Carpet: Features And Application In The Interior (85 Photos): What It Is, Models With A High Pile, Recommendations On How To Choose A Carpet For Your Home

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Carpet: Features And Application In The Interior (85 Photos): What It Is, Models With A High Pile, Recommendations On How To Choose A Carpet For Your Home
Carpet: Features And Application In The Interior (85 Photos): What It Is, Models With A High Pile, Recommendations On How To Choose A Carpet For Your Home

Video: Carpet: Features And Application In The Interior (85 Photos): What It Is, Models With A High Pile, Recommendations On How To Choose A Carpet For Your Home

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Video: How to choose the right carpet 2023, February
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A floor that is warm and pleasant to the touch is one of the most important components of home comfort. Of course, heated floors immediately come to mind, but this is not the cheapest and most convenient option, and the luxurious Persian carpet has already gone out of fashion, so modern manufacturers offer a budgetary and beautiful alternative - carpet. Its performance and proper use in the interior will help create a warm and stylish floor covering at the same time.

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Characteristics and composition

Before purchasing a carpet, it is important to understand what it is and what it is "eaten" with.

Carpet or carpet is a soft floor covering that covers the entire area of ​​the room. It has many fundamental differences from ordinary carpets, but the main thing is that it is a roll material with a very long length, which allows you to cover impressive areas without seams and joints. More common is a colored monochromatic coating, but there is also a patterned carpet.

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According to the structure, household carpet is divided into two types: single-layer and double-layer.

The base in one layer is made of high-density synthetic fabrics, into which the pile fibers are woven. Weaving is fixed with a latex layer. The two-layer base has a finishing latex layer that covers the attachments.

See the video below for more details.

The seamy side is tighter and smoother. This does not play a big role, but still a two-layer carpet turns out to be softer, copes better with noise insulation, absorbs sounds, and provides heat. But in some cases, even for a two-layer carpet, it is necessary to purchase a special backing.

Features of production

Carpet production technology is quite complex and varied.

Product performance depends on the following important factors:

  • How is the carpet made.
  • What is used as the base of the coating.
  • What type of pile is used and what is its height.
  • What kind of weaving (yarn).
  • How is the pile colored.
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According to the production method, it is customary to distinguish flocked, woven, tufted, needle-punched carpet.

The woven method of production is more long-term and labor-intensive, therefore products of this type belong to the Premium class and have a corresponding price. The essence of the process of creating a woven carpet lies in the interweaving of pile threads, forming a "spider web", which is then strung on a dense lining and closed with latex from the seamy side.

Despite the fact that the process has been mechanized for a long time, it is based on the principle of manual carpet weaving, which ensures a beautiful appearance of the product and maximum wear resistance.

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Flocked carpet is different from other types of waterproof properties. The basis for its manufacture is polyvinyl chloride with a pile length of 3 millimeters. It is designed for rooms with high humidity and the need for frequent cleaning, such as a kitchen or bathroom.

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Latex-based tufted carpet is a multi-level coating, due to which a three-dimensional pattern appears on it. It is obtained in the following way: the thread is "injected" into the base, and then fixed with an adhesive. It is more decorative and more difficult to clean, therefore it is used in living rooms, bedrooms and offices.

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Needle-punched products got this name due to the production process, during which a dense fibrous base is repeatedly punched with special needles, that is, the pile is "driven" into the base, as it were. Manufactured on rubber or latex pad. The result is reminiscent of felt as it does not have a high pile. Resistant to mechanical stress, easy to clean, due to its density, it absorbs sounds well. Recommended for home theater rooms, children's rooms, corridors.

Different weaving methods give different pile heights: short (2-3 mm), medium (3-5 mm), high (5 mm and more).

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The foundation

It is made from 4 types of materials:

  • Rubber or latex. This durable and elastic material helps the product to maintain its shape and easily endure hygiene procedures. Soft, resilient flooring, pleasant for walking, withstands prolonged mechanical stress, therefore, rubber-based carpet is convenient to use in public places.
  • Artificial felt. Provides softness and moisture resistance, easy to cut and lay. A special impregnation repels dirt, and the felt pile provides thermal insulation properties.
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  • Jute. The jute warp looks like a mesh weave. It is used for contact coatings, it is distinguished by its convenience, environmental friendliness and aesthetic qualities, however, it is inferior to the previous types of coatings in terms of wear resistance.
  • Foamed base. A more natural and “healthier” surface than rubber, which is also soft, resilient and comfortable to walk on. Washes well, promotes thermal insulation and muffles sounds, but wears out in up to 6 years.
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Dyeing type

This is an important characteristic that determines how long the carpet will retain its beautiful appearance and original color.

