Nowadays, style and beauty play an important role in the interior. But this cannot be achieved without modern technologies that can envelop the house with coziness and comfort. The basis for this is the lighting and the correct choice of lamps, which give a certain atmosphere to the room.
What is a lamp?
Undoubtedly, it is very difficult to give an unambiguous definition of a lamp today. Their large selection and different characteristics make it possible to make absolutely any room individual and luxurious, and their power, energy efficiency, safety, color and shape amaze with their diversity.
A lamp is a device that is designed to illuminate a room. In addition, the lamps can be used for other purposes: for the prevention of diseases, lighting of shop windows, advertising structures, disinfection of instruments and others.
For example, quartz ultraviolet lamps are used in medicine to treat inflammatory diseases. Also, using quartz for cosmetic purposes, you can improve the condition of the skin, protect against various viruses and get rid of age wrinkles.
Turning your home into a bright, warm and cozy place to stay is not difficult enough. It is important to choose the right color of the lamp glow and decide which type is best for a particular room.
Incandescent lamp - this is the very first type of lamp that appeared in the world and has not spent its popularity to this day. Such a lamp is also called Ilyich's lamp. Its principle of operation is very simple: an electric current passes through a tungsten filament located in a glass vacuum flask and, when heated, begins to emit light.
These lamps are the cheapest lighting option for apartments. They do not make any sounds, do not flicker and light up immediately after switching on. It is important to note that incandescent lamps dissipate warm colors well: orange, yellow, brown and "dull" cold ones. Thus, the light does not cause discomfort and is perfect for any kind of room.
But in addition to their advantages, they also have disadvantages - these are their fragility and high energy consumption. This means that you will definitely not be able to save money with such lamps. In addition, one should beware of voltage drops, which such a lamp will definitely not withstand. Therefore, using an incandescent lamp, you should not purchase it piece by piece, but it is better to stock up on a large number of bulbs, if necessary, replacing them with a new light source.
Halogen lamps are a glass flask with a tungsten coil filled with iodine or bromine vapor. Such lamps get very hot and cannot tolerate natural grease on human fingers. Halogen lamps perfectly dissipate white or light yellow color, but they also cannot be an assistant in saving electricity. Over time, they begin to hum and negatively affect the human nervous system.
Luminescent Are the first energy saving lamps that can last 3-5 years and take serious care of your wallet. Now you don't have to worry about the lights in the hallway or bathroom not turned off, or worry about high energy bills.
There are two types of fluorescent lamps: in the form of a long "stick", which are installed for street lighting, and compact, most often used in everyday life.
These lamps work well at positive temperatures, but in the cold they warm up for a long time and reach the maximum level of light emission for a long time. And they also do not tolerate frequent switching on, which affects their short-term performance. In addition, after a while, they begin to flicker, creating light streaks in the eyes.
Dispose of fluorescent lamps only in specially designated places.
LED bulbs are considered the most environmentally friendly lighting fixtures. Such lamps have a high luminous efficiency and a long service life. They disperse a warm shade of light that is pleasing to the eye and do not contain harmful toxicants. This means that their special disposal is not required. They turn on automatically at night, and during the day they are charged from sunlight and are not afraid of cold temperatures. Can they serve from -30 to +40? C. True, such lamps give uneven light, creating the effect of stripes or spots, which interferes with a comfortable pastime. Such lamps are very expensive, but they save a lot of energy.
Types of plinths
The base of each lamp is a base - an element that is attached to the socket and supplies it to an electric current.
Lamp caps are of two types: screw, which are designated by the letter E indicating the diameter, and pin - with the symbol G and a number indicating the distance between the pins in the table in millimeters.
Let's dwell on the most common ones:
- E27 is a standard threaded base. It fits absolutely all types of lamps.
- E14 is a variant of the same base as E27, only with a smaller diameter. This type of base is called "minion", it is one of the most commonly used in everyday life. These types of socles are of various types: pear-shaped, tear-shaped, mirror-like and others.
