellow.

There are several types of LED energy saving bulbs:

  • built-in lamps, which are used for illumination;
  • products for landscape design;
  • street LED bulbs;
  • searchlights;
  • LED bulbs are the most popular LED models.
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They are also divided into types and by the type of base:

  • E27 or E14 - this is the classic type of base thread;
  • tubular products with a flask base;
  • pin;
  • plying energy-saving light bulbs.
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According to their characteristics, there are LED bulbs that are capable of giving a different luminous flux both in color and in brightness.

They are also divided according to their power characteristics.When choosing, you need to know that LED bulbs with a power of no more than 20 watts are best suited for residential premises. Also, a characteristic of some products is the ability to scatter light. Such bulbs evenly illuminate the entire room, regardless of where they are located.

There are also LED devices with or without lens. Having removed it, you can use such devices for zoning a studio apartment. LED bulbs also differ in color rendering index. This characteristic must be at least 90%.

All LED lamps have many advantages, as they are quite environmentally friendly compared to fluorescent lamps. They are able to save energy better, and also have a longer service life, which in some cases even reaches 100,000 hours. There is also a more extensive choice of glow color. These bulbs will allow you to choose both the direction of the light and its brightness.

These devices are considered much safer than their counterparts, since no harmful components are used in their creation. The only drawback of such products is that they are quite expensive compared to fluorescent products and incandescent lamps. But they are more functional, so buying this product is worth it.

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Classification

There are a large number of classifications of energy-saving light bulbs. So, they are divided by form, they can be:

  • spiral;
  • round;
  • square;
  • in the shape of a horseshoe.

They are divided by types and depending on the shape of their base-base, which can be made in the form of a pear, candle or ball. There are also types of bulbs that have the ability to dim, and models that support the dimming function.

All energy saving devices are divided into two large groups. Read the characteristics of each of them below.

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Luminescent

Such products are classic linear and compact. Both of these energy saving appliances have the same design. It includes a glass flask, inside it is a gas with mercury. Such products are in the form of a curved pipe.

These energy-saving lamps are internally treated with a phosphor. They also have a base shape similar to that of conventional incandescent lamps, so they can be easily replaced with each other. Previously, such products were called fluorescent lamps, but now they are called fluorescent.

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LED

They are more modern. Usually these are ready-made luminaires that work on LEDs. Such bulbs have a more extended luminous flux, so they are installed both at home and outdoors. They are used even in small details for illumination. Such bulbs are also the basis for the lighting of spotlights.

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How to choose?

When choosing fluorescent lamps, more attention is usually paid to the base. It will always be necessary to find out if it will fit into the lamp or into the holder. Also, these bulbs are chosen depending on the power, because this will affect the brightness of the light. When choosing, they also rely on how many hours these products are designed for.

When choosing, many pay attention to the temperature of the light. It can be white, that is, cold, neutral or warm. Products that are warmer in light are used to illuminate rooms intended for relaxation, and cold products are used to illuminate wide halls.

You should try to buy the most durable models, since they can last for several years.

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Varieties

There are two types of fluorescent lamps. Let's consider them in more detail.

Linear

They are larger in size, usually spiral bulbs or tube-shaped models that are twisted to make them more compact, but they are still quite massive. They are circular in shape, as well as U-shaped or double.Such products do not have a base. At the edges of the tubes, there are metal rods that are connected to the power supply using special structures.

They are distinguished by their shape, and linear and by the number of arcs. This is usually three, four, or six. Linear lamps come in a variety of tube lengths and diameters. The larger the light bulb, the more energy it will consume. But at the same time it will shine very brightly. Such devices will be very powerful.

Typically, these products are used for lighting in spacious offices.

In houses and apartments, more compact lamps are most often installed.

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Compact

As for the compact models, they have a small base size. Among them there are also traditional and small ones, which are used for decorative purposes. They are also used for spot lighting or backlighting. When using such bulbs to illuminate a room, you can choose the type of light emission, since there is cold and warm, as well as neutral daylight, emanating from different models of such devices.

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Main parameters

Fluorescent lamps differ in parameters depending on the shape. As for the quality of the emitted light, there are also products for yellow lighting as well as for white daylight. The action of such bulbs is based on the fact that mercury vapors mixed with gas emit ultraviolet rays. They themselves are not capable of creating daylight. But since such products are processed from the inside with a phosphor, it is able to transform such rays into rays of daylight.

They are often distinguished by parameters such as tube size. The most popular of them are models with a diameter of 7, 9, 12 or 17 mm.

As for compact energy-saving lamps, according to their technical characteristics, they are often divided into types according to the size of the base. The traditional size is 27, followed by E14. There are E40 caps that are suitable for a large-sized cartridge. There are small plinths G53, G23 and others that are only suitable for spot lighting. Moreover, all numbers indicate the diameter of the cartridge, measured in millimeters.

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The technical characteristics of this type of bulbs also differ depending on their service life. This can be an indicator from 5000 hours to 15000. He differs depending on how high-quality materials are used to create such products.

When choosing lamps according to technical characteristics, it is necessary to study the correspondence table. It will help you choose the right products for a specific cartridge. It is better if these are rather powerful bulbs. They are able to last much longer and the quality of the light emitted by them will be at their best.