There are three types of carpet by dyeing method:

  • Items made of colored pile or dyed synthetic mass. This is the most expensive type, which is dyed to the very base and the least prone to shedding, fading and fading.
  • If in the first case the raw materials for the manufacture of the thread are dyed, then in the second the finished yarns are dyed, and already the coating is woven from them.
  • The least durable and reliable way is to apply the pigment in stencils to the finished carpet. In this case, the pile does not stain to the base, and the coating will burn out and wear out faster.
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Materials and types of weaving deserve closer attention.

Manufacturing materials

The pile is essentially the working surface of the carpet, so it is important to choose the right material for a particular type of room. Raw materials are divided into two groups - natural and synthetic (artificial).

Natural:

  • Wool. It looks beautiful, is of good quality, contributes to maintaining a favorable microclimate in the room (it absorbs moisture when there is a lot of it, and gives it back when the air is excessively dry). The coat is soft and pleasant to the touch, and the antimole impregnation protects it from insects. However, wool needs very careful care, a large proportion of it in the composition can cause allergies, and such a product costs an order of magnitude more expensive than a synthetic analogue.
  • Linen. Linen carpets have unique bactericidal properties and fiber strength. In its pure form, it is practically not used, but is combined with wool and other plant fibers (for example, sisal)
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  • Cotton. Cotton products are also rare on their own. More often cotton serves as a basis in carpet weaving due to its properties: lightness, softness, hypoallergenicity; it can be washed and painted in any color, it keeps its shape. Cotton is a cheap material, but it is not durable. If it is poorly dried, there is a risk of mold formation.
  • Bamboo. Bamboo rugs are a godsend for home furnishing.This fiber is not only anti-allergenic, but also has a bactericidal effect. It does not accumulate dust and dirt, it can withstand any hygienic procedures, it is soft, lightweight and surprisingly durable. Can be combined with other raw materials.
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Products made from natural materials are intended for living rooms and bedrooms. Hypoallergenic washable coatings can be used in the nursery. For areas with high humidity, the possibility of contamination and high mechanical stress, synthetic products are more suitable, which are cheaper and more prone to contact with household chemicals. For example, polyamide or propylene coatings. Sintepon, nylon and acrylic carpet are also in demand.

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Artificial:

  • Polyamide. The properties are closest to natural materials. It looks beautiful in the interior, soft and pleasant to the touch, has a long service life and is subject to different cleaning methods. Importantly, it is resistant to various types of deformation. It cannot be melted by a fallen and not extinguished cigarette butt, and the furniture does not leave any depressed marks on the surface. Its disadvantages include the fact that polyamide absorbs moisture and creates static electricity.
  • Polypropylene. "The most synthetic" of all man-made textile materials. It creaks, is afraid of moisture, is unpleasant for bare feet, furniture leaves deep marks on it. However, it is easy to clean, resistant to thermal influences, and is cheap.
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  • Nylon. Such a coating is a salvation for allergy sufferers. Like natural material, it is soft, fluffy, very pliable. A characteristic difference is a long service life (from 15 years). This pleasure is worth more than other types of artificial surfaces.
  • Acrylic. This coating externally and to the touch differs little from natural, while it is cheap. It does not electrify, but is afraid of moisture, fire, mechanical stress, it is difficult to clean from stains, the service life is limited to 5-6 years. Suitable for those who often like to update the interior.
  • Sintepon. It is an "average" product for all indicators. Can be mixed with other types of pile.
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Weaving types

Depending on the type of weaving, the following types of coatings are distinguished:

  • Velours. Soft, fluffy, consists of a short split pile, the edges of which are fluffed up to a uniform coverage;
  • Frize. High pile cover made of high loops and heat treated;
  • Saxony. Elite twisted weaving forms a multilevel "grainy" coating. It differs from Frize in a longer and friable pile. Its height can reach 40 mm.
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  • Felt. The carpet made by pressing woolen threads externally looks like a lint-free, since it does not differ in relief;
  • Scroll. Multilevel loop weaving, consisting of trimmed and uncut threads;
  • Rogozhka. Short pile weave that forms a mat-like covering;
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  • Cutlup. Combination of a looped surface with long cut threads, forming a relief pattern;
  • Boucle. A special method of tying a thief creates a flooring that resembles knitting with face loops - that is, the canvas is densely covered with knots that look like eyes;
  • "Grass". Combined polypropylene pile that imitates grass by combining loops and cut threads 2 through 1;
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Differences from other carpets

When choosing the type of floor covering, many one way or another compare several options with each other and wonder how, for example, linoleum differs from laminate or carpet from carpet, what are their pros and cons. Often, the difference becomes visible in the use of the same material in different types of premises already in practice. Through experience and hundreds of thousands of buyers, the features and advantages of different types of coverings, including carpet, have been identified.

