In many interiors, the carpet is the main decorative element. In addition to their attractive appearance, these products have functional qualities. Carpets protect the floor from mechanical damage and all kinds of scratches. Expensive and elite carpets are often used to decorate modern interiors. These types include Persian products, which have long gained popularity around the world.
Features of the
Persia is an ancient country that many of us have heard about in childhood from fairy tales. Each of us has repeatedly come across such a concept as "Persian carpet". Currently, this name is used to refer to products from Iran. It was this country that was part of ancient Persia.
Carpet is an essential attribute of any home., and it is he who indicates the well-being of the owner of the home. Previously, a family that could not afford to decorate the floor with such a product was considered lower class in the eyes of its neighbors. Real Persian carpets are inextricably linked with the history of the ancient country. The art of creating these canvases has been passed down from generation to generation. It was the carpet product that was considered the real value of the family. These expensive canvases from Persia became known to the world in the 3rd century AD. e. At this time, the local population began to produce carpets for sale.
It is worth noting that medieval Persian carpets were considered an important attribute that testified to the wealth and nobility of the family. Hand-made canvases were available only to members of high society.
As for the present time, the art of carpet weaving, fortunately, has survived. Some Iranian families still pass on the secrets of ancient masters from generation to generation.
A distinctive feature of Persian carpets is their appearance. Most often, the design is dominated by plant and animal motifs. Another distinctive feature of the products is contrast.
Modern Iranian carpets may differ from each other in some qualities. The first factor is the name. It is chosen depending on the area where the product is made. Another difference lies in the material used for the base. Most often, high-quality camel or sheep wool is used for these purposes.
It is worth paying attention to the pattern of the carpet:
One of its types is keledast. A characteristic feature of such a carpet is the presence of a hexagon, which is located in the central part. Thick and soft wool is used to create products
The next image option is the canopy - these canvases differ in brightness and contrast. High quality material is used to create them. These carpets are considered the most refined and elegant
As noted above, the appearance of a product can be determined by the locality in which it was made.
Woolen fabrics Tabriz have original and meaningful ornaments. A distinctive feature of these canvases is the presence of a red or blue background. Complex images and motives are used in the design of pile carpets
- The most popular in Europe is a kind of carpets like Isfahan … Compared to the previous type, small and complex elements prevail in the design of these products. The contours of the drawings can be traced quite clearly due to the fact that the pile is cut very shortly.
- Special attention should be paid to Qom products … They differ significantly in design from previous options, since you can see unusual color combinations in the design. Such prints give an attractive appearance to the product. A distinctive feature of these carpets is the use of silk pile.
- To create Nain products thin cotton is used, dyed in ivory and complemented by shades of blue.
- A separate type is rustic products Gabe … These handcrafted double-sided Persian rugs are extremely popular in Europe.
Persian carpets, like any other product, may differ in shape. For large living rooms and halls, square or rectangular models are suitable. Oval rugs will help to decorate a small room. But it should be understood that the larger it is, the higher its cost.
Iranian manufacturers produce products in various shapes and sizes. But even the smallest handcrafted options are quite expensive.
Often, carpets are used exclusively as a decoration for a room. Products can be safely laid on the floor and not worry that it will lose its appearance. Iranian canvases are quite resistant to various types of influences and are durable.
Most often, high-quality natural sheep wool is used to create Persian carpets. The use of such material provides good density and softness of the product. In addition, they turn out to be warm enough, which is one of their main advantages. Natural dyes are used to color the wool. Often for these purposes, various vegetables with herbs, plant shells are used. Citric acid is used to fix the color on the material. Also caustic soda helps in this matter.
The use of natural dyes ensures the brightness and resistance of the canvas to fading. Silk products are of particular value. Natural material provides a soft and beautiful play of the coating. This is especially noticeable if the carpet was created by hand. Tapestry Persian carpets can become the main decoration of a spacious hall.
An important point is the color composition at the base of the carpet. One of the main advantages of Iranian carpets lies precisely in the unique range and combination of unusual palettes. Deep colors are favorably combined with gentle and warm tones. Products with a peach background, complemented by rich colors, look expensive and elegant.