Fluorescent lamps have many advantages, which include a high level of energy savings. Compared to conventional incandescent bulbs, the savings are around 80%. Such devices can be installed in absolutely any place, even in the most difficult to access, since they can serve for a very long time. That is why these products are perfect for lighting rooms with high ceilings or for use in any lighting fixture.

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Fluorescent lamps can be installed on stretch ceilings, since they do not overheat at all and do not harm the ceiling, although they shine very brightly.

Their glow area is quite large, so they distribute light well. Also, fluorescent lamps allow you to play with the light in the house. So, you can install products with different types of glow in color and brightness, thus interestingly placing accents in the room. This option is perfect for zoning studio apartments and other types of premises.

But these bulbs have some disadvantages. So, they include mercury in their design, so you need to be very careful with them. In no case should you break them. They must be disposed of correctly. It is better if you take them to special collection points.

Some even argue that because such a design runs on mercury, they are all harmful to human health. They are dangerous because mercury releases some poisons. Therefore, these bulbs should not be placed too low in the living area.

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Dimming

Some people note that energy-saving products shine quite brightly, so it is often necessary to reduce the brightness of the outgoing rays. You can darken the room before going to bed and further reduce energy consumption. This is why dimmers were invented, which allow you to adjust the brightness of the light. The simplest of these are variable resistors, which are included with the lamp.

There are also other devices that work from laboratory autotransformers. They are larger, so modern dimmers have a different design, which is more practical. Dimmable bulbs now have a switch, but fluorescent linear bulbs are not used with dimmers. Only the use of compact type models is permissible. Some new LED models can be operated with a conventional dimmer that is suitable for incandescent lamps, these are products from Philips.

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Scope of application

Now the use of LED lamps is quite wide, they are used both in electronic devices and in cars, and even in apartments and on the streets. Fluorescent light bulbs are more targeted in areas of use. They are usually used to illuminate large storage areas, as well as some living quarters. LED bulbs are often used for street lighting.

Even the most common street lamp consumes much more electricity than its LED counterpart.

They are also often used to illuminate any industrial and office premises, regardless of their area and economic purpose. It is LED devices that are most often used for architectural structures and other premises. They are also installed on the outside of buildings for street lighting. LED bulbs are also used in floodlights, as well as compact portable flashlights that run on batteries or rechargeable batteries.

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For the home, it is better to purchase LED spotlights. Also for home use, fluorescent ceiling structures are perfect, which are perfect for any chandelier. On the other hand, LED products are more often used to create decorative lighting.

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Unusual models

Nowadays, LED lamps called "candles in the wind" are very popular. Such products have a very beautiful and interesting shape. They can be either completely transparent or matte. Such a lamp is suitable for installing it in a classic-type chandelier, where each lamp is not hidden inside the structure, but is exposed. Such lamps have a pointed end and are shaped like the flame of a burning candle. They have the same construction as conventional LED bulbs, but differ only in shape and design.

Also, these products can be very interesting in appearance, depending on the type of flask. So, some manufacturers create such products with the effect of a glow of a flame that will flicker and sparkle. There are also very beautiful color models with which you can create very bright and unusual lighting in any room.

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Rating of the best manufacturers

Let's take a closer look at a huge variety of manufacturers:

One of the highest quality and most durable light bulbs is produced by the Navigator brand.… The NLL-P-G4 series is particularly distinguished. The bulbs have a beautiful capsule shape, their bulb is very compact and practical. These products are highly efficient and are based on Epistar LEDs.Such devices are heat-dissipating due to the fact that their design consists of ceramics and polycarbonate. The luminous flux angle of such products is 360 degrees. Different models can be used for both general and decorative lighting

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The newest and most modern models are represented by the Philips brand… These are both luminescent and LED products. All of them have a very beautiful and unusual shape, so many of them are suitable for outdoor lighting. There are also devices with a built-in dimming function, they are very easy to use. The Philips manufacturer presents a very wide selection of such products. You can easily find the energy-saving device you need that fits your pocket

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Era manufacturer presents a large number of energy-saving light bulbs, among which LED models are very popular. Some of them are remote controlled, so they are very practical. This brand also presents products from the Deco range, which have interesting designs and therefore are perfect for decorative chandeliers

"Era" is also distinguished by the fact that it has released a whole series of energy-saving light bulbs, which in terms of the size of the structure and base are completely similar to ordinary incandescent lamps, so you can easily replace all the old lamps in your house with new energy-saving ones.

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The Photon brand produces high-quality LED-lamps, for which it gives a 5-year warranty. They light up instantly and save about 90% energy compared to incandescent bulbs. The manufacturer also indicates that such products do not heat up at all, therefore, they are acceptable for use in lampshades made of delicate fabrics. A feature of products from the Foton brand is that their service life is completely unaffected by the number of shutdowns and shutdowns, unlike many other similar products

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The Ecola brand is very popular… For more than 10 years he has been presenting a large variety of different models of LED bulbs. These are ceiling lamps, LED, and classic energy-saving designs. The brand offers a wide selection, which is presented in the form of LED reflectors, LED corn lamps, candle models, panels, as well as ready-made surface and recessed lamps

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You will learn more about energy saving lamps in the following video.

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