Laminate and carpet have aesthetic qualities, are an important interior detail and can be used in most types of premises.

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At the same time, laminate flooring requires an extremely flat surface and does not tolerate prolonged contact with moisture. In the bathroom and in the kitchen, it will quickly deteriorate, while the synthetic carpet will last there for a long time.

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To keep the laminate warm, the heating system should be installed under the floor, and the carpet itself provides an insulating coating. Laying laminate panels is more difficult than a single piece of carpet.

Linoleum and synthetic carpet are close to each other in their properties. Both of these coatings make the floor soft, warm, muffle sounds, can have a relief tile texture or a smooth surface, and are easy to clean. The coatings have approximately the same service life before fading and obvious traces of mechanical damage.

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At the same time, linoleum is not always made of harmless materials, and natural pile can cause allergies.

The advantages of carpet over other types of coatings:

  • Covers a small area with one cut from wall to wall;
  • The color and texture of the coating retains its original appearance for many years;
  • Many types of weaving are flexible enough, so there are no traces of furniture on the surface;
  • You can use different types of cleaning: dry, washing vacuum cleaner, household chemicals;
  • The pile, the backing and the air cushion between the floor and the carpet create a soft and warm surface that is pleasant to walk on barefoot;
  • Mutes the sounds of footsteps, equipment, falling objects, playing pets;
  • To lay the coating, you do not need to be a professional in the field of repair, you can do it yourself;
  • It is pleasant not only to walk on the soft fleecy surface, you can sit and lie on it;
  • Using a material of certain colors and textures helps to visually change the area of ​​the space.
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Not devoid of carpet and some disadvantages:

  • Natural materials of animal origin can cause allergies;
  • Some coatings are capricious with regard to detergents;
  • Some of the materials are electrified and do not tolerate moisture well;
  • Insects can start in the untreated pile;
  • Over time, the paint fades from exposure to sunlight;
  • Requires frequent cleaning;
  • Absorbs odors.
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Care

To ensure that your flooring retains its beautiful appearance longer and does not serve as a breeding ground for bacteria and insects, it is important to take proper care of it. Carpet maintenance is cleaning, washing and painting.

According to general recommendations, the coating in the children's room and in areas with high traffic should be cleaned every other day. Wet cleaning in the nursery should be done once a week, and in other rooms - once every 3-4 weeks. Professional deep cleaning with a call of the master at home - every six months.

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Decking in different rooms requires different maintenance. The correct method must be described in the accompanying documentation for the coverage and it is undesirable to violate it. You should try to remove any stains right away, otherwise they will eat deep into the pile, becoming difficult to remove.

A broom and a brush are absolutely ineffective in cleaning carpet. They do not clean out dust, dirt and crumbs accumulated between the villi, and this is the most favorable environment for the appearance of bacteria, insects and mold.

Any chemical products must be tested on a small area of ​​the coating in an inconspicuous place before use.

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Alcohol stains can be removed well with soap and vinegar, tea and coffee with a mixture of vinegar, glycerin and cold water. Dried stains are first soaked with glycerin, then removed with soapy water. The gum should be frozen with ice, the fat should be briefly moistened with kerosene, wax and paraffin are equally effectively removed using ice or an iron and a napkin. Street dirt is dried and removed with a brush.

It is recommended to use steam cleaning, bactericidal quartzing and washing every 6-12 months. For the last procedure, specialists from a cleaning company with high-quality equipment are invited.

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Caring for carpets made from natural materials has several other recommendations:

  1. Clean at least 2-3 times a week.
  2. For effective cleaning, it is better to choose a vacuum cleaner with a special rotating brush that separates the stuck together fibers and pulls out all the dirt between them.
  3. Washing vacuum cleaners are contraindicated for fuzzy natural products, since they do not dry out for a long time and become a favorable environment for the life of fungal organisms and bacteria.
  4. When dry cleaning, carpet powders will be effective.
  5. You can maintain the color of the coating by treating the pile with a brush slightly moistened with a solution of ammonia and water (3 tablespoons per 1 liter).
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Caring for products made of synthetic materials:

  1. The best cleaning method is to alternate dry and wet cleaning.
  2. After using a washing vacuum cleaner, the flooring surface must be thoroughly dried so that there is no feeling of dampness.
  3. Do not get carried away with steam and wet cleaning, this destroys the antibacterial impregnation of the product.
  4. Synthetic textile surfaces, like natural ones, need a deep cleaning every six months.
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For painting carpet, specialized carpet paint is used in the form of a spray or diluted with your own hand.

