Track Lighting System: Application In The Interior Of An Apartment, Bus Systems For Home And Trade Departments

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Track Lighting System: Application In The Interior Of An Apartment, Bus Systems For Home And Trade Departments
Track Lighting System: Application In The Interior Of An Apartment, Bus Systems For Home And Trade Departments
Video: Track Lighting System: Application In The Interior Of An Apartment, Bus Systems For Home And Trade Departments
Video: Track lighting system for stretch ceiling. Flexible light profile saves time and money 2023, February
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When it is required to create a specific illumination of an object, the source of which must change position, a track system is used. This type of lighting is a system of luminaires that are placed on a rod or busbar and can move in the direction desired by the user.

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Typical applications for this type of lighting are for installations in art galleries, museums and traveling exhibitions. Often it is used at home in the event that you need spot illumination of the workplace from different angles or the allocation of a certain area. The beam can be attached not only to the ceiling, but also to the wall, vertical bar and even a vaulted ceiling or arch.

The convenience of using track lighting lies in the fact that the user can buy a ready-made system or assemble it on his own, based on his preferences.

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Purpose and benefits

Spotlights are used to focus attention on some detail. They are often used in stores and showrooms, as well-placed lighting allows you to illuminate all goods even on the highest shelves, highlight price tags and allow the buyer to consider the nuances of the model they like. In interior design, they are used to illuminate the decor, but in this case, the main thing is not to overdo it and not sacrifice comfort for the sake of installation. The best functional use in an apartment or house is in the workshop: illuminating a large work area, such as a drawing table, sewing table, workbench, table for fixing PCs or laptops.

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The advantages of track lamps include:

  • directional lighting;
  • a certain high-tech style that is able to fit into any modern interior, adding notes of a fresh trend in fashion;
  • maneuverability of light sources and the ability to arrange shadowless illumination of any surface or object;
  • free fastening at any height and surface of any configuration.
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There is only one drawback of this type of lighting - high cost. An ordinary lamp costs about one and a half thousand rubles, and for the system they will need from three to five.

To get a high-quality point light system for a shop or museum, you need to know that the most popular and proven component manufacturers are the Russian Armada-Svet, the German Paulmann and the Italian Lussole. For home use, you can pick up systems from good Chinese manufacturers.

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  • Single phase models - those in which the entire system works as a whole, there is no way to turn on one lamp to illuminate some part of the surface. Most often they are used in catering chains, shops, apartments as lighting in the main area of ​​the hall. Such options are attached to the ceiling.
  • Two-phase and three-phase allow connecting two or three independent lamp modules in one bus. In practice, this is used to illuminate tables in cafes, individual exhibits at exhibitions and museums, in shops for illuminating shop windows, and highlighting a certain zone in an apartment.
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Lamp types

  • Halogen lamps used in track lighting systems for large retail departments, large stores, cafes and restaurants. These lamps are cheaper than LED lamps and have one big advantage - the ability to use together with a dimmer (smooth dimming) and in conjunction with illuminated switches without additionaladjustments.
  • Fluorescent lamps great for systems that turn on and off no more than five times a day. With this mode, the service life is at least 5 years, which is very beneficial for industrial use. The disadvantage of this lamp is the flickering frequency, which is compensated by installing a rectified current capacitor with a high capacity.
  • LED bulbs the most environmentally friendly and safest, but more expensive than others. They are usually used for home lighting or small boutiques. LED track lights do not heat up, have a wide spectrum, have a long service life and very low power consumption (compared to other light sources).
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Structural elements

The lighting system consists of a busbar, along which several lamps of the same type move, a busbar, a transformer, fastening to a wall or ceiling, and connecting elements (if you need to create a geometric design of the busbar - a square, with the letter "G" and others).

The busbar is an aluminum alloy structure into which copper electrical contacts are connected. Contacts are insulated from stainless steel or plastic. The luminaire is mounted with supports, which can be flexible, cruciform, in the form of the letter "L" and "P", as well as simply straight.

When using several phase systems, you can install luminaires of different power, design and even lamp type on one bus. The phase behavior of systems depends on the type of transformer, which has one, two or three windings.

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The connection block is supplied with the finished system, it includes a special plug that allows you to mount the lighting without turning off the electricity throughout the house. If there is no such plug, it is necessary to de-energize the apartment or private country house completely before installation.

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How to connect?

Connecting the system begins with mounting the lighting system on the body with the subsequent connection of the contacts to each other. To facilitate the process, all cables located at the ends of the track system are shaded to match ground, phase or neutral. It is noteworthy that the cables are ready to use and there is no need to cut the sheath. Before starting the installation, pay attention to the difference between adapters for right-hand and left-hand connections.

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Connection algorithm:

  • The frame is placed on the fixtures (brackets for mounting the system on the wall and cables or chains for mounting the ceiling light).
  • In the place where the lamp is attached, the contacts of the wiring and wires, matching in shade, are released and connected to each other. Then they are insulated with tape or braid.
  • The luminaire is fixed in place by placing a groove in the electrical adapter. You will hear a click when the device is fully locked.
  • The luminaire is placed on the chosen place of the busbar and the angle of inclination is regulated.

For more information on how to connect a track light, see the next video.

Place in the interior

One of the best designs that track lighting fits in is hi-tech and loft. This is due to the more "simplified" type of furniture and the zonal distribution of the room. This is a great option for studio apartments, apartments and hotel rooms.

The choice of location for the structure depends on the functional purpose of the room.

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  • If this is a living room, then lighting is mounted around the entire perimeter of the room. In this case, it is better to choose multiphase buses so that you can unobtrusively illuminate the room while watching TV. With such an installation of the lamps, the light from the lamps does not reflect from the TV, and the eyes do not get tired of the contrast of the screen and the lack of lighting.
  • If the studio apartment is divided into recreation areas, dining room, entertainment, then lamps are installed above each zone - in the recreation area above the sofa and coffee table, in the entertainment area above the table for board games, in the dining area, the dining group of the table and chairs is illuminated. This allows you to highlight one area and minimize the emphasis on others.
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  • In the bedroom, track lighting is ideal for illuminating the dressing room and the area near the dressing table. It will allow you to perfectly apply makeup and show all the nuances of the chosen outfit. It is also possible to install a track above the head of the bed for comfortable reading.
  • In the kitchen, the tracks are mounted above the work table, which allows the lamps to be moved to the desired location. Two or three lamps are enough to illuminate the work surface. But it is better to highlight the dining area in an isolated kitchen with a lampshade on a long leg with warm light. This will allow you to relax and relieve stress after a hard day.
  • In the hallway, you can hang the bus cable exactly in the center, directing the lamps to the desired objects - a mirror, a wardrobe, a shoe rack.
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Track-type lighting is perfect for industrial premises, shops, cafes, installation centers and art galleries, as well as for creating a comfortable environment in residential apartments.

If you correctly distribute the location of the systems in advance, then you can add unique notes to any design with the help of light accents.

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