As noted above, contrasting shades prevail in the design of carpets. Red, blue, black - all these colors go well with each other. Natural dyes, with the help of which this effect is achieved, ensure the brightness and color saturation of the product.
Particular attention should be paid to the ornament of the canvases. The design uses plant and animal motifs, complex patterns, which are certain symbols. For example, in the plots of Persian carpets, medallions denoting the moon are often found.
The peculiarity of some species is the presence of a contrasting border. Basically, this part is always separated from the center by brighter and more saturated patterns.
The Persian Qom carpets mentioned above use the most original color combinations. Beige is combined with brown, green with a turquoise hue. Products in this design always look expensive and elegant.
Rustic Gabe carpets are rich in colors. When creating these products, the ornament is always drawn clearly.
How to choose?
When choosing a Persian carpet for the floor, you need to pay attention to several significant points. This is especially true when you want to purchase a handmade product. First you need to check the density of the canvas. All nodes must be even, located exactly in one row.
Modern Iranian manufacturers put special designations “hand made” on them. This indicates that the product is made by hand. Machine-knitted carpets are also marked with specific markings. Pay attention to the front and back of the canvas. They must be identical in design. Another highlight is the fringe. These elements are not sewn on real Persian carpets.
As surprising as it may sound, original products may have defects. This is due to the fact that the carpet is created by hand, and any master can make a small oversight in the work. Often, defects are manifested in the asymmetry of the nodules. Pay particular attention to the absence of a machine stitch where the warp and the brush are attached.
Many experts say that a good carpet can be easily identified by the following characteristics:
- the complexity of the pattern. The more intricate and original the pattern, the better the product;
- the quality of the material. The wool should not remain in the palm of your hand after touching it.
- the presence of the plot. The most interesting motives are the handmade designer carpets.
Please note that the real material is always soft, smooth and shiny. High-quality wool absorbs dyes quickly and easily. If cheap material was used for creation, the color will not be so saturated.
The quality of weaving is also important. Many buyers believe that the same number of knots on the outside and the wrong side is an indicator of the originality of the carpet, but this is far from the case. The quality of weaving depends on many factors. The main roles here are played by the number of knots and time.
How to care?
Despite the high quality and durability of Iranian carpets, none of the owners of the products is immune from such a problem as the appearance of stains on the surface. Dust and sand on the web will affect the quality of the pile. Also, dirt has a negative effect on the color of the carpet. In order to avoid such problems, it is necessary to familiarize yourself with some important features of caring for the product. To begin with, it should be said that carpets are not recommended for use in rooms with high levels of humidity. The surface of the Persian canvas should not be affected by chemical toxic substances.
When using a carpet in the room, it is necessary to take into account the fact that objects with sharp legs should not be placed on it. This is especially true of those furniture and those decorative elements in which these elements are made of metal. Repositioning the product will help prevent uneven wear.
Warm or cold air should not be used to dry Persian products. This can negatively affect the structure of the pile. If you spill even a small amount of liquid onto the canvas, remove the stain immediately. Otherwise, moisture will be absorbed into the base and ruin the appearance of an expensive carpet.
The main advantage of Persian carpets is that Iranian manufacturers have managed to preserve ancient traditions in their design and add elements of modernity. Often such products are used in classic interiors. The restrained English living room can be harmoniously complemented by a luxurious Persian carpet. Flowers and floral elements present in the ornament will complement the conservative and sophisticated setting.
Many modern designers do not limit themselves exclusively to the classic style. Often, Persian carpets can be found in such an interesting direction as the loft. But not quite ordinary products are used to decorate the interior. Most often, the furnishings are complemented by a carpet created using the patchwork technology.
Persian canvases will be a great addition to any interior, made in the spirit of minimalism. Such products are favorably combined with decorative elements, and also make the atmosphere more comfortable and cozy.
Persian rugs are often used for oriental interiors. In such an environment, the Persian canvas looks as harmonious as possible. You can complement the oriental setting with a carpet in contrasting colors.
For an overview of handmade Persian carpets, see the following video.