- GU5.3 is a base / plinth with two small pins. This type is used in recessed lighting, jewelry stores, and picture lighting.
- GU53 - a lamp with such a base is a good replacement for halogen lamps for boutique lighting. It provides a bright and warm color, showing the product in its most attractive way.
- GU10 - a plinth with a bulge at the end for a swivel connection with the chuck. Usually lamps with this type of base are used in decorative recessed luminaires.
- G4 - used to illuminate small accessories, more often in highly specialized microlamps. These types of lamps are used by designers to create individuality and emphasize details.
- G9 is a pin-type base, which is used in lamps powered by a 220 V. It is convenient to use and replace bulbs. G9 is used in spotlights, chandeliers and other high voltage lamps.
Varieties of lighting fixtures
Even 30 years ago, we could not have imagined that the light in a room could be turned on just by waving or clapping our hands. And even more fantastic was wireless or portable lighting. Today nothing comes as a surprise, so we can choose a lamp for every taste and wallet size. One has only to decide on the type of room and the dimensions of the room.
Motion sensor lamp is a lighting device that reacts to any movement and vibration in the air. This type of lighting will seriously save your budget and time spent looking for a switch. The model is easy to use and install.
For various premises, several types of such lamps are used: infrared sensor lamps are suitable for home furnishings, on the street, at the entrance - micro-thermal ones. But it should be borne in mind that such lamps work only with human activity, that is, the sensor receives waves only from a moving object. Otherwise, the light turns off.
For offices or bathrooms, devices with an ultrasonic sensor are used.The principle of operation of this type of lamp is simple: when moving, the body causes vibration of the air, thereby giving a signal to the sensor device.
Wireless lights - ideal for those rooms where it is better to do without wires. Such lamps run on batteries and even a schoolchild can cope with their installation. Wireless lamps will perfectly complement the interior, even if there is no room in the room or the electricity is turned off, they will also become an additional decor for the room.
The wireless light can be installed anywhere. For example, in a closet or dressing room, closet or on a flight of stairs. They can be of various shapes and sizes, and their prices are affordable for anyone. By installing such lamps, you will bring comfort, convenience and originality to the room.
A popular type of lamp that decorates the room is sconce, which often replace chandeliers in small spaces. These wall lights can be great lighting in children's rooms, lounges and bedrooms.
In modern rooms, it is often installed chandeliers with lampshade or floor lampsthat diffuse soft, warm light and have a beneficial effect on vision, create a relaxing environment and complement the design and a bright spot in the room.
Bestseller - dimmable lamps… A dimmer is a device that adjusts the brightness of the lamp. Thanks to him, you can independently control the level and shade of illumination. But not all lamps can be dimmed: this procedure can only be carried out with halogen lamps and incandescent lamps.
The dimmer helps to save energy consumption. For example, working together with a lamp, it does not waste extra energy, and during the day, if the sunlight is scattered unevenly, it helps to even out the illumination and maintain the desired level of light.
Such lamps always distribute the light evenly. In addition, they can be controlled without getting up from the couch, and the desired shade of illumination can be changed every ten years.
How to choose the right lamp is described in the video.
Many people do not like to clutter up their rooms with a large number of accessories, but they want to have everything important nearby, control their time and weather outside the window, and also keep their personal diary without leaving the bed or chair. Today you can buy a lamp with many of these features.
By purchasing a lamp, a thermometer, night light, calendar, timer and other options can be added to it. The most popular type of lamp is clock lamp. If earlier it was fashionable to hang a huge clock on the wall, today you can observe the time just by looking at a floor lamp or a night light. In addition, by setting an alarm clock on them, you will not oversleep important things in the morning. Such lamps are convenient to use and can perfectly complement the interior.
There is a more convenient option for young parents: now you can safely leave the child in the room by installing a lamp with a radio nanny in the child's room, which will always tell you what the child is doing during your absence, and will also allow you to calmly go about your business.
For lovers of everything bright, designers have come up with chandeliers that change the shade of light. Such chandeliers are often mirrored, which visually make the room larger and brighter. True, they need careful and careful care. Often such lamps are chosen for large rooms - a hall or a living room.
