Floor covering plays a primary role in the interior of any room. Along with the decoration of the walls, the choice of furniture and the design of window openings, the complete appearance of the interior, its integrity and harmony depend on the floor covering. In addition, the floor covering also plays the main functional role, because the floor is more exposed to mechanical stress and pollution than anything else. Therefore, the choice of flooring is extremely important in thinking through the interior, whether it be a living room, office or a hall in a public space.
Linoleum is one of the most inexpensive and practical options. among the variety and wealth of choice of building floor materials. It has not gone out of fashion for many decades in a row, and with the development of modern production technologies, this type of coating has increased its quality several times, and has also become capable of imitating any of the existing materials.
Advantages and disadvantages
Like any product, linoleum has a number of pros and cons, which it is advisable to know in advance so as not to make a mistake in choosing. This is important because the floor will be covered for several years in advance, and its use will be constant and intensive.
Let's start with the advantages, since linoleum surpasses many finishing materials in its qualities:
- The undoubted advantages of this coating include its affordable price and ease of installation. Compared to more expensive tile or laminate options, linoleum compares favorably with its price range, it is easy to transport, and installation does not take much time. In some cases, it is enough to simply unfold the roll on the floor space, like a carpet and fix it.
- The high heat and sound insulation properties of linoleum will insulate the floor, covering the surface with a solid sheet that does not let drafts through possible small cracks or gaps at the joints with the wall. Apartments located above the basement or arch of the house, basement floors, as well as country houses are especially in need of thermal insulation.
- Another important advantage of linoleum is its practicality in everyday life. Linoleum is resistant to moisture and cleaning with chemical detergents. The one-piece coating excludes the ingress of water into the joints, wetting of the substrate and floor, which provides protection against the occurrence of fungus, mold and decay processes.
- As a rule, the modern type of linoleum undergoes a fire-prevention and sanitary-technical examination, you can always familiarize yourself with these parameters from the manufacturer, asking for quality certificates for the goods.
The disadvantages include factors such as:
- brittleness at low temperatures. When transporting material in frosty weather, special care must be taken, it is necessary to let it warm up when folded into a roll before laying it on the floor;
- a specific smell of new material in some types of linoleum. Discomfort is eliminated by ventilation. It is advisable, after laying the linoleum, to withstand the room for one or two days so that the smell completely disappears;
- formation of dents from heavy objects. Linoleum is a soft material in itself, and with a substrate, the likelihood of it being pushed under the corners of bulky furniture increases.
Linoleum is distinguished by thickness, protective layer and susceptibility to abrasion. According to these parameters, linoleum is divided into three main categories - household, commercial and semi-commercial:
- Household linoleum - the most inexpensive option. It is thin enough, but this does not affect the quality of the coating of home premises, where the load on the floor is not so significant.
- Commercial (or industrial) type of linoleum is used most often in crowded halls, offices, corridors of institutions, shops. The material is the most dense, withstands maximum loads, resistant to abrasion and weight of objects. However, its price is significantly higher, so this type of linoleum is not advisable in an ordinary apartment.
- Semi-commercial linoleum - a cross between household and commercial material. This option will successfully justify itself in the living room of the house, where crowded companies often gather, or in the reception room of the bosses' office.
In terms of the composition of the materials used, linoleum also has significant differences:
- So, household linoleum is most often made from fiberglass, which is then covered with a dense protective film.
- Polyvinyl chloride in the composition of linoleum is used, as a rule, in several layers and provides increased strength of the material. Such linoleum does not require perfectly flat surfaces for laying.
- Linoleum based on foam materials is quite dense and flexible, it is an excellent heat and sound insulator. Thanks to the thick protective film, it does not get dents from heavy objects.
Each type of material must be accompanied by documentation with the peculiarity of its composition. To the above, all kinds of compounds can be added that provide additional strength, layers of material for insulation and rigidity, coatings to reduce slip, brightness of paints, antibacterial and antistatic substances.
In modern conditions for the production of floor coverings, the choice of linoleum design can be quite difficult. Therefore, before embarking on a fascinating journey through colors and decor, you should decide on your own view of interior design, identify priorities. After all, no matter how beautiful the pattern and color of the floor covering, it should be in harmony with the atmosphere of the room, with its purpose, with the walls and pieces of furniture.
How to match by color?
