What To Lay Under Linoleum: What To Put On A Concrete And Wooden Floor, How To Lay A Floor On Fiberboard And Chipboard, Is A Primer Needed

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What To Lay Under Linoleum: What To Put On A Concrete And Wooden Floor, How To Lay A Floor On Fiberboard And Chipboard, Is A Primer Needed
What To Lay Under Linoleum: What To Put On A Concrete And Wooden Floor, How To Lay A Floor On Fiberboard And Chipboard, Is A Primer Needed

Video: What To Lay Under Linoleum: What To Put On A Concrete And Wooden Floor, How To Lay A Floor On Fiberboard And Chipboard, Is A Primer Needed

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Linoleum is a popular and affordable floor covering. A wide assortment allows consumers to choose a model according to their own taste and preferences. In order for your flooring to last longer, it is important to follow all installation rules. Not everyone knows what it is worth laying linoleum on and this can lead to irreparable mistakes.

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Types of linoleum

A very important aspect is the ability to maintain its original appearance during long-term use of linoleum. On this basis, it is divided into several types:

  • Domestic. Such linoleum is classified as class 21-23, made on a foam basis, has a multilayer structure. Such material copes well with sound insulation, it is environmentally friendly, pleasant to the touch and has a wide variety of decorative design. Linoleum is quite budgetary and has a protective layer of 0.1-0.35 mm. It is the least wear-resistant, therefore it is used only at home.
  • Commercial (technical). Linoleum belongs to the 41-43 class and can last about 10 years in a room where the permeability reaches the highest rates. This type is used in schools, trading houses and even at airports. The environmental friendliness of the species is not inferior to the previous one.
  • Semi-commercial. The material belongs to class 1-34 and is a kind of golden mean. Such a coating lasts longer than a household one, but it is less whimsical when laying than a commercial one. Such linoleum is used in different rooms with typical traffic. Material in 3 layers: PVC backing, decorative interlayer and PVC or polyurethane layer for protection. The warranty period is from 7 to 20 years.
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Also, linoleum is divided into types based on the raw materials that are used in the manufacture of canvas:

  • Natural. The supporting part is more often formed from jute fabric. It is produced in two variations: with and without a base. Such material is fire resistant, in case of fire it can prevent the spread of fire. Linseed oil provides bactericidal properties to the surface. It should be noted that linoleum made from natural materials is characterized by low plasticity and may break during transportation.
  • PVC linoleum. This linoleum is available in two variations: with and without a base. The basis can be absolutely any. It is not necessary to lay the material in rooms with a high temperature - this will lead to the appearance of dents. It is often used in everyday life in rest rooms.
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  • Nitrocellulose (colloxylin). Such material has no base and is unstable to the influence of fire. A thin coating also has advantages: good moisture resistance and high ductility.
  • Alkyd linoleum. It is made using a fabric base. It is superior to most species in its ability to suppress noise and retain heat. It is worth noting that after a certain period of use, linoleum decreases in length and increases in width.
  • Relin. The material combines two layers: rubber and a special mixture. The blend includes pigments for decorative properties, fillers for insulating properties and synthetic rubber for strength. The main feature of the coating is moisture resistance and elasticity.
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Linoleum is also divided into types based on what material the base is made of:

  • Baseless. The coating is quite thin because it has only one layer. Budget cost, used at home.Such material should be laid on a perfectly flat surface. Use baseless linoleum in wet rooms.
  • Foam-based. This coating has many layers and reaches 3.5 mm in thickness. Such linoleums are not glued around the entire perimeter, but only along the corner points and diagonal lines. Linoleum responds calmly to high levels of humidity in the room. It is recommended to weld the seams by welding.
  • On a warm basis. Such a base can be made from both natural and artificial raw materials. As a rule, it is jute or felt. The coating has a polymer top layer for protection. The thickness of the blade is at least 5 mm. It spreads in households with a normal level of humidity, this is due to its high plasticity and ability to retain heat. It is recommended to lay without seams, with a continuous sheet. The canvas is applied, taking into account the peculiarities of expansion.
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The modern market also offers special types of flooring:

  • Antistatic. The only type of linoleum that can be laid in rooms with high-voltage equipment. The material prevents static electricity and dust accumulation.
  • For Sport. The top layer is made of wear-resistant polyvinyl chloride. Strong, traumatic and resilient linoleum retains its original appearance despite increased loads.
  • Polymer self-leveling floor. The innovative invention looks like linoleum, with direct tactile contact it resembles a tiled floor. Thickness over 1.5 mm guarantees long life and shock resistance. Due to its environmental friendliness and waterproofness, it can be used in any premises.
  • 3D linoleum. Also considered a completely new invention. You can create an imitation of paving stones or apply any image. Experts say that such a three-dimensional image can visually increase the space of a room.
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What can be laid under linoleum?

