Additional lighting not only for houses, but also for streets plays a very important role today. And if until recently, the same type of devices were used as light sources, today street lamps are presented in a wide range, and the demand for them is increasing every day.
Features of the
Street lamps are actively used today as additional light sources, especially at night. They help to highlight stairs, paths, parks in the dark. Their use makes it possible for people to feel more comfortable and safe. A great advantage is that such street lighting fixtures are also suitable for private use. After all, if a few years ago they could be seen only on the streets of cities and near large shops, today they are in almost every private garden and courtyard.
The main feature of such devices is considered to be a wide variety of shapes, sizes and types of light itself. Depending on the specific model of the selected street lamp it is possible to illuminate territories of various areas and degrees of congestion with buildings You can create spot lighting, for example, terraces or only verandas, or you can illuminate absolutely the entire area with the same intensity. Everything here will depend on the power of the device and the direction of its light.
A variety of models are available for sale. So, you can see lamps that are attached directly to the street lighting support or are simply suspended from branches or cables. There are models that work together with paws, and there are also lamps that emit light from solar energy.
Another feature lies in the fact that such lamps are divided into types depending on their purpose: there are industrial models that are distinguished by high power and some features of their design, and there are also those intended for private use, for example, for a country house, country lamps or to illuminate a large private area.
There is one more feature of street lamps. It lies in their special design. There are devices that are designed for installation in open areas, such models have a good protective cover that reliably protects the device from dirt and dust. There are also models with partial protection, which are installed on the street, but under a canopy under the roof of gazebos or on a porch under the roof.
Such luminaires with a partially open light-emitting part do not have high protection against moisture and dust, so they need to be additionally protected.
Well, the final feature is that such outdoor lamps are often used as additional, usually spot lighting. With their help, you can highlight a dangerous section of the road at night or draw the attention of pedestrians or drivers to something very important.
Street lamps are popular precisely because of the presence of such important and unique features, the main of which is precisely a wide range of products.
In connection with the constantly increasing demand for such street lighting devices, as well as with the increasing requirements of buyers for them, manufacturers today produce several varieties of these devices. Depending on the level of security, they can be:
- Waterproof device or without such protection. The first type of devices has a high level of protection and can be installed directly in the open air. The second option either does not have such protection at all, or it is very small, so such lamps can be installed under awnings.
- According to the safety criterion, the luminaire can be explosion-proof, or maybe ordinary. For streets, parks and mothers-in-law, as well as other crowded places, in order to increase safety, it is best to purchase the most secure device.
Depending on the type of lamps used:
- Halogen lamps significantly save energy and have a powerful light emission. Their service life can be up to two years. Most often, halogen lamps are made in the form of spotlights.
- Luminescent devices are considered to be among the most durable. Such devices are suitable for lighting streets and parks, as well as for private use.
- LED lighting fixtures are energy efficient lighting fixtures. They have several options for light from saturated yellow to cool white, their power is also different.
- Conventional incandescent bulbs are practically not used in modern street lighting today. They have a short lifespan and one light color variant, and consume large amounts of energy.
- Xenon lamps work thanks to a special arc that is located between special electrodes. Typically, such luminaires are used in the army and in industrial facilities.
- Gas discharge luminaires work thanks to a special lamp that gives off electric light by burning various gases inside the device. Such a device has a long service life, high power, it can emit light of any color, however, it emits a rather strong noise during operation.
All models of street lighting devices are subdivided into several more groups depending on their location:
- mounted on poles, they are sometimes confused with hanging devices.
Also, luminaires can be a source of directional light or diffused light. In the first case, the device brightly illuminates only one object or part of the territory, and in the second, it evenly illuminates the entire space.
The last criterion for dividing these devices into groups is the way to activate the operation of such street devices. According to this criterion, they are divided into:
- Having a light sensor. Street lights with this function are automatically turned on as soon as it gets dark outside, and will work until dawn.
- In order to save energy, manufacturers began to create models that react to movements. As soon as a person enters the installation area of such sensors, the device starts to work.