To prepare the paint, it is necessary to dilute the dye and ammonia in a liter of boiling water, mix and boil for 10 minutes. An hour later, the cooled solution is combined with a chromic peak (chemical reagent) diluted in cold water. Next, the mixture is filtered through cheesecloth. The dye is ready.

It should be applied to a thoroughly cleaned surface with a brush, painting over to the base. Almost any color is available, but it is important to remember that the original dark cannot be overridden by a very light one. It works much better in the opposite direction.

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Installation features

Carpet is one of those types of covering, the self-installation of which does not require professional skills. You can lay it on your own, you just need to acquire a small set of tools and do the job carefully.

Whether the covering will be a solid sheet or whether it needs to be adjusted to corners and projections depends on the features of the layout. How to cut it in order to go around, for example, a ledge in a wall, is intuitive. To do this, you just need to measure the sides of the "obstacle" and repeat its contours on the cover sheet when it is fitted to the walls with a margin of 10-15 cm.

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It is better to cut the carpet longitudinally, along the line of the frame thread from the seamy side. The tool used is a carpet knife, electric shears or a sharp cutter. The choice depends on self-confidence and ability to work with cutting tools. Before cutting off a fragment, you need to mark the dimensions of the excess area of ​​the material and connect all the points along the ruler.

You can start laying under the following conditions:

  1. The subfloor is level, dry and clean.
  2. The carpet has passed "acclimatization" - spent at least a day in the room that is planned to be covered with it.
  3. The room temperature is not lower than 15 degrees, the humidity does not exceed 70%.
  4. The entire list of necessary tools is available: a knife, glue, roller, ruler, felt-tip pen, slats or plinths.

How to lay the carpet yourself, see the video below.

Experienced craftsmen also recommend adding a backing made of an elastic material between the base and the coating: corrugated rubber, synthetic felt, polyurethane foam. This enhances all the properties of the carpet and prolongs its life.

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The installation itself is done in one of four ways:

  • The first method involves using it in small areas.The cover sheet is laid on the surface, covering the skirting boards, then rolled with a roller from the middle to the walls and V-shaped cuts are made in the corners. The extra centimeters above the baseboards are cut off with a knife, and the edges are fixed with metal slats.
  • The second method is similar in technology to gluing wallpaper, only the surface is horizontal, not vertical. A sheet of carpet is laid in the center of the room, first one edge is bent to the middle, and the base area under it is coated with glue. Then they allow the glue to "grab" and lower the edge of the sheet to the floor. Roll with a roller from the center in all directions so that no air bubbles remain between the flooring and the floor. Then the same is done with the second edge.
  • The next method is suitable for large areas that cannot be covered with a single sheet of width. It involves the simultaneous connection of parts that overlap each other by 3-5 cm.The sheets themselves are glued to the floor, as in the previous version.
  • The last method - stretching - can only be performed by professional craftsmen. A sheet of carpet is fixed against one wall and stretched with the help of special tools over the entire surface of the floor, using the elasticity of the textile.
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How to choose?

When choosing a coating, it is important to consider:

  • What material is the substrate made of;
  • What is the thickness of the sheet. An additional lining is needed under a single-layer carpet, which will retain heat, provide softness and sound insulation;
  • What is the density of the pile (the denser it is, the less debris and dust will accumulate in the gaps between the threads, the color will last longer, and the material will wear less);
  • Track width. If the area of ​​the base in the room exceeds the dimensions of the sheet in width, it is important to calculate in advance what dimensions the carpet cuts should be and how they should be laid;
  • Natural or artificial pile of the product;
  • The type of room in which the coverage is selected. In the bedroom or nursery, you need a warm natural pile, but in the corridor it is better to choose a dense synthetic one.
  • You also need to take into account that the appearance of the coating must correspond to the place. It is unlikely that an elite long-piled carpet is appropriate in the corridor, and flooring for a toilet in a luxurious bedroom.
  • Color tone. For rooms with high traffic, non-marking shades are suitable; in the living room and bedroom, light, cheerful tones will be more appropriate.
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Carpet is a versatile flooring for your home, apartment and even office. Numerous reviews confirm that this seamless surface is used in almost all functional areas of the room. The long-naped carpet looks luxurious in the living room, it is a bright and cozy element in the nursery, a pleasant addition to the soft bed in the bedroom. The soft finishing of the stairs inside the house looks beautiful.

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Carpet is appropriate in the bathroom and in the kitchen, on the glazed balcony and as a flooring on the loggia, the main thing is to choose the right materials and color.

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