Light fixtures and chandeliers play an important role in interior design. Therefore, you should take seriously the choice of the color of the future lighting device. First of all, you need to consider where the lighting device will be installed and what function it will carry. If the lamp is only a decorative accessory in your room, then it must certainly be in harmony with the dimensions of the room, color shade, shape, decoration and style of execution.
The main function of the luminaires is to illuminate the space.Therefore, it is important that the light diffuses evenly throughout the room and emits a natural color. The atmosphere in the house can also depend on the color temperature. According to the different functional areas, the light should be warm and relaxing, or cold and working.
The decorative function of lighting plays an important role. The color of the lamp should always be in accordance with other components of the interior design, because its shade carries the main semantic load of the room. It will look ridiculous if the main color is classic gold, and instead of a crystal chandelier there will be a floor lamp in strict black.
It is best to choose the shade of the chandelier based on the existing colors in the interior. For example, bright colors are ideal for kids' and playrooms. They will be able to maintain an atmosphere of tenderness and carefree childhood. Yellow, red, green colors have a beneficial effect on the development of the child and his perception of the environment.
Orange and scarlet chandeliers will perfectly complement the interior of your kitchen or living room. These colors, as scientists have found, cause an appetite and go well with cutlery, reflecting in them and giving a "tasty" shade to the room.
For a hall or a rest room, a deep blue, red, brick color is suitable. These are exactly the shades that envelop the interior with their softness and at the same time boldness.
Blue shades are more suitable for creating a work atmosphere, so their place is in offices or study rooms. But you should not choose lamps of these shades of large sizes, otherwise the efficiency will decline.
How to choose?
With a wide range of chandeliers of various types and styles, it is difficult to decide on the choice of one that will differ not only in good design, but also in excellent characteristics, moreover, it will last a long time and will not lose its attractiveness in years to come.
There are several rules to consider when choosing a lighting fixture:
- If your budget is small, then you should give preference to models with economical energy consumption;
- Pay attention to the number of lamp switching modes and the possibility of purchasing a dimmer;
- Find out everything about cartridges and their features. They can vary in various ways;
- Read all specifications of the bulbs used. It is worth paying attention to what kind of lamps you will use in your room.
You need to decide on the design of the lamps. The most common are wall and ceiling lamps, which are suitable for small rooms, because they take up little space and visually narrow the room. Such chandeliers will perfectly decorate the bedroom, hallway, nursery.
The height of the pendant lights can always be adjusted, so this type of chandelier is versatile and suitable for any room. The shapes of suspended structures are also varied, but here you need to pay attention to the correspondence between the size of the room and the very shape of the lighting fixture.
Recessed luminaires are more often used as additional lighting in a room or to emphasize interior details. Here you can play with color, choose different types of glow, and even create artistic and imaginative compositions.
Examples of application in the interior
Often a lamp in the interior is compared to a decoration on a woman. It may not exist, but with this accessory, the image acquires a more solid status. The chandelier is able not only to provide lighting to the room, but also to be the main object of attention, to emphasize the style of the interior and serve as an accent in the design. Therefore, the choice of a chandelier should be treated with special trepidation.
First of all, decide in what style your room is. If it is done in the classic, then a crystal chandelier, glass or made of wrought metal, will look better.It is better to choose interior colors of light delicate shades: white, cream, silver or gold. Such a chandelier will become an additional accessory if the room already has color accents in the form of pillows, figurines, clocks and other decorations.
Modern chandeliers made art nouveau, are installed more often in the living room, bedroom, hallway. The interior solution here will be chandeliers made of frosted glass and metal.
If your choice fell on ethnic style, then it is better not to deviate from naturalness here. Try to choose only environmentally friendly materials for chandeliers and choose lampshades made of wood, paper, fabric.
Hi-tech style assumes clarity of lines, wide use of silver-metallic color, elements of constructivism, glass, plastic and metal. You should not burden this style with other decorative elements, so you should refuse rhinestones, lace and other colored materials.