Ornament, warmth and brightness of shades, surface texture - let's try to understand the main subtleties and nuances of the variety of products offered:
- light shades of flooring visually expand the space. This also applies to canvas with diagonal patterns;
- dark tones lend respectability to spacious rooms if they contrast with light walls;
the ensemble of linoleum doors looks stylish. Linoleum under wenge doors in a room with light walls will be an excellent frame for a classic style. Light tones of the floor covering, continuing in the color of the doors, will also become a kind of zest, complement the idea of the interior, if we are talking about strict compliance with respectable styles
- dark furniture stands out brighter on light linoleum, and vice versa;
- rich ornament and bright colors of linoleum are good with a monochromatic, calm surface of the walls. In the case of a bright design of both walls and flooring, the space runs the risk of turning into a multi-colored box. Such a design will overload the space and tire the eye;
- for the southern direction of the apartment, cold shades of linoleum are preferable, and for the north - warm;
- the glossy smooth surface creates an atmosphere of solemnity of the ballroom, but in the bright sunlight it is best seen on it stains, dust particles and scratches;
- a matte finish with a rough texture is unassuming and can hide minor imperfections in the floor.
How to choose?
The design of linoleum is determined by its purpose for a particular room:
Hallway… For the hallway, linoleum of dark, discreet shades with a rough texture and a pattern of small ripples is best suited. Such a coating will mask the room as much as possible, into which dirt is brought from the street or entrance. The choice of color will be absolutely justified in the autumn-spring period, when traces of shoes remain, despite all the efforts of the hostess to keep track of cleanliness
Living room… The choice in the hall can be very diverse, depending on your preferences and the size of the room. Brown color or any shades that imitate noble wood species are perfect for elegant styles (classic, art deco, modern). Linoleum under bleached oak will look no less luxurious. This option is suitable for a spacious living room, in combination with dark or, conversely, bright saturated shades of furniture and curtains
If the living room is spacious and involves a lot of space free from furniture, then glossy shining linoleum will give the room a solemnity and elegance.
Kitchen. Perhaps the most diverse choice of linoleum belongs to the kitchen. Here you can ignore the severity of the style, the appropriateness of the color and structure of linoleum. The only reference point is the color scheme of the wall cladding and the kitchen unit
The combination of light and dark shades should be observed when one of the parts is dark. That is, under a light beige set in the kitchen, you can choose both light shades of linoleum and dark ones. But for dark or bright walls and furniture, a light floor covering is needed so that the room does not look gloomy or oversaturated.
For the kitchen, materials styled like marble, stone, tiles are also suitable. A warmer atmosphere will be created by linoleum under a tree or straw. There are options for a log cut or a wicker basket ornament.
Bedroom… The options for the bedroom are no less varied, it all depends on your personal perception of color and the general style of the room. Even if a certain style is not expected in the bedroom, then you can adhere to the basic rule - the combination with wallpaper will provide a harmonious atmosphere, will not disturb the eye, and will allow you to rest peacefully
For example, cream wallpaper with an unobtrusive coffee pattern is perfect for linoleum under white parquet. Or a pastel range of wallpapers in blue, pink, light green, lilac colors.
Children's room. Bright colored linoleum canvases will look good in the nursery. They are not too easily soiled and color perception will be useful for the child. It can be a light coating with multi-colored geometric shapes, and delicate tones that gently repeat the color of a crib or a writing desk, or a three-dimensional drawing of fairy-tale characters
Again, a balance between the intensity of the wall and floor colors should be considered so that they don't blend and cause ripples in the eyes.
Bathroom. Despite the fact that it is customary to use tiles in the bathroom, in some cases it is possible and even necessary to prefer a linoleum coating. Especially if there are small children in the house. Tile is a slippery material, and in the bathroom it becomes even more dangerous from moisture and heat
Linoleum will help prevent possible troubles and will look no worse than tiles. For example, a black-and-white checkered pattern will add a checkerboard twist to the look of an ordinary light bathroom, and a bright 3D pattern can completely make you forget about the material of the floor covering.
Beautiful ideas in a modern interior
Recently, 3D coverage has begun to gain popularity, that is, a coating with a three-dimensional three-dimensional image and, most often, with a certain colorful plot. It can be all kinds of animals, fish, birds, the seabed, waterfalls and fields with flowers.The fantasies of authors and designers are endless, and modern technologies make it possible to bring them to life.
In addition to the fact that such linoleum looks amazing, in the literal sense of the word, indoors, it is able to visually enlarge the space. For example, a three-dimensional image of an abyss or whirlpool visually expands the boundaries of a room, creating a sense of additional volume. The calmer drawing of the aquarium with goldfish makes the same impression. And in the bathroom, you can create a completely unique atmosphere using a marine theme.
That is, the space in the drawing turns out to be, as it were, the real space of the room, visually enlarging it. Drawing on 3D linoleum can also divide a room into functional areas.
For even more information on the features of choosing linoleum, see the next video.