Many ordinary people face a rather difficult question - what to lay on the floor before laying linoleum? Beginners may be confused: some believe that there is no need to lay anything, others - it is imperative to forgive the substrate. To resolve the issue, you should find out the properties of various materials for linoleum.

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The underlay is absolutely necessary to eliminate irregularities. It can be used for thermal and acoustic insulation. Characteristics of linoleum floor substrates:

  • Film floor (infrared). This popular floor heating method does not require floor screed. The material consists of a thermofilm, based on carbon heating elements with a cross section. This bedding saves about 20% of energy.
  • Oriented strand board. Lightweight OAB material is resistant to moisture, is not afraid of mechanical damage and does not deform during operation. Installing such stoves is quite simple, beginners will cope with it. Requires caution when working, it may break when bent. It is important to note that some cheap specimens are environmentally hazardous.
  • Penoplex. Please note that Penoplex is a company that manufactures extruded polystyrene foam. One of the best insulation products. The material is not afraid of moisture, does not absorb water. Installation does not require any special skills, which attracts non-professionals. Penoplex has sound insulation properties. The material itself is not harmful to health, but styrene in a free state is very toxic. Experts recommend to approach the choice of material with full responsibility and close it tightly with a safer material.
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  • Penofol. Consists of a layer of polyethylene foam and a layer of aluminum foil. The material reflects heat radiation. Such material is more suitable for indoor installation, it does not pose a health hazard.Remember, "Penofol" is the name of a manufacturer, not a heater.
  • Akuflex. Material for soundproofing the floor, has a fibrous structure and is sold in rolls. Due to air circulation, akuflex prolongs the life of linoleum. It is quite simple to spread such material; professional skills are not required.
  • Hardboard. It is a kind of chipboard (fiberboard). Quite simple and unpretentious material. It is attracted by its availability and cheapness. It is better to refuse it if you put linoleum in a room with high humidity.
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  • Gypsum fiber sheet (GVL). Such material is resistant to moisture, temperature and combustion. The dense and massive material is flexible and provides heat retention, noise suppression. Due to its environmental friendliness, the material is often placed under the linoleum in the apartment.
  • Cork covering. Such material is made from crushed oak bark. No synthetic additives are used in the production. The cork flooring is distinguished by its environmental friendliness and durability. It attracts consumers with its high heat preservation and sound insulation properties.
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Types of floors: what is better to put under linoleum?

In order to decide which floor to choose for the flooring, it is necessary to determine its characteristics.

The basis for linoleum must have the following characteristics:

  • Hardness and strength.
  • Dryness.
  • Maximum surface evenness.
  • No traces of grease, oil, paint.
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Consider the most popular linoleum floors:

  • Concrete floor. Such a base must be leveled with special mixtures; a primer is needed. After leveling, you need to wait about 30 days until it dries completely. You cannot lay linoleum on wet concrete. The concrete floor must not be leveled by overlapping sheets of plywood, chipboard or other wood material. They will absorb moisture and deform during use. You can lay a stand of hardboard.
  • Wooden floor. Such a basis is also acceptable. The plank floor may have irregularities, these are corrected by applying plywood. The sheets should be about 12 mm thick. Sometimes the laying of hardboard (type of fiberboard) is used. If the boards are well preserved, no alignment is required. Minor imperfections can be corrected with a putty. The floor cake will also improve the soundproofing properties.
  • Old linoleum. Such a base can take place if the old coating is not damaged and adheres well. Before flooring, the surface needs to be degreased, after which glue can be applied. If the old coating is in poor condition, then it cannot serve as a basis for linoleum.
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  • Ceramic tile. It is a very good base and substrate. If the floor is damaged, then apply a leveling compound to the tiles. After everything is dry, it is worth using sandpaper, and do not forget to remove the dust.
  • IR Paul. The infrared heating floor is divided into 2 types: film and rod. Film coating is quite budgetary; it is a good option for those with modest funds. The core floor is self-adjusting. Flexible designs are embedded in busbar thermocouples. When heated, the elements emit infrared rays.
  • Drywall. The material has several advantages. Among them is the dry finishing method, which is so important if you decide to lay linoleum on it. Such material is laid on a wooden floor.