- There are also battery-powered models with control panel… In order to turn on the lamp on the street, you must press the corresponding button on the remote control. The device is turned off in the same way. The disadvantage of such lamps may be that the batteries may fail at any time.
But such outdoor lighting devices have not only many varieties, but also different appearance options.
So, there are several basic options for the external design of these devices. The most popular and frequently encountered are:
Floor models. They consist of a pillar, on top of which a floor lamp is placed directly. It can be round, oval, or even square. Such lamps look most impressive along the paths
Sconce - these are street lamps, usually wall-mounted, which have a variety of shapes, most often curved up or down. Suitable both for general illumination of the area, and for spot selection in the dark of specific objects
Floor or ground models usually have a low leg that sticks into the ground, at its end there is a ball or oval with a light bulb inside. Such lamps are compact in size, beautiful in shape and almost invisible. Such ground models are often referred to as mushroom models
Floating lights They are distinguished by their perfectly even round shape and unusual colors. They are usually used to illuminate street ponds, especially in private areas
Surface mounted street lamp, often referred to as portable. It can be easily attached to almost any surface from above and used exactly where additional lighting is most needed at the moment
There is also the "cobra" model… Devices of this type have an extension in the place where the bulbs themselves are located. As a rule, there are several of them, but they are all small in size. Such devices can be portable or stationary. This model got its name because of the resemblance to the bloated hood of a cobra
There are also models such as Duralex and Duralight. In the first case, it is a transparent plastic case, inside which lamps are placed, and in the second - a flexible glowing cord. True, such models are found only in LED street lighting devices.
Such lighting devices differ from each other not only in their external shape and appearance, but also in the material of manufacture.
Street lights are exposed to strong negative environmental influences. This is due to changes in temperature, humidity, change from heat to cold, do not forget about the bad influence of the people themselves on their condition. Therefore, it is not surprising that the material from which these lighting fixtures are made must be strong, safe and durable:
Today, metal alloys are most commonly used. They are not so susceptible to corrosion, they are quite strong and durable. Made of metal make beautiful, stylish and sophisticated wrought iron lamps and supports for them
Lamps made of wood today are also often found on sale. But here it should be understood that the device is not completely made of wood, but only some of its parts, for example, a support or parts of a plafond. This is explained by the fact that some tree species are very durable, but they are strongly influenced by natural factors, and also suffer from insects
Glass and plastic are also used. From glass increased strength, however, as made of plastic usually, the lampshades of the lamps themselves are made, but these materials are rarely used for the manufacture of supports for them
The manufacturers of these products did not stop at such a rather impressive assortment and decided to expand it even more. To this end, all street lighting fixtures sold on the market are manufactured in a variety of design styles. This allows buyers to make the right choice much faster:
The most ancient and widespread lamp is considered to be a device made in a classic style. It is characterized by the presence of a high metal pillar, on the top of which a pendant lamp is located. The first device in this style was a torch-powered lamp. Today parks and embankments are often equipped with such lighting devices. Classic luminaires are usually equipped with LED or fluorescent lamps
Devices are very popular today, semi-antique. Such retro-style devices are often installed in recreational areas, as well as in personal areas. They look very solid, but at the same time a little shabby. They have the classic old shape of an irregular rectangle expanding upward. There are models on a high or low base, portable and overhead
No less popular and modern styles like loft… Devices made taking into account its main directions are distinguished by their brevity, simplicity and attractive appearance
Outdoor lighting devices manufactured in high-tech and modern styles are also at the peak of their popularity today. Their minimalism, clear edges and contours, as well as bright, but at the same time discreet colors turn such lamps into a real work of art
Some manufacturers also put on sale such devices that are difficult to attribute to any one design style, for example, the external shape of the lamp completely repeats the shape of retro devices, but its color scheme refers to the high-tech style. Such lamps will ideally fit into the interior of both styles.
Shapes and sizes of plafonds
The size of the plafond of street lamps does not always depend on their power, but it is often its main criterion, that is, the larger the plafond, the more powerful the device itself. The size of this piece is usually determined by its diameter. Today the most popular sizes of shades are as follows:
- 150 mm;
- 200 mm;
- 250 mm;
- 300 mm;
- 350 mm.