Leave the drywall in the room for 12 hours before installing it. The material must necessarily come into balance with the microclimate of the room.

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There are times when you need to put linoleum on the carpet. This is possible, but not every type of linoleum will suit you. Moreover, the substrate should be thoroughly cleaned of dust.

How to lay linoleum with your own hands?

Before laying linoleum, you need to carry out preparatory work:

  • Examine the floor surface and assess its condition.
  • Make sure that dirt and dampness will not harm the future linoleum. If you put the coating on a dirty base, then it will serve you very little and will quickly deteriorate. Therefore, take this stage especially responsibly.
  • Sometimes the floor surface needs to be primed, and sometimes puttying may be necessary.
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Further, the surface should be treated with special compounds:

  • Fire retardants. Such substances are necessary to protect the material from ignition and spontaneous combustion. Such substances do not guarantee that the material will not catch fire. The main task of fire retardants is to slow down the ignition. This treatment is especially important for a wooden base.
  • Antiseptics. Such formulations are designed to prevent the appearance of fungi and other pathogenic microorganisms. This is an important processing step.
  • Waterproofing compounds. Such mixtures protect the base from water and steam, and reduce permeability. This stage is important for both the wood base and the concrete base.

Laying linoleum is not difficult. It is enough to cover the entire floor surface with a small gap on the walls.

It is important to study the various ways of attaching the material to the base and connecting the fragments to each other.

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If the seams will not be covered with a decorative strip, then it is necessary to make an even cut.

Do it like this:

  • Place the rolls back to back.
  • Glue a special anti-slip tape or simple household tape under the place of the future incision.
  • Place the pieces of canvas on top of each other with an edge overlap of 4-5 mm.
  • Use a sharp knife to cut in the middle.
  • Insert glue into the seam and press both edges firmly against the base.
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You can fix linoleum on the floor in two ways:

  • Without gluing… In rooms with a small area, you can spread the sheet over the entire surface and fix it with skirting boards. If the skirting boards are made of plastic, then use additional fixation - staples, glue, liquid nails.
  • With glue. Here a sheet of linoleum is simply coated with an adhesive composition.
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Do you need a floor screed?

An uneven floor cannot be the basis for linoleum. The putty will help hide small irregularities. If the problem is pronounced, then the screed is simply necessary. It is quite easy to fill the floor with concrete, it will take no more than 1 hour of your time. Such a composition is leveled by itself, you just need to let it dry.

It is important to know how long the concrete screed dries. As a rule, the structure should be left for 28 days.

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Which self-leveling floor to choose for linoleum?

The self-leveling floor is a polymer mixture, it is divided into types:

  • Methyl and methacrylic resins are taken as a basis.
  • Epoxy resin base.
  • Combination of acrylic and dry mixes.
  • Mixtures with polyurethane as a base.

For domestic purposes, the last type of self-leveling floor is used. Polyurethane is a durable, lightweight and reliable material. The minimum layer thickness is 1.5-2 mm, thus ensuring the required strength. People who put linoleum on such a basis leave only positive reviews.

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Examples and options in the interior

A wide range of linoleum allows you to create a unique design in any room. In recreational areas, you can lay material that looks like a laminate. This coating looks very natural, but much cheaper and easier to maintain.

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For kitchens and bathrooms, many people prefer tiled linoleum. Such products completely repeat the intricacies of tile lines of any complexity. Also in the kitchen, coatings with imitation of natural material look great: stone, wood, granite or marble.

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In modern design trends, canvases with design images are often used. Such material can be made to order or choose the appropriate option among the available assortment. When choosing, a lot depends on the overall interior of the room.

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You will learn more about what to lay the dinoleum on in the following video.

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