However, on sale you can also find models, the size of the shade of which can reach 500 mm.
If we talk about the shape of this part of the lamp, then today there are classic models on sale with a round, oval, triangular or square shape, as well as with a complex geometric structure. The second category includes lamps of irregular or multifaceted shapes. It is worth noting here that it is necessary to choose the shape and size of the plafond based on the total area that needs lighting, as well as the power of the device - the more powerful it is, the larger its plafond should be.
This is due not only to aesthetic requirements, but also to safety requirements.
Street lights are now produced by companies around the world. I would like to tell separately about the best of them from Italy and Russia, as well as some others, after all, they, according to buyers, are the most reliable:
Odeon light Is a world-renowned brand that specializes in the design and manufacture of lighting fixtures of various types. The assortment of this brand includes models not only for creating competent street lighting, but also devices for lighting the premises themselves. A distinctive feature of the lamps of this brand is the presence of the widest range of high-class street lighting devices. All Italian products have a high level of safety and quality
With proper installation, their service life is practically unlimited, in addition, all lamps have a presentable appearance.
Domestic brand "Technosvet" also a leader in sales. Luminaires for the street of its production have excellent technical and operational characteristics. The manufacturer attaches to each model detailed instructions on the correct installation and use of his product, and also gives certain guarantees on it
Brand from Sweden Markslojd also has established itself as quality and reliable. Thanks to the use of high-quality materials and repeated testing of finished lamps, the manufacturer gives the buyer the confidence to purchase really high-quality street lighting equipment at an affordable cost. The assortment of this brand includes several different series of lamps, among which everyone can choose the most suitable option for themselves
Leader in production and the sale of LED models of such street equipment is considered to be domestic brand "Warton"… The use of only reliable materials, an innovative manufacturing process and total control over each production stage enable the manufacturer to manufacture and sell really high-quality and durable street lamps
These Russian-made lamps are used both in private and large industrial facilities.
German brand Maytoni, also specializing in the manufacture of lamps not only for the street, but also for the home, deserves the attention of buyers. A wide range of models, high technical characteristics, ease of installation and use, as well as durability make the products of this brand very competitive. The renowned German meticulousness in this case ensures the highest quality of each lamp of this brand
When purchasing street lighting devices, first of all, it is better to pay attention to the models of these particular brands. Their high quality is confirmed not only by the manufacturers themselves, but also by the reviews of satisfied customers.
Interesting design ideas
The fact that using street lamps of various types you can not only illuminate the space, but also decorate it, was said at the very beginning of the article, now I would like to confirm these words with illustrative examples:
Simple lamps on a high leg in the form of a cobra not only brightly and reliably illuminate the road, but at the same time decorate it thanks to their wavy arrangement. These are LED lamps, so even when they work at the same time, a fairly large amount of light is generated with low power consumption
Colorful, but at the same time not bright and colored lighting of the alley with lamps on a high leg with multi-colored lamps looks very attractive. This type of lighting is not used everywhere today, but in vain. Such lamps seem to return people to a fairy tale, they cheer you up, do not blind your eyes and allow you to relax as much as possible
Decorative flowers placed in spherical street ground lamps look very natural. Such lighting is unusual for many people, but it looks very stylish and attractive, and most importantly, it allows you to easily see both curbs and paths in the dark
Another very unusual and original option for lighting the territory. Shades of lamps with an unusual geometric shape create a sufficient amount of light, while they do not interfere with the eyes, but, on the contrary, attract attention to themselves
These simple examples illustrate once again how the use of ordinary street lights can liven up the space around you and make it brighter and more attractive.
Street lamps today are a universal option for lighting any territory, be it private or industrial. Using them allows you to create the right and correct source of light, as well as make the space itself a little more beautiful.
The main thing is to choose the right device itself, depending on the area that needs lighting, the degree of its clutter and, of course, the style of the area design.
For information on how to create evening garden lighting, see the next video.